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Umri wa mtoto kuanza kuongea ni upi?

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by Rutunga M, Jan 3, 2012.

  1. Rutunga M

    Rutunga M JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Jan 3, 2012
    Joined: Mar 16, 2009
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    Naomba kujua mtoto mchanga inabidi aanze kuongea akiwa na umri gani,kwa kuzingia wale wanaowahji na wanaochelewa.Na je kuna namna unavyoweza kutambua uwezekano wa mtoto kuwa bubu na inaweza kuzulika kwa umri wake mdogo.
    nitashukuu
     
  2. N

    Nsuri JF-Expert Member

    #2
    Jan 3, 2012
    Joined: Oct 3, 2011
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    Badilisha kwanza hiyo anvator yako plse!!!!!!
     
  3. Gamaha

    Gamaha JF-Expert Member

    #3
    Jan 3, 2012
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    Ha ha Nsuri kwani inahusiana nini na mtoto wake jamani.
     
  4. Gamaha

    Gamaha JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Jan 3, 2012
    Joined: Jul 17, 2008
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    Jalibu kutumia google itakusaidia kupata taarifa mbali mbali. kama hii nimeipata "www.emedicinehealth.com"
    Age 8-12 Months

    By age 8 months, most babies can sit up without support. They also figure out how to roll down to their stomachs and return to a sitting position again. Some babies are in constant motion; they'll arch their necks and look around while on their stomachs and grab at their feet or objects while on their backs. All this activity is preparing them for crawling, which is usually mastered between 7-10 months. Crawling is important for the development of integrated communication between the 2 sides of the brain. Some babies never crawl but rather scoot on their bottoms or move on their stomachs, like an army crawl.

    Babies become increasingly more mobile during this stage; now is the time to childproof so baby can explore and discover without the possibility of injury. Baby gates are important to block off stairs or rooms that could be dangerous (such as bathrooms).

    After crawling is mastered, babies begin to pull themselves up to a standing position. They then begin to take some steps while holding on to something for support. This will change into cruising around the furniture. As their balance improves, babies may gradually take a few steps without holding on. Many babies' first steps are taken around 12 months, but earlier or later than this is completely normal.

    By the end of this stage, babies begin to use the pincer grasp, using the thumb and first or second finger to pick up small objects. As babies learn how to open fingers, they are able to drop and throw things. Babies also more thoroughly investigate objects by shaking them, banging them, and moving them from hand to hand. Babies are interested in objects with moving parts, such as wheels and things that open and close. They also like to poke their fingers through holes.

    Babies also show a lot of growth in their language development during this period. They begin to make recognizable syllables like "ma" or "da," which eventually turn into "mama" or "dada." They can also imitate speech sounds they hear others make. By age 12 months, many babies say at least one word (other than mama and dada) clearly. They understand the meaning of no and begin to follow simple commands. Babies communicate nonverbally by pointing, crawling, or gesturing toward desired objects. The can also initiate and play gesture games, such as peek-a-boo and pat-a-cake.

    Babies learn object permanence, the concept that an object still exists when taken out of their sight, during this stage. For example, if a toy is hidden under a blanket, babies will pick up the blanket and search for it. Babies also learn that objects have functions besides being just something to chew on or bang with (such as a hair brush or phone).

    Separation anxiety and stranger anxiety usually begin during this period and are a normal part of babies' emotional development. Separation anxiety occurs when parents leave a babies' sight, resulting in great distress with fussing and crying. Separation anxiety usually peaks between age 9-18 months and fades before their 2-year birthday. Stranger anxiety is a reaction of distress with an infant encounters a stranger.

    By the end of this period, most babies have reached the following milestones:

    Motor skills

    * Get in and out of a sitting position independently


    * Get on hands-and-knees position and crawl


    * Pull self up to standing position, walk holding on to furniture, stand without support and, eventually, take a few steps without support and begin to walk


    * Use pincer grasp (thumb and first finger)


    * Place objects into container and take them out of container


    * Begin to do more functional activities, such as hold a spoon or turn pages in a book

    Language skills

    * Say "mama" and "dada" and use these terms specifically referring to a parent


    * Use exclamations such as "oh-oh!"


    * Try to imitate words and may say first word


    * Use simple gestures, such as shaking head for "no" or waving for "bye-bye"


    * Play interactive gesture games, such as pat-a-cake and peek-a-boo

    Social/Emotional skills

    * Easily find hidden objects


    * Use objects correctly such as holding phone up to ear or drinking from a cup


    * Shy around strangers


    * Cry when mom or dad leaves
     
  5. Rutunga M

    Rutunga M JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Jan 3, 2012
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    asanteni sana
     
  6. MATESLAA

    MATESLAA JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Jan 4, 2012
    Joined: Aug 11, 2011
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    kweli badili hiyo picha ndio maana mtoto wako anashindwa kuongea coz hiyo picha inamtisha
     
  7. Nyalotsi

    Nyalotsi JF-Expert Member

    #7
    Jan 4, 2012
    Joined: Jul 20, 2011
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    dah! We mkare aiseee!
     
  8. samilakadunda

    samilakadunda JF-Expert Member

    #8
    Jan 7, 2012
    Joined: Oct 13, 2011
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    Mtoto huanza kuongea akiwa na umri wa miezi 12 hadi24,mtoto kuwa bubu huenda sambamba na kuwa kiziwi,kwan ili mtoto aweze kujifunza lugha nilazima awe na uwezo wa kusikia,kumtambu kwambua mtoto ambaye ni kiziwi,muweke awebize akicheza kisha mtu mmoja aweza kuja nyuma yake pasipo yeye kumuona na kumwita jina lake kwa sauti tofauti ya chini kati na juu,akionyesha mwitikio sauti ya chini atakuwa hanatatizo,kati hanatatizo,juu anausikivu hafifu,hivyo hunabudi kumpeleka hosipitali kwa vipimo zaidi,nakutabua tatizo la mtoto mapema nikumsaidia mtoto kumtibu au kumpa visaidizi vya kusikia(hearing aids)ambavyo vitamwezesha kujifunza lugha.mapema.
     
  9. Lizzy

    Lizzy JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Jan 7, 2012
    Joined: May 25, 2009
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    Hivi kwani watoto hua hawapelekwi kliniki for check ups? Kama wanapelekwa hua hawachunguzi vitu kama kusikia, kuona, kuongea?
     
  10. TANMO

    TANMO JF-Expert Member

    #10
    Jan 7, 2012
    Joined: Apr 12, 2008
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    Kwa wale tusiokuwa na watoto wa kupeleka Klinik hili swalii litatusaidia kujifunza pia..
    Heri ya mwaka mpya Dada..
     
  11. P

    Pascal Mayalla JF-Expert Member

    #11
    Jan 7, 2012
    Joined: Sep 22, 2008
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    Ndugu yangu Rutunga mimi sio daktari ila ni baba wa watoto 6. Kati ya hao 6, wawili nimewalea mwenyewe kama single father for 6 good years hivyo uzoefu wangu utakupa mwanga kidogo.

    Kuna watoto wanazaliwa wakiwa first learners na Slow learners. Dalili ya kwanza ya first learners anatumia kipindi kifupi tuu cha ule usumbufu wa sleepless nights by miezi 3 ya mwanzo anakuwa aneshastabilize na kulala bila kusumbua ukiondoa ukiwa mgonjwa.

    Kati ya hao watoto wawili niliowalea nikiwa single father, mmoja ni first learner huyu ni wa kike na mdogo wake ni slow learner huyu ni wa kiume.

    First learners watakaa mapema by 3 months, atambaa by 6 months na kutoka meno. Atasimama by 9 months na kutembea kabla ya miezi 12. By miezi 10 anatamka baa... maa ...daa by miezi 11 anatamka kwanza dada then baba halafu mama baada ya Miezi 12.

    Huyu slow leaner amechelewa kila kitu miezi 12 bado anatambaa na kuongea ameanza miezi 15-18.

    Huyu binti first learner yuko faster na sharp niliwaingiza wote nursery za Montessory yule first learner baada ya mwaka anasoma anaandika na nikamwingiza Standard one at 5 years na akapeak. Huyu slow learner alimaliza mwaka mzima nursery hajui chochote yeye ni kicheza tuu!. Sister Mkuu wa Mountessory ndie aliyenipa hili somo la first learners na slow learners na kunisisitizia nisiwe na wasiwasi ni maumbile tuu!.

    Hivyo Rutunga mtoto kuchelewa kuongea, kutembea au kukojoa kitandani ni suala la maumbile tuu ata catch up na kuwa ok.

    Watoto hao sasa ni wakubwa, yule slow learner ndie kichwa yule first learner hakuna kitu!. Hivyo kutangulia sio kufika!.

    Clinic zetu wanapuma tuu uzito na kukuambia kuhusu growth, mengine tumia tuu wazoefu wa malezi kama hivi!.
     
  12. Limbani

    Limbani JF-Expert Member

    #12
    Jan 7, 2012
    Joined: Apr 24, 2008
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    Mkuu inabidi ukafanye "vasectomy", watoto sita si mchezo!! hongera sana lakini...
     
  13. samilakadunda

    samilakadunda JF-Expert Member

    #13
    Jan 7, 2012
    Joined: Oct 13, 2011
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    unachosema lizzy nisahihi!ila ulemavuma wa kutokusikia kwa mtoto,wazazi au walezi wanawajibika kuhusika na kuwatambua watoto kwani ulemavu huu hutwa.silent disality.na ndipohupelekwa for more checkup.kitengo cha IT ambao ni audiologists.
     
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