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Zitto: For aid to be effective, the taxpayers need to know

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Invisible, May 25, 2010.

  1. Invisible

    Invisible Admin Staff Member

    May 25, 2010
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    Hon. Zitto Z. Kabwe's Speech at Launch of the ONE’s DATA Report 2010 in Berlin, Germany

    Distinguished guests, professors, ladies and gentlemen

    It is a pleasure for me to be here, at the launching of ONE’s DATA report 2010, because the world needs caring watchdogs.

    The DATA report is important because its keeps a watchful, systematic, objective eye on the extent to which the rich countries are delivering on their promise to make the world fairer and more just. It is important because governments – however good and committed – cannot be trusted on their own to always do the right thing. By exposing the facts and the truths to the people – to the citizens of the world, to the citizens of Germany and Tanzania, the DATA report helps the people know what is going on their behalf and hold their governments to account.

    We have evidence that international aid can work. Countries such as mine have benefitted a lot over the years from international aid – we have better roads, more schools, affordable treatment for HIV, and many other good things as a result of support from Germany and other G8 countries. And for the foreseeable future, countries like Tanzania will continue to need aid to lift ourselves from poverty and create a just life for all, where human civil and political, as well as social and economic, rights are enjoyed by the rich and the poor equally.

    This year, 2010, there will be about 4.1 million young people aged 14 – 17 and about 1.8 million young people aged 18 – 19. This means 2.5 million people should be enrolled in secondary schools this year according to our poverty reduction targets. Tanzania has achieved significantly this target although there exists challenges on financing/budget. Almost 40% of the budget is to be directed to education sector in order to comfortably achieve this target including offering more government scholarships to the poorest families who are effectively subsidising secondary education, through construction of schools. Keeping promises by Germany and other G8 countries is very crucial for a country like Tanzania to achieve its poverty reduction targets.

    Similarly on Health, although Tanzania has managed to reduce the number of deaths of young people under the age of five (infant and under five mortality) from 147 to 91 per 1000 births, more efforts financial supports are needed to achieve MDG target of 47. Maternal mortality rate is still very high at 578 per 100,000 live births which is equivalent to more than maternal death in Tanzania every hour. This is worrying situation which can be handled through joint efforts of Tanzania and its friends in the world. Germany and other G8 countries has a moral obligation to rescue the lives of children and women in my country.

    We therefore need ONE to play its part. We need solidarity from thousands of caring citizens in Berlin and Hamburg and Munich and Gottingen to play their part.

    But equally, if not more importantly, we also need watchdogs and active citizens in the ‘recipient’ countries, such as Tanzania. For aid money to be used well, and the even greater sums of money that are being contributed by the local taxpayers to be used well, we need our own governments to be held to account.

    First, the money provided by the rich countries and the conditionalities and assessments that go with them should be made completely transparent to all citizens. Initiatives such as aidinfo.org should be seriously considered. When Germany decides whether to increase or reduce budget support aid to Tanzania, like it did last week on May 13, Tanzanians should know the basis of that decision rather than it being determined behind closed doors.

    Second, and perhaps more importantly, we need to know how every euro and every shilling is spent. People need to know whether the money meant for schools actually reaches the school on time; whether the tenders are given to the companies that deliver best value for money rather than cronies of the leaders; whether there is equity in how money is allocated; and who is actually benefitting from public funds.

    People need to have confidence that there is real accountability. For too long, governments in developing countries have been seen as predatory, as belonging to leaders instead of belonging to the people. Because of this, when government money is wasted people have remained silent, driven by the view that the government is misusing its own money.

    We need to reverse that view. And things are already changing in that direction. We need to accelerate that process by enabling greater awareness among citizens and taxpayers everywhere, in Germany and the North as well as Tanzania and the South, that public money belongs to people, and that the politicians and bureaucrats need to use it well. That is why I welcome the critics of aid, because they are right when they argue that sloppy management erodes value for money; they are right when they say aid can be used corruptly; they are right when they call for greater transparency and scrutiny. But they are wrong when they conclude that solution is to End Aid. The debate should not be whether aid work or not, but how to make aid work and uplift the living standards of the bottom Billion.

    That is why for every DATA report we need several reports in countries that can promote accountability of governments to its citizens. In Tanzania, I am the Chairman of the Parliamentary audit committee that scrutinizes large government firms, and together with my colleagues we seek to make the executive be accountable to the citizens of our country. Civil society groups are also playing their part in this effort.

    But the audit work is done after the fact. People also need to know on a day to day basis, so that they can make sure public funds are well used. For example, the Obama administration’s efforts to promote open government (see Data.gov and Open Government Initiative | The White House) are worth studying. Civil society efforts such as FixMyStreet part of mySociety also provide good examples. The idea is that everyone should know how every single dollar is spent on health care, or the economic stimulus package, or in development aid. Importantly, the way this information is being organized aims to allow every citizen to know what this means for him or her.

    My vision is to move towards the same citizen transparency in Tanzania and in all countries. The 45 year old woman in Sumbawanga in rural southern Tanzania should know exactly how much medicine was sent to her local clinic and who is entitled to it. And the 19 year old young man in urban Mwanza should know how he can access vocational skills training and what to do if he is being asked to pay a bribe. The proliferation of private media and new technologies, such as the mobile phone, make this sort of information access possible now in ways that were unthinkable only 5 years ago.

    You see, ultimately, openness in the North is linked with openness in the South. The more transparency and accountability there is in how aid and taxpayer funds are used, the more useful information and confidence it generates in countries such as Germany.

    It can also help create better incentives, so that those countries that are serious and delivering results get more to move faster, and those developing countries that fail to show serious leadership and progress should get less.

    And in the long term it can generate the flow of information, ideas, trade and linkages that will enable countries like Tanzania to more and more exchange with countries like Germany on the basis of trade and business and science and culture, which are ultimately more dignifying than aid.

    So today there are two stories; both equally important. One story is about the extent to which the rich countries are delivering on their promises. The other story is about how deep transparency and watchdogs are essential to the citizens and taxpayers of Germany, Tanzania and the whole world. If we are to make a real difference, we need to tell both stories at the same time.

    Thank you for listening.
    ZZK, Berlin
    25th May 2010.
  2. Abdulhalim

    Abdulhalim JF-Expert Member

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    The same usual blah blah blah..

    I see a young politician with no vision here. Mtu yeyote anayeongelea misaada ananiboa sana aisee.
  3. newmzalendo

    newmzalendo JF-Expert Member

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    Unaongelea swala ambalo unalijua kwa uhakika kuwa Aid imeua viwanda vyetu na uwezo wa kufikiri,au na wewe umeshaoza akili baada ya kuwa unakula seating allowance and posho za safari ktk kamati za bunge,hzo pesa unajua fika chanzo chake ni misaada na sio kodi za wananchi ndo maana unaomba wazidi kuleta pesa ili uzidi kuzitafuna!

    Tanzania and Africa needs free trade na sio free Aid,msaaada hujanisadia kwa lolote.na wanaofaidika na misaada ni watoa misaada na walio ktk systems and channels za hiyo misaada,kwani over 80%ya msaada unaishia ktk kufacilitate delivery ya huo msaada na 20% or below kwa walengwa.

  4. Regia Mtema

    Regia Mtema R I P

    May 25, 2010
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    Inspirational speech..Nimeipenda hasa kama anamaanisha anachokisema...Big Up Zitto..
  5. Liz Senior

    Liz Senior JF-Expert Member

    May 25, 2010
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    Killing himself softly!

    What a shame...this guy anajikomba sana kwa Germans! Na sasa anasifu misaada imeongeza idadi ya mashule! Jamani! Pathetic! Hata sijui nielezeje jamaa anavyoivuta chati yake chini! Nilishamfuta katika kundi la watetezi na kwa hili namsahau kabisa! :angry:

    Haya ndio matatizo ya elimu ya bure...walipaji wakisema ruka you do not ask why...you only ask how high! I want to puke! :yuck:

    Kadi ya CCM anatembea nayo kila mahali!
  6. Abdulhalim

    Abdulhalim JF-Expert Member

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    Baba Chukua Tano,

    What Africa needs is to get rid of these filthy politicians. Africa needs a new era of professionals na sio hawa wachumia tumboni. We need people who can analyse facts na kufikia kwene jibu litakalopelekea maendeleo. Kinachotakiwa bado wengi hawakijui, and certainly those people to understand what is takes ARE NOT POLITICIANS.

    Kwao hawa wachumia tumboni misaada na dili nyingine za kuinyonga nchi are the ones which keep 'em going. Ndo maana wapo radhi kuingia gharama kufikia kwene nafasi za uongozi, na usitegemee wakawa na mawazo tofauti.
  7. Mzee Mwanakijiji

    Mzee Mwanakijiji Platinum Member

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    Why is aid necessary and what kind of aid do we really need? How is aid helping us to become more self-reliant and self-sufficient?
  8. Abdulhalim

    Abdulhalim JF-Expert Member

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    Mwanakijiji unauliza maswali kama umetoka sayari nyingine bana. Tz hakuna takwimu sahihi za kuaminika wala mipango ya muda mrefu, na mbaya zaidi hakuna anayejali. Utaumiza kichwa chako bure.
  9. Kaa la Moto

    Kaa la Moto JF-Expert Member

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    Yule mswedish aliposema misaada inayotolewa nchi hii haina faida yoyote, alishambuliwa na serikali hii hii sijapata kuona!
  10. Shalom

    Shalom JF-Expert Member

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    Anashida gani na yeye yote haya hayamkuti?
  11. Abdulhalim

    Abdulhalim JF-Expert Member

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    Mzee sikuelewi.
  12. Wa Mjengoni

    Wa Mjengoni JF-Expert Member

    May 25, 2010
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    Mimi naona tuijadili hotuba hii kwa vipengele na sio ujumla wake.

    Hon. ZZK hajakosea sana anapotaka uwazi wa kila euro inayotokana na misaada kwani kwa sasa ndo hali halisi ya bajeti ya serikali yetu kiasi fulani inategemea wahisani - tusikwepe kuuzungumzia uhalisia wenyewe turekebishe nini kwenye hali halisi iliyopo eti kwa sababu tutakuwa tunaendekeza hiyo hali!

    Kwa upande mwingine anaposema "They are wrong when they conclude that solution is to end aid" hapo napatwa na kigugumizi kwani there is nothing wrong - unapolaumu kwa kiasi fulani inaonyesha kushinikiza usaidiwe na kwa hali hiyo Mhe. ZZK alitakiwa aende mbali zaidi kuwaonyesha wajumbe wa mkutano mikakati ya kuondokana au kupunguza hiyo misaada yao.
  13. Abdulhalim

    Abdulhalim JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu,hamna haja ya kuipulizia cologne maiti...itaoza tu na kunuka. Hakuna nchi iliyoendelea ambayo serikali yake badala ya kujishughulisha na mikakati iliyopangiliwa vyema ya kuongeza uzalishaji badala yake ikaweka mikakati ya kuimarisha mitandao ya misaada, eti kufuatilia ahadi (?).wtf? Upuuzi mtupu. Tusidanganyane bana. Utegemezi unaouongelea haukuanza leo, tangu tu wadogo tunasikia longolongo zilezile, HAKUNA JIPYA. Kungekuwa na mikakati ya muda mrefu basi walau ukingaji bakuli ungeenda kwenye kuchochea uzalishaji na hivo basi mapato ya serikali yangeonesha ukuaji.

    Nchi wafadhili wanayo malengo yao, na what happens kwene nchi zao na taxpayers wao, its none of our business. Wanayo haki za kutumia kilicho chao kwa kujibana au kujiachia na hata kuvunja ahadi zao, maana nothing is binding kwene hizo open air promises. We need to have our own independent solutions as Africans. It can't be as simpler as that.
  14. Kiranga

    Kiranga JF-Expert Member

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    First you need to have an economic system- and I mean an economic system, complete with all requisite databanks, economic institutions and data- with a tax payer base that reaches and surpass the critical mass mark, we don't have that.

    Then you need to collect that tax and use some of that tax to educate the masses, so that they can be involved in the decision making process. Mkapa started collecting an iota of that tax. We can't even say that we have an economic system as elaborated above. We simply don't have that.

    Only after satisfying all that, whether you believe aid is necessary or not - a surely controversial question- can you pose a question such as posed by MP Zitto Kabwe.

    Posing the question before achieving the above is akin to putting the cart before the donkey.
  15. Cynic

    Cynic JF-Expert Member

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    Huyu jamaa si nilisoma humu kwamba alienda kutibiwa/kuchekiwa... ama?
  16. Mbogela

    Mbogela JF-Expert Member

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    Need we say More!!
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  17. Ndjabu Da Dude

    Ndjabu Da Dude JF-Expert Member

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    Mwongo. Uwongo.
  18. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

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    Aisee nakubaliana na wewe kabisa. Tumepewa misaada na mikopo mingi sana kwa miaka chungu nzima ambayo inaishia kwa wajanja wachache na huko kunakotoka misaada/mikopo hiyo kutokana na masharti mengi yanayoambatana na misaada hiyo na pia riba kubwa kwa mikopo. Nchi za wafadhili zisimamishe kabisa utoaji wa misaada na mikopo labda hii itatusaidia namna ya kutafakari kuendesha nchi within oue means.

  19. Z

    Zungu Pule JF-Expert Member

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    "Mikopo na misaada mingi sana"......what number are you talking about here?
    "Labda hii itatusaidia namna ya kutafakari kuendesha nchi within our means".......Hapa unamaanisha nini mzee? I would appreciate if you can delve into the question how?
  20. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

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    Nadhani kama kungekuwa na wizara inayoweka takwimu za misaada na mikopo tuliyopata tangu tupate uhuru na sasa hivi kama tungeweza kujua tumeshapatiwa kiasi gani cha mikopo hiyo basi tungeshangaa sana kwa ukubwa wa mikopo hiyo na misaada tuliyopata bila kuwa na maendeleo yoyote ya kuridhisha

    Si umeona nchi za wafadhili baada ya kuondoa $300 million Mkullo anahaha huku na kule ili kufidia pengo hili kubwa katika budget yetu, sasa kama nchi za wafadhili zitaamua kuondoa msaada wao wote kwenye budget ya kila mwaka basi itabidi waheshimiwa watafute njia zaidi za kubana matumizi badala ya kuendelea kuimba "nchi yetu ni nchi maskini" lakini wao wanatanua kuliko hata waheshimiwa wa nchi zilizo tajiri.

    Waziri katika nchi tajiri hapewi gari la serikali wala mafuta ukiondoa labda Waziri Mkuu wengine wote gharama za usafiri wa kwenda na kutoka kazini wanalipia toka mifukoni mwao. Iweje sisi wizara moja tu inatumia shilingi milioni 200 kwa mwezi mmoja tu ili kulipia gharama za mafuta? kwa mwaka bilioni 1.2 imeanguka kwa mafuta tu!!!! imagine pesa kama hii ingeelekezwa katika shughuli za maendeleo. Hapa hujaweka bado gharama za matengenezo ya magari hayo.