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Swiss Banks move to freeze Hosni Mubarak and relatives' accounts...

Discussion in 'International Forum' started by Rutashubanyuma, Feb 11, 2011.

  1. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 11, 2011
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    Al-Jazeera Television has just reported that Swiss Banks have frozen all accounts belonging to Hosni Mubarak and his relatives.........................................This is a repeat of what happened to Ben Ali of Tunisia............................................

    From PROVERBS 13 : 11 "The wealth gained by dishonesty will be diminished but he who gathers by labour will increase."




    Where next for Hosni Mubarak? Wealth and fears of prosecution will dictate future

    Former ruler insists on staying in homeland but charges of corruption and human rights abuses may force relocation



    • Richard Wachman and Ian Black
    • guardian.co.uk, Friday 11 February 2011 20.22 GMT <li class="history">Article history [​IMG] Hosni Mubarak is believed to have gone to the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh. Photograph: Slow Images/Getty Images Switzerland has frozen all assets belonging to Hosni Mubarak and his family, which could run into hundreds of millions, the government announced.
      The move came as the former president was reported to have flown to the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, where he has previously chaired summits, received guests and enjoyed the winter sunshine well away from the crowds.
      Mubarak said in his first speech during the uprising on 1 February that he would not leave his homeland, pledging to "die on the soil of Egypt and be judged by history".
      But exploratory discussions involving the Saudis, the US and the UAE have reportedly taken place about him moving to Dubai. One important issue is immunity from any prosecution he might face on charges of crimes against humanity after 300 deaths and documented abuses by the security forces.
      According to the London-based paper al-Quds al-Arabi, revelations about the Mubarak family fortune and possible legal action over that are also a factor in planning for a post-presidential future.
      Experts have estimated that the Mubaraks could be worth £43.5bn, with much of the wealth from investment deals in British and Swiss banks or tied up in upmarket real estate in London, New York, Los Angeles and expensive tracts of the Red Sea coast.
      In Britain, sources say the Bank of England cannot act against Mubarak's UK assets, which are thought to be considerable, unless it receives a formal request from either the EU, UN or a new Egyptian government. No requests have, as yet, been forthcoming.
      Mubarak's half-Welsh wife, Suzanne and their sons, Gamal and Alaa, were able to accumulate wealth through partnerships with foreign investors and companies, dating back to when he was in the army and in a position to benefit from corporate corruption.
      It had been thought that Mubarak might be persuaded to again seek urgent medical treatment in Germany, where he spent three weeks convalescing after surgery last March. But Omar Suleiman, the vice-president, denied on Wednesday that this option was under consideration. Germany has also denied offering him hospitality.
      A peaceful retirement in Sharm el-Sheikh would be an unusual outcome for an Arab president in the post-second world war era. Several Lebanese presidents retired after serving their terms in office, but otherwise Arab leaders have mostly either died in office or been murdered.
      In Tunisia, human rights campaigners are attempting to unravel the former president Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali's web of assets, believed to spread from Canada and South America to the Gulf, and draw a "blacklist" of misappropriated assets.
      A Tunis prosecutor opened an investigation into the overseas assets of the ousted leader and his family. Much of the fortune, allegedly made from pillaging the economy, is believed to be held in property and secret bank accounts.
      A number of countries, including France, are examining requests to identify and block any movement of funds belonging to members of the Ben Ali regime, including relatives of his second wife, Leila Trabelsi. She was reported to have fled last week to Saudi Arabia with 1.5 tonnes of gold worth &#8364;50m (£42m).
     
  2. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    FOCUS: PROFILE
    Profile: Hosni Mubarak
    The former Egyptian president had ruled over the country since 1981, but resigned in February 2011 after mass uprising.

    Last Modified: 11 Feb 2011 17:15 GMT
    [​IMG] Mubarak has been in power for nearly three decades, during which time Egypt has become the second-largest recipient of US foreign aid [AFP] Hosni Mubarak, Egypt's third and longest-serving president, resigned from office on February 11, 2011, after an 18-day-long mass uprising aimed at removing him from power.
    Omar Suleiman, the country's newly-appointed vice-president, announced the move in a brief statement on state television, hours after Mubarak was reported to have left the capital Cairo for the Red Sea resort city of Sharm El-Sheikh.
    Mubarak's resignation followed mass protests in Egypt against his 30-year rule, and came a day after he surprised the people of his country by refusing to resign.
    The former president succeeded Anwar Sadat, who was assassinated on October 6, 1981 while attending a military parade to commemorate the 1973 Arab-Israeli war.

    Born in 1928 in Munofiya governorate in the Nile River delta, Mubarak exhibited a leaning toward the military. A graduate of the Air Force academy, he would serve as its director between 1966 and 1969.

    In 1972, Sadat appointed him as Air Force commander; he would later receive accolades from the late president over the Egyptian Air Force's accomplishments during the conflict with Israel.
    In 1975, Sadat appointed Mubarak to the post of vice-president and gave him his first taste of mainstream politics as a senior member of the ruling National Democratic Party (NDP).

    It was not clear why Sadat chose Mubarak, although some believe it was in reward for Mubarak's effective tenure as chief of the air force.

    Egypt's isolation
    Sadat's assassination Talaat Sadat, the late president's nephew and current member of parliament, alleged that Mubarak was about to be dismissed from his post a few days before Sadat's assassination.
    In 2006, marking the 25th anniversary of his uncle's death, Sadat accused unnamed generals in the Egyptian military of masterminding the assassination plot.
    The military strongly denied the allegations and a military court sentenced Sadat to one year in prison for defaming the national army.
    When Mubarak assumed power, Egypt was isolated from Arab and Muslim countries, many of whom had broken off diplomatic ties after Sadat signed a peace treaty with Israel in 1979.

    In one of its greatest diplomatic defeats, Egypt was kicked out of the Arab League and its headquarters were moved from Cairo to Tunisia.

    Mubarak's first foreign policy mandate was to bring his country back into the Arab fold and to resume ties with major players in the region.
    His first success was in building a relationship with the then influential Arab leader Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi president, whose country was locked in a bloody war with Iran.
    Egypt signed on as Iraq's ally in the conflict, providing military assistance and expertise to Baghdad.
    By the time the Iran-Iraq war ended in 1988, Egypt had successfully emerged from its isolation. In 1990, in a move spearheaded by Iraq and Yemen, the Arab League headquarters were returned to Cairo.
    But the Arab rapprochement was short-lived as Egypt opposed Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August 1990. Mubarak urged Saddam to withdraw his forces from Kuwait; when Baghdad failed to do so, Egypt joined the US-led international effort to drive Iraqi troops out of Kuwait.
    Economic growth
    Egypt's military and logistical role in the US-led coalition during the first Gulf War earned it Washington's favour, which in turn pressured G8 countries to write off much of Cairo's foreign debt.
    The 1990s saw an increase in US financial aid to Egypt and revived US-Egyptian strategic talks. The talks resulted in a strategic alliance between the two countries and the implementation of the US-Egypt Science and Technology Cooperation Agreement.
    The agreement was vital for Egypt, which is known to have considerable high-calibre manpower, but suffers enduring financial problems.

    One of the main objectives of the US-Egyptian alliance was a commitment to the peace process in the Middle East. Throughout the 1990s, Egypt became the main peace broker between the Israelis and Arabs, including the Palestinians.

    In 1994, Jordan followed Egypt's diplomatic route and signed a peace treaty with Israel.
    In successive years, the Egyptian resort of Sharm El Sheikh, which lies on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula - an area seized by Israel in 1967 but returned in the 1980s as part of the peace treaty - hosted several peace summits.
    Arab press metaphorically nicknamed the resort the Arabian Camp David.
    In 2008, Mubarak managed to draw up a lull between Hamas and Israel. Mubarak's government is also currently playing a major role in Hamas-Fatah talks in Cairo for Palestinian national reconciliation.

    Crackdowns

    [​IMG] Security forces have routinely arrested members of Islamist groups [AFP] While Mubarak's foreign policies long dominated the Middle East, his domestic record was not nearly as successful.
    Mubarak refused to lift a martial law decree, in force since Sadat's assassination, which allowed security forces to detain civilians without warrants and to try them in military courts.

    Opposition groups say the decree has allowed the government to crack down on political expression.

    In June 1995, Mubarak survived an assassination attempt on his motorcade while he was attending an Organisation of African Unity Summit in Ethiopia.
    Egyptian authorities accused al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, a violent group which had targeted Egyptians and tourists in previous attacks in Egypt in a bid to overthrow the government, of orchestrating the attack.
    Shortly after Mubarak's return to Cairo, the authorities cracked down on Islamist groups, imprisoning hundreds and leading human rights organisations to accuse the government of human rights violations.
    Political reforms
    In February 2005, Mubarak called on parliament to amend Article 76 of the constitution to allow multiple candidates to run in elections scheduled for later that year.
    However, opposition groups said the reforms imposed new restrictions on independent presidential candidates that were not fielded by the ruling NDP.

    Nevertheless, elections were held in September 2005, and for the first time, Egyptians were able to vote for multiple candidates. Mubarak won the elections with 88 per cent of the vote.

    Since his win, opposition and civil rights organisations have accused Mubarak of planning to pass the presidency on to his youngest son Gamal, who was appointed in 2002 as secretary-general of the NDP's policy committee.
    The Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamist movement founded in 1928, is considered one of the most effective and popular opposition groups in Egypt and is perhaps Mubarak's greatest anathema.

    Banned as a political party, the Brotherhood have persistently called for political reforms and voiced strong opposition to Mubarak's continuing presidency. Hundreds of its members, including senior leaders, have routinely been arrested.

    Poverty and corruption

    Under Mubarak's liberal economic policies, business in Egypt experienced an unprecedented boom in the past few years, most notably in the real estate sector.

    However, Egypt is still plagued by rampant unemployment, with millions living in poverty.
    The dichotomy of classes in Egypt had exacerbated criticism that Mubarak, and his son Gamal, favoured a group of businessmen within the NDP.

    Opposition groups said the NDP's business cartel used their authority to monopolise the country's wealth, while most of the Egyptian people are living in despair.

    The NDP has denied these accusations repeatedly and stressed that the party is open to all Egyptians.

    Egyptian opposition groups also blamed Mubarak's government for not doing enough to fight corruption. According to the corruption perceptions index compiled by Global Coalition Against Corruption, Egypt ranked 105 in the list of least corrupted countries in 2006, tied with Burkina Faso and Djibouti, and 115 in 2008. Finland was seen as the least corrupt nation in the world.

    Mubarak was also accused by opposition groups of failing to fulfil the promise he made during his 2005 election campaign to increase job opportunities.

    This accusation was denied by the NDP's economic committee which claimed that the government managed to reduce the number of unemployed Egyptians from 2.5 million in 2003 to 1.9 in 2008.

    Media freedoms?
    Mubarak also came under severe criticism for cracking down on the local press.
    Despite some progress - the press, theatre and cinema have become bolder in touching on issues once considered taboo, including serious criticism of the government and ruling party - critiquing the president is still considered a red line.
    In September 2007, several opposition journalists and editors were arrested for "harming the public interest" by publishing articles which a judge said implied that the NDP was dictatorial.
    Mohammed Sherdy, the deputy editor of Al-Wafd newspaper, told Al Jazeera in 2007 that the sentencing stands as a message to writers and journalists in Egypt that they are not allowed to exercise their right to criticise the government.
    Ibrahim Eissa, the editor of the opposition newspaper al-Dustour,was arrested in March 2008 and imprisoned in September for publishing reports suggesting that the president was ill. Eissa's arrest cast doubts over just how free the Egyptian press really is.

    Although pardoned by Mubarak, Eissa went on to criticise the lack of press freedom in his country.

    "This verdict isn't just about freedom of the press and freedom in this country. This proves that anything concerning the president is a sacred and untouchable matter," he said.

    "In this country, it's normal for journalists to be jailed while businessmen are freed," he said in reference to an acquittal in August of five defendants over a 2006 ferry sinking in which more than 1,000 people died.
    Speculation had run high over whether Mubarak would nominate himself for the next presidential elections in 2011 or whether he would leave the scene for his son Gamal.
    But Mubarak announced on February 1 in a televised address that he would not run for re-election.
    However, he also used that address to say he would not step down from office - a central demand of the hundreds of thousands of protesters who had taken to the streets, and a demand that was eventually heeded 10 days later.
     
  3. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    Opinion Suleiman: The CIA's man in Cairo
    Suleiman, a friend to the US and reported torturer, has long been touted as a presidential successor.

    Lisa Hajjar Last Modified: 07 Feb 2011 14:10 GMT







    [​IMG] Suleiman meets with Israeli president Shimon Peres in Tel Aviv, November 2010 [Getty] On January 29, Omar Suleiman, Egypt's top spy chief, was anointed vice president by tottering dictator, Hosni Mubarak. By appointing Suleiman, part of a shake-up of the cabinet in an attempt to appease the masses of protesters and retain his own grip on the presidency, Mubarak has once again shown his knack for devilish shrewdness. Suleiman has long been favoured by the US government for his ardent anti-Islamism, his willingness to talk and act tough on Iran - and he has long been the CIA's main man in Cairo.
    Mubarak knew that Suleiman would command an instant lobby of supporters at Langley and among 'Iran nexters' in Washington - not to mention among other authoritarian mukhabarat-dependent regimes in the region. Suleiman is a favourite of Israel too; he held the Israel dossier and directed Egypt's efforts to crush Hamas by demolishing the tunnels that have functioned as a smuggling conduit for both weapons and foodstuffs into Gaza.
    According to a WikiLeak(ed) US diplomatic cable, titled 'Presidential Succession in Egypt', dated May 14, 2007:
    "Egyptian intelligence chief and Mubarak consigliere, in past years Soliman was often cited as likely to be named to the long-vacant vice-presidential post. In the past two years, Soliman has stepped out of the shadows, and allowed himself to be photographed, and his meetings with foreign leaders reported. Many of our contacts believe that Soliman, because of his military background, would at least have to figure in any succession scenario."
    From 1993 until Saturday, Suleiman was chief of Egypt's General Intelligence Service. He remained largely in the shadows until 2001, when he started taking over powerful dossiers in the foreign ministry; he has since become a public figure, as the WikiLeak document attests. In 2009, he was touted by the London Telegraph and Foreign Policy as the most powerful spook in the region, topping even the head of Mossad.
    In the mid-1990s, Suleiman worked closely with the Clinton administration in devising and implementing its rendition program; back then, rendition involved kidnapping suspected terrorists and transferring them to a third country for trial. In The Dark Side, Jane Mayer describes how the rendition program began:
    "Each rendition was authorised at the very top levels of both governments [the US and Egypt] ... The long-serving chief of the Egyptian central intelligence agency, Omar Suleiman, negotiated directly with top [CIA] officials. [Former US Ambassador to Egypt Edward] Walker described the Egyptian counterpart, Suleiman, as 'very bright, very realistic', adding that he was cognisant that there was a downside to 'some of the negative things that the Egyptians engaged in, of torture and so on. But he was not squeamish, by the way'. (p. 113).
    "Technically, US law required the CIA to seek 'assurances' from Egypt that rendered suspects wouldn't face torture. But under Suleiman's reign at the EGIS, such assurances were considered close to worthless. As Michael Scheuer, a former CIA officer [head of the al-Qaeda desk], who helped set up the practise of rendition, later testified, even if such 'assurances' were written in indelible ink, 'they weren't worth a bucket of warm spit'."
    Under the Bush administration, in the context of "the global war on terror", US renditions became "extraordinary", meaning the objective of kidnapping and extra-legal transfer was no longer to bring a suspect to trial - but rather for interrogation to seek actionable intelligence. The extraordinary rendition program landed some people in CIA black sites - and others were turned over for torture-by-proxy to other regimes. Egypt figured large as a torture destination of choice, as did Suleiman as Egypt's torturer-in-chief. At least one person extraordinarily rendered by the CIA to Egypt - Egyptian-born Australian citizen Mamdouh Habib - was reportedly tortured by Suleiman himself.
    Suleiman the torturer
    In October 2001, Habib was seized from a bus by Pakistani security forces. While detained in Pakistan, at the behest of American agents, he was suspended from a hook and electrocuted repeatedly. He was then turned over to the CIA, and in the process of transporting him to Egypt he endured the usual treatment: his clothes were cut off, a suppository was stuffed in his anus, he was put into a diaper - and 'wrapped up like a spring roll'.
    In Egypt, as Habib recounts in his memoir, My Story: The Tale of a Terrorist Who Wasn't, he was repeatedly subjected to electric shocks, immersed in water up to his nostrils and beaten. His fingers were broken and he was hung from metal hooks. At one point, his interrogator slapped him so hard that his blindfold was dislodged, revealing the identity of his tormentor: Suleiman.
    Frustrated that Habib was not providing useful information or confessing to involvement in terrorism, Suleiman ordered a guard to murder a shackled prisoner in front of Habib, which he did with a vicious karate kick. In April 2002, after five months in Egypt, Habib was rendered to American custody at Bagram prison in Afghanistan - and then transported to Guantanamo. On January 11, 2005, the day before he was scheduled to be charged, Dana Priest of the Washington Post published an exposé about Habib's torture. The US government immediately announced that he would not be charged and would be repatriated to Australia.
    A far more infamous torture case, in which Suleiman also is directly implicated, is that of Ibn al-Sheikh al-Libi. Unlike Habib, who was innocent of any ties to terror or militancy, al-Libi was allegedly a trainer at al-Khaldan camp in Afghanistan. He was captured by the Pakistanis while fleeing across the border in November 2001. He was sent to Bagram, and questioned by the FBI. But the CIA wanted to take over, which they did, and he was transported to a black site on the USS Bataan in the Arabian Sea, then extraordinarily rendered to Egypt. Under torture there, al-Libi "confessed" knowledge about an al-Qaeda&#8211;Saddam connection, claiming that two al-Qaeda operatives had received training in Iraq for use in chemical and biological weapons. In early 2003, this was exactly the kind of information that the Bush administration was seeking to justify attacking Iraq and to persuade reluctant allies to go along. Indeed, al-Libi's "confession" was one the central pieces of "evidence" presented at the United Nations by then-Secretary of State Colin Powell to make the case for war.
    As it turns out, that confession was a lie tortured out of him by Egyptians. Here is how former CIA chief George Tenet describes the whole al-Libi situation in his 2007 memoir, At The Center Of The Storm:
    "We believed that al-Libi was withholding critical threat information at the time, so we transferred him to a third country for further debriefing. Allegations were made that we did so knowing that he would be tortured, but this is false. The country in question [Egypt] understood and agreed that they would hold al-Libi for a limited period. In the course of questioning while he was in US custody in Afghanistan, al-Libi made initial references to possible al-Qa'ida training in Iraq. He offered up information that a militant known as Abu Abdullah had told him that at least three times between 1997 and 2000, the now-deceased al-Qa'ida leader Mohammad Atef had sent Abu Abdullah to Iraq to seek training in poisons and mustard gas.
    "Another senior al-Qa'ida detainee told us that Mohammad Atef was interested in expanding al-Qa'ida's ties to Iraq, which, in our eyes, added credibility to the reporting. Then, shortly after the Iraq war got under way, al-Libi recanted his story. Now, suddenly, he was saying that there was no such cooperative training. Inside the CIA, there was sharp division on his recantation. It led us to recall his reporting, and here is where the mystery begins.
    "Al-Libi's story will no doubt be that he decided to fabricate in order to get better treatment and avoid harsh punishment. He clearly lied. We just don't know when. Did he lie when he first said that al-Qa'ida members received training in Iraq - or did he lie when he said they did not? In my mind, either case might still be true. Perhaps, early on, he was under pressure, assumed his interrogators already knew the story, and sang away. After time passed and it became clear that he would not be harmed, he might have changed his story to cloud the minds of his captors. Al-Qa'ida operatives are trained to do just that. A recantation would restore his stature as someone who had successfully confounded the enemy. The fact is, we don't know which story is true, and since we don't know, we can assume nothing. (pp. 353-354)"
    Al-Libi was eventually sent off, quietly, to Libya - though he reportedly made a few other stops along the way - where he was imprisoned. The use of al-Libi's statement in the build-up to the Iraq war made him a huge American liability once it became clear that the purported al-Qaeda&#8211;Saddam connection was a tortured lie. His whereabouts were, in fact, a secret for years, until April 2009 when Human Rights Watch researchers investigating the treatment of Libyan prisoners encountered him in the courtyard of a prison. Two weeks later, on May 10, al-Libi was dead, and the Gaddafi regime claimed it was a suicide.
    According to Evan Kohlmann, who enjoys favoured status among US officials as an 'al-Qaeda expert', citing a classified source: 'Al-Libi's death coincided with the first visit by Egypt's spymaster Omar Suleiman to Tripoli.'
    Kohlmann surmises and opines that, after al-Libi recounted his story about about an al-Qaeda&#8211;Saddam-WMD connection, "The Egyptians were embarassed by this admission - and the Bush government found itself in hot water internationally. Then, in May 2009, Omar Suleiman saw an opportunity to get even with al-Libi and travelled to Tripoli. By the time Omar Suleiman's plane left Tripoli, Ibn al-Sheikh al-Libi had committed 'suicide'."
    As people in Egypt and around the world speculate about the fate of the Mubarak regime, one thing should be very clear: Omar Suleiman is not the man to bring democracy to the country. His hands are too dirty, and any 'stability' he might be imagined to bring to the country and the region comes at way too high a price. Hopefully, the Egyptians who are thronging the streets and demanding a new era of freedom will make his removal from power part of their demands, too.
    Lisa Hajjar teaches sociology at the University of California - Santa Barbara and is a co-editor of Jadaliyya.
    This article first appeared on Jadaliyya.
    The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera's editorial policy.


    Source:
    Al Jazeera
     
  4. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    Egypt's military leadership
    Brief profiles of country's Supreme Council of the Armed Forces as Hosni Mubarak hands over power to the body.

    Last Modified: 11 Feb 2011 12:02 GMT




    [​IMG] Egypt's Defence Minister Mohammed Hussein Tantawi [AFP] Hosni Mubarak has resigned as Egypt's president and transferred his powers to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
    General Omar Suleiman, vice president and former intelligence chief, is among the key retired or serving military officers on the council.
    Others include Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi, defence minister; Lt Gen Sami Anan, chief of staff of the Egyptian army; Air Marshal Ahmed Shafiq, minister for civil aviation.
    Here are brief profiles of some of the men that make up the council:
    Hussein Tantawi Field Marshal Tantawi became minister of defense and commander-in-chief of the Egyptian Armed Forces in 1991. In so doing, he became the first Egyptian with the rank of Field Marshal after 1989.
    Some reports suggest that Tantawi has been seen as a possible contender for the Egyptian presidency.

    During the 2011 Egyptian protests, Tantawi was promoted to the ministerial rank of Deputy Prime Minister, while retaining the defense portfolio.

    Tantawi famously became the first member of governent to visit Tahrir Square on February 4. He is said to have engaged military officers as well as protesters during his brief visit.
    Reda Mahmoud Hafez Mohamed
    Air Marshal Reda Mahmoud Hafez Mohamed, the air force chief, became commander of the Eastern Air Zone and then the Southern Air Zone in 2005.

    On 1 July 2007 he became Chief of the Operations Department and towards the end of the year he was appointed Air Force Chief of Staff.

    Within three months he replaced Magdy Galal Sharawi as air force chief, taking up his post on 20 March 2008.
    Sami Hafez Anan
    Lieutenant General Sami Anan is the commander of 468,000 troops, and is seen as having a crucial role in co-ordinating interim arrangements for the government in Egypt.
    Anan was in Washington when the uprising began. He had to cut his visit and return. It was reported that the United States was pushing Anan for a key mediating role, though it was speculated that he was far too close to Mubarak to retain any role in a new government.

    Some of the other members in attendance at Friday's supreme council meeting were:

    Lieutenant General Abd El Aziz Seif-Eldeen, commander of air defence and Vice Admiral Mohab Mamish, chief of navy.
     
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    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    Suleiman: Mubarak waives office
    Omar Suleiman, Egypt's vice president, announces Hosni Mubarak has resigned as president and handed power to the army.

    Last Modified: 11 Feb 2011 16:57 GMT






    Hosni Mubarak, the Egyptian president, has resigned from his post, handing over power to the armed forces.
    Omar Suleiman, the vice-president, announced in a televised address that the president was "waiving" his office, and had handed over authority to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.
     
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    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

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    World reacts as Mubarak steps down
    Leaders across the globe hail "historic change" and "victory" in Egypt, with many urging reform and stability.

    Last Modified: 11 Feb 2011 18:18 GMT





    [​IMG] Barack Obama watched history unfold in Egypt on a television screen just outside the Oval Office, sources said [AFP] World leaders have begun reacting to the announcement that Hosni Mubarak has resigned as Egypt's president and handed over power to the armed forces.
    Catherine Ashton, the European Union's foreign policy chief, said the move showed Mubarak had "listened the the voices of the Egyptian people" and opened the way to reform in the country.
    "It is important now that the dialogue is accelerated leading to a broad-based government which will respect the aspirations of, and deliver stability for, the Egyptian people," she said just after Egypt's vice-president delivered the news on Friday.
    "The future of Egypt rightly remains in the hands of the Egyptian people," she said.
    Barack Obama, the US president, is due to make a statement on the development later on Friday.
    [​IMG] Click here for more of Al Jazeera's special coverage The White House said Obama watched the television coverage of history unfolding outside a meeting at the Oval Office.
    A day earlier, the US leader had said Cairo "must spell out a clear path to democracy".
    Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, hailed Mubarak's decision as an "historic change", and called on the country to respect its 1979 peace treaty with Israel.

    Her sentiments were echoed by a senior Israeli official, who said: "We hope that the change to democracy in Egypt will happen without violence and that the peace accord will remain."

    David Cameron, Britain's prime minister, also urged Egypt to "move towards civilian and democratic rule".

    "Egypt now has a really precious moment of opportunity to have a government that can bring the country together," he said.

    Meanwhile Switzerland reacted by saying it was freezing the assets potentially belonging to Mubarak, according to a foreign ministry spokesman.

    'Lesson' for Arab nations

    The Arab world was quick to respond to Mubarak's resignation, with Amr Moussa, the secretary-general of the Arab League, saying there was now a "big chance" to build a "national censensus" in the coming period.

    "Mubarak's departure should have happened from the start. It's only natural after his oppression and corruption. Congratulations to our people in Egypt"
    Jamil Abu Baker
    Muslim Brotherhood Jordan

    "There is a big chance now and a window has opened after this white revolution and after the president's concession," he told Al Arabiya television.

    The Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan said events in Egypt should serve as a "lesson" for other Arab governments.

    "Arab regimes should learn a lesson from what has happened," Jamil Abu Baker, spokesman for the movement, told the AFP news agency.

    "Mubarak's departure should have happened from the start. It's only natural after his oppression and corruption. Congratulations to our people in Egypt."

    In Gaza jubilant scenes followed the announcement, with Palestinians setting off fireworks into the evening sky.

    "The resignation of Egyptian president ... is the beginning of the victory of the Egyptian revolution," Sami Abu Zuhri, a Hamas spokesman, said.

    "Such a victory was the result of the sacrifices and the steadfastness of the Egyptian people," he told the Reuters news agency.

    The Emir's royal council in Qatar also said Mubarak's resignation was a "positive, important step towards the Egyptian people's aspirations of achieving democracy and reform and a life of dignity".

    'Where to go next'

    Iran said Egyptians had achieved a "great victory".

    "The conquest by the will of the great Egyptian nation over the resistance and persistance of officials who were dependent on the world powers is a great victory," Ramin Mehmanparast told Al-Alam television.

    However analysts have remained cautious despite the scenes of jubilation across Egypt.

    "Huge questions remain as to where we go next, and it could be a tortuous path," Julien Barnes-Dacey, a middle-east analyst told the Reuters news agency.

    "There must be serious questions over how acceptable Suleiman will be given his support for Mubarak. I think he has to come up with sessions very quickly for very comprehensive reform.
    "There will be a feeling of jubilation on the streets in the very short term, but I think if they do not seek change protests could still continue."

    But in Egypt, opposition figurehead Mohamed ElBaradei said it was the "greatest day" of his life following the announcement. "The country has been liberated".
     
  7. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

    #7
    Feb 11, 2011
    Joined: Sep 24, 2010
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  8. Askari Kanzu

    Askari Kanzu JF-Expert Member

    #8
    Feb 11, 2011
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    Mzee punguza spidi ya ku-cut n paste! At least take your time to format your posts for easy readership. Otherwise, everything becomes pretty chaotic!
     
  9. czar

    czar JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Feb 11, 2011
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    Nafikiri JK na washikaji zake wakisikia habari hii wanambwelambwela mbaya. Lakini swiss hebu frizin na za Wabongo tunanaangamia.
     
  10. boma2000

    boma2000 JF-Expert Member

    #10
    Feb 11, 2011
    Joined: Oct 18, 2009
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    Msemaji wa foreign affairs nchini Switzerland amesema hawana uhakika wa akaunti hilo ila watazitafuta na kuzi-freeze, which is very good and commendable. Zua akaunti hata za hawa ambao bado wako madarakani
     
  11. muhosni

    muhosni JF-Expert Member

    #11
    Feb 12, 2011
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    nahofia tu wasije kuishia kama Mabutu sese Seko na familia yake
     
  12. Ndahani

    Ndahani JF-Expert Member

    #12
    Feb 12, 2011
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    Wizi wa mali ya wengu ndio sababu kubwa ya viongozi afrika kutoa achia madaraka kwa hiari. Wakifanya hivi kwa viongozi wengi wa africa lazima tutaona mabadiliko
     
  13. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

    #13
    Feb 12, 2011
    Joined: Sep 24, 2010
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    [​IMG]Nguvu ya umma yamng'oa Mubarak Friday, 11 February 2011 21:03

    Andrew Msechu na Mashirika ya habari
    HATIMAYE Rais wa Misri, Hosni Mubarak amejiuzulu. Taarifa ya kujiuzulu kwake ilitangazwa na Makamu wa rais wa Misri, Omar Suleiman jana saa 1.10 usiku saa Afrika Mashariki, kupitia televisheni ya taifa ya nchi hiyo.Kujiuzulu kwa rais huyo aliyedumu madarakani kwa miaka 32 kumekuja kufuatia shinikizo la umma wa Wamisri ambao waliandamana kwa siku 18 mfululizo wakimshinikiza kiongozi huyo kuondoka madarakani.

    Taarifa za kujiuzulu kwa Mubarak zilitanguliwa na taarifa za awali zilizosema kwamba kiongozi huyo alikuwa ameondoka katika mji mkuu wa nchi hiyo, Cairo yeye, familia yake pamoja na wasaidizi wake kadhaa kuelekea katika mji wa Sharm el-Sheikh.

    Kwa mujibu wa shirika la habari la Associated Press, akitangaza uamuzi huo, Suleiman alisema kwamba Mubarak amechukua uamuzi huo na kukabidhi madaraka kwa Jeshi la nchi hiyo, kauli iliyopokelewa kwa mlipuko wa kelele za shangwe na mamailioni ya waandamanaji waliokuwa wamekusanyika katika miji kadhaa nchini humo.

    "Katika wakati huu mgumu wa mapito kwa taifa letu, Rais Hosni Mubarak ameamua kuachia nafasi yake ya Urais," alisema Suleiman akiainisha kwamba Baraza Kuu la Vyombo vya Usalama ndilo lililoachiwa wajibu wa kuendesha masuala muhimu ya nchi.

    Tangu kuanza kwa maandamano hayo, jeshi la nchi hiyo pamoja na Baraza hilo Kuu la Vyombo vya Usalama vimekuwa vikijiepusha na matumizi ya nguvu dhidi ya waandamanaji na kujipambanua kuwa kinara wa mageuzi, hasa katika taarifa yake iliyotolewa jana asubuhi.

    Hadi jana jioni, taarifa kutoka katika vyombo mbalimbali vya habari vya kimataifa vilieleza kwamba Mubarak pamoja na familia yake wameelekea katika mji wa mapumziko wa Sharm el-Sheikh, huku mwisho wa safari yake ukiwa bado haujawekwa wazi.

    Katika hotuba yake juzi, pamoja na kukataa shinikizo la waandamanaji wanaomtaka aondoke madarakani "sasa", Mubarak pia alisema hatosujudia shinikizo lolote la mataifa ya kigeni kwa maslahi ya Misri.

    Muda mfupi baada ya hotuba yake ambayo alieleza msimamo wake kwamba ataendelea kuwa Rais wa Misri hadi muda wake utakapomalizika Septemba mwaka huu, mataifa mengi yalitoa taarifa za kulaani kauli yake hiyo, huku jeshi la nchi hiyo likiendelea kuwapa matumaini waandamanaji hao kwamba mabadiliko kwa sasa ni dhahiri.

    Ahadi muhimu kutoka kwa jeshi la nchi hiyo ni kuondoa sheria ya hali ya hatari iliyodumu kwa miaka 30, pia kuhakikisha utaratibu wa kidemokrasia unatekelezwa kwa ajili ya kuwa na chaguzi huru na marekebisho ya katiba ya nchi hiyo.

    Shangwe za waandamanaji hao zilitawaliwa na sauti za "Ushindi! Ushindi, Mubarak chini, chini" huku bendera za nchi hiyo zikitawala anga walimokuwapo waandamanaji hao.

    Mubarak ameondoka madarakani baada ya maandamanoo hayo kugharibu vifo vya zaidi ya watu 160 katika purukushani za awali baina ya polisi wa nchi hiyo na watu wanaodaiwa kuwa wafuasi wake.

    Add this page to your favorite Social Bookmarking websites
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    Last Updated on Friday, 11 February 2011 21:16 Comments




    0 #10 nelson kaserwa 2011-02-12 06:58 kwa mwenye macho hambiwi tazama na mwenye masikio haambiwi sikia,,,sasa chungu cha ugari kipo jikoni hapa kwetu wamisri wamesha kula sisi maji yaanza kuchemka,,,mwak a huu usiishe.
    Quote









    0 #9 John kim 2011-02-12 06:55 CCM subirini 2015,yatatokea hayahaya,na sasa hivi hadi EU wamejua uchafu wenu,shenzi wakubwa nyie!!!!mmetufa nyia mabaya vya kutosha,mmetuny anyasa vya kutosha,sasa subirini zamu yenu hayawani wakubwa nyie!!!!!!!!!!
    Quote









    0 #8 elibariki yerald 2011-02-12 05:47 CCM MNANGOJA NINI?!!!!!! TOKENIIIIIIIIII I
    AU MWATAKA UMMA UAMUE? WATAWAFUNDISHA! ! MOTO WA PETROLI UNAWAKA ENDELEENI KUDHARAU TUU.

    Quote









    0 #7 Gombera 2011-02-12 04:22 wamisri inabidi sasa watulie hili kuijenga upya democracy iliyopotea kwa miaka 30
    Quote









    0 #6 kong 2011-02-12 03:07 This is proof that our country has too many politicians and too few statesmen. While the statesmen are concerned with the next generation, the politicians are terribly concerned with the next elections.
    Kikwete,dont wait for the coming election, just go now.
    watu hata sukari wanashindwa kununua!
    Ondoka mzee! Halafu madaraka mliyogawana ya kutulizana kama makamu wa rais, nahodha, na kuwapa uwaziri mliyowaumiza kama kina sitta si demokrasiya bali domokrasya (utulizaji wa midomo)

    Quote









    0 #5 M KABEWA 2011-02-12 03:01 mungu ibariki Africa'neno limetimia na liwe fundisho kwa wengine.Tupo pamoja na watu wa wamisiri,
    Quote









    0 #4 Mhifadhi 2011-02-12 02:58 Hili liwe fundisho kwa tawala zingine nyingi za namna hiyo. Haswa ukiangalia nchi zilizo ndani ya hiyo kijiwe wanaita Jumuiya ya Africa ya Mashariki ni lazima zijibadili haraka maana hili vuguvugu halitazikwepa hata kama litachelewa
    Quote









    0 #3 Kikwapa 2011-02-12 02:41 CCM nayo tunaitaka iachie ngazi, mika 50 baada ya Uhuru hakuna maendeleo yeyote ya maana ya kujisikia pamoja na nchi ya Tanzania kuwa na rasilimali lukuki.
    Mpaka leo hatuna hata umeme na maji ya uhakika, mlo mmoja kwa raia wa kawaida ni mtihani.
    NGUVU YA UMMMA JUU JUU, CCM CHINI CHINI!!

    Quote









    0 #2 Brigedia General 2011-02-12 02:19 Tanzania is next. People's power is on the way.
    Quote









    0 #1 kiona mbali 2011-02-12 01:59 &#1571;&#1576;&#1608;&#1605;&#1607;&#1606;&#1583; &#1605;&#1575;&#1578;&#1578;&#1608;&#1602;&#1593; &#1610;&#1580;&#1610; &#1583;&#1608;&#1585;&#1606;&#1575; &#1601;&#1610; &#1603;&#1605; &#1585;&#1610;&#1575;&#1604; &#1605;&#1603;&#1585;&#1605;&#1577;&#1567;&#1567;
    &#1571;&#1606;&#1575; &#1605;&#1580;&#1607;&#1586; &#1581;&#1575;&#1604;&#1610; &#1593;&#1606;&#1583;&#1610; &#1571;&#1587;&#1585;&#1577; &#1581;&#1602; &#1604;&#1608; &#1605;&#1603;&#1585;&#1605;&#1577; &#1604;&#1603;&#1604; &#1571;&#1587;&#1585;&#1577; &#1605;&#1608; &#1604;&#1603;&#1604; &#1601;&#1585;&#1583;
    &#1581;&#1575;&#1587;&#1576;&#1606;&#1607;&#1575; &#1589;&#1581; "when shall CCM regime collapse like Hosni Mubarak regime"

    Quote

     
  14. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

    #14
    Feb 12, 2011
    Joined: Sep 24, 2010
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    [​IMG]Nguvu ya umma yamng'oa Mubarak Friday, 11 February 2011 21:03

    Andrew Msechu na Mashirika ya habari
    HATIMAYE Rais wa Misri, Hosni Mubarak amejiuzulu. Taarifa ya kujiuzulu kwake ilitangazwa na Makamu wa rais wa Misri, Omar Suleiman jana saa 1.10 usiku saa Afrika Mashariki, kupitia televisheni ya taifa ya nchi hiyo.Kujiuzulu kwa rais huyo aliyedumu madarakani kwa miaka 32 kumekuja kufuatia shinikizo la umma wa Wamisri ambao waliandamana kwa siku 18 mfululizo wakimshinikiza kiongozi huyo kuondoka madarakani.

    Taarifa za kujiuzulu kwa Mubarak zilitanguliwa na taarifa za awali zilizosema kwamba kiongozi huyo alikuwa ameondoka katika mji mkuu wa nchi hiyo, Cairo yeye, familia yake pamoja na wasaidizi wake kadhaa kuelekea katika mji wa Sharm el-Sheikh.

    Kwa mujibu wa shirika la habari la Associated Press, akitangaza uamuzi huo, Suleiman alisema kwamba Mubarak amechukua uamuzi huo na kukabidhi madaraka kwa Jeshi la nchi hiyo, kauli iliyopokelewa kwa mlipuko wa kelele za shangwe na mamailioni ya waandamanaji waliokuwa wamekusanyika katika miji kadhaa nchini humo.

    “Katika wakati huu mgumu wa mapito kwa taifa letu, Rais Hosni Mubarak ameamua kuachia nafasi yake ya Urais,” alisema Suleiman akiainisha kwamba Baraza Kuu la Vyombo vya Usalama ndilo lililoachiwa wajibu wa kuendesha masuala muhimu ya nchi.

    Tangu kuanza kwa maandamano hayo, jeshi la nchi hiyo pamoja na Baraza hilo Kuu la Vyombo vya Usalama vimekuwa vikijiepusha na matumizi ya nguvu dhidi ya waandamanaji na kujipambanua kuwa kinara wa mageuzi, hasa katika taarifa yake iliyotolewa jana asubuhi.

    Hadi jana jioni, taarifa kutoka katika vyombo mbalimbali vya habari vya kimataifa vilieleza kwamba Mubarak pamoja na familia yake wameelekea katika mji wa mapumziko wa Sharm el-Sheikh, huku mwisho wa safari yake ukiwa bado haujawekwa wazi.

    Katika hotuba yake juzi, pamoja na kukataa shinikizo la waandamanaji wanaomtaka aondoke madarakani “sasa”, Mubarak pia alisema hatosujudia shinikizo lolote la mataifa ya kigeni kwa maslahi ya Misri.

    Muda mfupi baada ya hotuba yake ambayo alieleza msimamo wake kwamba ataendelea kuwa Rais wa Misri hadi muda wake utakapomalizika Septemba mwaka huu, mataifa mengi yalitoa taarifa za kulaani kauli yake hiyo, huku jeshi la nchi hiyo likiendelea kuwapa matumaini waandamanaji hao kwamba mabadiliko kwa sasa ni dhahiri.

    Ahadi muhimu kutoka kwa jeshi la nchi hiyo ni kuondoa sheria ya hali ya hatari iliyodumu kwa miaka 30, pia kuhakikisha utaratibu wa kidemokrasia unatekelezwa kwa ajili ya kuwa na chaguzi huru na marekebisho ya katiba ya nchi hiyo.

    Shangwe za waandamanaji hao zilitawaliwa na sauti za “Ushindi! Ushindi, Mubarak chini, chini” huku bendera za nchi hiyo zikitawala anga walimokuwapo waandamanaji hao.

    Mubarak ameondoka madarakani baada ya maandamanoo hayo kugharibu vifo vya zaidi ya watu 160 katika purukushani za awali baina ya polisi wa nchi hiyo na watu wanaodaiwa kuwa wafuasi wake.

    Add this page to your favorite Social Bookmarking websites
    [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG] [​IMG]

    Last Updated on Friday, 11 February 2011 21:16 Comments




    0 #10 nelson kaserwa 2011-02-12 06:58 kwa mwenye macho hambiwi tazama na mwenye masikio haambiwi sikia,,,sasa chungu cha ugari kipo jikoni hapa kwetu wamisri wamesha kula sisi maji yaanza kuchemka,,,mwak a huu usiishe.
    Quote









    0 #9 John kim 2011-02-12 06:55 CCM subirini 2015,yatatokea hayahaya,na sasa hivi hadi EU wamejua uchafu wenu,shenzi wakubwa nyie!!!!mmetufa nyia mabaya vya kutosha,mmetuny anyasa vya kutosha,sasa subirini zamu yenu hayawani wakubwa nyie!!!!!!!!!!
    Quote









    0 #8 elibariki yerald 2011-02-12 05:47 CCM MNANGOJA NINI?!!!!!! TOKENIIIIIIIIII I
    AU MWATAKA UMMA UAMUE? WATAWAFUNDISHA! ! MOTO WA PETROLI UNAWAKA ENDELEENI KUDHARAU TUU.

    Quote









    0 #7 Gombera 2011-02-12 04:22 wamisri inabidi sasa watulie hili kuijenga upya democracy iliyopotea kwa miaka 30
    Quote









    0 #6 kong 2011-02-12 03:07 This is proof that our country has too many politicians and too few statesmen. While the statesmen are concerned with the next generation, the politicians are terribly concerned with the next elections.
    Kikwete,dont wait for the coming election, just go now.
    watu hata sukari wanashindwa kununua!
    Ondoka mzee! Halafu madaraka mliyogawana ya kutulizana kama makamu wa rais, nahodha, na kuwapa uwaziri mliyowaumiza kama kina sitta si demokrasiya bali domokrasya (utulizaji wa midomo)

    Quote









    0 #5 M KABEWA 2011-02-12 03:01 mungu ibariki Africa'neno limetimia na liwe fundisho kwa wengine.Tupo pamoja na watu wa wamisiri,
    Quote









    0 #4 Mhifadhi 2011-02-12 02:58 Hili liwe fundisho kwa tawala zingine nyingi za namna hiyo. Haswa ukiangalia nchi zilizo ndani ya hiyo kijiwe wanaita Jumuiya ya Africa ya Mashariki ni lazima zijibadili haraka maana hili vuguvugu halitazikwepa hata kama litachelewa
    Quote









    0 #3 Kikwapa 2011-02-12 02:41 CCM nayo tunaitaka iachie ngazi, mika 50 baada ya Uhuru hakuna maendeleo yeyote ya maana ya kujisikia pamoja na nchi ya Tanzania kuwa na rasilimali lukuki.
    Mpaka leo hatuna hata umeme na maji ya uhakika, mlo mmoja kwa raia wa kawaida ni mtihani.
    NGUVU YA UMMMA JUU JUU, CCM CHINI CHINI!!

    Quote









    0 #2 Brigedia General 2011-02-12 02:19 Tanzania is next. People's power is on the way.
    Quote









    0 #1 kiona mbali 2011-02-12 01:59 &#1571;&#1576;&#1608;&#1605;&#1607;&#1606;&#1583; &#1605;&#1575;&#1578;&#1578;&#1608;&#1602;&#1593; &#1610;&#1580;&#1610; &#1583;&#1608;&#1585;&#1606;&#1575; &#1601;&#1610; &#1603;&#1605; &#1585;&#1610;&#1575;&#1604; &#1605;&#1603;&#1585;&#1605;&#1577;&#1567;&#1567;
    &#1571;&#1606;&#1575; &#1605;&#1580;&#1607;&#1586; &#1581;&#1575;&#1604;&#1610; &#1593;&#1606;&#1583;&#1610; &#1571;&#1587;&#1585;&#1577; &#1581;&#1602; &#1604;&#1608; &#1605;&#1603;&#1585;&#1605;&#1577; &#1604;&#1603;&#1604; &#1571;&#1587;&#1585;&#1577; &#1605;&#1608; &#1604;&#1603;&#1604; &#1601;&#1585;&#1583;
    &#1581;&#1575;&#1587;&#1576;&#1606;&#1607;&#1575; &#1589;&#1581; “when shall CCM regime collapse like Hosni Mubarak regime”

    Quote
     
  15. Rutashubanyuma

    Rutashubanyuma JF-Expert Member

    #15
    Feb 12, 2011
    Joined: Sep 24, 2010
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    Trophy Points: 180
    Mubarak akimbia Cairo


    na Mwandishi wetu, Cairo, Misri


    [​IMG] MAKAMU wa Rais wa nchini hapa Omar Suleiman ametangaza rasmi kwamba Rais Hosni Mubarak amejiuzulu, huku kukiwa na taarifa kuwa amekimbia katika mji wa Cairo na kuelekea Sinai.
    Mara baada ya tangazo hilo, waandamanaji wameitikia wito huo kwa furaha, shangwe, nderemo, huku wakipeperusha bendera, wakiimba nyimbo na kupiga honi katika magari.
    "Watu wameuangusha utawala," wamekaririwa wakiimba.
    Makamu wa Rais Suleiman alisema kuwa Mubarak ameacha madaraka kwa kamanda mkuu wa majeshi ya nchi.
    "Katika jina la Mungu mwenye rehema, wa huruma, wananchi, kwa kipindi chote ambacho Misri imepitia, Rais Hosni Mubarak ameamua kujiuzulu kuwa Rais wa jamhuri na kumwachia kamanda mkuu wa majeshi kutawala mambo ya ndani ya nchi; Mungu awabariki wote."
    Awali baada ya kukabidhi madaraka kwa makamu wake, Rais Hosni Mubarak wa nchini hapa alikimbia Ikulu na kusalimisha maisha yake huko Sinai.
    Taarifa zilisema alikokimbilia ni eneo la mapunziko linalofahamika kama Sharm el- Sheikh, ambalo ni umbali wa maili 250 kutoka mjini Cairo ambako hakukaliki kutokana na waandamanaji zaidi ya 5,000 kutanda kila eneo la mji.
    Alikokimbilia ni eneo ambalo amejenga nyumba na mara nyingi amekuwa akikaa na kufanya kazi wakati wa baridi.
    Kwa mujibu wa taarifa hizo, jeshi la nchini hapa limetoa taarifa kwamba litashika nchi katika kipindi cha mpito wa kisiasa nchini hapa.
    Kukimbia Ikulu kwa Rais Mubarak jana kumetokana na kundi kubwa la waandamanaji kujazana baada ya kuchefuliwa na kauli kwamba Rais huyo hawezi kuondoka madarakani.
    Kama hiyo haikutosha idadi yao ilizidi kuongezeka na kufikia zaidi ya 5,000, huku wengine wakiongezeka na kupiga kelele za kumtaka kuondoka madarakani.
    Kabla ya kukimbia Ikulu yake, ilikuwa ikilindwa kwa magari ya vifaru vinne na mizinga lakini pamoja na vifaa hivyo vyote askari walishindwa kuwadhibiti waandamanaji.
    Katika hotuba zake Mubarak aliwahi kukaririwa akisema ataendelea kuwa Rais wa nchini hapa, huku akidai kwamba atakabidhi madaraka yote baada ya uchaguzi wa urais mwezi Septemba.
    Akizungumza kwa hisia juu ya mustakabli wa nchi, katika matamshi yake ya hotuba kupitia televisheni ya taifa, yalikuwa yanapishana na taarifa za awali kuwa alikuwa akijitayarisha kujiuzulu.
    Akiwahutubia moja kwa moja waandamanaji waliojazana kwenye uwanja wa wazi wa Tahrir kwa hamu ya kuona na kusikia akijiuzulu kwake, Mubarak alisema, "Sioni aibu kuwasikiliza vijana wa nchi yangu na kuchukua hatua."
    Katika maelezo yake Rais Mubarak ameomba radhi kwa familia za waandamanaji waliokufa katika mapigano na majeshi ya usalama, huku akiahidi kuwachukulia hatua waliohusika.
    Rais Mubarak ametumia nafasi hiyo pia kutoa wito wa kumalizika kwa maandamano dhidi ya utawala wake wa miaka 30, yaliyoanza tangu Januari 25.
    "Misri imepitia nyakati ngumu na hatuwezi kuruhusu hali hii kuendelea, hasara kwa uchumi wetu itasababisha vijana wanaotaka mabadiliko kuwa wa kwanza kuathirika&#8230;...
    "Natangaza nia yangu ya kuendelea na kuitetea Katiba na kuwalinda wananchi na pia mabadiliko kwa yeyote atakayechaguliwa mwezi Septemba katika uchaguzi huru na wa wazi," alikaririwa Mubarak.
     
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