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Sh320bn loss looming over uranium project

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Kibanga Ampiga Mkoloni, Sep 29, 2012.

  1. Kibanga Ampiga Mkoloni

    Kibanga Ampiga Mkoloni JF-Expert Member

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    By Felix Lazaro, The Citizen Reporter | Sept 29, 2012


    Tanzania risks losing about Sh320 billion in mining taxes because of weak legal checks, particularly when it comes to uranium.

    Local mining experts said yesterday that the country must go back to the drawing board and put in place a watertight policy and regulations before it allows uranium mining.

    Earnings from the mineral are believed to have the potential to turn around the lives of thousands of poor Tanzanians. The chief concern right now, though, is that some subsidiaries of multinational firms licensed to explore uranium in Tanzania are capitalising on a weak legal and institutional framework to transfer ownership to affiliated companies. In the process, there are missed opportunities to collect revenue.


    According to a renowned environmental lawyer, Dr Rugemeleza Nshala, the government could lose up to Sh320 billion in unpaid capital gain tax by the ARMZ holding company, which holds a prospecting licence for the Mkunju River uranium project.

    Speaking at a breakfast meeting organised by the Policy Forum, he cited the example of Mantra Resources-which reportedly changed hands in a span of three years from two connected companies, ARMZ of Russia and Uranium One.

    "In short, the transfer of Mantra Resources Limited to ARMZ enables its former shareholders to pocket $1.04billion without paying capital gains to the Tanzanian government," said Mr Nshala.

    ARMZ of Russia owns 79.49 per cent of Mantra Resources. According to the expert, under section 36 (1) of the Income Tax Act, Mantra Resources Limited of Australia was supposed to have paid capital gains tax to Tanzania.

    The Tanzania Revenue Authority issued a series of demand notices to ARMZ seeking $200 million in capital gains tax and stamp duty, Dr Nshala said.

    ARMZ has disputed the tax demand and currently has a case pending at the Tax Revenue Appeal Board (TRAB).

    According to Dr Nshala, after complete sale of the Mantra Resources uranium to its affiliated companies-ARMZ and Uranium One-the company will earn about $250 million annually but will pay just $5 million in taxes, royalties, fees and workers' Pay as You Earn.

    "This is a very miniscule amount that cannot warrant exploitation of such environmentally harmful minerals," said Dr Nshala.

    But the minister for Energy and Minerals, Prof Sospeter Muhongo, said his ministry was aware of the concerns but steps have been taken to ensure the country does not lose out on uranium extraction. He added: "I know that so many experts claiming to be competent in the area of uranium and gas will be emerging everyday at this time. I think some of them are just there to create confusion in this sensitive area."

    Declining to comment further, he said: "I find it difficult to comment on second hand information. You can bring your source with you and address your concerns."

    In the meantime, Dr Nshala insists that Tanzania stands to gain nothing from the eventual purchase of Mantra Resource Limited by Uranium One from ARMZ in June next year since the two companies are affiliated.

    This arises from a loophole in the Mining Act 2010, which legally keeps the commissioner for minerals and the minister out of any transaction involving transfer of ownership or price between affiliated companies.

    "In June 2013, Uranium One will not need to seek and obtain consent from the Commissioner for Minerals or the minister because it is a company that is directly controlled by ARMZ," said Dr Nshala.

    "The principle is that the country with minerals has to receive a large share from mining activities, otherwise it should not allow the activities to take place," pointed out Dr Nshala.

    The director of nuclear technology at the Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission, Dr Mwijarubi Nyaruba, said the country has a strong legal framework to manage uranium mining, citing the Mining Act of 2010 and Atomic Energy Act of 2003, but acknowledged that more needed to be done. "The country has yet to set mechanisms to enforce them effectively and clear some of the overriding issues between the two Acts," said Dr Nyaruba.

    Tanzania will have to work on issues such as how to control dusts, monitor people and ensure self-storage of the processed uranium. It will also have to work on proper waste management and record keeping for future use.

    Dr Nyaruba is concerned that some stakeholders have been left out and that no clear roles have been assigned to stakeholders.

    Tanzania needs clear standards and procedures to be taken in the implementation of the uranium mining and also establish accredited laboratories, he added.
     
  2. ndetichia

    ndetichia JF-Expert Member

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    duu kazi ipo ngoja tusubirie nini kinatokea..
     
  3. N

    Nyakipambo JF-Expert Member

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    Zishawekwa Uswiss kwenye akaunti za mafisadi hizo halafu watatuambia ni kwa sababu "weak legal checks"....kalaghabaho!
     
  4. O

    Odb Member

    #4
    Sep 29, 2012
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    hivi hii kitu inaitwa Uranium nilisikia ipo Bahi Dododma je ni kweli wadau au ni longolongo na kama ipo mchakato mzima utaanza lini??
     
  5. n

    ngwendu JF-Expert Member

    #5
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    wengi hawatachangia kwani hii ni lugha gangano. patamu hapa. vilaza wa engl ni wengi sana.
     
  6. Mlaleo

    Mlaleo JF-Expert Member

    #6
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    Yaani mtu ashindwe kuchangia neno japo la kiinglish??

    Wacha na mimi Nichangie
    This is very Stereo
     
  7. Bavaria

    Bavaria JF-Expert Member

    #7
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    hiyo hela haijapotea, wajanja wameshaipeleka uswiz. Walikua wanajua sema walikua wanazuga tu.
    Nna wasiwasi hata ya airtel kuna watu wameila ile ela iliotakiwa iende TRA
     
  8. Kabembe

    Kabembe JF-Expert Member

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    Is high time now for CDM to come out and tell us (the people ) what is their stand and policy in this vast discoveries of abundant gas and minerals in our country. These culprits (CCm and its government) need to be scrunitiesed and pressured on trasparency in those contracts and earnings.
     
  9. ALF

    ALF Senior Member

    #9
    Sep 29, 2012
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    kwani yale mapesa ambayo wanasema yapo Uswis ni kiasi gani? Bona amount hazishabiani na haya mabilio wanasema hapa?.
     
  10. Kibanga Ampiga Mkoloni

    Kibanga Ampiga Mkoloni JF-Expert Member

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    y Felix Lazaro, Mtangazaji Citizen | Septemba 29, 2012


    Tanzania hatari ya kupoteza kuhusu Sh320 bilioni katika kodi ya madini kwa sababu ya hundi dhaifu wa kisheria, hasa linapokuja uranium.

    Mitaa ya madini wataalam alisema jana kwamba nchi lazima kwenda nyuma ya bodi ya kuchora na kuweka wazi sera ya watertight na kanuni kabla inaruhusu uranium madini.

    Mapato kutoka madini wanaaminika kuwa na uwezo wa kugeuka maisha ya maelfu ya Watanzania maskini. wasiwasi wakuu hivi sasa, ingawa, ni kwamba baadhi ya matawi ya makampuni ya kimataifa leseni ya kuchunguza uranium katika Tanzania ni kuwekeza kwenye mfumo dhaifu wa kisheria na kitaasisi kwa kuhamisha umiliki kwa makampuni husika. Katika mchakato huo, kuna amekosa fursa ya kukusanya mapato.


    Kulingana na mashuhuri mwanasheria wa mazingira, Dk Rugemeleza Nshala, serikali inaweza kupoteza hadi Sh320 bilioni katika kodi ambazo hazijalipwa mtaji faida na kampuni ARMZ kuikopesha, ambayo ana leseni madini kwa ajili ya mradi Mkunju Mto uranium.

    Akizungumza katika mkutano ulioandaliwa na kifungua kinywa Policy Forum, yeye alitoa mfano wa Rasilimali-ambayo Mantra zimeripotiwa iliyopita mikono katika span ya miaka mitatu kutoka makampuni mawili kushikamana, ARMZ ya Urusi na Uranium Mmoja.

    "Kwa ufupi, uhamisho wa Rasilimali Mantra Limited ARMZ inawezesha wanahisa wake wa zamani ili mfukoni $ 1.04billion bila kulipa faida mji mkuu wa serikali ya Tanzania," alisema Bw Nshala.

    ARMZ ya Urusi anamiliki asilimia 79.49 ya Rasilimali Mantra. Kulingana na mtaalam, chini ya kifungu 36 (1) cha Sheria ya Kodi ya Mapato, Resources Limited Mantra ya Australia ilitakiwa kulipwa faida mji mkuu wa kodi kwa Tanzania.

    Mamlaka ya Mapato Tanzania ilitoa mfululizo wa matangazo ya mahitaji ya ARMZ kutafuta $ milioni 200 mwaka kodi mji mkuu wa faida na wajibu wa stempu, Dk Nshala alisema.

    ARMZ ina waliobishana mahitaji ya kodi na sasa ina kesi inasubiri katika Bodi ya Kodi ya Mapato Rufaa (TRAB).

    Kulingana na Dk Nshala, baada ya kuuza kamili ya uranium Mantra Resources kwa kuviimarisha yake makampuni-ARMZ na Uranium One-kampuni kulipwa kuhusu $ 250,000,000 kwa mwaka lakini kulipa tu $ 5,000,000 katika kodi, mrahaba, ada na wafanyakazi 'Kulipa kama Wewe Kulipwa .

    "Hii ni kiasi miniscule sana kwamba hawezi kibali unyonyaji wa madini kama vile mazingira ya hatari," alisema Dk Nshala.

    Lakini waziri wa Nishati na Madini, Prof Sospeter Muhongo, alisema wizara yake alikuwa na ufahamu wa matatizo lakini hatua zimechukuliwa kuhakikisha nchi haina kupoteza nje ya uchimbaji madini ya uranium. Aliongeza: "Mimi najua kuwa hivyo wataalam wengi wakidai kuwa mahiri katika eneo la uranium na gesi itakuwa kujitokeza kila siku kwa wakati huu. Nadhani baadhi yao ni tu huko kujenga machafuko katika eneo hili nyeti. "

    Kupungua kwa maoni zaidi, alisema: "Mimi ni vigumu kupata maoni juu ya habari mkono wa pili. Unaweza kuleta chanzo yako na wewe na kushughulikia malalamiko yako. "

    Wakati huo huo, Dk Nshala anasisitiza kwamba Tanzania anasimama kupata chochote kutoka kwa kununua baadaye ya Rasilimali Mantra Limited kwa Uranium Moja kutoka ARMZ katika Juni mwaka ujao tangu makampuni mawili ni kuviimarisha.

    Hii inatokana na mwanya katika Sheria ya Madini 2010, ambayo kisheria anaendelea kamishina kwa madini na waziri nje ya shughuli yoyote kuwashirikisha uhamisho wa umiliki au bei kati ya makampuni husika.

    "Katika Juni 2013, Uranium Moja wala haja ya kutafuta na kupata ridhaa kutoka kwa Kamishna wa Madini au waziri kwa sababu ni kampuni ambayo ni moja kwa moja kudhibitiwa na ARMZ," alisema Dk Nshala.

    "Kanuni ni kwamba nchi na madini ina kupata fungu kubwa kutoka shughuli za madini, vinginevyo ni lazima kuruhusu shughuli kufanyika," alisema Dk Nshala.

    mkurugenzi wa teknolojia ya nyuklia katika Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission, Dk Mwijarubi Nyaruba, alisema nchi hiyo ina nguvu kisheria kusimamia uranium madini, akitoa mfano wa Sheria ya Madini ya 2010 na Sheria ya Nishati ya Nyuklia ya 2003, lakini alikubali kuwa zaidi zinahitajika kufanyika . "Nchi bado kuweka utaratibu wa kutekeleza yao kwa ufanisi na ya wazi baadhi ya masuala kuu kati ya Matendo mbili," alisema Dk Nyaruba.

    Tanzania itakuwa na kazi juu ya masuala kama vile jinsi ya kudhibiti vumbi, kufuatilia na kuhakikisha watu binafsi ya uhifadhi wa uranium kusindika. Pia itakuwa na kazi ya usimamizi sahihi taka na kuweka rekodi kwa matumizi ya baadaye.

    Nyaruba Dk ni wasiwasi kwamba wadau baadhi wameachwa nje na kwamba majukumu hakuna wazi kuwa kwa ajili ya wadau.

    Tanzania inahitaji viwango wazi na taratibu za kuchukuliwa katika utekelezaji wa madini ya uranium na pia kuanzisha maabara vibali, aliongeza.
     
  11. Mtanzania1

    Mtanzania1 JF-Expert Member

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    kwani kutojua kiingereza ndiyo ukilaza?? mbona Uingereza na marekani kuna vilaza wengi tu.....na china kuna vipanga wengi sana
     
  12. C

    Curriculum Specialist JF-Expert Member

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    Kaka Uranium ipo Bahi na wako kwenye final feasibility study waanze kuchimba, wananchi wa bahi wanapinga kunyang'anywa mashamba yao ya mpunga, kuna msuguano mkali sana, nimekuwa nikitoa elimu ya juu ya uchimbaji wa madini haya since 2008 hadi leo, hii serikali si sikivu hata kidogo, inatuungiza kwenye janga! Swala la hizi kampuni kuuziana umiliki si mpya kwangu nilizijua toka mwaka 2010/2011 mantra walivyonunuliwa na ARMZ na Uranium One! Kazi ya mantra ilikuwa si kuchimmba ni kufanya paper work tu na kuhakikisha wamepata umiliki mgodi kwani mantra ni kampuni changa sana haijawahi kuchimba uranium mahali popote duniani, inatokea Australia. Hii nchi ni usanii mtupu na inaenda kutugharimu kwa kutuingiza kwenye uchimbaji wa madini ya uranium.
     
  13. C

    Curriculum Specialist JF-Expert Member

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    Nimeambatanisha baadhi ya picha za shughuli za makampuni katika kijiji cha bahi makulu wilaya ya bahi! Fujo zilitokea hapa na watafiti hawa walifanya shughuli zao kwa ulinzi wa jeshi la police!
     

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  14. Zitto

    Zitto MP Kigoma Urban

    #14
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    We have been saying about this. Just last session I proposed in the house this

    No Tax Revenue, No Mining Licence on Uranium – Zitto*Kabwe
    *No Tax Revenue, No Mining Licence on Uranium – Zitto Kabwe

    Leseni (Special Mining Licence) ya kuchimba Uranium (Mkuju River Project) isitolewe mpaka Kodi (capital gains tax) Tshs 290 bilioni ilipwe na Waustralia/Warusi.

    (taarifa ya mbunge Zitto Kabwe Bungeni kama ilivyorekodiwa na Hansard)

    =========

    MHE. KABWE Z. ZITTO:

    Mheshimiwa Naibu Spika, naomba kutoa taarifa kwa mujibu wa Kanuni ya 68 (8). Sikupenda kusimama wakati maswali yanaendelea ili kutokuondoa flow ya maswali, Wakati swali Na. 353 linajibiwa la Mheshimiwa Ali Khamis Seif la Wizara ya Nishati na Madini, pamoja na swali la nyongeza kuhusiana na mradi wa Uranium wa Mkuju River Project, ambapo alitaka kufahamu kwamba Serikali imefaidika namna gani na mabadiliko ya umiliki.

    Mheshimiwa Naibu Spika, nasikitika kwamba swali hilo halikujibiwa inavyopaswa, kwa sababu mwaka jana kampuni ya Mantra Resources ya Australia iliuza mradi huu, kampuni nzima asilimia 100, kwenda kwa kampuni ya Russia ya (ARZM) kwa thamani ya dola za kimarekani milioni mia tisa na themanini (USD980m). Baada ya mauzo hayo, mamlaka ya mapato Tanzania TRA walihitaji walipwe Capital Gains Tax ya asilimia 20, ambayo ni sawa sawa na shilingi milioni mia moja themanini na sita (USD 186m).

    Mheshimiwa Naibu Spika, mpaka sasa pesa hizi hazijalipwa, na Serikali inafanya mazungumzo na kampuni hii, na si kweli kwamba kampuni ya UraniumOne, ni tofauti na hiyo kampuni ya Urusi. Kampuni ya UraniumOne ni sehemu ya Subsidiary ya hiyo kampuni ya Urusi, inamilikiwa na hiyo kampuni ya Urusi. Kwa hiyo palitokea mabadiliko ya ownership katika mradi huu, Serikali inapaswa kuhakikisha kabla Special Mining License haijatolewa kwa ajili ya mradi wa Mkuju River Project wa Uranium, Serikali ipate dola milioni 186 za capital gains ambazo TRA mpaka sasa wanazidai. Tutasikitika sana iwapo Special Mining License itatolewa kabla ya tax compliance. Kwa sababu Tax Compliance ni lazima iwe ni sharti muhimu sana kwa miradi ambayo inaendelea.

    [MHE. KABWE Z. ZITTO]

    Mheshimiwa Naibu Spika, tusiridhike na mafanikio tutakayokuja kuyapata, kwa sababu kwenye dhahabu tuliambiwa hivyo hivyo kwamba tutapata ajira, tutapata mrahaba, tutapata FDI lakini matokeo yake ni kwamba mpaka leo wananchi bado wanalalamika.

    Mheshimiwa Naibu Spika, naomba nitoe rai kwamba special mining licence Waziri wa Nishati na Madini, asiitoe mpaka fedha zetu dola milioni mia moja themanini na sita za capital gains tax ambazo TRA wanawadai hawa watu wa Uranium zimelipwa, vinginevyo Serikali itakuwa imeshindwa kutetea na kulinda rasilimali za nchi yetu inavyotakiwa.

    Mheshimiwa Naibu Spika, nilikuwa naomba kutoa taarifa hiyo na Waziri aweze kuifanyia kazi.

    Mheshimiwa Naibu Spika, nakushukuru sana.
     
  15. a

    alfazulu JF-Expert Member

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    kumbe unafahamu mpo wengi..............Tafakari......chukuwa hatua..............
     
  16. Mlaleo

    Mlaleo JF-Expert Member

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    Hii imeandikwa kwa aina mpya ya kiswahili dah!
     
  17. O

    Odb Member

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    kaka Curriculum specialist nimekubali hakika wewe ni mtafiti hodari we need guys like you who acts on matters mara moja. mimi nilisikia kama usemavyo ya kuwa hawa mabwana walienda Bahi huko Makuru na walipigwa sana na wananchi, nilijiuliza maswali mengi sana iweje wanakijiji wavamie msafara mzima wa wachimbaji kwani hawakuwa na taarifa au vipi sikupata jibu ikabidi angalau niende hadi Bahi ndipo nilipoambiwa kuwa wananchi walikuwa wanajua kuwa majaruba yao ya mpunga ingemezwa na wala wasingelipwa isitoshe hawakupewa taarifa. Eeee Mungu inusuru nchi yetu
     
  18. Man 4 M4C

    Man 4 M4C JF-Expert Member

    #18
    Oct 17, 2012
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    Tumezoea,uranium siyo ya kwanza na siyo ya mwisho labda mabwepande wawekwe pembeni
     
  19. Manyi

    Manyi JF-Expert Member

    #19
    Oct 17, 2012
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    Haya mambo bana, wakisema akina Zitto wanashambuliwa! Ngoja tusubiri kama haijatokea kama ile ya madini!
     
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