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WikiLeaks: Tanzania's power crisis - Comedy of errors or funny business?

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Mzalendo80, Sep 7, 2011.

  1. Mzalendo80

    Mzalendo80 JF-Expert Member

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    Viewing cable 06DARESSALAAM1145, TANZANIA'S POWER CRISIS: COMEDY OF ERRORS OR

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    [TABLE="class: cable"]
    [TR]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD]06DARESSALAAM1145[/TD]
    [TD]2006-07-11 04:39[/TD]
    [TD]2011-08-30 01:44[/TD]
    [TD]CONFIDENTIAL[/TD]
    [TD]Embassy Dar Es Salaam[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]


    VZCZCXRO4828PP RUEHMR RUEHRNDE RUEHDR #1145/01 1920439ZNY CCCCC ZZHP 110439Z JUL 06FM AMEMBASSY DAR ES SALAAMTO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4328INFO RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY PRIORITYRUEHDS/AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA PRIORITY 3023RUEHJB/AMEMBASSY BUJUMBURA PRIORITY 2388RUEHKM/AMEMBASSY KAMPALA PRIORITY 2793RUEHLGB/AMEMBASSY KIGALI PRIORITY 0837RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON PRIORITY 0257RUEHNR/AMEMBASSY NAIROBI PRIORITY 0164RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS PRIORITY 0166

    C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 03 DAR ES SALAAM 001145 SIPDIS SIPDIS DEPT FOR AF/E B YODER, AF/EPS FOR T HASTINGS ALSO FOR EB AFRICA WATCHER PASS TO MCC OFFICE FOR G BREVNOV LONDON, PARIS FOR AFRICA WATCHER E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/10/2016 TAGS: ECON PGOV ENRG EIND TZSUBJECT: TANZANIA'S POWER CRISIS: COMEDY OF ERRORS OR FUNNY BUSINESS? REF: A. DAR ES SALAAM 01006 B. DAR ES SALAAM 0412 Classified By: Pol/Econ Counselor Mary B. Johnson for reasons 1.4(b,d) SUMMARY

    -------- 1. (C) Hit by another round of severe nationwide power rationing, Tanzania's 2006 economic prospects are dimmer than they should be. By the end of 2006, Tanzania's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) will likely be 5 to 10 percent lower than it would have been without power rationing. Due to its sound macro-economic foundation, Tanzania's economy is still the fastest growing in East Africa and certainly more resilient than in the past. However, 2006 will record opportunities lost for Tanzania and President Kikwete's new government. What is both unfortunate and revealing is that the new round of power cuts could have been avoided if the Government of Tanzania (GOT) had taken decisive action during January/February 2006 energy crisis. Instead, the GOT took five months to secure an "emergency" power generation deal, demonstrating that on the "transparent to opaque" scale, the Ministry of Energy and Minerals (MEM) stands on the shadier side. Although the GOT's Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) team has almost finalized its compact proposal for a late 2006 July submission, the energy sector will not be a central component. With the MEM lacking a sustainable energy strategy, MCC Washington will follow the World
    Bank's lead, providing funds only after key reform measures are met. END SUMMARY. Power Rationing Returns: Longest in Tanzania's History

    --------------------------------------------- ----------- 2. (SBU) After a two month hiatus, Tanzania's Electric Supply Company (Tanesco) resumed a power rationing program across Tanzania's national grid on June 8. The program was designed to shed 80 Megawatts from the national grid, cutting power for twelve hours daily (6 a.m. to 7 p.m.), with the exception of key industries and sensitive areas such as hospitals and airports. The rationing returned despite abundant rains in May and early June. The rains registered higher water flows in the smaller, downstream reservoirs (Kidatu and Kihansi), but were not sufficient to enable operation of the country's critical hydropower source, Mtera Dam in Iringa. As of July 3, Mtera Dam was still one meter below the dam's minimum supply level of 690 meters.

    3. (U) Officials from Tanesco and the Ministry of Energy and Minerals (MEM) have issued conflicting statements about the expected duration of power cuts. Tanesco's Managing Director, Adriaan Van der Merwe, warned that the rationing would continue until the end of year. On June 8, the Citizen newspaper called the program, "the longest power rationing program in the country's history." In contrast, Deputy Minister of Energy and Minerals, Lawrence Masha, told Econoff on June 8 that an additional 100 MW of power would be in place by August 2006 through a leasing power generation scheme. On June 9, the Citizen quoted Masha's three month forecast, running a front page headline which read "Blackouts end in 12 weeks - Govt."

    4. (C) Masha's three month timeframe for delivering relief generation was optimistic, if not misleading. Out of eight bidders for the short-term leasing facility, the MEM finally selected Richmond Development Company, a little-known, U.S. based company. Mohammed Gire, CEO of Richmond Development Company, told the Ambassador June 9 (before any contract was signed), that a five month delivery was more realistic given freight timings. Richmond Development Company signed a contract with the GOT on or around June 30, agreeing to bring 40 MW on-line by the end of September and the balance (60 MW) by December. Tanesco's five to six month forecast, therefore, appears more accurate. A Foreseeable Shock -------------------

    5. (U) Although the local press has characterized the power cuts as a "shock," energy sector experts, donors and GOT officials were well aware that power rationing would return DAR ES SAL 00001145 002 OF 003 in June with the end of the rainy season. Paul Kunert, Managing Director of Songas, informed the American Business Association in April 2006 that Tanzania would again face a power shortage starting in early June, increasing in magnitude until at least October. In April, the World Bank also released shortage estimates month to month for 2006, ranging from a deficit of 30 kilowatt hours in June to 77 kilowatt hours in October. Given the prolonged procurement process for "emergency" power generation, from February until June, the return of power shedding should not have come as any surprise. Rationing Sheds Economic Gains... -----------------------------------

    6. (U) The cost of power cuts for Tanzania's developing economy are predicted to reach USD 1.1 billion or a 9 percent reduction in Tanzania's 2006 GDP. This estimated loss is based on a 2004 World Bank study which determined a loss of approximately USD 2.00 per kilowatt hour of unserved energy needs. As the cost of production and service delivery increases, the toll on Tanzania's overall investment climate and trade competitiveness is significant, albeit less quantifiable. According to Haji Semboja of the Economic and Social Research Foundation, the country is becoming increasingly dependent on thermal power which will translate into more expensive locally manufactured products, less saving for capital expansion and less competitive exports both in the region and in international markets.

    7. (U) A correlation between power shortage and environmental degradation is also evident as consumers turn to charcoal to fill their energy needs. President Jakaya Kikwete's government and concerned donors have emphasized the linkage between unreliable energy supply and environmental degradation. The GOT's recently announced 2006/07 budget reflected the government's attempt to address the impact of the power crisis on both Tanzania's economy and environment (Ref A). The removal of the Value Added Tax (VAT) on petroleum products was one of the budget's bold moves to ease soaring petrol prices while the reduction of excise duty on kerosene and waiver of VAT on liquefied petroleum gas were efforts to mitigate environmental damage. ...And Generates Political Pressure

    ------------------------------------- 8. (C) The continuing power crisis could also entail high political costs. Deputy Minister of Energy, Lawrence Masha, noted that he felt the political heat: "If President Kikwete were to re-shuffle his Cabinet right now, every single person in this country would understand it was because of the continuing power shortage." To make matters worse, the return of power rationing coincided with the World Cup kick-off. Interruption of various World Cup matches was politically unpopular enough to warrant consideration among top officials in the GOT. Masha explained that the original plan during the first round of power cuts in February 2006 was to install the leased generators before the end of May, to ensure uninterrupted power during the month of the World Cup games.

    9. (C) The GOT did not meet this goal, begging the question: What was the hold-up in the GOT's effort to secure short-term power generation between February and June? Funding was not the problem. The GOT had funds totaling USD 300 million specified for the procurement of "emergency" power generation through IMF debt relief. Rather, the procurement process, from tendering and negotiations to final selection exemplified bureaucratic wrangling, poor judgment and a lack of transparency.

    10. (C) For example, after taking over the process from Tanesco, the MEM narrowed the selection from eight bidders down to two scarcely known "development firms": APGUM and Richmond Development Company (Richmond). According to Elijah Luhanga, Power Engineer at the World Bank, GOT officials traveled to Germany only to find themselves on a "wild goose chase" for APGUM's equipment which apparently did not exist. In late May, MEM invited Richmond for negotiations and finally signed a contract for the leasing facility in late DAR ES SAL 00001145 003 OF 003 June (four months after release of the tender). The selection of Richmond was puzzling primarily because the company appears to be a one-man operation with little, if any, prior experience in the power sector. With the selection of Richmond, the shroud of controversy continues to hang over the Ministry of Energy's decision making process. MCC Steers Clear of Energy Sector

    --------------------------------- 11. (C) The Washington office of the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) team, led by Country Director, Gretchen Brevnov, recognized early on that energy was a key impediment to Tanzania's economic growth. However, MCC soon realized that the GOT was primarily focused on obtaining additional power generation, with no long-term sustainable energy strategy under consideration by the MEM. Without MEM's willingness to address the energy sector in a holistic, transparent and sustainable way, the MCC country team turned its attention to other sectors, such as water and roads, whose Ministries had developed more coherent, long-term plans for sustainable service provision. Comment: Precarious Procurement Process

    ---------------------------------------- 12. (C) The same lack of transparency which made the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) unwilling to focus its efforts in the energy sector was evident in the GOT's recent procurement of short-term power generation. The GOT did not disclose any details regarding its trip to Germany nor of MEM's selection of Richmond Development Company. Rejecting any notion of corruption, Masha of MEM has explained the delayed procurement process as a comedy of errors. Masha admitted, "Could things have been handled differently? 100 percent, yes. But we are working now to correct the situation." By 2007, the power deficit should be corrected with the GOT's addition of 240 MW to the national grid. However, lingering questions include: will Richmond Development be able to deliver and is the GOT willing to address issues beyond generation? In post's view, only if the GOT seriously addresses issues of sustainability, management, transparency and sub-par procurement practices will its energy sector become the efficient and effective engine needed for continued economic growth. RETZER
     
  2. D

    Derimto JF-Expert Member

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    Acheni kwanza Salva aje ajibu hiyo ya Waitara kwanza ndiyo tuendelee na hii maana si wanajifanya wajuaji kujibu personal issue za JK sasa hizi sijajua itakuwaje!
     
  3. Goldman

    Goldman JF-Expert Member

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    Haya viongozi wetu wa comedy mje mkanushe na hii na nyingine zitazokuja. M,kwere we will know your colour ya chumbani yanawekwa peupe.
     
  4. Apollo

    Apollo JF-Expert Member

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    ****** umekwisha..kila kitu kinakuwa EXPOSED! Ukome kujipendekeza katika nchi za magharibi. Now wanakupa live. Asante Juan Asange, mpe live huyu jamaa! Nilitegemea wikileaks ingekuwa inaexpose ya nchi kubwa za dunia nashangaa kukuona ****** mpaka wewe wa nchi maskini unahusika na mambo ya wakubwa wakati wewe wa maskini.
     
  5. bi mkora

    bi mkora JF-Expert Member

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    Salva karibu utupe majibu.
     
  6. Nono

    Nono JF-Expert Member

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    Naona kama wanaisingizia hii siri-kali ya JK. Labda Salva bado hajaipata hii angekuja kukanusha. Akiendelea kwa mziki huu, Salva anaweza kuingia kwenye kitabu cha Guiness kwa kujaribu kubisha kuwa hakuwahi kubisha kuwa hakubisha!
     
  7. Ndahani

    Ndahani JF-Expert Member

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    I can't believe what I read from wikileaks release. Again this is a wake up call...usilale utauwawa!!
     
  8. cpt

    cpt JF-Expert Member

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    bora mi kithungu cjui maana hwa wikleaks!!
     
  9. N

    Ndinani JF-Expert Member

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    Salva na genge lake wamejiingiza kwenye shimo la choo sasa hawawezi kutoka, kama wana akili inabidi wafyate mikia yao; jana nimesoma kwenye blog ya symphasizer wa Jakaya ambapo wamebandika barua kutoka kwa yule mwarabu aliyemnunulia suti mkweree.

    Katika bandiko lile yule mwarabu anakana kumnunulia suti jamaa!! Hata hivyo toka lini mtoa rushwa akakubali kuwa alitoa rushwa kumpa mtu anaekataa kuwa hakupokea; ingekuwa enzi ya hayati mwalimu Nyerere [RIP] angesema kikwao kuwa wote Mkweree na mwarabu wake ' GOSE MAZI GA NYAZA".
     
  10. a

    arigold JF-Expert Member

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    ohh kanunuliwa siti mara ohh sijui niini

    mbona hapa hajavaa hiyo suti mnayompakazia?

    [​IMG]


     
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