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Utaratibu Wa Kumiliki Ardhi

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by MamaParoko, Aug 14, 2008.

  1. MamaParoko

    MamaParoko JF-Expert Member

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    Ndugu zangu wana JF, nilikuwa naomba kuuliza kama kuna mtu yeyote mwenye uzoefu katika taratibu za kumiliki ardhi. Yaani pale unapotaka kununua kiwanja hatua unazopaswa kufuata hadi kupata title deed, hasa pale unaponunua kiwanja ambacho hakijapimwa toka kwa mtu. Ni hayo tu, ushauri wenu utanisaidia sana kijana mwenzenu ninayetaka maendeleo.
     
  2. O

    Ogah JF-Expert Member

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    Kwani uko wapi?...........kama upo bongo....nenda pale ardhi house (Ministry) ......utaelekezwa...........ma-bush doctor sometimes ni wazuri sometimes wanaweza kukuingiza mjini.

    Au tafuta any licensed surveyor wa pale nyumbani......atakuelekeza cha kufanya
     
  3. Kevo

    Kevo JF-Expert Member

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    Kama Unataka Ku Acquire Title Deed Ya Kiwanja Itakulazimu Ufanye Application For A Right of Occupancy Which Will Be Submitted On A Prescribed Form And Accompanied By A Photograph And Sent To The Commissioner For Lands.

    Commissioner for Lands will be responsible for determining the application and if he approves the recommendation a letter of offer shall be in a prescribed form.

    You will accept the offer of a right of occupancy in writing accompanied by any fee required.

    All documents should be duly signed by the applicant or his duly authorized representative or agent.

    The Commissioner shall issue a certificate reffered to as a "Certificate of Occupancy" aka Title Deed.
     
  4. Mfamaji

    Mfamaji JF-Expert Member

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    Waweza kwenda ofisi za Ardhi Manispaa utapata maelezo. Kwa ufupi ni kuwa . Tafuta Sorovea (Surveyor) akupimie na kuonyesha coordinates za kiwanja kwa ajili ya mapping. Beacons zitawekwa kuonyesha mipaka na reference point kwa ajili ya kiwanja kingine in case. Ninachjoua ni kwamba kama kiwanja chako kiko mbali sana na eneo lililopimwa au kiwanja kilichopimwa kazi inakuwa ngumu zaidi maana Sorovea anapaswa kupata refence points . Kiwanja kitapewa jina au namba. Zoezi hili mwachie Surveyor

    Utaenda ofisi za ardhi kuomba barua ya toleo (letter of offer ) watakupa hiyo offer na masharti yake .

    Ukishafuata masharti ya offer ,unatumia documents hizo like risiti za land rent etc pamoja na hiyo barua kuombea hati. Ofisi za ardhi watakuambia cha kufanya.

    Ofisi za Ardhi watakutengenezea hati ,utazisaini na baadae zitpelekwa Ardhi House kwa ajili ya kusainiwa na Kamishna wa Ardhi. Baadae itapelekwa kwa Msajili wa hati (Land Registrar ) kwa usajili, na mwisho unapewa hati yako. Hapo unakuwa mmiliki mwenye hati.

    Hii ni kwa ufupi tu . njiani kuna mambo mengi tu mengine ya usmbufu kwa kuwa hujui. Ukitaka urahisi tafuta Real Estate Agent mlipe na atakuletea hati yako mlongoni. Mimi ndivyo nilivyofanya.
     
  5. Kevo

    Kevo JF-Expert Member

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    RE: A BRIEF OPINION ON PROCEDURES OF TRANSFER OF LAND AND REGISTRATION.

    1.Procedure of transferring Land (Conveyancing)

    i .How can a land be transferred

    Lands can be transferred in different ways, mainly in Tanzania land can be transferred by sell that is the one who has the right of occupancy transfer his / her right to a person who does not have title to the said land. The subject matter in this transaction is always the improvement done on the land and not the soil. As the land in Tanzania is mostly or is a ‘public lands’ so one can not claim right of ownership over the land so as the result what is then transferred is the improvement done on the land and not the soil itself.

    ii. Moreover in any transfer of right of occupancy the agreement as to be executed on writing that is the deed as to be drawn. In any case where by the deed was not drawn then the said agreement becomes enforceable.

    iii. Caveat Emptor
    This is a Latin maxim which simply means “buyer beware”. The Purchaser shall inquire about the legality of the title holder that is as to whether the seller has a good title to the land. Further to do an official search with the land registry to see if the title is free from any encumbrances

    iii. Official search and requisition as to title.
    The first procedure one has to do before transfer is done is to make sure if the transferee has a title to the land and this is always done orally. This is the act of the transferor making sure the transferee has title to the property and the transferee has to show his or her certificate of occupancy to the transferor so as he can be sure of the title.

    iv. This is conducted at registrar of Titles in the land registry offices as per section 3(2) of the Land registration Act. States that The Registrar shall maintain in the land registry a land register for the registration of the title to land in Tanzania and the recording of dispositions, transmissions and incumbrance of and over registered land.

    v. The transferee shall write a letter to the registrar applying for an official search of the property namely ‘Application for an Official Search” and incase it turns out that there are encumbrances should the redemption statement from the transferor and also the discharge of mortgage from the transferor and incase a part of the said property will be provided with a release form of part of the mortgage land.

    vi. Whereby a transferee agrees to pay for a mortgage he should then have to obtain a valuation report for transfer of property which is based in the Ministry of Lands and should, ideally check and approved by the Chief Valuer.

    2.. The requirement of approval.

    i. A disposition of Right of Occupancy shall not be operative unless its in writing whether Short term or Long Term provided under Regulation 3 (3) (a) and (c) of the Land Regulations which states different types of Disposition such as by way of mortgage, agift, settlement, deed of partition, or sale in execution of an order of a court.

    ii. A non-native shall not have right to occupancy unless a native will do so in his favour and for avoidance of doubt a transfer by a native in favour of a non native requires approval of both the Land Acts and the Land regulations in the matter of practise the consent must be given by Land Officer(s) where the consent is not given the agreement is said to be non operative. This does not mean the contract is void and unenforceable though the contract can be valid but unenforceable.

    3. Stamp duty.

    i.In the Deed of Transfer of Right of Occupancy it must be accompanied with stamp duty, under section 5(1) of the Stamp Duty Act every instrument executed in Tanganyika or executed outside Tanganyika shall be chargeable with the amount specified or calculated in that manner.

    ii. No instrument chargeable with stamp duty shall be admitted in evidence, shall be acted upon registered or authenticated by any person or by any public officer, unless such instrument is dully stamped, and no disposition unless registered shall be effectual to transfer any estate in any registered land.

    iii. Considering provisions in the Land Act of 1999, the Disposition as provided under Section 2 of that Act includes ‘any transfer” but under section36 (2) states that a disposition of Right of occupancy shall not require the consent of the Commissioner or an authorized officer but the intending transferor shall send a notification in the prescribed form to the Commissioner together payments of all dues prescribed in connection with that disposition in order to acquire approval from Land Commissioner as a delegated power from the President.

    iii. There are Implied Covenants that are known by law between the transferor and transferee incase the transferor or transferee breaches the covenant they will be liable in one way or the other.

    iv. Capital Gain Taxi.
    This is the difference between the sale price and the cost improvement on the property or the improvements the transfer or purchased there on. A Tax Clearance Certificate will be issued upon Discharge of Capital Gains Tax Liability since interest held can not be transferred and it will be produced to the Registrar of Titles upon
    issued from the Commissioner of Income Tax.

    ii. The Commissioner of Income tax shall publish in the Gazette or local circulating newspapers a list of persons who have been convicted under the act of any offence such as fraudulent returns, incorrect returns or obstructing an officer in the performance of his work. Which will also be known as ‘parade of shame?’

    iii. Value Added Tax; Any taxable person who expect tax exceeds of more than TShs.20,000,000 over twelve months period shall make application in the prescribed form for registration within 30 days and the Commissioner for Value Added Tax will issue a Certificate Of Registration upon that person.

    iv. Land Rent; a certificate of Approval will be issued by the Commissioner for land Rent signifying his approval for disposition and whereas the Chief Account will signify payment of land rent quoting relevant exchequer receipts by letter.

    v. License to hold land by Body Corporate; Any body which is incorporated outside Tanganyika and which does not hold a Certificate of Compliance issued by the Registrar of Companies in Tanganyika can only hold a Right of Occupancy after it obtains a License to hold land by body corporate.Incase a person holds a transferee body corporate should process the license and the approval mentioned above.

    vi. Registration.

    i. A complete registration has to have a deed of transfer as approved and Certificate of Occupancy. Though the registrar may deny registration if the said property has any encumbrances. The transferee should make sure that all documents evidencing the transfer are executed by all parties. Though a person is a holder of two or more contagious Rights of Occupancy could be combined by cancelling the folios of the land register thereto thus preparing a new folio in respect of the land combined likewise with division of land.

    ii. No transfer of land shall be registered unless executed by all persons who are parties though the registrar may dispense with the transferee for a good cause with attention for the payment of registration fees which will trigger other levies that are search fee, consent fee, stamp duty, capital gains tax, value added tax and land rent.

    iii. A transfer of right of occupancy may be in consideration of natural love or affection as a gift but the point to not here is even if the transfer is inform of a gift in order for it to be valid the documents must be in writing and have to be registered under the registration of document ordinance. If they will not then meet the required above the gift will be of no use that is in operative.

    Hapo nimemaliza kila kitu if you have anything to ask dont hesitate to ask.Everything is within the law.
     
  6. Kevo

    Kevo JF-Expert Member

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    Ujue unaponunua ardhi you make the a transfer therefore everything should be done within the law kuepuka matatizo hapo baadae!
     
  7. Augustoons

    Augustoons JF-Expert Member

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    Wadau naomba mnisaidie kama kuna mtu ana hotuba ya bajeti ya mwaka huu ya Mhe.Chiligati wizara ya ardhi na maendeleo y makazi,kwani natafuta kwenye website ya bunge siioni.Please
     
  8. Mwana wa Mungu

    Mwana wa Mungu JF-Expert Member

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    Kevo, you are good at that, umeelezea vizuri sana. wengi humu ni wanasheria kama wewe, na nakupongeza kwa maelezo yako. good job. and God bless you.
     
  9. MamaParoko

    MamaParoko JF-Expert Member

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    asanteni wadau wote kwa ushauri wenu mzuri.
     
  10. Kevo

    Kevo JF-Expert Member

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    God Bless You Too Mkuu!
    The Advice Will Help Many!
     
  11. Mzee Mwanakijiji

    Mzee Mwanakijiji Platinum Member

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    Mhh.. tunaweza kurahisisha process ya mtu kupata ardhi? Kevo.. mtu akiamua kufuata process hiyo pasipo mizengwe inaweza kuchukua muda gani from application hadi kupata deed?
     
  12. Sanda Matuta

    Sanda Matuta JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu,

    Kwa my experience,nashauri mtu aende mmoja kwa moja mpaka wilayani ambapo hicho kiwanja au shamba lilipo akiwa na mkataba wa mauziano ya kiwanja au shamba ikiwa na muhuri wa serikari ya mtaa husika.Unaandika barua ya kuomba kupimiwa na unapangiwa mtu wa kukupimia (mara nyingi inakua kwa gharama zako,utaambiwa vifaa vichache) then kama alivyo sema Kevo inahusu watafute cordinates wakizipata wanaonganisha na kufikia kiwanja chako(ikiwa mbali ndivo unazi kuumia watataka pesa nyingi zaidi,ila hawa wanakuwa nauhakika zaidi kwani wanatoka ofisini moja kwa moja na nirahisi kufatilia file lako na kukuchorea ramani haraka zaidi kabla haijapelekwa Ardhi makao makuu kupewa namba).
    Wakisha fikisha huko makao makuu inahusu tena ufatilie mwenyewe ili i-siiniwe na kupewa namba.mchoro ukishapata namba unarudinayo wilayani kuomba offer na hati ukiwa serious itakuchua less thatn five months.
     
  13. Kevo

    Kevo JF-Expert Member

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    Well checking the legality of the title holder that is the official search may take some time but the transfer which is usually done by a Lagal Consultant and witnessed by an Advocate can only take a day.
    If one decides to have a legal consultant who is well connected and exposed to handle all the work it can take a maximum of two weeks.
    Though sometimes the location of the office of the land registry may be a hindrance coz they are not everywhere.For example here in the Nothern Zone the offices are located in Moshi and they cover Arusha,Kilimanjaro and Tanga.
     
  14. M

    Mtanzania JF-Expert Member

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    Mwanakijiji,

    Siamini kabisa inaweza kuchukua wiki mbili, labda uwe unamwaga mapesa.

    Kama kiwanja kiko wilayani, inaweza kuchukua miezi kama miwili. Kwa Dar kuna mizengwe zaidi na sitashangaa kama itachukua zaidi ya huo muda. Huko nyuma ilikuwa inachukua miaka kwa Dar, labda sasa kidogo imekuwa nafuu ila bado siamini kama unafanya kila kitu kuanzia kupima kiwanja mpaka kupata hati basi itachukua zaidi ya miezi sita.

    Tatizo kubwa ni wizarani, hapo ndipo inachukua muda mrefu sana.
     
  15. m

    mgirima Member

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    Kwa experience niliyoipata, process ya kupata Title Deed inachukua kati ya miezi 6 hadi miaka miwili - kama unafuata taratibu zilivyo bila kutumia hela. Vikwazo vilivyopo ni kama ifuatavyo:-

    1. Kumpata huyo surveyor, kwa njia za kiofisi, ni kama mwezi mmoja. Wako very busy na mambo mengine. Kwanza kuwakuta ofisini itakubidi uache shughuli zako na kudamkia ofisi za ardhi kila siku;

    2. Itakubidi ugharamie usafiri, and of course lunches and associated costs;

    3. Ramani kutoka ni lazima iidhinishwe na RAS. Another one to two months;

    4. Kupata offer of occupancy - utafika na kuambiwa vitabu havijaletwa toka wizarani. Jibu hili litarudiwa kwa mwezi mzima au zaidi. (Toka mwezi machi nafuatilia na kupewa jibu hili kwenye Manispaa ya Morogoro);

    5. Wizarani kidogo mambo yamejirekebisha. Ukipeleka documents zako wanakupa siku ya kufuatilia na mara nyingi, kama documentation zako hazina matatizo, upatikanaji wa hati sio mgumu.

    Kwa ujumla, upatikanaji wa hati unakuwa influenced na mambo yafuatayo:=

    1. Wewe una nafasi gani katika jamii;
    2. Kiwanja chako kiko kwenye eneo gani. Kama ni za walala hoi, muda huwa mrefu;
    3. Upo mkoa/wilaya gani - mikoa ya mbali na DSM hali ni mbaya zaidi;
    4. Uko tayari ku-part na pesa kiasi gani - without official receipts;
    5. Ukali wako wakati wa ufuatiliaji.
    6. Old-schoolboy syndicate - kama una old schoolmates walioko ardhi inakurahisishia process nzima.
     
  16. Kevo

    Kevo JF-Expert Member

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    Hapo sitakubishia ndio mana I stressed out angalau uwe na mtu ambaye yuko connected and exposed and that is why I as well stressed out pia suala la location ya office ya land registry inaweza kuwa hindrance.
    Na suala la kumpata surveyor linachukua mwenzi mmoja ni uwongo mno.Its just last week I was doing something like this and I had to call the right people and I had a surveyor at my disposal in an hour.
     
  17. MamaParoko

    MamaParoko JF-Expert Member

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    Jamani guys inakatisha tamaa lakini ngoja nijaribu nikikwama sehemu nitarudi kwenu kwa ushauri zaidi.
     
  18. Majita

    Majita JF-Expert Member

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    Jamani nimefurahi sana kupata maelezo haya leo.
    Labda mimi nilikuwa na swali moja tuu,je inawezekana mtu aliyeko nje ya nchi say UK au USA akatuma picha zake na kumkabidhi ndg yake aliyeko nyumbani huko na kufuatilia na process zingine zikafuatwa????

    Pia ndg zangu ,je naweza kupata namba ya simu ya ofisa ardhi wa jiji Mwanza??pls nisaidieni.Mimi nina shida nimeshapiga simu kwa ndg hadi nimechoka.
    Asanten
     
  19. K

    Katibu Tarafa JF-Expert Member

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    unaweza kutuma picha kwa huyo ndugu yako,kwa email na yeye akaziweka kwenye disc na kuwapelekea.mimi nilifanya hivyo
     
  20. M

    Mtanzania JF-Expert Member

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    Aug 18, 2008
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    Katibu Tarafa,

    Una uhakika na jibu lako kwa Majita?

    Ninavyojua mimi, huyo mtu anahitaji power of attorney ili aweze kushughulikia mambo yako.
    Kuna mambo mengi sana kwenye masuala ya viwanja huwezi kufanya unless ni kiwanja chako au una power of attorney.

    Majita, kama una ndugu unayemwamini basi mpatie hiyo power of attorney na ataweza kufanya kila kitu chako kama vile ambavyo ungeweza kufanya wewe.

    Ila ukirudi TZ, huwezi kuwa na madaraka ya moja kwa moja na hizo hati zako, itabidi ubadilishe hiyo power of attorney ambayo ulimpa jamaa. Vinginevyo kwa kila kitu kwenye hati yako itabidi jamaa ndiye awe anaeka sahihi.
     
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