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Ugonjwa wa Kisukari

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by MpigaKura, Feb 3, 2007.

  1. MpigaKura

    MpigaKura JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Feb 3, 2007
    Joined: Jan 25, 2007
    Messages: 385
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    Diabetes is a condition where the body can’t use glucose properly.
    The cause of diabetes is unknown - you can’t catch it but it can run in families. There are two types of diabetes - Insulin Dependent Diabetes (IDDM) and Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes (NIDDM). People who have diabetes need to pay special attention to exercise and their diet. They may also need tablets and/or insulin. Treatment is lifelong, as diabetes can’t be cured.

    Insulin Dependent Diabetes is also called Juvenile-Onset or Type I diabetes. Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes is also called Mature-Onset or Type II diabetes.
    Foods you eat that contain fat or sugar are changed into glucose and pass into your blood. Your pancreas produces insulin, which helps get glucose into the cells of the body where it is used as a source of energy. Without insulin, glucose can’t enter the body’s cells so it builds up in the blood. If you have diabetes, either your pancreas isn’t making enough insulin or the insulin isn’t working properly.

    IMPORTANT:
    Most diabetes develops in people who are over 40. People often have diabetes for some time before it is detected. You may be at risk if three or more of the following describe you.
    1. You are over 40 years.
    2. You are overweight.
    3. Someone in your family has diabetes.
    4. You do not get regular exercise
    5. See your doctor for an annual check up and a blood glucose test.

    RISKS:
    Diabetes can cause damage to blood vessels and nerves if it is undiagnosed or not controlled. This may affect;
    1. Eyesight.
    2. Kidneys.
    3. Heart and blood flow.
    4. Feet.
    5. Your ability to fight skin kidney and other infections.

    SIGNS & SYMPTOMS:
    1. Going to the toilet often.
    2. Drinking a lot of liquid.
    3. Tiredness, loss of energy.
    4. Sickly sweet smelling breath.
    5. A lot of skin (e.g. Boils) genital (e.g. Thrush), nail or urinary tract (e.g. Cystitis) infections.
    6. Unexplained weight loss.
    7. Blurred or fuzzy vision (Wounds that heal slowly.
    People with non-insulin Dependent Diabetes may have some or none of these symptoms. Recognizing symptoms early and controlling diabetes by keeping blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible (3-8 mmol/L) will lower the risk of problems. Good control of diabetes is essential for several months before, and during pregnancy, to prevent problems with the baby.
    MANAGING DIABETES;
    The aim for all people with diabetes is the same - good control of blood glucose levels. A management plan is worked out between you, your doctor, and pharmacist dietitian and diabetes educator.
    1. The plan will help you keep a balance between diet, exercise and medicine (insulin and/or tablets).
    2. Most people monitor this balance at home by measuring blood glucose levels (some people use urine tests).
    3. Other medicines can sometimes upset this balance, so always check with your doctor and pharmacist before taking anything new.

    SELF CARE
    1. Learn all you can about diabetes and how to manage it.
    2. Monitor blood or urine glucose levels regularly.
    3. Follow your diet and medicine plan.
    4. Eat regular healthy meals. Resist food high in fat or sugar (e.g. fried food, alcohol). Don’t skip meals.
    5. Control your weight.
    6. Get regular exercise.
    7. Keep your blood cholesterol levels below 5.5mmol/
    8. Wear a Medic Alert bracelet.
    9. Take special care of your feet consult a podiatrist. Wear shoes that fit well.
    10. Have an eye examination every 2 years.
    11. Learn to relax - Join Diabetes Australia.
    12. Don’t smoke ?

    HYPOGLYCAEMIA:LOW blood Sugar.
    Hypoglycemia (’hypo’) occurs if the level of glucose in the blood is too low. The warning signs are;
    1. Sweaty, cold, clammy skin.
    2. Double or blurred vision.
    3. Shallow breathing.
    4. Weak or dizzy.
    5. Falling blood glucose levels.

    If you have any of these signs you need to;
    1. Take a ready source of glucose Eat fruit or sandwiches after the glucose.
    2. Check your blood glucose levels.
    If someone with diabetes is unconscious don’t give him or her anything by mouth.
    Turn them on their side and follow first aid procedures.
    Get medical help.
     
  2. Mchumia juani

    Mchumia juani Member

    #2
    Feb 12, 2008
    Joined: Jan 28, 2008
    Messages: 27
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    Ni ugonjwa unaosababishwa na upungufu wa insulin mwilini au Insulin kushindwa kufanya kazi ipasavyo kutokana ra Receptor kuwa insensitive kwa insulini
    Aina
    TYPE 1-Au insulin dependent hutokana na kuharibika kwa beta cells katika Islets of Langhans ambayo ndiyo inayotengeneza insulin hivyo insulin haiotatengenezwa
    -huathiri zaini watoto na vijana
    -Mgonjwa nahitaji kuchoma sindano za insulin mara kwa mara
    -Mgonjw hufundishwa kujichoma mwenyewe sindano
    -Mara nyingi mgonjwa huwa mwembamba
    -Complication kubwa ni kupata Diabetic Ketoacidosis ambapo mgonjwa nakuwa na sukari nyingi > 250g/dl na anakuwa na 'ketone bodies, katika mkojo,acidosis na kuwa na upungufu wa maji

    TYPE 2-au non Insulin dependent-hii hutokana na isulin kutofanya kazi vizuri mwilini kwa kuwa receptor zake zimeharibika
    -Mara nyingi unene kupita kiasi hupunguza sensitivity ya insulin receptor
    -Huwaathiri zaidi watu wazima na wanene
    -Vipo vidonge kama vile Biguanides,Sulphonyl ureas husaidia
    -Kufanya mazoezi na kumonitor diet ni vitu vya msingi

    Pili,Kisukari kutibika moja kwa moja si rahisi sana ,kwa mfano mgonjwa wa type 1 anahitaji Insulin maisha yake yote na sijasioma sehemu kuona mgonjwa wa Type 2 amepona kabisa,ila unaweza kupunguza uwezekano wa kupata madhara na ukaishi muda mrefe
    Madhara ya kisukari-Kupungukiwa nguvu za kiume
    -KUTOONA VIZURI
    -Vidonda kutopona haraka hasa vya miguuni
    -NEURONES kuharibika na kuharibu sensations za mwili
    -Matatizo katika figo
    -Kupungukiwa kinga ya mwili
    SIKU JEMA
     
  3. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #3
    May 23, 2009
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 38,516
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    Diabetes Home Remedy Using Dandelion


    Conditions Treated: Chronic Illness

    Specific Conditions Treated: Diabetes

    Ingredients Used: Dandelion

    Description: Dandelion has been used widely in many treatments. One of its uses is in the treatment of diabetes.

    Take a handful of dandelion. Crush it until you get 3 tablespoons full of dandelion. Add 1,5 liters of water. Mix well.
    Directions For Use: Drink 3 or more cups per day until your symptoms are alleviated, at least for two months. You can do it every day for as much time as you want.
    Expected Results: Symptoms will be alleviated.
    Expected Results Within: 2 months
     
  4. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #4
    May 23, 2009
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 38,516
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    Diabetes Home Remedy Using Ginger (TANGAWIZI)


    Conditions Treated: Chronic Illness

    Specific Conditions Treated: Diabetes

    Ingredients Used: Ginger

    Description: Diabetes is also called as Diabetes Mellitus, Mellitus and Insulin-dependent diabetes. Diabetes is defined as a condition in which the body is not able to utilize the food for energy. The pancreas is not able to produce insulin and the blood levels of glucose increases.Insulin, controls the glucose in the blood, and how much glucose is absorbed by the cells; which in turn use glucose to produce energy. When insulin is not present, or the body is not using it properly, glucose can't enter the cells, and stays in the bloodstream producing hyperglycemia (Diabetes), or excess of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Treatment with Ginger produced a significant increase in insulin levels and a decrease in fasting glucose levels in diabetic patients. Hence it is a natural alternative to artificial insulin and other allopathic drugs like Avandia taken to manage Diabetes. Also it is relatively safe and do not possess any side effect. Ginger is also termed as Zingiber officinalis.
    Directions For Use: Extract about 1 tsp juice of Ginger and consume it thrice daily for about 1 month for the treatment of Diabetes.
    Not To Use With: As such no interactions are seen with Ginger; therefore no specific precaution needs to be followed while using it in the treatment of Diabetes.
    Side Effects: No side effects are seen with Ginger in the treatment of Diabetes.
    Expected Results: The symptoms of Diabetes are improved in 1 month of the treatment with Ginger.
    Expected Results Within: 1 month
     
  5. Raia Fulani

    Raia Fulani JF-Expert Member

    #5
    May 23, 2009
    Joined: Mar 12, 2009
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    unalinganishaje ukimwi na kisukari. Pia nimeomba msaada hapo kuhusu tatizo la kende ila naona kuna wanga humu. Kwa vile ulisema tulete maswali utayajibu, hebu leta somo linalohusu tatizo langu na tiba zake ktk mazingira ya ki tz
     
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