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The Fate of Saif al-Islam Qaddafi.

Discussion in 'International Forum' started by KIM KARDASH, Oct 28, 2011.

  1. K

    KIM KARDASH JF-Expert Member

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    Saif al-Islam Qaddafi wants plane to surrender; Tunisia frees ex-PM al-Baghdadi

    Thursday, 27 October 2011
    [​IMG]

    The surrender of 39-year-old Saif al-Islam Qaddafi would close another chapter in the four-decade history of Qaddafi family rule. (File photo)



    By Al Arabiya with Agencies
    Dubai

    Muammar Qaddafi's son Saif al-Islam wants an aircraft to take him out of Libya's southern desert so he can turn himself in to the International Criminal Court (ICC), a National Transitional Council source said on Thursday, while it emerged that a group of South African mercenaries are still looking after Saif al-Islam.

    "Saif is concerned about his safety," the NTC source said. "He believes handing himself over is the best option for him," Reuters reported.

    The source also said Saif al-Islam, 39, wanted the involvement of a third country − possibly Algeria or Tunisia − in a deal to get him to The Hague. "He wants to be sent an aircraft," the source said by telephone from Libya. "He wants assurances."

    Saif al-Islam's whereabouts and intentions had been tracked by monitoring satellite phone calls, the source said, alongside information contained in intelligence cables.

    He went on the run at about the time his father met a grisly death a week ago at the hands of Libyan rebel fighters. Both he and Libya's ex-intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi, also on the run, have indicated they are ready to surrender to justice, NTC officials have said.

    They face charges of crimes against humanity for their response to February's uprising.

    Reports that Al-Senussi passed from Niger into Mali were circulated on Thursday by security sources from both countries.

    "Abdullah al-Senussi has arrived in the Malian desert, from Niger," where he was believed to be hiding under the protection of some Tuaregs, a Niger security source said on condition of anonymity.

    The information was confirmed by a security source from northern Mali, who said Senoussi was travelling with a small group.

    It was not known if Saif al-Islam was travelling with the group.

    South African mercenaries, who allegedly took part in Muammar Qaddafi's failed escape bid, are still "taking care of Saif al-Islam," the Beeld newspaper said Thursday.

    The South Africans were hired by a company with close ties to Qaddafi, training his presidential guard and handling some of his offshore financial dealings, the Afrikaans-language paper said.

    South Africans have also reportedly been involved in transporting Qaddafi's gold, diamonds and foreign currency to Niger, and helping his wife and three of children flee Tripoli, the paper said.

    Niger obliged to cooperate with ICC in bringing Saif to justice


    Niger has an obligation to co-operate in bringing to justice Libyan fugitives Saif al-Islam and Abdullah al-Senussi, wanted by the International Criminal Court, a court spokesman said late Wednesday.

    "There is definitely an obligation on Niger to co-operate as it is a state party to the Rome Statute," the ICC's founding document, said Fadi al-Abdallah.

    But he slapped down media reports suggesting either man wanted to hand himself over to the ICC, saying he had "no information or confirmation."

    "It is something we would have to follow up with the Council," al-Abdallah told AFP, referring to Libya's National Transitional Council (NTC).

    Slain Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi's son and one-time heir apparent, Saif al-Islam was on Tuesday poised to cross into Niger along with Senussi, his father's ex-intelligence chief, a Tuareg official said.

    An official of the ruling National Transitional Council (NTC) said earlier Wednesday that Saif al-Islam had proposed surrendering to the International Criminal Court (ICC), which has indicted him for war crimes, Reuters reported.

    The two are the most wanted fugitives from the slain despot's ousted circle and are wanted by the ICC on charges of crimes against humanity, committed after the start of the uprising against Qaddafi's regime in mid-February. The ICC issued arrest warrants against the three on June 27.

    Both are widely expected to seek refuge in Niger following Qaddafi's death last week.

    Surrender by 39-year-old Saif al-Islam would close another chapter in the four-decade history of Qaddafi family rule, as the United Nations discusses an end to its Libyan mandate that allowed NATO to bomb the country and help rebels to take power.

    Any surrender would mark a U-turn by Saif al-Islam, an internationally well-connected philanthropist and liberal reformer who turned abruptly into a soldier ready to die rather than capitulate when rebels rose up against his father.

    "We fight here in Libya; we die here in Libya," he told Reuters Television in an interview earlier this year.

    He now appears to prefer the prospect of a Dutch prison cell rather than risk falling into the hands of NTC forces.

    Libya's southern neighbor, which for years was one of the west African countries that benefited most from Qaddafi's largesse, is already sheltering dozens of former regime officials, including another of Qaddafi's sons.

    Qaddafi, who lorded over the oil-rich north African nation for 42 years, met a violent end on Thursday following his capture by fighters of Libya's new regime.

    France may demand Senussi's extradition if he is arrested by Niamey, since a Paris court sentenced him in absentia to life in prison for the 1989 bombing of a French UTA airliner that claimed 170 lives.

    So far 32 members of Qaddafi's entourage including his playboy former footballer son Saadi have taken refuge in Niger for "humanitarian" reasons.

    Also among them are three generals and the head of Qaddafi's personal bodyguards, Mansur Daou, according to the authorities who say they are under surveillance but have not been detained.

    Tunisia frees former Libyan prime minister Al-Baghdadi


    A Tunisian court, meanwhile, has freed former Libyan Prime Minister Al-Baghdadi Ali al-Mahmoudi despite an extradition request from Libyan authorities, his lawyer said on Thursday.

    "The court ruled to free him from prison," Mabrouk Korchid told Reuters. Confirming the report, a judicial source said al-Mahmoudi was now a free man.

    Mahmoudi fled Libya to neighboring Tunisia soon after the rule of Muammar Qaddafi collapsed in August and had gone on hunger strike in protest against his possible extradition.

    Al-Mahmoudi, Libyan prime minister from 2006, is the highest-ranking member of Qaddafi's administration now in detention. During the civil war this year, he gave televised briefings defending Qaddafi and accusing NATO of deliberately killing civilians.
     
  2. BabuK

    BabuK JF-Expert Member

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    The International Criminal Court (ICC) said it had held talks - through intermediaries - with Saif al-Islam about his possible surrender.
    Prosecutors stressed that Gaddafi's son, who is wanted for crimes against humanity, would get a fair trial.
    Saif al-Islam, who was once the presumed successor to his father, has been in hiding for months.
    Recent reports claimed he was in a convoy heading toward Libya's desert border with Niger, where other Gaddafi allies have fled.
    But those reports have not been confirmed, and the ICC said it did not know where he was.
    [​IMG]


    Zimbabwe-bound?
    Saif al-Islam, who was once the presumed successor to his father, has been in hiding for months.
    Recent reports claimed he was in a convoy heading toward Libya's desert border with Niger, where other Gaddafi allies have fled.
    But those reports have not been confirmed, and the ICC said it did not know where he was.
    Zimbabwe-bound? ICC prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo said in a statement that the ICC wanted him to face trial.
    "Through intermediaries, we have informal contact with Saif al-Islam. The office of the prosecutor has made it clear that if he surrenders to the ICC, he has the right to be heard in court, he is innocent until proven guilty. The judges will decide," the statement said.
    The ICC later denied that any kind of deal was being arranged with Saif al-Islam, stressing that the goal of the talks was to ensure an arrest warrant was carried out.
    Continue reading the main story [h=2]Saif al-Islam: ICC charges[/h]
    • Indirect co-perpetrator of murder and persecution as crimes against humanity
    • Between 15 February and 28 February, Gaddafi security forces carried out systematic attacks against civilians
    • Saif al-Islam "assumed essential tasks" to make sure plan worked
    An ICC arrest warrant issued for Saif al-Islam in June accuses him of murder and persecution.
    The document claims that he played an essential part in systematic attacks on civilians in various Libyan cities carried out by Gaddafi's security forces in February.
    Mr Moreno Ocampo said the ICC had learnt "through informal channels" that mercenaries were offering to move Saif al-Islam to a country that has not signed up to the ICC's Rome statute.
    Reports say Zimbabwe is a likely final destination for Saif al-Islam if he chooses to flee from the ICC.
    Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe was a long-time ally of Muammar Gaddafi.
    Mr Moreno Ocampo's statement added: "The office of the prosecutor is also exploring the possibility to intercept any plane within the airspace of a state party in order to make an arrest."
    ICC difficulties The ICC has no police force of its own, but member countries are legally bound to enforce its warrants.
    However, the credibility of the court has been called into question in recent years in Africa.
    Many of the continent's governments have argued that the ICC disproportionately focuses on crimes in their countries.
    Those claims have led the African Union to advise its members that they should no longer feel bound by the ICC's rules.
    Member countries including Malawi, Chad and Kenya have all defied the court by failing to arrest Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, who has a long-standing arrest warrant against him.
    The warrant issued against Saif al-Islam came alongside warrants for intelligence chief Abdullah al-Sanussi, who is still believed to be on the run, and Muammar Gaddafi.
    The former Libyan leader, who was deposed in August after six months of civil conflict, died from gunshot wounds last week after fierce fighting in the city of Sirte.
    The National Transitional Council (NTC) is now overseeing political reform intended to lead to national elections within eight months.

    SOURCE: AFP
     
  3. Edward Teller

    Edward Teller JF-Expert Member

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    atawasumbua huyu-maana both sides wamefanya madudu
     
  4. TIMING

    TIMING JF-Expert Member

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    and i think hata rebels walikua wanamheshimu sana ndio maana kuna wakati walimsepesha
     
  5. SHERRIF ARPAIO

    SHERRIF ARPAIO JF-Expert Member

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    hapo mkuu wana-create a monster. Itakuja kuwa kama ile story ya Vito Andolini Corleone. One day he'll revenge for the slaying of his father.
     
  6. menyidyo

    menyidyo JF-Expert Member

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    ninamheshimu kijana
     
  7. TIMING

    TIMING JF-Expert Member

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    kwa sasa itakua ngumu kwasababu ya UN... watamdhibiti hadi afie huko kama akina slobodan

    But to be honest, LIbya has just been mutilated and all those 120 tribes zitakua factions kama somalia
     
  8. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    [h=1]International criminal court confirms that Saif al-Islam Gaddafi has made contact[/h] The court has established an indirect link with Gaddafi's son, who is believed to be attempting to reach Niger or Mali





    • Martin Chulov and David Smith
    • guardian.co.uk, Friday 28 October 2011 20.14 BST Article history
      [​IMG] Saif al-Islam gestures as he talks to reporters in Tripoli on 23 August, 2011. Photograph: Paul Hackett/Reuters

      Muammar Gaddafi's fugitive son Saif al-Islam has been in contact with the international criminal court in the Hague about surrendering to face charges of inciting the murder of thousands of Libyans.
      The judicial body confirmed establishing an indirect link with the elder Gaddafi scion, who is believed to be in southern Libya where he is attempting to reach either Niger or Mali.
      ICC chief prosecutor, Luis Moreno Ocampo said conversations had so far been informal and been held with an associate of the Libyan. Saif faces the most serious charges on the court's statutes, committing crimes against humanity. An indictment was filed against him in June.
      "We have evidence, we believe he was part of the crime against humanity committed in Libya by him, his father and (former spy chief Abdullah) al-Sennusi," Ocampo told CNN. "Saif was critically important in organising the killings of civilians in Libya and that is why we are prosecuting him."
      Ocampo suggested Saif could be travelling with the protection of mercenaries who are preparing to fly him to an unidentified African state that does not co-operate with the ICC and would be unlikely to extradite him. He warned that the court would consider a mid-air "interception" to thwart any such escape attempt.
      Ocampo said Saif's representative had insisted the 39-year-old was innocent and serious about defending the charges against him. But some Libyan officials suggest he is attempting to buy time and to ensure that Nato jets, which will finish their mission in three days, will not again try to bomb his convoy.
      Western officials and Libya's interim rulers now believe that Saif made a brief rendezvous with his father in the desert town of Bani Walid in late August, before Muammar Gaddafi made the fateful journey north to his birthplace of Sirte where he was killed on 20 October.
      Around the time of the fall of Sirte, Saif headed south from Bani Walid in a convoy of armoured cars that was attacked by Nato jets, western officials believe. Saif is believed to be travelling separately from former regime spy chief, Sennusi, who intelligence officials believe is moving constantly through the borders of Algeria, Niger and Mali.
      Rumours have persisted since Gaddafi's death that South African mercenaries may have been trying to aid his escape before their convoy was struck by a Nato drone on the outskirts of Sirte.
      South African media has reported widely on the allegations this week and suggested that an earlier operation to evacuate Gaddafi's wife, Safia, pregnant daughter, Aisha, and sons Mohammed and Hannibal to Algeria in August may also have been carried out by hired guns from South Africa.
      Media reports in Johannesburg suggest the team that evacuated the Gaddafi family was 24-strong and had since returned home. The second alleged team of 19 tried to extract Gaddafi himself but the plan went disastrously wrong, according to the New Age newspaper. And many of the men are yet to return to South Africa. []Gaddafi
      It said one South African died and several were injured when their convoy became embroiled in the firefight with NTC supporters that led to Gaddafi's death. Other South African reports have suggested the mercenaries were paid $15,000 each.
      The South Africans were allegedly hired by a company with close ties to Gaddafi, training his presidential guard and handling some of his offshore financial dealings. South Africa remained sympathetic to Gaddafi throughout the eight month civil war and three times attempted to broker a face-saving exit for the veteran dictator that would have allowed him to seek exile and avoid the reaches of the ICC.
      Another Afrikaans paper, Rapport, quoted one of the South Africans who claimed to be in the group as saying that their attempt to extract Gaddafi from Libya was a "huge failure."
      Deon Odendaal said the group believed Nato wanted Gaddafi to leave Libya but the convoy came under attack as they tried to take him from his hometown in Sirte.

      "It was a gruesome, gruesome orgy," Odendaal told the paper. "The poor thing screamed like a pig."
      The South African government has insisted it cannot confirm or deny whether mercenaries travelled to Libya. Clayson Monyela, spokesman for the international relations department, said: "We don't know. There is no independent way of verifying if these reports are true or not.
      "Anybody involved in such activities would not have used official South African documents to travel because no government would sanction illegal activities. The South African government would not sanction them."
      However, calls are growing in Johannesburg for an inquiry into the allegations. Stevens Mokgalapa, shadow deputy minister of international relations, said he is still waiting for an official reply on whether the government knew about the presence of mercenaries in Libya.
      "There are indications that these might just be people from anywhere who have our passports but are not South African, but we are working on speculation. It's a fishing expedition. The best way of getting the truth is a written reply from the minister.
      "If they are not South African, we have to find out, how did they get these passports?"

     
  9. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    [h=1]Saif al-Islam Gaddafi 'to be arrested and brought to trial at The Hague'[/h] The former Libyan dictator's son stands accused of crimes against humanity for killing civilian protesters





    • Reuters at The Hague
    • guardian.co.uk, Friday 28 October 2011 16.16 BST Article history
      [​IMG] Saif al-Islam Gaddafi in Tripoli in August. Photograph: Paul Hackett/Reuters

      The prosecutor for the world's top war crimes court has said informal contact has been made with Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the fugitive son of the former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, in order to arrest him and bring him to trial.
      Back in February, the international criminal court (ICC) at The Hague charged Gaddafi, Saif al-Islam and Libya's former intelligence chief, Abdullah Senussi, with crimes against humanity for the bombing and shooting of civilian protesters.
      Abdel Majid Mlegta, a senior military official of Libya's National Transitional Council (NTC), said on Wednesday that Saif al-Islam and Senussi wanted to surrender to the ICC because they felt unsafe in Libya, Algeria or Niger.
      An NTC source said on Thursday that Saif al-Islam wanted an aircraft, possibly arranged by a neighbouring country, to take him out of Libya's southern desert and into ICC custody.
      Under such a deal, Saif al-Islam would be taken to The Hague where the ICC shares a detention unit with the UN Yugoslavia war crimes tribunal and the special court for Sierra Leone, where the former Liberian president Charles Taylor is on trial.
      The ICC spokesman Fadi El Abdallah declined to say on Friday where Saif al-Islam was hiding.
      "If we reach agreement, logistical measures for his transfer will be taken," Abdallah said, adding that this might take some time. "It is not possible to discuss logistics or make presumptions about what is needed at this stage. There are different scenarios depending on what country he is in."
      The ICC has no police force of its own and has to rely on state co-operation to have suspects arrested.
      Some suspects remain at large, such as Omar al-Bashir, president of Sudan, whose government has snubbed the court.
      The Dutch authorities typically assist The Hague's courts in transferring suspects to the detention centre. For example, the former Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic was flown to Rotterdam on a Serbian government plane and then transferred by the Dutch authorities by helicopter or car to The Hague.
      "The ICC itself is responsible for transfers to the Netherlands. Upon arrival of a suspect in the Netherlands, we give logistical support," a Dutch foreign ministry spokesman said.
      If Saif al-Islam were to slip into Niger, an ICC member state, the Niger government would have an obligation to arrest him. Tunisia and Mali are also member states, but Algeria is not.
      "The question is to what extent these countries are ready to manage the pressure that will be put on them by an ICC transfer as it will have implications for them with other African countries," said Damien Helly at the EU Institute for Security Studies.
      The African Union has criticised the ICC's focus on Africa and has opposed the arrest warrant for Sudan's Bashir, who has travelled to ICC member states Malawi, Chad, Kenya and Djibouti in the past without being arrested.

      Helly questioned whether Saif al-Islam was "desperately trying to save his life" or whether his offer to surrender was a way of buying time or bargaining to improve his situation.

     
  10. Pasco_jr_ngumi

    Pasco_jr_ngumi JF-Expert Member

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    mmmmmmmhhhhh....... huyu DR. bwana, hata NATO WANAMUHESHIMU!"""
     
  11. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    kweli hakuna mapana yasiyokuwa na ncha.........................
     
  12. Ndahani

    Ndahani JF-Expert Member

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    Hague is the only safe place for him for now. Those confused boys in Libya if they get him,watamla mfugo kama baba yake,lol!
     
  13. Jeremiah

    Jeremiah JF-Expert Member

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    Hakuna chenye mwanzo kisicho na mwisho.
     
  14. Ami

    Ami JF-Expert Member

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    Awache ujinga wake.Asiwe na tabia ya kujipendekeza kwa maadui wa Mwenyezi Mungu kama baba yake.Akubali afe kama baba yake au apigane sio kujisalimisha kijinga.Ili iwe nini?.
     
  15. Somoche

    Somoche JF-Expert Member

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    Hizo ni story za kutunga tu...hivi hamuwajui hawa terrorist wanavyopanga ulongo?!! mnakua kama wageni kwa hawa mbwa?!! baada ya baba yako mzazi kuuwawa,wadogo zako 2 na nchi yako kuvurugwa namna ile why should u surrender?!!! so what? kwanini hakufanya hivo mwanzoni?!! wala hana huo mpango...atabaki pale ili angalau aue NTC hata 3 sio sawa na bure...

    As of now libya imeisha kabisa
     
  16. trachomatis

    trachomatis JF-Expert Member

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    Leo wakati anafanya mawasiliano na Ocampo amesema hakuhusika kabisa katika kufanya crimes against humanity! Na yuko tayari kwa kesi ila ANAOGOPA FATE YAKE ATAKAPOSHINDA KESI MAANA ANA UHAKIKA ATASHINDA! Ila namuulizia Hannibal Quadaffi..yuko wapi?
     
  17. Ami

    Ami JF-Expert Member

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    Unakumbuka marehemu baba yake alifanya kila kitu kuwaridhisha hawa walaanifu lakini hatimae wakamgeuka.
    Aliwalipa trillions of dollars kwa ugaidi ambao ni kitendawili kigumu mpaka leo kuaguliwa-Lockerbie.Afadhali angepeleka kwa nduguze wa Somalia.
    Alifuta mipango yake yote ya kuwa na silaha muhimu za kijeshi
    Hata uchaguzi pia aliwasaidia kuwalipia kwenye kampeni zao.

    Siku ilipofika walijifanya kusahau yote hayo na wakawa wanampiga bila huruma.Hata alipowaangukia kwa kuwakumbusha fadhila zake walijifanya viziwi.Waafrika wenzake wakaogopa hata kukemea.Waarabu wenzake na waislamu hivyo hivyo.
    Sasa huyu Sefu anataka nini kwa hawa watu.Ikiwa ameemewa hajui pakujificha awasiliane nami nimuoneshe njia.Akiwacha ushauri huu basi hata akihukumiwa kunyongwa kitu ambacho kina uwezekano mkubwa ili kuficha nani hasa mkosa katika Libya basi sitomlilia.
     
  18. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    ni kweli kwani sidhani kule Tripoli atatendewa haki.............
     
  19. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    hizi ni hisia zake lakini ni mpaka ICC iseme hivyo..........................
     
  20. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    [h=1]Libya insists Saif al-Islam Gaddafi should be tried at home[/h] NTC says that the International Criminal Court should not be allowed to try Saif Gaddafi for his role in Libya's civil war




    • Martin Chulov in Tripoli
    • guardian.co.uk, Saturday 29 October 2011 20.40 BST Article history
      [​IMG] Saif Gaddafi has so far evaded capture. Photograph: Mahmud Turkia/AFP

      Libyan officials are determined to resist attempts to bring Muammar Gaddafi's son, Saif al-Islam, before the international criminal court, claiming he should instead face justice at home.
      Colonel Ahmed Bani, the military spokesman for Libya's interim rulers, said they were insistent that the international body should not win custody of its most wanted man. "We will not accept that our sovereignty be violated like that," he said. "We will put him on trial here. This is where he must face the consequences of what he has done. We will prove to the world that we are a civilised people with a fair justice system. Libya has its rights and its sovereignty and we will exercise them."
      The gruesome scenes of his father's death give Gaddafi, 39, little incentive to surrender to the new rulers, or the rebel forces searching for him in the Sahara.
      It is understood that Gaddafi has acknowledged to the ICC and the National Transitional Council that he is aware of his father's brutal demise in his hometown of Sirte. Officials in Tripoli fear that the former heir apparent does not intend to surrender to The Hague, and is playing for time in an attempt to escape into a nearby African state.
      The seven-month air blockade will be lifted on Tuesday, meaning that Gaddafi, who is believed to be in the south, may no longer have to fear the Nato jets that attacked a convoy carrying his father, as he attempted to flee from Sirte.
      A convoy carrying Saif was also hit by an airstrike as it began its journey south on 19 October from the desert town of Bani Walid, which he had used as a hideout since shortly after the fall of the capital. "We knew he was there, and we knew Motassim [his brother] was in Sirte," said Bani. "We intercepted a telephone call between them, and after that Saif went south." Since then, the ICC says that a go-between has been in contact, sounding out the court about Gaddafi handing himself in to face an indictment issued against him in June, which alleges that he incited people to murder during the eight-month civil war.
      Luis Ocampo, the ICC chief prosecutor, said that a representative of Gaddafi had told the court that he would contest the serious charge against him, of committing crimes against humanity, and that he would be proved innocent.
      Bani said that the NTC believed Gaddafi was being protected by mercenaries who also helped evacuate two of his brothers, as well as his sister and mother, to Algeria in August, and who tried to aid his father's ill-fated escape from Sirte. "They are organised and clearly professional," he said. "We don't know who they are, but we suspect they are foreigners."
      Libya's fledgling civilian leadership has repeatedly sought assurances from the governments of Mali and Niger that neither state would offer Saif Gaddafi refuge. However, another son, Saadi, is known to have crossed into Niger in September, where he remains under regime protection.
      Saadi Gaddafi is not considered to have played a pivotal role in the crackdown against anti-regime demonstrations in Benghazi in February, which led to the armed insurrection. However, at the time Muammar Gaddafi sent Saadi to Benghazi to assess the situation and command elite forces.
      Meanwhile, at the scene of the initial February uprising, the courthouse on Benghazi's foreshore, a black flag identical to that used by al-Qaida was recently raised next to the new Libyan flag. It continued to fly on Saturday, despite the concerns of some residents.
      Bani said that he has seen reports of the flag, which represents a claim by fundamentalist Islamists for a stake in post-Gaddafi Libya. He declined to comment ,saying a response should come from the civilian leadership. In his last interview before the fall of Tripoli, Saif Gaddafi had suggested that radical Islamists would vie for a prominent role in the absence of strongman ruler. However, he had also suggested that he had won the support of Islamic rebels from eastern Libya, whom the Gaddafi regime had viewed as subversive threats through much of its 42 years in power. Those claims of Saif Gaddafi now seem tenuous, with Islamists throughout Libya determined to capture the remnants of the Gaddafi regime before they can flee, or are extradited to face the ICC. "He is the last main piece of all of this," said Ibrahim Beit al-Mal, the commander of the Misrata military council. "But where he is, is a mystery. After Bani Walid he vanished."
      Without Nato air cover, intercepting the fugitive's convoy in southern Libya would be extremely difficult for Libyan forces. What remains of Colonel Gaddafi's air force is not known, and, in any event, the porous border with Niger could serve as a sanctuary if Saif Gaddafi is able to secure the support of the Tuareg tribes, which had been supported by his father for several generations.
      Officials in northern Niger last week suggested that they would be prepared to host Saif Gaddafi, who championed unity among Saharan Africans and gave hundreds of thousands work permits and residency in Libya.
      After Sirte fell, large amounts of cash wrapped in plastic, along with gold bullion, were dug up from the ground near Muammar Gaddafi's last refuge. It is widely believed that his son is also carrying cash and gold that he could use to buy the support of tribesmen and fund a passage into exile in a state that does not recognise the jurisdiction of the ICC. "That is what we fear," said Bani. "Few of us think that he is serious about the ICC."

     
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