Akina Gbagbo na Ben Ali, wananchi watakupateni tu, mkiwa hai au mfe. | JamiiForums | The Home of Great Thinkers

Dismiss Notice
You are browsing this site as a guest. It takes 2 minutes to CREATE AN ACCOUNT and less than 1 minute to LOGIN

Akina Gbagbo na Ben Ali, wananchi watakupateni tu, mkiwa hai au mfe.

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by SuperNgekewa, Jan 17, 2011.

  1. S

    SuperNgekewa Member

    Jan 17, 2011
    Joined: May 10, 2010
    Messages: 49
    Likes Received: 0
    Trophy Points: 0
    Wananchi walivyompata Oliver Cromwell - baada ya kufa.

    About the English Dictator Oliver Cromwell and his execution - after death.

    OLIVER CROMWELL (1599-1658), lord protector of England.

    One of the most controversial figures in British history, Cromwell led the revolution that toppled the monarchy and beheaded Charles I. He headed the Commonwealth until its dissolution in 1653, when he proclaimed himself protector, or military dictator, of Britain. He ruled until his death and was buried with great pomp in Westminster Abbey, among royalty.

    By 1660 the government had collapsed, and the monarchy was restored. Charles II treated Cromwell's supporters with lenience, but the populace wanted revenge. In January, 1661, the bodies of Cromwell and two followers were disinterred (yaani walifukuliwa kutoka kaburini) and dragged through the streets. The next day, the 12th anniversary of Charles I's execution, they were taken to Tyburn, where, according to diarist John Evelyn, they were "hanged on the gallows from nine in the morning until six at night." They were cut down, their heads were bludgeoned off, and their bodies were tossed in a pit beneath the gallows. Their heads were paraded through London on poles and then were stuck on spikes atop Westminster Hall.

    About 25 years later, a storm dislodged Cromwell's mummified head from its perch. It landed in the street, where it was picked up by a sentry and sold. It passed from owner to owner down through the years. In the 20th century it was given to Cromwell's alma mater, Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, where studies confirmed its identity. It matched Cromwell's death mask, and a brown spot on the parchmentlike skin indicated Cromwell's distinctive wart. In March, 1960, the head was buried in a secret location at the college to protect the protector from further disturbance.