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Zanzibar the 100 Days Revolution Nyerere was kept out of Revolution Details.

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by nngu007, Apr 13, 2011.

  1. nngu007

    nngu007 JF-Expert Member

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    Apr 13, 2011
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    Hellen Hunter

    Nyerere's role in the affair is less clear. In mid-1963 when Hanga and several other ASP leaders first approached him for arms and financial support, the Tanganyika President reportedly turned the group down, mainly on the grounds that he did not think their revolutionary plan could succeed. Behind the scenes, Nyerere was working to affect a coalition of the ASP with the ZPPP, which would secure a place for the ASP in the government. Since the longstanding mutual dislike between Karume and Shamte, the leader of the ZPPP, militated against any such reconciliation of the two parties, Hanga believed that the lack of an alternative to use of force would eventually compel Nyerere to give his approval to his plan. This is apparently just what happened. Although Nyerere obviously knew and apparently approved of the general plan for the revolution, Kambona may have kept the details from the President. There is reason to believe that he was never told about military supplies that Kambona gave to the ASP.


    Tanganyika complicity with the ASP leaders who were planning a revolution had been well-established. Hanga and Tanganyika minister of foreign affairs and defense minister Kambona were old friends, having been roommates in London. Sympathetic to the desire of the Africans to wrest power from the Arab minority, Kambona was apparently privy to the coup planning all along; he supported the undertaking with Tanganyika arms and money. In mid-1963 he reportedly gave Hanga and his followers 2 machine guns and 10 rifles on a clandestine basis. Part of the arms shipment from Algeria to Tanganyika, which had been arranged by Kambona, may have found its way into the hands of the Zanzibar revolutionaries, although the majority of the arms were probably intended for the Mozambique nationalists.


    There were reports that Kenya home affairs minister Oginga Odinga was also in concert with Hanga and Kambona in planning the Zanzibar revolution. One reliable source stated that he was in face as deeply involved as Kambona. As with Kambona, Hanga has a personal relationship with Odinga, who has assisted him in studying abroad. (Because of this, Hanga often publicly credited Odinga with his success in education and politics.) Thus, there is a general feeling that Odinga probably had a hand in events in Zanzibar, though his actual involvement in the coup has never been established.


    After the revolution, Odinga is reported to have had several contacts with Okello, who he tried to help after the latter's removal from power in Zanzibar. The nature of their relationship, in particular the reason for Odinga's interest in Okello, is unclear; it may stem for the fact that Okello lived and worked in Kenya from Dec 1954 until Sept 1959. There is no evidence that there was any contact between the two men before the revolution, however. Thus, there is no reason to believe that Okello was part of any planning for the revolution in which Odinga may or may not have been involved.

    According to one report, President Kenyatta was informed of the planning for the revolution but was given no definite date as to when it would take place. He is supposed to have agreed not to send in the Kenyan army should the Zanzibar government request outside support against the rebels.


    The most important figure in ASP revolution planning clearly was Hanga, who, according to one unconfirmed report, assembled a small company of men in the bush for about two months before the revolution. John Okello was reportedly among the group under training. Hanga was helped in these endeavors by members of the extreme wing of the ASP especially by number persons from the trade unions. In particular, Hassan Nassor Moyo, the general-secretary of the ZPFL and a leader in the ASP, was in on the planning. Karume personally was never involved; O.Shariff and Aboud Jumbe Mwinyi of the ASP were also probably not aware of the plan.


    Apparently, the original plan called for a coup in March or April 1964. In December 1963 Moyo visited Kenya, and while there stated privately that prospects were good for him and the ASP; he predicted confidently that elements that he represented would win out soon. Viewed in retrospect, he seems to have been referring to a coup which was then planned for early spring. In early January 1964, two Tanganyika's arrived in London to inspect an order for military equipment that was reported to have come from Kambona. When the Zanzibar revolution started, they left suddenly, saying the coup had happened sooner than they expected.


    While many reports identified either Babu or Hanga as the man behind the revolution, a few put forward a claim for John Okello, the curious figure who emerged from obscurity to national leadership as the military here of the coup. A Ugandan by birth, Okello is reported to have come to Zanzibar in September 1959 and to have worked as a bricklayer on Pemba Island. At the same time that Umma and ASP groups were advocating the violent overthrow of the government.


    As for the role of Babu in the coup-there is no convincing evidence that he played any significant part in the revolution at all. Although he may have known of ASP planning for a revolution.


    Moreover, the supplies of arms and ammunition that the Umma Party had brought to Zanzibar and concealed in different spots on the island were never used in the attack. Umma Party members even refused to disclose the caches to their Afro-Shiraz comrades in the new Zanzibar government.


    Okello was a powerful figure after the revolution-because of support from his fellow rebels. The leaders of Zanzibar's new government seemed to know as little about him as the rest of the world.

    Tanganyika minister for external affairs and defense Kambona, who was in close touch with the Zanzibar revolutionaries, claimed to know nothing about Okello. Apparently, his only previous experience in politics had been as a branch secretary of the ASP in Pemba during 1960-62.
     
  2. M

    Mkandara Verified User

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    Apr 14, 2011
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    Hii ni habari ya kupotosha tena sana tu...
    Bi habari ilitungwa na mwana ASP ili mradi waonekane wao ndio walikuwa mstari wa mbele ktk Mapinduzi ya Zanzibar lakini ukweli utabakia kwamba ni Umma Party waliokuwa na mchango mkubwa wa Mapinduzi hayo..

    Kwanza ASP walikuwa na mpango wa kuungana na ZPPP iweje tena baada ya Mapinduzi ASP wawe pamja na Umma party au niseme baada ya Karume kuchukua nchi ilikuwaje viongozi wa Umma Party kupewa nafasi kubwa za uongozi..
    Na hadi leo waulize ASP wenyewe watasema one of the senerio ya mauaji ya karume yanawahusisha Umma Party..waulize why wawakisie Umma party na sii Hizbu ambao ASP waliwapindua na kuua jamaa zao wengi..

    ASP wali hijack mapinduzi toka Umma party na kuyafanya yao wakawaingiza mkenge Umma party kuwapatia nafasi kisha wakawa most wanted na fugitives ndani ya nchi yao wenyewe..Hata historia inasema wazi Mapinduzi ya Zanzibar yalitishia sana kwa sababu kulikuwa na hatari ya kuwa nchi ya Kijamaa na hapakuwa na chama cha kijamaa isipokuwa Umma Party...

    Hapa kuna vitu vingi vinafichwa makusudi na ndio maana mtu kama Salim A. Salim hatakiwi visiwani sii kwa sababu yeye Mpemba kama wanavyodai hali wakiwakubali kina Shein na Seif hamad, ila sababu kubwa ni alikuwa member wa Umma party..
     
  3. nngu007

    nngu007 JF-Expert Member

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    In Zanzibar revolution, there are bound to be inadequacies in the information available on events of the moment. In this case, however, all outside were cut off from any word about what was going on, because the new leaders promptly sent all but a few select foreigners on the island back to the mainland. For days the main news out of Zanzibar came from a remarkable series of radio broadcasts to the people by one John Okello, a hitherto unknown who thus suddenly emerged as chief spokesman for the regime. The only thing known for certain about Okello was that he was an African. In his first broadcast, he announced that he had been the strong man behind the revolution and that the government was now "run by us, the army."
    As the days passed, Okello's boasts about his role in the revolution and his power grew ever more fantastic. On one occasion he declared, "I am above the government and cannot die." It was these broadcasts, more than anything else that seemed at the time to establish the revolution and the new government as extremist and unstable if not irrational.
    Zanzibar revolution was so unexpected and so quickly over, there was confusion and uncertainty about the most basic questions, even about who started it and why.
    But, the active plotters for the overthrow of the government were being done in the Umma Party radical communist principles party followers of the radical Arab leader Abdurrahman Mohammed Babu. There were no reports of such plotting centered on the Afro-Shirazi Party, but it was that in the Afro-Shirazi Party of a radical group of African trade union leaders led by Abdulla Kassim Hanga was also making plans, independent of those of the Arab Babu and his Umma Party group, for a revolution both aided by John Okello.
     
  4. J

    Jasusi JF-Expert Member

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    Apr 14, 2011
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    nngu007,
    Unatuwekeaje hapa bandiko bila source au attribution?
     
  5. nngu007

    nngu007 JF-Expert Member

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    Source imebadikwa; Hellen Hunter
     
  6. S

    Saracen Senior Member

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    soma hiki kitabu hapa

    [​IMG]
     
  7. S

    Saracen Senior Member

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    Apr 14, 2011
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    Hivi nyie wana Ukerewe mtaendelea kuongozwa na Mwanamke mpaka lini?
     
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