POAC: Viwanda vya korosho vitaifishwe *Send to a friend Monday, 26 March 2012 13:37 0 digg Boniface Meena KAMATI ya Bunge ya Hesabu za Mashirika ya Umma (POAC), imeishauri serikali kutaifisha viwanda vyote vya Korosho nchini vilivyobinafsishwa kwa kuwa vimeshindwa kazi na kukiuka mkataba wa mauzo ulikouwapo awali. POAC ilietoa ushauri huo baada ya kutembelea wakulima wa korosho mkoani Mtwara na Lindi na kupokea taarifa kutoka Bodi ya Korosho ambayo imeonyesha kuwa viwanda 12 ambavyo serikali ilikuwa inavimiliki na kuvibinafsisha hivi sasa vimegeuzwa kuwa maghala. Mwenyekiti wa POAC, Zitto Kabwe ameeleza ni lazima serikali ifanye hivyo kwa kuwa hali* ya wakulima wa Korosho nchini iko taabani kutokana na kubinafsishwa kwa viwanda vya kubangua korosho vilivyokuwa vikimilikiwa na serikali, ambavyo sasa havifanyi kazi. Zitto ambaye pia ni Mbunge wa Kigoma Kaskazini* alishangazwa na hali mbaya ya wakulima wa Korosho na kwamba hali mbaya imesababishwa na kukiukwa kwa mikataba ya mauzo. "Kwa kuwa viwanda vyote vimeshindwa kazi, wamiliki sasa hivi wanyanganywe kwani hali za wakulima wa korosho ni mbaya na hazionyeshi matumaini,"alisema Zitto. Kwa mujibu wa taarifa iliyotolewa na Shirika Hodhi la Mashirika ya Umma(CHC), mbele ya POAC imeonyesha kuwa viwanda vyote vilivyobinafsishwa havifanyi kazi kwa kuwa vingine vimebadilishwa kuwa maghala ya kuhifadhia bidhaa. Taarifa ya Kaimu Mkurugenzi wa CHC, Dome Malosha kwa Mwenyekiti wa POAC, imeonyesha kuwa kati ya viwanda 12 vilivyobinafsishwa ni viwanda viwili tu vinafanya kazi. Katika taarifa yake Malosha ameeleza kuwa viwanda hivyo ambavyo havifanyi kazi ni Mtwara, Newala I, Masasi, Nachingwea, Mtama, Likombe, Lindi, Kibaha na Tanita I na Tanita II. "Viwanda vinavyofanya kazi ni Newala II na Tunduru, lakini vyote vinafanya kazi chini ya uwezo halisi wa kiwanda,"imeeleza taarifa hiyo ya Malosha. Alisema viwanda hivyo viwili vilikuwa vina uwezo wa kubangua korosho tani 10,000 kila kimoja lakini hivi sasa vinabangua tani 2,000 tu. Kutokana na hali hiyo Bodi ya Korosho imeiomba serikali kuchukua maamuzi magumu ya kuvirejesha viwanda vya kubangua Korosho kwenye himaya yake ili kuwanufaisha wakulima wa zao hilo nchini. Kaimu Mkurugenzi Mkuu wa Bodi hiyo, Ayubu Mbawa akizungumza mbele ya kamati ya POAC* alisema hali imekuwa mbaya kotokana na viwanda hivyo kutokufanya kazi hivyo maamuzi magumu yanahitajika. Taarifa ya Mbawa inaeleza sababu ya viwanda hivyo kufanya kazi kwa kiwango cha chini ni kutokana na tatizo la umeme, ukosefu wa maji na uwezo mdogo wa kifedha uliopo kwa wamiliki. Alisema msimu huu zimezalishwa tani 155,000 za Korosho ambazo hazijawahi kazalishwa tangu nchi ipate uhuru, lakini zinashindwa kubanguliwa kwasababu viwanda vilivyopo vinaweza kubangua tani 4,000 tu kwa mwaka mzima.Mbawa alisema nusu ya mavuno ya korosho,* mwaka huu, yamekosa asoko nje ya nchi. "Hivi sasa tuna tani 85,000 zimekwama kwenye maghala kwa kukosa wanunuzi nje na hakuna matumaini ya kupatikana kwa soko tangu kusimama kwa uuzwaji nje ya nchi,"alisema Mbawa. Sh232bn cashew nut industry is left to die *Send to a friend Monday, 26 March 2012 12:08 digg By Bernard Lugongo,The Citizen Reporter Mtwara. Tanzanias erstwhile promising cashew nut industry is in jeopardy due to what is seen as privatisation that has gone awry, The Citizen has been informed. The $145 million (about Sh232 billion at current exchange rate) sector is in limbo because of privatisation that was effected without proper plans to ensure sustainability, says a report by the Mtwara Cashewnut Board of Tanzania (CBT). The CBT is now calling on the government to take a bold move that would entail repossessing the privatised factories if it is to save the cashew nut industry. TCB acting director-general Ayubu Mbawa is pointing says that privatised factories have miserably failed to do deliver. He told the Parliamentary Public Organisations Accounts Committee (POAC) recently that the factories have been turned into warehouses and consequently, the country is losing billions of shillings for lack of market for Tanzanias processed cashew nuts. Other stakeholders also told the committee the warehouse receipt system has failed to be effective due to lack of enthusiasm on the part of the businessmen as well as failure by the relevant government authorities to make timely interventions. As a result, produce worth billions has been rotting in warehouses with no clue as to where the cooperatives will get money to pay the farmers their second and, if possible, third instalments. This is because traders who were expected to purchase the cashew nuts have declined to buy for reasons that, TCB says, are not convincing. Sources told The Citizen that many businessmen were against the warehouse receipt system because it has been introduced as a way of 'empowering' cooperatives while marginalising small and medium businesses involved in cashew nut buying. Mr Mbawa said in one of the meetings with the POAC that most of cashew processing factories stopped operating two years after being privatised, noting that of 12 factories that were operating prior to privatisation, only two continue to function. The factories were established in the 1980s after the government borrowed some $184 million from the World Bank, but some of the factories have been sold for as low as between $30 to 75 million. However, even those two surviving factories are operating below their capacity, for while each was constructed to process 10,000 tonnes nuts per year, they currently process a mere 2,000 tonnes. The report says the reasons for the under performance were lack of electricity, water and low capital. As a result, Tanzanian is forced to sale most of cashew nuts unprocessed in overseas markets. This season, the country harvested over 155,000 tonnes of cashew nuts, while local factories were ready for only 4,000 tonnes. The traders virtual strike against has rendered blow a fatal blow to the industry as more than half of the harvest for this season were still in warehouses. Of the 155,000 tonne yield, the highest ever since independence some 85,000 tonnes are lying in warehouses with no hope of finding a market since dealers are not willing to export. Farmers who have sold the crop were also stranded as there is no assurance they will be paid their second instalments. Mr Mbawa said the privatisation of the cashew processing factories have failed to meet the intended goals, therefore, contributed to the underdevelopment of the crop and farmers. We had expected that after privatisation the factories could improve the sector, but that hasnt happened, he said. He said under the prevailing circumstances, it is hard for the country to dispose of its cashew nut produce as there is only one major market, that is, India. To make mattes worse for this country, India has also become a cashew farming country, which has reduced the latters demand for Tanzanias unprocessed nuts. We, however, always receive orders for ready-to-eat nuts, but we cant deliver since we dont have the necessary capacity to process them, said he said. For his part, the Chairman of the POAC, Mr Zitto Kabwe, wondered why the country was comfortable with exporting raw cashew nuts, which also means exporting employment. He noted that apart from the job losses, exporting raw nuts also denies the country 1,600 litres of oil that is produced in the course of processing ready-to eat tonne of nuts. The failure to sell the nuts have also meant loss to farmers who would only be fully paid after that export of the produce that they delivered to the cooperative unions through the new system of warehouse receipt. Whereas some of them were not paid at all, others still demanding remained 30 per cent of their payment since under this system the farmer is paid in two instalments - 70 per cent when he sells the crop and the remaining 30 per cent after the crop has been sold abroad. Since most farmers were expecting to spend the money from the second instalment for spraying their cashews for the next harvest, those who spoke to The Citizen said they were now stranded. One of them, one Mr Issa Nangwalanya, complained that the death of cashew nut processing industries is spelling economic doom for him and his fellow farmers. Mr Murtaza Mangungu, a member of the POAC, asked the board to seek other external cashew nuts markets besides India through Tanzanian embassies.