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Central Banks za nchi nyingi ndizo zinazopanga intrerest rates, lakini siyo BOT

Discussion in 'Biashara, Uchumi na Ujasiriamali' started by BAK, Jan 9, 2009.

  1. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

    Jan 9, 2009
    Joined: Feb 11, 2007
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    BoT to let bank interest rates control themselves

    Dar es Salaam ​

    UNDER the prevailing market-oriented economy, the Bank of Tanzania will maintain market-determined interest rates rather than directly regulate rates set by commercial banks in the country, BoT Governor Prof. Benno Ndulu has said.

    Regulation of the interest rates of commercial banks may lead to imperfect pricing of financial instruments, hence inappropriate allocation and utilization of resources, Prof. Ndulu told THISDAY in an interview.

    He said in most cases of controlled economies where central banks do regulate interest rates of commercial banks, the final result is usually ineffective.

    ’’Following the lifting of controls on interest rate determination, the Bank of Tanzania continues to exercise a market-determined interest rate policy, where the treasury bills market continues to be the anchor,’’ he said.

    Of late, some independent economists have suggested that the BoT should start regulating interest rates at commercial banks with the aim of lowering lending rates and raising deposit rates.

    Interest rate is the price a borrower has to pay to enjoy the use of cash which he/she does not own, and the return a lender enjoys for deferring his/her consumption or parting with liquidity. This rate can be analysed in the normal framework of demand and supply.

    In a controlled economy whereby prices are not freely determined, interest rates are normally regulated by the central bank.

    ’’Our past experience has shown clearly that controlled regimes result in inefficiency in resource allocation,’’ Ndulu pointed out, recalling how Tanzania in the 1990s embarked on a series of macroeconomic reforms that allowed ’’invisible hands of the market’’ to allocate the scarce resources then available.

    ’’The financial industry was one of the sectors that received a sizeable level of reforms for it to work more efficiently. One of these reforms was the liberalization of interest rates, whereby on 1 July 1993, the Bank of Tanzania removed the maximum lending rate of 31 per cent for commercial banks,’’ he explained.

    He continued: ’’This was purposely done in order to allow the market to determine cost of funds more efficiently and avoid prohibitive/restrictive policies which impair effective utilization of resources.’’

    In the years since the liberalization of interest rates, the spread between lending and deposit rates has stayed quite high, but started narrowing down steadily following improved competition in the banking system associated with the reforms.

    According to the BoT governor, the wide spread between lending and deposit rates in the country has been mainly associated with existing structural bottlenecks which in turn push up intermediation costs.

    ’’It is worth noting that the government is taking measures aimed at addressing these bottlenecks in the economy. The Bank of Tanzania is also taking several measures under the second generation financial sector reforms, to address some of the remaining bottlenecks,’’ said Ndulu.
  2. M

    Manitoba JF-Expert Member

    Jan 10, 2009
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    Hiyo ni kweli?

    Interests ambazo BOT inaepuka kupanga nadhani ni interest zinazotelewa na comercial banks. Sijui hizo "Central Banks za nchi nyingi" ambazo zinawapangia banks kama CRDB kutoa interest fulani ni zipi.
  3. bm21

    bm21 JF-Expert Member

    Jan 11, 2009
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    Hii ni shule ngumu sana sijui aliongea kwa lugha ghani. Nadhani hii ilifaa akahojiwe na akina Hamza kasongo live au katika kile kipindi cha 'This Week in Perspective'.

    Kimsingi madai yake theretically is true and emperically is valid under a very perfect market economy of which Tanzania is not. Kwa bahati nzuri niliwahi kushiriki kwa takribani three years katika hizo auctions za Treasury bills and treasury bond enzi zile zinafanyika on weekly basis.

    Normally they used to issue 5 billion bond each week and in almost all auctions there were over subscription. Despite that all bidders tendered at a very discount in most auctions the oversubscribed amount was also taken. In this case the minimum accepted price per 100 was in a range of 50 - 60 which escalated the Weighted Average Yield to Maturity (WAY) of which commercial banks take as an alternative cost of capital for lending to firms or individual borrowers. Of course they add a risk premium margin say 2-3%.

    This lead to interest rate in commercial bank rising to 23%. To redress the same the Government decided to reschedule its auctions for securities right from 9th January 2008 i.e by weekly for Treasury bills and monthly for Treasury bonds. This was basically meant to increase competition in the auctions and thus increase the willingness to pay for government securities to at least approach at par value '100'. In this case Weighted Average Yield to Maturity was planned to go down and thus lower interest rates for commercial banks to the would be borrowers. However, it appears the same had insignificant outcome as can be due to market imperfection, lack of adequate information and general public awareness.

    In this case, I strongly appeal, If the government basic objective is welfare maximization of which is always the case, control on interest rates should always be there until we attain at least a perfect economy. I think dialog with Prof Ndulu should be held in a form of hard talk so that he critically analyze all scenarios and their impact on the economy.