By ABDULWAKIL SAIBOKO, 18th October 2011 Daily News THE World Bank has called for introduction of cash transfer to people as poverty is on rise among individuals in Tanzania despite general economic growth. The WB's report issued on Tuesday with a title; 'Tanzania: Poverty, growth and public transfers' noted that poverty in the country was widely spread. "The report proposes that for the country to have a sustainable economic development, two options should be enforced, one of which is cash transfer and another is public works", said the WB Lead Social Protection Specialist, Ms Anush Bezhanyan. Ms Bezhanyan observed that cash transfer involves giving cash to individuals who are unable to work in which the government is supposed to dictate modalities of expenditure and make a follow-up to get feedbacks. "The government can, for example, direct the beneficiaries of the cash transfer to use the monies in taking their children to school, and then a follow-up must be made to see whether the target has been achieved," she said. On public works, Ms Bezhanyan said the government was required to allocate some public works in people's localities from where the poor would earn something in terms of cash. Citing examples, she said Ethiopia was one of the African countries which could provide best practice on how the two modes could effectively transform lives of individuals, hence, lead to overall economical growth. WB's Consultant, Mr Jim Smith said 83 per cent of the poor are in rural areas but there are many poor people in non-poor areas. "Targeting specific areas basing on geographical locations is not proper, the report shows that poverty in the country was evenly spread," he said. The report also shows that over 6.4 million people live below the food poverty line, some 10 million people are facing severe seasonal food insecurity and about 12.7million people are below the basic needs line. According to the report, the existing projects on poverty reduction have a limited coverage which is less than one per cent of the poor and there are inclusion and exclusion errors due to generalization approach. It suggests that "the government should move towards a single national programme large enough to cover the country and big enough to make a difference". The Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF) System Manager, Mr Ladislaus Mwamanga, said the fund has already started working on some of the WB report's recommendations. "We have already started cash transfer as a pilot project in three districts whereby some 10 US dollars are disbursed to every household per month," he said. He said that the pilot project which began in 2008 covers Bagamoyo, Kibaha and Chamwino districts in Cost and Dodoma regions respectively. "Already 200 households have benefited and the project has already received some 1.9 million USD from Japan Social Development Fund and 4.5 million USD from WB to support the project's implementation", he said.