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Summary Timeline....Whats next?

Discussion in 'Habari na Hoja mchanganyiko' started by mstahiki, Jan 12, 2010.

  1. m

    mstahiki JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Jan 12, 2010
    Joined: Jul 14, 2007
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    Summary Timeline
    YEAR
    PRESSURE
    CHANGES IN STATE
    RESPONSE AND CHANGES IN GOVERNANCE
    1885
    • Tanganyika became a German colony
    ● Mangrove managed under ordinance
    1898
    • German administration established an ordinance for mangroves
    1905
    ● Majimaji war of resistance spread to Mkuranga
    1920
    • Tanganyika became a British colony
    • Mangrove reserve area extended to mainland coast
    1920s
    • The British expand mangrove reserves to cover 80,000 hectares on the mainland
    1930
    • Dar Es Salaam – Mkuranga road aligned by British
    1946
    • Dar – Mkuranga road constructed
    1950
    • Market for coconuts opened at Mkuranga
    • Trade dominated by Indians
    1951
    • First primary school built at Mkuranga • Godown built at Mkuranga
    1954
    • Tarmac road DSM – Mkuranga constructed
    • TANU formulated to fight against colonial domination
    1960
    • Trade dominated by Arabs from Msolwa
    1961
    • India traders flee from Mkuranga in fear of revenge by independent African Tanganyikans
    • Tanganyika attained independence
    1967
    • Arusha declaration in place
    Pre 1970`s
    • Mkuranga sparsely populated
    • Dominated by Zaramo and Ndengereko
    1973
    • First hotel built in Mkuranga
    1976
    • Mkuranga emerge as rural settlement • Cooperative shop established
    • Villagization policy in place in Tanzania
    16
    1980 -85
    • Police post built at Mkuranga
    1986
    • Proposals for Mkuranga district presented to government
    1987
    • Director of forestry imposed a national ban on the cutting of mangroves
    1990
    • NBC in place in Mkuranga
    1994
    • Mangrove management plan was approved, calling for protecting and zoning all mangroves in Tanzania.
    1995
    • Mkuranga district established
    • Kisarawe district divided into Mkuranga and Kisarawe
    1996
    • Lion threat at Mkuranga, about ten people killed
    • National fisheries and environmental policies adapted
    1997
    • National fisheries policy adopted • National environmental policy adopted
    1999
    • NBC closed due to low capital to sustain services
    2001
    • Mkuranga District Action Planning process begins
    2002
    • National ICM Strategy Approved
    2003
    • Mkuranga District Action Plan is approved
    2004
    • Dangerous lions disappear after elders meeting
    2005
    • Drought hit Mkuranga
    2006
    • Famine hit Mkuranga
     
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