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Robert Nesta Marley - later years of his life

Discussion in 'Sports' started by saragossa, Jan 3, 2011.

  1. saragossa

    saragossa JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Jan 3, 2011
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    Later years: Tukumbushane kidogo tu.

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    Marley perforning in at Dalymount Park in the late 1970s


    Illness

    At the start of the European tour, Marley injured his toe playing football. In July 1977, he was found to have acral lentiginous melanoma, a form of malignant melanoma.[33] Despite his illness, he wished to continue touring and was in the process of scheduling a world tour in 1980. The intention was for Inner Circle to be his opening act on the tour but after their lead singer Jacob Miller died in Jamaica in March 1980 after returning from a scouting mission in Brazil this was no longer mentioned.[34] The album Uprising was released in May 1980 (produced by Chris Blackwell), on which Redemption Song is particularly considered to be about Marley coming to terms with his mortality.[35] The band completed a major tour of Europe, where they played their biggest concert, to a hundred thousand people in Milan. After the tour Marley went to America, where he performed two shows at Madison Square Garden as part of the Uprising Tour. Shortly afterwards, his health deteriorated and he became very ill; the cancer had spread throughout his body. The rest of the tour was canceled and Marley sought treatment at the Bavarian clinic of Josef Issels, where he received a controversial type of cancer therapy partly based on avoidance of certain foods, drinks, and other substances. After fighting the cancer without success for eight months, Marley boarded a plane for his home in Jamaica.[36]
    Death and Legacy

    While flying home from Germany to Jamaica, in acceptance that he was going to die, Marley's vital functions worsened. After landing in Miami, Florida, he was taken to hospital for immediate medical attention. He died at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Miami (now University of Miami Hospital) on the morning of 11 May 1981, at the age of 36. The spread of melanoma to his lungs and brain caused his death. His final words to his son Ziggy were "Money can't buy life".[37] Marley received a state funeral in Jamaica on 21 May 1981, which combined elements of Ethiopian Orthodoxy and Rastafari tradition.[38] He was buried in a chapel near his birthplace with his red Gibson Les Paul (some accounts say it was a Fender Stratocaster).[39] A month before his death, on 01981-04-20 April 20, 1981, he had also been awarded the Jamaican Order of Merit.[40] Several months after his death, Jamaica issued a series of postage stamps honouring Bob Marley.[41]
    In 1994, Marley was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame,[2] and in 1999 Time magazine chose Bob Marley & The Wailers' Exodus as the greatest album of the 20th century.[42] In 2001, he was posthumously awarded the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and a feature-length documentary about his life, Rebel Music, won various awards at the Grammys. With contributions from Rita, The Wailers, and Marley's lovers and children, it also tells much of the story in his own words.[43] A statue was inaugurated, next to the national stadium on Arthur Wint Drive in Kingston to commemorate him. In 2006, the State of New York renamed a portion of Church Avenue from Remsen Avenue to East 98th Street in the East Flatbush section of Brooklyn "Bob Marley Boulevard".[44]

    Religion

    Rastafari movement
    [​IMG]
    Main doctrinesJah · Afrocentrism · Ital · Zion · Cannabis useCentral figuresQueen of Sheba · King Solomon · Haile Selassie · Marcus Garvey · Leonard Howell · Jesus · GodKey scripturesBible · Kebra Nagast · The Promise Key · Holy Piby · My Life and Ethiopia's Progress · Royal Parchment Scroll of Black SupremacyBranches and festivalsMansions · United States · Shashamane · Grounation DayNotable individualsBob Marley · Peter Tosh · Walter Rodney · Mutabaruka · Benjamin ZephaniahSee also:Vocabulary · Persecution · Dreadlocks · Reggae · Ethiopian Christianity · Index of Rastafari articles This box: view • talk • edit

    Bob Marley was a member of the Rastafari movement, whose culture was a key element in the development of reggae. Bob Marley became an ardent proponent of Rastafari, taking their music out of the socially deprived areas of Jamaica and onto the international music scene. He once gave the following response, which was typical, to a question put to him during a recorded interview:
    • Interviewer: "Can you tell the people what it means being a Rastafarian?"
    • Bob: "I would say to the people, Be still, and know that His Imperial Majesty, Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is the Almighty. Now, the Bible seh so, Babylon newspaper seh so, and I and I the children seh so. Yunno? So I don't see how much more reveal our people want. Wha' dem want? a white God, well God come black. True true."[45]
    As observant Rastafari practice Ital, a diet that shuns meat, Marley was a vegetarian.[46] According to his biographers, he affiliated with the Twelve Tribes Mansion. He was in the denomination known as "Tribe of Joseph", because he was born in February (each of the twelve sects being composed of members born in a different month). He signified this in his album liner notes, quoting the portion from Genesis that includes Jacob's blessing to his son Joseph. Marley was baptised by the Archbishop of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in Kingston, Jamaica, on 4 November 1980.[47][48]
    Wife and children

    Bob Marley had a number of children: three with his wife Rita, two adopted from Rita's previous relationships, and several others with different women. The Bob Marley official website acknowledges eleven children.
    Those listed on the official site are:
    1. Sharon, born 23 November 1964, to Rita in previous relationship
    2. Cedella born 23 August 1967, to Rita
    3. David "Ziggy", born 17 October 1968, to Rita
    4. Stephen, born 20 April 1972, to Rita
    5. Robert "Robbie", born 16 May 1972, to Pat Williams
    6. Rohan, born 19 May 1972, to Janet Hunt
    7. Karen, born 1973 to Janet Bowen
    8. Stephanie, born 17 August 1974; according to Cedella Booker she was the daughter of Rita and a man called Ital with whom Rita had an affair; nonetheless she was acknowledged as Bob's daughter
    9. Julian, born 4 June 1975, to Lucy Pounder
    10. Ky-Mani, born 26 February 1976, to Anita Belnavis
    11. Damian, born 21 July 1978, to Cindy Breakspeare
    Makeda was born on 30 May 1981, to Yvette Crichton, after Marley's death.[49] lists her as Marley's child, but she is not listed as such on the Bob Marley official website.
    Various websites, for example,[50] also list Imani Carole, born 22 May 1963 to Cheryl Murray; but she does not appear on the official Bob Marley website.[49]
     
  2. O

    Ocho Cinco Member

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    Jan 3, 2011
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    Marley is da man
     
  3. Pearl

    Pearl JF-Expert Member

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    Jan 3, 2011
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    I loved him,I love him and will alwaz do!
     
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