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Profile: Rwanda's President Paul Kagame

Discussion in 'International Forum' started by BAK, Jul 2, 2010.

  1. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

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    Page last updated Friday, 2 July 2010
    By Farouk Chothia
    BBC African Service

    [​IMG]
    Lanky and soft-spoken, Rwanda's President Paul Kagame portrays himself as a modern-day politician who sees social media as championing democracy and development.

    With a website that boasts Twitter, Flickr, podcasts and his own blog, Mr Kagame says the IT revolution has meant there are "few excuses" for political intolerance and poverty.
    Kagame's policy is similar to that of China's - embracing technology but controlling and censoring it

    Ambrose Pierre Reporters Without Borders

    "There is a global awareness of national events - for example, in China and Iran," the 53-year-old Rwandan leader said recently.

    "These moments in history are captured and diffused in remote corners of the world, even as the events unfold."

    His comments are ironic, as international media watchdog Reporters Without Borders identifies him as a "predator" who attacks press freedom.

    "Kagame's policy is similar to that of China's - embracing technology but controlling and censoring it," Reporters Without Borders Africa head Ambrose Pierre told the BBC.

    He says the most recent example of this is Rwanda's decision to block a news website, Umuvugizi, although the authorities deny it.

    "Kagame wants control of the mind. You don't have space to criticise," Mr Pierre says.

    Mr Kagame's thinking, he says, is shaped by the 1994 genocide which killed more than 800,000 Tutsis - the minority ethnic group to which the president belongs - and moderate Hutus.

    "He is convinced that he still has to fight against what happened 16 years ago.

    "But there are different ways of dealing with history; to turn the page and to walk towards tolerance - a good example is South Africa," he says.

    Schooled in conflict

    But Mr Kagame, who received military training in Uganda, Tanzania and the US, is no Nelson Mandela-like figure.

    A refugee in neighbouring Uganda since childhood, he is schooled in conflict.
    He was a founding member of current Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni's rebel army in 1979 and headed its intelligence wing, helping Mr Museveni take power in 1987.

    [​IMG]
    Unlike Nelson Mandela's South Africa, Rwanda did not have a Truth and Reconciliation Commission

    Then he spearheaded the launch of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) rebel movement, which took power in Kigali to end the 1994 genocide.

    Once in government, Mr Kagame, who first served as Rwanda's defence minister and vice-president, backed the rebellion in neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo to overthrow President Mobutu Seso Seko's regime, only to then become embroiled in a new war there that involved six countries.

    "Julius Nyerere [Tanzania's founding president] played an influential role in fashioning his regional outlook, and activist approach to resolving conflicts," says William Wallis, Africa editor of the London-based Financial Times newspaper.
    He is one of America's friendly tyrants, and went into [DR] Congo with its support

    Analyst Nii Akuetteh

    "This led him to [DR] Congo, just as Tanzania invaded Uganda in the 1970s," he says.

    Mr Kagame plays on the "conscience" of Western powers for failing to intervene to end the genocide, Mr Wallis says.

    He also has strong support from the UK and the US, because he has used aid money "more effectively than his African peers", Mr Wallis says.

    Rwanda's leader has also wooed powerful lobby groups in the US, including Christian evangelicals and businessmen, to keep Washington on side.

    "He is extremely cunning," says Mr Wallis.

    Ghanaian analyst Nii Akuetteh, former executive director of Washington-based think-tank Africa Action, says Mr Kagame also has strong ties with the US military.

    "Not only was he trained at American military academies [when a rebel leader], but his son is now enrolled at one of them. Kagame has even addressed the cadets there," Mr Akuetteh says.

    "He is one of America's friendly tyrants, and went into [DR] Congo with its support," he says.

    As peace deals were signed to end the conflict, Mr Kagame increasingly focused on military and economic co-operation with regional countries to secure landlocked Rwanda's future - and, under his leadership, the East African Community signed a common market protocol to boost trade.

    Spy network
    But, as US-based Human Rights Watch researcher on Rwanda Carina Tertsakian says: "This is mostly a trade issue. It benefits all countries.

    "[The Rwandan authorities] still control the movement of people closely, and do not hesitate to try and control what's going on in other countries," she says.

    CRITICS UNDER ATTACK

    • 1995: Journalist Manasse Mugabo disappears in Kigali; not seen again
    • 1996: First post-genocide Interior Minister Seth Sendashonga and businessman Augustin Bugirimfura shot dead in Nairobi
    • 1998: Journalist Emmanuel Munyemanzi disappears from Kigali; body spotted in city but not returned to family
    • 1998: RPF MP and government intelligence chief before the genocide Theoneste Lizinde assassinated in Nairobi
    • 2000: First post-genocide President Pasteur Bizimungu's adviser, Asiel Kabera, shot dead in Kigali
    • 2003: EX-RPF officer and top judge Augustin Cyiza and magistrate Eliezar Runyaruka disappear from Kigali; not seen again
    • 2003: Opposition MP Leonard Hitimana disappears from Kigali; not seen again
    • 2010: Ex-RPF officer Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa shot and wounded in Johannesburg
    • 2010: Journalist Jean-Leonard Rugambage gunned down in Kigali
    • 2010: Reporter Dominique Makeli survives abduction in Kampala
    Mr Kagame's powerful network of spies has also been accused of planning cross-border assassinations and abductions - a charge Kigali strongly denies.

    The most recent incident was last weekend when a group of men broke into the home in Uganda's capital, Kampala, of exiled Rwandan journalist Dominique Makeli.

    He was bundled into a car, before being dumping alongside a road, apparently because they had been spotted.

    "We cannot say with 100% certainty that they were from the Rwandan security services, but they spoke Kinyarwandan," says Mr Pierre.

    This attempted abduction came soon after the killing of another journalist, Jean-Leonard Rugambage, in Rwanda and the attempted assassination of a former military general, Faustin Kayumba Nyamwasa, in South Africa last month.

    Although Kigali vehemently denies involvement, Ms Tertsakian suspects it is part of a long-running pattern of targeted attacks, including the 1998 assassination in Kenya of Rwanda's first post-genocide Minister of Interior Seth Sendashonga and the 2003 disappearance from Rwanda of a respected judge and former military officer, Augustin Cyiza.

    "He has never been found," Ms Tertsakian says.

    The latest attacks come as Mr Kagame - Rwanda's de facto ruler since 1994 - prepares to contest the second presidential elections since the genocide in August.

    [​IMG]

    President Kagame has strong support in the country, and critics are often baffled by the security crackdown.

    Ms Tertsakian says Mr Kagame will win the election easily, even if the main opposition leaders challenge him.

    "Often, the reactions are disproportionate to the threat. It shows an inability to tolerate any level of criticism," she says.

    But one veteran Rwandan observer, who prefers anonymity, told the BBC: "After 16 years of RPF rule, people are asking: Isn't it time for change?

    "Reconciliation between Hutus and Tutsis still hasn't been achieved."
    He is ignoring the root cause of the problem: The tribe. How can anyone say there is no tribe in Rwanda?

    Rwandan observer
    He says Mr Kagame is threatened on several fronts, including by the formation of the Democratic Green Party, which is led by Frank Habineza.

    He comes from Mr Kagame's core support base: The previously exiled Tutsis who are now highly influential in Rwandan society.

    Two other opposition parties, PS-Imberakuri and FDU-Inkingi, have also emerged, with roots in the majority Hutu ethnic group.

    Their respective leaders, Bernard Ntaganda and Victoire Ingabire, have been targeted by police.

    Mr Ntaganda has been detained while Ms Ingabire has been charged with denying the genocide.
    "If there is a free election, people will vote along ethnic lines. Kagame won't win," the observer says.

    For the president, it would signal that his biggest political mission - to end the ethnic divisions that caused the genocide - had failed.
    And probably this fear, more than any other, is driving him to repel threats to his rule.

    "Kagame's biggest mistake has been to say that we are Banyarwana [all Rwandans]," says the Rwandan observer.

    "He is ignoring the root cause of the problem: The tribe. How can anyone say there is no tribe in Rwanda?"

    Mr Wallis says Mr Kagame - who sees Singapore and South Korea as model states - believes the key to reconciliation is continued economic development.

    "He has pursued it with single-minded determination… and deals ruthlessly with his adversaries," he says.
     
  2. K

    Koba JF-Expert Member

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    is this Kagames profile or just an anti-kagame article?
     
  3. Ndahani

    Ndahani JF-Expert Member

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    Haya bwana ngoja tuendelee kuona yanayojiri
     
  4. Abdulhalim

    Abdulhalim JF-Expert Member

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    Kwene thread ya Kagame, Kobe lazima atie timu kusambaza ignorance..Bwe he he he.
     
  5. Obuntu

    Obuntu JF-Expert Member

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    Koba:

    Pamoja na u-pro-Kagame wako: Hakuna jiwe litakalobaki bila kugeuzwa chini-juu juu-chini:

    Kagame ni jambazi kama walivyo Ma-rais wengi wa Afrika: Na siku zake zinahesabika:

    Kumbuka America huwa haina "permanent friends" bali wana "permanent interests":

    It may take much longer for the Eastern Congo to "stabilize" - but once it "will be" - Kagame will fall like "Roman Empire"!
     
  6. Semilong

    Semilong JF-Expert Member

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    kobe

    kagame anadamu nyingi sana za watu sio wa rwanda tu bali hata uganda
    kama kagame hatapelekwa the hague basi hiyo mahakama itakuwa haijafanya kazi yeyote. nina imani kabisa akimaliza urais mabaya yote aliyoyafanya yataonekana.
    kama yuko democratic kwa nini anamkamata Victoire Ingabire??

    kwa nini anakataa kwamba wa hutu hawakuuliwa and only tutsi ndio waliokufa
     
  7. babukijana

    babukijana JF-Expert Member

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    semeni nyinyi mie nikisema watanivamia
     
  8. Bantugbro

    Bantugbro JF-Expert Member

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    Usijali mkuu unajua kuna watu wengine wana-utajiri wa matusi kama makonda!!
     
  9. S

    SuperNgekewa Member

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    Kwa kuwa Kagame yuko madarakani watu wengine wanapenda kuminya ukweli kuwa ndiye aliyeanzisha au kasababisha hayo mauaji ya 1994 kwa kuwaua Marais wa Rwanda na Burundi pamoja kwa kutungua ndege yao. Marais hao wawili walikuwa ni Wahutu na walipouawa tu ndiyo chinja chinja ikaanza. Wafaransa wanao ushahidi wa kutosha kumburuza Mahakamani ndiyo maana anaogopa hivyo kuachia ngazi kwa njia yoyote na anaona maadui kila mahali.
     
  10. K

    Koba JF-Expert Member

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    ...kama hujui kitu bora ukae kimya kuliko kuonyesha uzuzu wako.
     
  11. K

    Koba JF-Expert Member

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    ......another uninformed sorry ass!
     
  12. Bantugbro

    Bantugbro JF-Expert Member

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    Koba,
    Acha ku humiliate wenzako, kwani wewe una ushahidi gani kama huyo Kg wako hakushiriki ktk hii massacre?

    kumbuka nilisha-kuonya kuwa mimi sitaki matusi....:closed_2:
     
  13. K

    Koba JF-Expert Member

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    ..wewe soma hii ndio inakufaa,next ni yule uncle yako

    Kampala, Uganda (CNN) -- A fugitive Rwandan clergyman wanted for his role in the 1994 genocide has been arrested in Uganda, a police spokesman told CNN Friday.
    A 2001 indictment from the U.N.-backed International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda alleges that Jean-Bosco Uwinkindi, now 59, led a group that sought out and killed Tutsis in the genocide. Some 800,000 Rwandans were slaughtered in 100 days, many of them brutally bludgeoned or sliced open with machetes.
    The indictment says that about 2,000 bodies were found near Uwinkindi's church after he fled the country in July 1994.
    Ugandan police spokeswoman Judith Nabakooba said Uwinkindi is being extradited to Arusha, Tanzania, where the tribunal is located.
    Uwinkindi, a Pentecostal pastor with a $5 million reward on his head, was among 11 top genocide suspects at large and was picked up by Ugandan police in the town of Mbarara, Nabakooba said. He had crossed the border into Uganda from neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo, where other genocide suspects are thought to be in hiding.
    Uganda's independent Daily Monitor newspaper reported Friday that Uwinkindi entered the country using the alias Jean Inshitu and was attempting to buy land and settle under that assumed name
     
  14. K

    Koba JF-Expert Member

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    ....wewe inakuhusu nini au unatafuta attention tuu?
     
  15. K

    Koba JF-Expert Member

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    .....EA oyeeeee,wewe na yule ignorant mwezako Kanayaboya mnatakiwa kufungishwa harusi
     
  16. Bantugbro

    Bantugbro JF-Expert Member

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    una-matatizo makubwa sana ktk maisha yako wewe mdogo wangu. Naamini kwamba huko uliko wenyeji wanakuvumilia na kejeli zako saba mara sabini, wakishindwa karibu tena nyumbani! peace...
     
  17. babukijana

    babukijana JF-Expert Member

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    yeye anajua kumwaga mitusi kwelikweli ukimrudishia mitusi anavaa shanga anakimbilia kwa mods kulialia,mabwabwa utawajua tu mambo yao.:A S tongue:
     
  18. babukijana

    babukijana JF-Expert Member

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    A note to Paul Kagame from 1930 Prison

    July 4, 2010 · Leave a Comment

    In the Rwandan prison infrastructure, ‘1930 Prison’ is noticeably one of many places for depriving freedom to supposedly convicted criminals. One of its recent residents was the US lawyer Pr. Peter Carl Erlinder. The prison takes its name from the year it was built. I suppose Paul Kagame knows well about it. What I am not sure is if he personally chooses where to imprison those he finds most worthless or useless of all in order to punish them exemplary. For example I would’ve liked to know if I am detained in this horrendous location because of his grace. At least I would feel I have some importance in his eyes. Hopefully through this note he can recall if he weather sent me here or not.

    I am a seventy year old woman and single mother. Before being thrown in here, I had in my care an elder sibling and five orphans of the Rwandan wars since 1990. My health is not stable because I regularly suffer from high blood pressure. For that reason I was meant to be taking medication periodically when I could afford it. I was arrested and imprisoned after I was sent a ‘Gacaca’ court order calling me to attend a trial. A speedy ‘Gacaca’ court hearing was held within three weeks of receiving the court order. I wasn’t represented by any lawyer. It was decided to get me imprisoned immediately. The sentence is for 30 years of imprisonment. The same number of years you spent in exile. What an irony this can be!

    The reason I am writing this note is to let you know that you have done everything possible, humiliating me, dispossessing me, and dehumanizing me, to destroy my soul, but you haven’t finished me yet. If you had I won’t be writing you. I would say I have been lucky but not unfortunately for long. I am getting weaker every day. I don’t know if you are aware of the thousands of Rwandans who regularly disappear in your prisons. I feel you have put us in slow motion crematoriums that are speedier or slower in taking our lives depending on personal circumstances of each inmate.

    This is selfishly about me, though I imagine there may be thousands of inmates who would also like to tell you something. They have their own selfish reasons for not doing so. As selfish as you too must be when you decide that people like us must be incarcerated for whatever reason. I don’t think you even consider us as humans when you order to get rid off us. Though I presume you go along that line because like anybody else you must be a selfish human.

    I cannot get out of this prison like Pr. Peter Carl Erlinder who was incarcerated here a few weeks ago. As he said he is a white American and a lawyer. He managed to get out as soon as possible because he couldn’t bear the conditions we persistently experience day and night year after year when we manage to survive. Luckily he counted on the fraternity of lawyers around the world and an international movement of supporters to advocate for his innocence and release. I don’t have that. This is the case for thousands of inmates who have been in here for years or others you round up everyday.

    Despite my innocence for alleged crimes of genocide you want me to die here for your own satisfaction. While I was still relatively free, I remember you telling Stephen Sakhur from BBC Hard Talk that you had some right to kill Juvenal Habyarimana, your predecessor. You said, ‘I wasn’t responsible for his security. And he wouldn’t have cared if I had died. I don’t care that it happened to him. I was fighting that government, the government that made me a refugee for those years, for which I had a right to fight about, and the Judge (Jean-Louis Bruguiere) wants to ask me why?’ Frankly I don’t buy into that right to kill. Imagine if all refugees had such right and the means to exercise it. I would fear for you first. I sense that you find pleasure in other people misery, particularly when your hand is involved.

    As Election Day on August 9th nears, I am sure you will claim as in 2003 that, “others are advocating genocide. But you need not be afraid when you elect me on Monday. I will protect you.” Maybe you don’t realize that your protection is killing us, unless our death doesn’t matter as long as you are elected. I feel frankly sorry for my compatriots that you will force to vote you as president unwillingly. As in 2003 for the presidential or 2008 parliamentary elections, like in a comedy show which is repeated several times, there won’t be significant changes in the script. These are detailed acts of the show as prepared for the presentation on Monday 9th August 2010 that I can predict.

    1. On Sunday 8th August, or even before that, in some Rwandan local authorities at their lower levels, electoral staff with government officers will sign electoral cards for citizens under their jurisdiction, to prove they have voted even before election day
    2. In the early hours of Monday 9th the same signatories of election cards will present them to registered citizens for fingerprinting; as one would expect, all the cards will be RPF ones
    3. In other places, they will get citizens to wake up as early as 4.00 am so they can force them to vote RPF before any international monitor comes to observe the process
    4. By 7.00 am voting will have finished in some places; when it should officially start at that time
    5. In other rural areas, loud speakers will be used from 3.00 am calling people to get out and go to vote RPF
    6. This campaign will go on until the previous day of the poll, though legally campaigning will have officially stopped days before
    7. The National Electoral Commission will work hand in hand with RPF as the former is serving RPF political policies
    8. International observers if any will not get permission to monitor the voting
    9. Generally these international observers will be ignorant of the working patterns of RPF; they will feel proud to be neutral advocates of a non-existent opposition, while represented parties are all an RPF coalition and supportive of your re-election for their selfish interests
    10. In some places, members of the coalition other than RPF may complain to their leaders about irregularities, but they will be explained that this was earlier agreed between members of the RPF coalition.
    I would like to know how you will feel when the National Electoral Commission will announce that you won by more than 85% as 99.9% would be unthinkable as if there wasn’t any opposition. Professor Karangwa, the chief executive of the commission, is clever enough to make the results look much plausible despite the scale of fraud and rigging of votes which is being meticulously prepared.
    Few months ago I was told that you claimed that no one could do a military coup against you. I hope you don’t think I am planning one and come after me. I pray strongly that no foolish individual attempts on your life. Otherwise they won’t be different from you. On the other hand, I remember as if it was yesterday what it was like after April 6th, 1994. Despite the inhuman life I have come to be customized to in your prison, I wouldn’t want to see my compatriots experience similar circumstances as when Juvenal Habyarimana was killed. His killer got what he wanted, but at what a human cost.

    Though I am in 1930 Prison, I can still write you this note. You tried to restrict my thinking, but unfortunately I cannot help it. That’s what I am left with to exercise some free will. If the fool I mentioned killed you accidentally, I may also die prematurely, and we would miss this opportunity, which in a sense makes me feel better despite everything else. Hopefully, I will still be around, the day you may become my neighbor inmate, before me being allowed to get out.
     
  19. K

    Koba JF-Expert Member

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    ....fools and losers like you are the ones who can believe that garbage
     
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