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Sunyata [emptiness]

Discussion in 'Habari na Hoja mchanganyiko' started by Andrew Nyerere, May 26, 2010.

  1. Andrew Nyerere

    Andrew Nyerere Verified User

    #1
    May 26, 2010
    Joined: Nov 10, 2008
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    KNOWLEDGE : Knowledge? Do I need to explain what
    knowledge is? I think I do! We have to have three things be-
    fore we can have knowledge. First, we must have inference, we
    must become aware of something, because until we are aware
    of a thing we cannot perceive its presence or its existence.

    64

    Secondly, we must have reliable information because until
    we have reliable information to support that which we infer
    we are not even starting to obtain knowledge.
    Thirdly, we must have a form of intuition so that we may
    understand that which lies behind the matter which we have
    inferred and about which we have obtained reliable informa-
    tion. We have to have this intuition so that we may understand
    different aspects of which we desire to know about.


    From ''Wisdom of the Ancients.'' by Lobsanga Rampa.





    Lampfor the Path to Enlightenment

    (Byang-chub lam-gyi sgron-ma, Skt. Bodhipathapradipam)
    by Dipamkara Shrijnana Atisha
    translated by Alexander Berzin, 1980
    in accordance with an explanation by Tsenzhab Serkong Rinpoche
    following the commentary by the First Panchen Lama
    and revised January 2003
    I prostrate to the Bodhisattva Youthful Manjushri.
    Promise to Compose

    (1) Having prostrated most respectfully to all the Triumphant
    of the three times,
    To their Dharma and to the Sangha community,
    I shall light a lampfor the pathto enlightenment,
    Having been urged by my excellent disciple, Jangchub-wo.
    (2) Since (practitioners) come to have small,
    intermediate, and supreme (scopes),
    They are known as the three types of spiritual persons.
    I shall therefore write about these specific divisions,
    Clarifying their defining features.
    Initial Scope

    (3) Anyone who takes keen interest in himself or herself
    (Achieving), by some means, merely the happiness
    Of uncontrollably recurring samsara
    Is known as a person of minimum spiritual scope.
    Intermediate Scope

    (4) Anyone with the nature to turn his or her back
    on the pleasures of compulsive existence
    And to turn back negative impulses of karma,
    And who takes keen interest in merely his or her own state of peace,
    Is known as a person of intermediate spiritual scope.
    Bodhichitta as the Entranceway for the Advanced Scope

    (5) Anyone who fully wishes to eliminate completely
    All the sufferings of others
    As (he or she would) the sufferings included
    in his or her own mental continuum
    Is someone of supreme motivation.

    (6) For these hallowed beings
    Who have come to wish for supreme enlightenment,
    I shall explain the perfect methods
    That the gurus have shown.
    The Ritual for Aspiring Bodhichitta, Together with Advice

    (7) Before paintings, statues, and so on of fully enlightened Buddhas,
    As well as stupas and hallowed (Dharma texts),
    Offer flowers, incense,
    And whatever material things you may have.

    (8) Also with the seven-limb offering mentioned in
    (The Prayer of) Excellent Conduct,
    With the mind never to turn back until
    The ultimate (realization) of your Buddha-essence,
    (9) With supreme belief in the Three Supreme Gems,
    With bent knee touching the ground
    And palms pressed together,
    Firstly, take safe direction three times.
    (10) Next, with a mind of love toward all limited beings as a start,
    Look to all wandering beings, barring none,
    Suffering from birth and so forth in the three worse realms,
    And from death, transference, and so on.
    (11) Then, with the wish that all wandering beings
    Be liberated from the suffering of pain,
    From suffering, and from the causes of suffering,
    Generate pledged bodhichitta with which you will never turn back.
    (12) The benefits of generating aspiring minds like this
    Have been thoroughly explained
    By Maitreya in
    The Sutra Spread Out Like a Tree Trunk.
    (13) When you have read this sutra
    or heard from your guru concerning this,
    And have become aware of the boundless benefits
    of full bodhichitta,
    Then as a cause for making it stable
    Generate this mind over and again.
    (14) The positive force of this is shown extensively
    In The Sutra Requested by Viradatta.
    As it is summarized there in merely three stanzas,
    Let me quote them here.
    (15) "If the positive force
    Of bodhichitta had form,
    It would fill completely the sphere of space
    And go beyond even that.
    (16) Although someone may totally fill with gems
    Buddha-fields equal in number
    To the grains of sand on the Ganges
    And offer them to the Guardians of the World,
    (17) Yet should anyone press his or her palms together
    And direct his or her mind toward bodhichitta,
    His or her offering would be more specially noble;
    It would have no end."
    (18) Having generated the aspiring states of bodhichitta,
    Ever enhance them with many efforts;
    And, to be mindful of it in this and other lives too,
    Thoroughly safeguard as well the trainings explained in the texts.
    Taking the Vows for Engaged Bodhichitta

    (19) Except through the vows that are the very nature
    of engaged bodhichitta,
    Your pure aspiration will never come to increase.
    Therefore, with the wish to progress toward aspired full enlightenment,
    Take them definitely on, energetically for that sake.
    (20) Those who maintain at all times other vows
    From any of the seven classes for individual liberation
    Have the proper share for the bodhisattva vows;
    Others do not.
    (21) As for the seven classes for individual liberation,
    The Accordingly Progressed has asserted in his explanations
    That those of glorious abstinence are supreme;
    And those are the vows for fully ordained monks.
    (22) Through the ritual well expounded in
    The "Ethical Discipline Chapter" of The Bodhisattva Stages
    Take the (bodhisattva) vows
    From an excellent, fully qualified guru.
    (23) Know that an excellent guru is someone who
    Is skilled in the vow ceremony,
    By nature lives by the vows,
    Has the confidence to confer the vows,
    and possesses compassion.
    (24) However, if you have made effort in this
    And have been unable to find such a guru,
    There is a ritual other than that for receiving the vows,
    Which I shall explain in full.
    (25) Concerning this, I shall write here very clearly
    How Manjushri generated bodhichitta in previous times
    when he was King Ambaraja,
    Just as is explained in The Sutra of
    An Adornament for Manjushri's Buddha-Field.

    (26) "Before the eyes of my Guardians,
    I generate bodhichitta
    And, inviting all wandering beings as my guests,
    I shall liberate them from uncontrollable rebirth.
    (27) From now until my attainment
    Of a supreme purified state,
    I shall never act with harmful intentions,
    An angered mind, miserliness, or jealousy.
    (28) I shall live according to abstinent behavior;
    I shall rid myself of negativities and attachment/greed.
    Taking joy in the vows of ethical discipline,
    I shall continually train myself as the Buddhas have done.
    (29) I shall take no delight in attaining enlightenment
    By a speedy means for my own self,
    But shall remain until the end of the future,
    If it be a cause for (helping) one limited being.
    (30) I shall cleanse everything into
    Immeasurable, inconceivable realms
    And remain everywhere in the ten directions
    For those who have called my name.
    (31) I shall purify all the actions
    Of my body and speech,
    And purify as well the actions of my mind:
    I shall never commit any destructive acts."
    Practicing Bodhisattva Conduct

    Training in Higher Ethical Discipline

    (32) If you train yourself well in the three trainings of ethical discipline
    By living in accord with the vows
    that are the very nature of engaged bodhichitta
    And which are a cause for purifying completely
    your body, speech, and mind,
    Your respect for the three trainings in ethical discipline will increase.
    (33) Through this (will come) the completely purified,
    full state of enlightenment;
    For, by exerting yourself in the vows of the bodhisattva vows,
    You will fully complete the networks needed
    For total enlightenment.
    Training in Higher Concentration

    (34) As for the cause that will fully complete these networks
    Having the nature of positive force and deep awareness</SPAN>,
    All the Buddhas have asserted that it is
    The development of advanced awareness.
    (35) Just as a bird without fully developed wings
    Cannot fly in the sky,
    Likewise lacking the force of advanced awareness,
    You will be unable to fulfill the aims of limited beings.
    (36) Whatever positive force is had in a day and a night
    By someone possessing advanced awareness
    Is not had even in a hundred lifetimes
    By someone lacking advanced awareness.
    (37) Therefore, if you would wish to fully complete,
    Quickly, the networks for total enlightenment,
    Make effort and thereby come to attain
    Advanced awareness. It is not to be had by the lazy.
    (38) Someone who has not achieved a stilled settled mind
    Will not attain advanced awareness.
    Therefore, repeatedly exert effort
    To actualize a stilled settled mind.
    (39) However, should the factors for a stilled settled mind be weak,
    Then even if you have meditated with great effort
    And even if for thousands of years,
    You will not attain single-minded concentration.
    (40) Therefore, maintain well the factors mentioned
    In the chapter on A Network for Single-Minded Concentration.
    Then place your mind on something constructive:
    Namely one of the appropriate objects of focus.
    (41) When a yogi actualizes a stilled settled mind,
    He or she attains as well advanced awareness.
    Training in Higher Discriminating Awareness

    However, if you have failed to apply yourself
    to far-reaching discriminating awareness,
    You will be unable to deplete the obscurations.
    (42) Therefore, in order to rid yourself of all obscurations,
    without exception,
    Regarding the disturbing emotions and knowable phenomena,
    Always meditate on the yoga of far-reaching discriminating awareness
    Together with methods.
    (43) This is because discriminating awareness lacking methods
    As well as methods lacking discriminating awareness
    Have been said still to be bondage.
    Therefore, never abandon having both.
    (44) To get rid of doubts concerning
    What is discriminating awareness and what are methods,
    I shall clarify the actual division
    Between methods and discriminating awareness.
    (45) The Triumphant One has explained that
    Leaving aside far-reaching discriminating awareness,
    All networks of constructive factors,
    Such as far-reaching generosity and so forth, are the methods.
    (46) It is by the power of having meditated on the methods that,
    Through meditating thoroughly
    on something with discriminating awareness,
    Someone with a (bodhichitta) nature can quickly attain enlightenment.
    It does not come about by having meditated on
    the lack of inherent identity alone.
    (47) Awareness of the voidness of inherent existence
    That has come to realize that the aggregates, cognitive sources,
    And cognitive stimulators lack (inherently existent) arising
    Has been fully explained as discriminating awareness.
    (48) If things inherently existed (at the time of their causes),
    it would be illogical for them to have to arise.
    Further, if they (inherently) did not exist at all
    (they could not be made to arise),
    like a flower out of space.
    Moreover, because there would be the absurd conclusions
    of both these faults,
    Things do not come about from being both
    (inherently existent and nonexistent
    at the time of their causes) either.
    (49) Phenomenal things do not arise from themselves,
    Nor from something (inherently) different, nor from both.
    Neither do they (arise) from no causes at all.
    Because of this, everything by nature lacks inherent existence.
    (50) Furthermore, when you analyze all things
    If they are (inherently) one or many,
    Then since you cannot be aimed at anything that has existence
    from its own nature,
    You can become certain of the nonexistence of inherent existence.
    (51) Furthermore, the lines of reasoning in
    The Seventy Stanzas on Voidness
    And from The Root Text on the Middle Way and so forth
    Explain as well how the nature of phenomenal things
    Is established as voidness.
    (52) However, because this text would have become too long,
    I have therefore not elaborated here.
    What I have explained has been for the purpose of meditation
    On merely a proven system of philosophical tenets.
    (53) Thus, since you cannot be aimed at the inherent existence
    Of any thing, without exception,
    Meditation on the lack of inherent identity
    Is meditation on discriminating awareness.
    (54) With discriminating awareness, an inherent nature
    Of any phenomenon is never seen;
    And it is explained that the same is true regarding
    the actuality of discriminating awareness itself.
    In this (way) meditate (on voidness) nonconceptually.
    (55) This compulsive existence which comes from conceptual thoughts
    (of inherent existence)
    Has a true nature (merely fabricated) by these conceptual thoughts.
    Therefore, the state of being rid of all these conceptual thoughts,
    without an exception,
    Is the supreme Nirvana State Beyond Sorrow.
    (56) Like this as well, the Vanquishing Master Surpassing All has said,
    "Conceptual thought (of inherent existence) is great unawareness,
    That which makes you fall into the ocean
    of uncontrollably recurring existence.
    By abiding in single-minded concentration devoid of conceptual thought
    (of inherent existence),
    You will make clear (the mind) that is
    without these conceptions just as is space."
    (57) Also, from The Dharani Formula
    for Engaging in the Nonconceptual
    , he has said,
    "If the Offspring of the Triumphant
    involved in this pure Dharma practice
    Were to contemplate this state
    of no conceptual thoughts (of inherent existence),
    They would transcend these conceptual thoughts
    which are difficult to pass through
    And would gradually attain the state of no such conceptions."
    (58) When you have become certain,
    by these quotations and lines of reasoning,
    That all things are devoid of inherent existence
    And without an (inherently existent) arising,
    Meditate in a state of no conceptual thoughts (of inherent existence).
    Manifesting the Result

    (59) When you have meditated on actuality like this
    And have gradually attained the heat (stage) and so forth,
    You will then attain (the stage of) extremely joyous one and so on,
    And the enlightenment of Buddhahood will not be far.
    (60) If, however, through actions such as pacifying,
    Stimulating, and so forth, attained from the force of mantras
    And through the power as well
    of the eight great actual attainments and so on,
    Such as actualization of an excellent vase and so forth,
    (61) And through a blissful awareness, you wish to fully complete
    The enlightenment-building networks,
    And if you wish also to practice the actions of the secret mantras
    Discussed in the kriya, charya, and so forth classes of tantra,
    (62) Then, in order to be conferred the (vajra) master empowerment,
    Please your hallowed guru by all such things
    As respectful service, giving him precious substances, and so on,
    And doing what he says.
    (63) By being conferred the complete (vajra) master empowerment
    From having pleased your guru,
    You will purify yourself completely of all negative forces
    And, in nature, become endowed with the proper share
    to achieve the actual attainments.
    (64) Because it has been strictly prohibited
    From The Great Tantra of the Primordial Buddha,
    The secret and discriminating awareness empowerments
    Are not to be (conferred or) received (in a literal fashion)
    by those who are abstinent.
    (65) If you were to take these empowerments so conferred
    While living according to the ascetic practice of abstinence,
    You would be committing prohibited actions
    And because of that, your vows of asceticism would degenerate.
    (66) In other words, as a practitioner of tamed behavior
    You would contract the downfalls of total defeats
    And since you would definitely fall to one of the worse rebirth states,
    You would never have any attainments.
    (67) However, if you have received (in a nonliteral fashion)
    The conferral of the (vajra) master empowerment
    and are aware of actuality,
    There is no fault in your actions of listening
    to all the tantras, explaining them,
    Performing fire pujas, making offering pujas, and so forth.
    I, the Elder Shri Dipamkara, having seen (everything to be) as is explained from the Dharma teachings of the sutras and so on, and having been requested by Jangchub-wo, have composed this abbreviation of the explanation of the pathto enlightenment.

    This concludes A Lampfor the Pathto Enlightenment composed by the Great Master Dipamkara Shrijnana.
     
  2. Abdulhalim

    Abdulhalim JF-Expert Member

    #2
    May 26, 2010
    Joined: Jul 20, 2007
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    Mkuu mada zako mbona huwa sizielewielewi..hazina abstract wala majumuisho..tuvunjievunjie kidogo ili tupate shauku ya kuelewa unachoandika.
     
  3. Andrew Nyerere

    Andrew Nyerere Verified User

    #3
    Jun 1, 2010
    Joined: Nov 10, 2008
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    Sunyata katika lugha ya kiswahili ina maana 'keeping a low profile,kujibanza ili ujiepushe na hatari. Kwa mfano,kujificha kama mtu anapita anakutafuta,huku ameshikilia panga.
    Lakini huko Mashariki ya Mbali[in the Far East,inaelekea kwamba hii sunyata ni very profound philosophy,ni falsafa ya maisha. Na jinsi inavyoelezewa,inafana na methali yetu ya kiswahili inayosema,'akipenda chongo,huona kengeza'. Yaani inahusiana na jinsi mtu anavyotazama vitu,kwamba anaweza kuona kitu ambacho hakipo mbele yake,kwamba ni akili yake tu yule mtazamaji ambayo inamhadaa.
    Sasa kwa maana hiyo ya hii falsafa huko Mashariki ya kati,na sisi waswahili tunavyoielewa sunyata kwamba sunyata ni hadaa,sunyata ni ghiliba,sunyata ni hali ya kufikiri vigorously,halafu kukatika kwa mawazo,ambapo akili haifikiri,lakini inafukuta,halafu inaanza tena kufikiri. Pale inapoacha kufikiri ndio wakati wa sunyata. Nilikuwa nataka kusema kwamba kwa maana hiyo sunyata inavyotumika kule Mashariki ya Mbali,na sisi tunavyoitumia,inaonekana kama vile idea ni moja,kwamba sunyata ni emptiness,kwa sababau mtu anayejikunyata ili asionekana na predator,lengo lake ni kutaka' asiwepo.'
    Hii teaching imeandikwa 700 au 800 years ago. Labda ndio the last word on meditation,au labda,which is more likely,kwamba ni state of the faith,wakati ule. Sasa labda kuna developments nyingine katika thinking ya wale watu.
    Kwa hiyo, wanayo hii doctrine of sunyata,na prasangika madhyamika ndio falsafa yao ambayo wanaielezea sunyata. In brief,sifahamu sana kuhusu hii sunyata,kwa sababu hii ni Tibetan Budhism,wakati mimi nimesoma Budhism in Sri Lanka.
    Huko Sri Lanka pia wanayo teaching ya sunyata,lakini mimi nilikuwa naiona tu doctrine ambayo imeelekezwa zaidi kwa walei,na sikupenda kuisoma.Lakini nilipokwenda Marekani nimesoma vitabu kuhusu sunyata vimeandikwa na Tibetana Budhists,pamoja na vitabu vya Dalai Lama,[kwa sababu hawa Tibetan na nimeona kama hii doctrine ya sunyata,labda inahitaji serious investigaton,labda ni jambo ambalo linanihusu,not a ploy to take people's minds from true religion.
    Hawa Tibetan Budhists wamefanya inroads Marekani. Ukienda katika maktaba au katika bookshops utaviona vitabu vyao vingi. Wanasema,Dalai Lama anasema kwamba huku Africa watu hawana muda wa falsafa,kwa sababu njaa imezidi,so they are focussing on The West.
     
  4. paradox

    paradox Senior Member

    #4
    Jun 1, 2010
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    Ehhh what's your point??? [​IMG]
     
  5. Mpeni sifa Yesu

    Mpeni sifa Yesu JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Jun 1, 2010
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    uyu mfuasi wa kupotosha ukweli leo kaibuka kwa namna tofauti.....anahangaika...
     
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