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Tanzania nje ndani. What is tanzania

Discussion in 'Habari na Hoja mchanganyiko' started by Mtazamaji, Dec 27, 2010.

  1. Mtazamaji

    Mtazamaji JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Dec 27, 2010
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    Waht do u think /commect about these statistics, analysis and information about our country profile?

    • Are they correct? Do you know more detail of any statistci info written in here
    • Can we/ you help to update ,add or edit the info to suit the present but refelct the fact
    source Tanzania Information and Online Map - Map Town Ltd.

    Introduction
    Background: Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.
    Geography
    Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique


    Area:
    total: 945,087 sq km land: 886,037 sq km water: 59,050 sq km
    note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar



    Land boundaries:
    total: 3,402 km
    border countries: Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km
    Coastline: 1,424 km
    Maritime claims:
    exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
    territorial sea: 12 nm



    Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
    Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
    Elevation extremes:
    lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
    highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m



    Natural resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel



    Land use:
    arable land: 3%
    permanent crops: 1%
    permanent pastures: 40%
    forests and woodland: 38%
    other: 18% (1993 est.)



    Irrigated land: 1,500 sq km (1993 est.)
    Natural hazards: the tsetse fly; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought

    Environment - current issues: soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture



    Environment - international agreements:
    party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
    signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements



    Geography - note: Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa
     
  2. Mtazamaji

    Mtazamaji JF-Expert Member

    #2
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    People
    Population: 35,306,126
    note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2000 est.)



    Age structure:
    0-14 years: 45% (male 7,970,453; female 7,883,442)
    15-64 years: 52% (male 9,110,501; female 9,325,726)
    65 years and over: 3% (male 463,889; female 552,115) (2000 est.)



    Population growth rate: 2.57% (2000 est.)
    Birth rate: 40.17 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)
    Death rate: 12.88 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)
    Net migration rate: -1.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)



    Sex ratio:
    at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2000 est.)



    Infant mortality rate: 80.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)



    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 52.26 years
    male: 51.32 years
    female: 53.23 years (2000 est.)



    Total fertility rate: 5.51 children born/woman (2000 est.)


    Ethnic groups: mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African



    Religions: mainland - Christian 45%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 20%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim



    Languages: Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguju (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages
    note: Kiswahili (Swahili) is the mother tongue of the Bantu people living in Zanzibar and nearby coastal Tanzania; although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, its vocabulary draws on a variety of sources, including Arabic and English, and it has become the lingua franca of central and eastern Africa; the first language of most people is one of the local languages



    Literacy:
    definition: age 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic
    total population: 67.8%
    male: 79.4%
    female: 56.8% (1995 est.)
     
  3. Mtazamaji

    Mtazamaji JF-Expert Member

    #3
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    Government
    Country name:
    conventional long form: United Republic of Tanzania
    conventional short form: Tanzania
    former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
    Data code: TZ
    Government type: republic



    Capital: Dar es Salaam
    note: some government offices have been transferred to Dodoma, which is planned as the new national capital; the National Assembly now meets there on regular basis



    Administrative divisions: 25 regions; Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Dodoma, Iringa, Kigoma, Kilimanjaro, Lindi, Mara, Mbeya, Morogoro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pemba North, Pemba South, Pwani, Rukwa, Ruvuma, Shinyanga, Singida, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar Central/South, Zanzibar North, Zanzibar Urban/West, Ziwa Magharibi
    note: Ziwa Magharibi may have been renamed Kagera



    Independence: 26 April 1964; Tanganyika became independent 9 December 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship); Zanzibar became independent 19 December 1963 (from UK); Tanganyika united with Zanzibar 26 April 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar; renamed United Republic of Tanzania 29 October 1964
    National holiday: Union Day, 26 April (1964)



    Constitution: 25 April 1977; major revisions October 1984
    Legal system: based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts limited to matters of interpretation; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal



    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 November 1995); Vice President Omar Ali JUMA (since 23 November 1995); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Benjamin William MKAPA (since 23 November 1995); Vice President Omar Ali JUMA (since 23 November 1995); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
    note: Zanzibar elects a president who is head of government for matters internal to Zanzibar; Dr. Salmin AMOUR was elected to that office on 22 October 1995
    cabinet: Cabinet ministers, including the prime minister, are appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly
    elections: president and vice president elected on the same ballot by popular vote for five-year terms; election last held 29 October-19 November 1995 (next to be held 29 October 2000); prime minister appointed by the president
    election results: percent of vote - Benjamin William MKAPA 61.8%, Augustine Lyatonga MREMA 27.8%, Ibrahim Haruna LIPUMBA 6.4%, John Momose CHEYO 4%



    Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly or Bunge (274 seats - 232 elected by popular vote, 37 allocated to women nominated by the president, five to members of the Zanzibar House of Representatives; members serve five-year terms); note - in addition to enacting laws that apply to the entire United Republic of Tanzania, the Assembly enacts laws that apply only to the mainland; Zanzibar has its own House of Representatives to make laws especially for Zanzibar (the Zanzibar House of Representatives has 50 seats, directly elected by universal suffrage to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 29 October-19 November 1995 (next to be held NA October 2000)
    election results: National Assembly: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CCM 186, CUF 24, NCCR-Mageuzi 16, CHADEMA 3, UDP 3; Zanzibar House of Representatives: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - CCM 26, CUF 24



    Judicial branch: Court of Appeal; High Court, judges appointed by the president
    Political parties and leaders: Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo or CHADEMA [Bob MGKANI, chairman]; Chama Cha Mapinduzi or CCM (Revolutionary Party) [Benjamin William MKAPA]; Civic United Front or CUF [Seif Sharif HAMAD]; Democratic Party (unregistered) [Reverend MTIKLA]; National Convention for Construction and Reform or NCCR [Mabere MARANDO]; Tanzania Labor Party or TLP [Augustine Lyatonga MREMA]; Union for Multiparty Democracy or UMD [Abdullah FUNDIKIRA]; United Democratic Party or UDP [John CHEYO]



    International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, EADB, ECA, FAO, G- 6, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, MONUC, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Mustafa Salim NYANG'ANYI
    chancery: 2139 R Street NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 939-6125
    FAX: [1] (202) 797-7408
    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Charles R. STITH
    embassy: 285 Toure Drive, Dar es Salaam (temporary location)
    mailing address: P. O. Box 9123, Dar es Salaam
    telephone: [255] (51) 666010 through 666015
    FAX: [255] (51) 666701
     
  4. Mtazamaji

    Mtazamaji JF-Expert Member

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    Economy
    Economy - overview: Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, which accounts for half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 90% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry is mainly limited to processing agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's deteriorated economic infrastructure. Growth in 1991-99 has featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Natural gas exploration in the Rufiji Delta looks promising and production could start by 2002. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Short-term economic progress also depends on curbing corruption.
    GDP: purchasing power parity - $23.3 billion (1999 est.)
    GDP - real growth rate: 4% (1999 est.)
    GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $550 (1999 est.)
    GDP - composition by sector:
    agriculture: 49%
    industry: 17%
    services: 34% (1996 est.)



    Population below poverty line: 51.1% (1991 est.)



    Household income or consumption by percentage share:
    lowest 10%: 2.9%
    highest 10%: 30.2% (1993)
    Inflation rate (consumer prices): 8.8% (1999 est.)
    Labor force: 13.495 million
    Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 90%, industry and commerce 10% (1995 est.)
    Unemployment rate: NA%
    Budget:
    revenues: $1 billion
    expenditures: $1.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)



    Industries: primarily agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer, salt
    Industrial production growth rate: 8.4% (1999 est.)
    Electricity - production: 1.7 billion kWh (1998)
    Electricity - production by source:
    fossil fuel: 29.41%
    hydro: 70.59%
    nuclear: 0%
    other: 0% (1998)
    Electricity - consumption: 1.625 billion kWh (1998)
    Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1998)
    Electricity - imports: 44 million kWh (1998)



    Agriculture - products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves (Zanzibar), corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
    Exports: $828 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
    Exports - commodities: coffee, manufactured goods, cotton, cashew nuts, minerals, tobacco, sisal (1996)
    Exports - partners: India 9.8%, Germany 8.9%, Japan 7.8%, Malaysia 6.5%, Rwanda 5.2%, Netherlands 4.7% (1997)
    Imports: $1.44 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
    Imports - commodities: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil
    Imports - partners: South Africa 12.9%, Kenya 9.6%, UK 8.7%, Saudi Arabia 6.6%, Japan 4.9%, China 4.6% (1997)



    Debt - external: $7.7 billion (1999 est.)
    Economic aid - recipient: $963 million (1997)
    Currency: 1 Tanzanian shilling (TSh) = 100 cents
    Exchange rates: Tanzanian shillings (TSh) per US$1 - 798.90 (January 2000), 744.76 (1999), 664.67 (1998), 612.12 (1997), 579.98 (1996), 574.76 (1995)



    Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
     
  5. Mtazamaji

    Mtazamaji JF-Expert Member

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    Communications
    Telephones - main lines in use: 127,000 (1998)
    Telephones - mobile cellular: 30,000 (1999)
    Telephone system: fair system operating below capacity and being modernized for better service; VSAT (very small aperature terminal) system under construction
    domestic: trunk service provided by open wire, microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, and fiber-optic cable; some links being made digital
    international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Atlantic Ocean)

    Radio broadcast stations: AM 12, FM 11, shortwave 2 (1998)
    Radios: 8.8 million (1997)

    Television broadcast stations: 3 (1999)
    Televisions: 103,000 (1997)

    Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 7 (1999)
     
  6. Mtazamaji

    Mtazamaji JF-Expert Member

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    Transportation
    Railways:
    total: 3,569 km (1995)
    narrow gauge: 2,600 km 1.000-m gauge; 969 km 1.067-m gauge
    note: the Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority (TAZARA), which operates 1,860 km of 1.067-m narrow gauge track between Dar es Salaam and Kapiri Mposhi in Zambia (of which 969 km are in Tanzania and 891 km are in Zambia) is not a part of Tanzania Railways Corporation; because of the difference in gauge, this system does not connect to Tanzania Railways



    Highways:
    total: 88,200 km
    paved: 3,704 km
    unpaved: 84,496 km (1996 est.)



    Waterways: Lake Tanganyika, Lake Victoria, Lake Nyasa
    Pipelines: crude oil 982 km
    Ports and harbors: Bukoba, Dar es Salaam, Kigoma, Kilwa Masoko, Lindi, Mtwara, Mwanza, Pangani, Tanga, Wete, Zanzibar



    Merchant marine:
    total: 7 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 20,618 GRT/26,321 DWT
    ships by type: cargo 2, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 2, roll-on/roll-off 1 (1999 est.)



    Airports: 129 (1999 est.)
    Airports - with paved runways:
    total: 11
    over 3,047 m: 2
    2,438 to 3,047 m: 2
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
    914 to 1,523 m: 1
    under 914 m: 1 (1999 est.)
    Airports - with unpaved runways:
    total: 118
    1,524 to 2,437 m: 18
    914 to 1,523 m: 65
    under 914 m: 35 (1999 est.)
     
  7. Mtazamaji

    Mtazamaji JF-Expert Member

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    Military
    Military branches: Tanzanian People's Defense Force or TPDF (includes Army, Navy, and Air Force), paramilitary Police Field Force Unit, Militia
    Military manpower - availability:
    males age 15-49: 8,104,226 (2000 est.)
    Military manpower - fit for military service:
    males age 15-49: 4,690,681 (2000 est.)
    Military expenditures - dollar figure: $21 million (FY98/99)
    Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 0.2% (FY98/99)





    Transnational Issues
    Disputes - international: dispute with Malawi over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi)
    Illicit drugs: growing role in transshipment of Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and South American cocaine destined for European and US markets and of South Asian methaqualone bound for Southern Africa
     
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