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Poverty in Tanzania

Discussion in 'Jamii Photos' started by MaxShimba, Sep 15, 2012.

  1. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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  2. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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    Kisarawe

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  3. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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  4. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

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    Nchi iliyojaliwa utajiri mkubwa lakini baada ya miaka 50 ya uhuru bado kuna Watanzania wanaishi katika maisha ya ufukara wa kutisha kiasi hiki....Sijui usanii wa msanii DHAIFU wa "Maisha bora kwa kila Mtanzania yanawezekana" umeishia wapi.

     
  5. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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  6. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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  7. N

    Nonda JF-Expert Member

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    Umenichekesha sana!!!

    Hizo nyumba za makuti huitwa "kuuenzi utamaduni wa kitanzania" sio umaskini huo. Hapo huhitaji AC na mvua ikinyesha huhitaji kwenda bombani kupata maji. Unayagida kupitia paa linalovujisha.
     
  8. N

    Nonda JF-Expert Member

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    Janjaweed
    Mods wamekula uzi wote unaomhusu balozi wa us libya sio kuifunga. Ilikuwa na jina nini kilisababisha kifo cha balozi libya?
     
  9. M

    Mboko JF-Expert Member

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    Cha ajabu waishio kwa nyumba hizo huwaambia kitu kwa kuwapa KULA CcmMagamba yaani mie sielewi kabisa mijitu inakuwaje mie nilishuhudia watu wanaishi kwenye vijumba vya aina hiyo halafu wakati wa kampein wakapewa mabango wakabandika kwenye vijumba kama hivyo na wakapewa fulana na kilo moja moja ya chumvi na Mbunge aliyekuwa anagombea wa kutoka chama cha Magamba wazee wengine kwa hicho kijiji kilichochoka wakawa wanapewa kila mmoja Tsh 700 ss mie baada ya muda niliwasogelea nikawaambia wazee sasa hapa mpango ndio nini wako aaah mwanagu ni CCM tu nikawapa somo eee bana eeeh walitaka hata kunitoa baru kitaa kile so watu kama wale tuwaache,Jesus akirudi yeye ndio ataweza kuwabadilisha
     
  10. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

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    Poverty in Tanzania

    The level of poverty in Tanzania is high. The definition of poverty is a contentious point, which differs from one country to another. There are also varying degrees of poverty. From a broader perspective, poverty is defined as "the state of being extremely poor"[1][2] and is understood by many to mean the lack of basic necessities such as food, water, shelter, healthcare, and primary education.
    Unicef argues that, whilst Tanzania has made great efforts in meeting its domestic and international targets in the alleviation of child poverty especially in the areas of education and healthcare, child poverty is still an important issue for the country.[3]

    Child poverty


    Slow economic growth is a contributory factor for child poverty in Tanzania.[3] Based on 2007 estimates, more than a third of households "live below the basic needs poverty line" earning less than $1 a day, while 20% of the total population "live below the food poverty line".[3] However, it is the rural communities of Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar who are mostly affected.[3] This disparity in wealth between urban and rural is a key factor for child poverty in the rural areas, with 48% lacking basic needs compared to 10% of their peers in the urban areas.[3]


    Leadership systems at the community-level


    The leadership system in Tanzania starts from ten cells level[4], meaning that, at least in every ten households, there is one democratically elected leader. The hamlet which is led by democratically elected chairperson is composed of 100 households and the village which is led by democratically elected chairperson and employed village executive officer is composed of 3 to 4 hamlets with population ranging from 300 to 500 households. The term for all elected leaders lasts for five years. Accountability is the problem in all these leadership levels as it is also pinpointed by Tim Kelsall, Siri Lange, Simeon Mesaki and Max Mmuya (June, 2005) .


    Good Leadership and governance as prerequisite for development


    Since Tanzania's independence from the British Empire in early 1960s,[5][6] Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere was saying that if we need to develop, we need the following: land, people, good leadership, and good politics.

    Many leaders kept on repeating the same slogan and also incorporated into civics books that are used for teaching in the schools – but in practice, very little is being practiced on the ground. Land and people are given resources, and also it is easier to have good politics – but to have a good leadership is a great challenge at all

    levels,[4] i.e. hamlet, village,, division, district, region, and nation . A leader is guided by laid down regulations, principles, policies to allocate and distribute resources accordingly, but most of them are selfish and incapable to deliver – as a result there are many complaints from community members in many places against their

    leaders from grass-roots to the national levels over their irresponsibility on the resource management. Tanzania like other poor countries such as Uganda, Burundi and Malawi have corrupt systems. According to Anwar Shah and Mark Schacter (2004) , the service delivery survey suggests that "bribes paid to officials in the

    police, courts, tax services, and land offices amounted to 62 percent of official public expenditures in these areas". Anwar Shah and Mark Schacter (2004) further mentioned the key corruption drivers, that include: The legitimacy of the state as the guardian of the “public interest” is contested – whereby public office holders focus on serving particular client groups linked to them by ethnic, geographic, or other ties; The rule of law is

    weakly embedded - public sector corruption thrives where laws apply to some but not to others, and where enforcement of the law is often used as a device for furthering private interests rather than protecting the public interest; Institutions of accountability are ineffective - there are glaring weaknesses in institutions of accountability in highly corrupt countries; The commitment of national leaders to combating corruption is weak - widespread corruption endures in the public sector when national authorities are either unwilling or unable to address it forcefully.


    Endowed resources


    About 90% of Tanzania's population dwells in impoverished rural areas.[7] Resources such as arable land, seasonal rainfall, and people are common to all villages; apart from these, many other villages are endowed with resources, such as minerals,[8] natural forests, rivers, lakes, ocean et cetera. As of 2007 65.7% of people live off of $1.25 or less a day. [9]

    Stable peace in Tanzania


    Stable peace in the country could be an opportunity to utilize the endowed resources for sustainable development. Tanzania has been enjoying stable peace even before independence due to the fact that there

    are more than 120 ethnic tribes;[10] Kiswahili as national language that was reinforced during Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere administration; and abolishment of chiefdoms in the country immediately after independence which existed in every tribe. Despite this precious opportunity of stable peace, the economic condition failed to improve as compared to Rwanda, Mozambique, and Angola which have passed through civil wars for many years, but their economies are picking up.


    Political system in Tanzania


    From 1967 when Arusha Declaration was launched, Tanzania started following Eastern Block political system. Though Tanzania was Non-Aligned country, it was practicing socialism. The country has been operating under

    single-party system since 1965 when opposition parties were abolished. Following the perestroika and fall of communism in USSR during late 1980s, many countries including Tanzania changed not only economic systems but also political systems. Tanzania resumed use of a multi-party system in 1992 and to-date has 20 registered

    political parties. In 1990s, Globalization led many African countries, including Tanzania to change their political systems from single-party system to multiparty system. For twenty years since Tanzania changed to multiparty system, very little or no positive changes in the government accountability has been noticed that would have helped to alleviate poverty at household level.


    Human resource


    During independence in 1961 in Tanzania (the then Tanganyika), there was not even a single university; the country had less than twenty university graduates who schooled from universities in the different countries -

    but now it has more than 20 universities (public and private) pumping more than 15,000 graduates in the labor market annually, leave alone other levels like diploma, certificates and others. The labor market is saturated,

    such that many unemployed elites with their degrees, diplomas and certificates are wandering in the streets. Apart from the fact that some resources are mismanaged and misallocated, there are many untapped

    resources that could absorb the growing number of unemployed people. During Julius K. Nyerere administration, he hesitated to welcome foreign investors to invest in our resources such as mines, but rather

    reserved them for future generation in which he was keen to educate. After Nyerere’s administration, we have been observing many resources (minerals, public industries, arable lands, and others) which could be managed by natives, being cheaply privatized to the foreign investors. Now, those educated people are observers of the foreign investors in the resources which were initially reserved for them by the founder of this nation.

    Financial and technical support from international organizations


    Developed countries together with International Financial Institutions have spent billions of US dollars in capacitating the government systems to bring development for many decades, but instead of poverty being decreased, it is increasing. There have been many internationally funded programs aiming at improving national

    economy since 1980s, such as National Economic Survival Program (NESP), Structural Adjustment Program (SAP), and Economic Recovery Program (ERP), Economic and Social Action Program (ESAP), Rolling Plan and Forward Budget (RPFB). To-date there is a 25 years Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRSP 2001 – 2025) parallel

    with Millennium Development Goals (MDGs – 2000 to 2015); now there is Kilimo Kwanza initiative. Despite the observed initiatives, the economy is still insufficient to provide the impetus for the poverty eradication. The mentality of donor-led project is widespread from national to village level – there are several projects that

    could be accomplished by using locally available resources, for example potable water wells, small irrigation schemes, health structures, school building et cetera, but they have remained unimplemented awaiting for external donor assistance. The well known economic indicators such as GNP and GDP always show that the

    economy is growing, but in actual sense they do not show how wealth is distributed to the majority. Tanzania economy is recorded to improve every year, but more that 80% of its population mostly living in the rural areas are living below poverty line. During early 1990s, International Financial Institutions (including International

    Monetary Fund advised Tanzania to do retrenchment and stop employment even in the key sectors, such as education, health and agriculture as a precondition for financial assistance; as a result the economy paralyzed, and now it has a long walk towards achieving socio-economic improvement.

    General elections


    Political crises in many developing countries, including Tanzania, occur immediately after general election. The worst examples of crises occurred in Kenya after 2008 General Election, and Ivory Coast after 2011 General Election. In Tanzania, after 2010 General Election there aroused conflicts which fortunately did not turn into

    crisis. The conflicts occurred between the ruling party and potential opposition parties, following the complaints from opposition and some activists that the Tanzania National Electoral Commission is allegedly favored the ruling political party. Serious conflicts were observed in Zanzibar (which is part of Tanzania), after after 1995,

    2000, and 2005 general elections in which Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) defeated Civic United Front (CUF). There is a tendency of politicians to spend billions of money (mostly for bribing poor people in exchange for

    votes) during general election period in order to either get or maintain their leadership positions; but on the other hand, very little efforts are put on the poverty alleviation initiatives in the communities. Poverty in Tanzania - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
  11. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

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  12. Mkereketwa_Huyu

    Mkereketwa_Huyu JF-Expert Member

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    Tatizo la hii nchi ni BAD GOVERNANCE. Kikwete kwa kweli hastahili kuwa rais kwa sababu zifuatazo: (i) he is NOT a leader, because leaders lead by examples and if he is then he is a bad leader as almost everybody in the country is lazy to the point of no return. People instead of working for the country, are scattered in the streets during work hours looking for bribes for their benefits. (ii) He has no clue of running a country like ours. (iii) He has bad advisors based on undugunization (iv) He simply closed his eyes on the poor whom he promised a better future for every tanzanian some six years a go. With all of these qualifications, tutafika kweli?
     
  13. kbosho

    kbosho JF-Expert Member

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    ccm ni kchocheo cha umaskin tz
     
  14. Philipo Kidwanga

    Philipo Kidwanga Verified User

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    labda kwa sababu haina sura lakini ingekuwa na sura ccm kingekuwa kitu cha kutisha sana wallah.
     
  15. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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  16. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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  17. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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  18. Daffi

    Daffi JF-Expert Member

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    Inasikitisha sana!Mungu aturehemu
     
  19. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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  20. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

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    Chamazi, Pwani

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