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Our Dear JWTZ!!!

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  1. Mdau

    Mdau JF-Expert Member

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    Tanzania People's Defence Force

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    Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2007) (Find sources: Tanzania People's Defence Force – news, books, scholar)
    Tanzania People's Defence Forces
    Jeshi la Wananchi la TanzaniaService branchesLand Forces Command
    Naval Command
    Air Force Command
    Military IntelligenceLeadershipCommander-in-ChiefPres. Jakaya Mrisho KikweteMinister of Defense & National ServiceHussein MwinyiManpowerMilitary age15–49Available for
    military service8,477,193 (2003 est.), age 15–49Fit for
    military service4,911,235 (2003 est.), age 15–49Reaching military
    age annuallyunknownActive personnel27,000ExpendituresBudget$19.68 million (FY02)Percent of GDP0.2% (2005 estimate)[1]
    The Tanzania Peoples’ Defence Force (TPDF) (Swahili: Jeshi la Wananchi wa Tanzania (JWTZ)) was created in September 1964. From its inception, it was ingrained in the troops that they were a people’s force under civilian control. They were always reminded of their difference from the colonial armed forces.[citation needed] The TPDF was given a very clear mission: to defend Tanzania and everything Tanzanian, especially the people and their political ideology. TPDF sailors, pilots and officers are trained in China.
    Tanzanian citizens are able to volunteer for military service from 15 years of age, and 18 years of age for compulsory military service upon graduation from secondary school. Conscript service obligation was 2 years as of 2004.
    Contents

    [hide]
    [edit] Early history

    The formation of the TPDF was a result of the disbandment of the Tanganyika Rifles after a mutiny in 1964. Soldiers of the regiment mutinied on January 1964. The Mutiny began in Colito barracks in Dar es Salaam, then spread to Kalewa barracks in Tabora with Nachingwea, a new barracks, following suit. The mutiny was over pay, promotions, the removal of British officers and Africanisation. Julius Nyerere conceded that the "soldiers had genuine grievances and the demands presented a perfectly reasonable case." However, he could not tolerate a mutiny. The mutiny raised questions about the place of the military in the newly independent Tanganyika — a military under a foreign command and not integrated into the country’s system. In a way, it was a blessing in disguise as the government set out to rectify the situation. After the mutiny, the army was disbanded and fresh recruits were sought within the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) youth wing as a source.
    [edit] Wars fought

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    The neutrality of this section is disputed. Please see the discussion on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved. (February 2008)
    File:Kikwete-swearingin2.jpg JWTZ Honour Guard


    The TPDF was one of the front line National Armies during the struggle to liberate Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Uganda.[citation needed] TPDF officers also trained African National Congress fighters in Morogoro. TPDF officers also participated in the training of the new Democratic Republic of Congo army, but were later withdrawn because of the war in the Congo.
    The most significant TPDF involvement in the Uganda-Tanzania War following a Ugandan invasion of Kagera in 1978. Idi Amin with the help of Libya, accused Julius Nyerere of being at the root of his troubles and of waging war against Uganda. Amin invaded Tanzanian territory on 1 November 1978 and annexed Kagera. Julius Nyerere told the nation that Tanzania had the reason to fight Amin, was intent on fighting Amin and had the ability to defeat him. The war effort was not for the army alone on 22 November 1978, but for the entire population, the nation understood him and the reaction was predictable. In April 1979, Tanzania took Kampala and Amin fled the country to Libya and eventually ending up in Saudi Arabia after falling out of favour with Muammar al-Gaddafi. Unlike Amin’s soldiers, the TPDF had a relaxed relationship with the locals and at times went out of their way to assist them.
    [edit] Officer Corps

    The TPDF employs a delibarate policy of drawing its officers from various regions of the country. This policy has ensured a development of a national force that has tended to promote stability.
    [edit] Land Forces Command

    The Land Forces Command consists of:[citation needed]
    • 8 infantry brigades
    • 2 divisional headquarters
    • 1 tank battalion
    • 2 field artillery battalions
    • 2 AA artillery battalions
    • 1 SAM battalion
    • 2 anti-tank battalions
    • 2 signal battalions.
    [edit] Equipment

    Vehicles
    In 1989-90 Tanzania added 30 T-62 Soviet made tanks, 80 85 mm Chinese made artillery, 20 122 mm Chinese made howitzers. This added to an existing 40 76 mm howitzer, 40 85 mm guns, 200 122 mm howitzer and 50 130 mm guns. The following below are tanks currently in use by the Tanzanian Forces:
    Howitzers, Artillery and Anti-Aircraft
    There is only one howitzer currently in service for the TPDF.
    • Chinese 85mm Artillery (80 in service)
    • Chinese 122mm howitzers ( 20 in service)
    • Russian D-30 122 mm guns (240 in service)
    • Russian BM-21 rocket launchers (50 in service, AA)
    • 350 mortars
    • 350 Anti-Aircraft (AA) Guns
    • 61 SAMs ( 20 Soviet SA-3 launchers, 20 Soviet SA-6 launchers and SA-7s)[citation needed]
    Small arms
    [edit] Naval Command

    The navy operates 7 fast attack craft and 12 patrol boats.
    [edit] Air Force Command

    A few of the Tanzanian air wing's transport remain serviceable. However, its Shenyang F-5s, and Chengdu F-7s are reported to rarely fly because of airworthiness problems[2]. Tanzania's long coastline means that transports are also used for patrol flights.
    In Tanzania, early 1980s; Contrary to what is usually reported, Tanzania never purchased any J-7Is from China. Instead, the Jeshi La Wananchi La Tanzania (Tanzanian People's Defence Force Air Wing, TPDF/AW) was given 14 MiG-21MFs and two MiG-21Us by the USSR in 1974. Many of these were lost in different accidents due to the poor training, and two were said to have been lost when their pilots defected. Nevertheless, the few surviving examples took part in the war against Uganda, in 1978-1979, when they saw much action, even if one was shot down in a case of fratricide fire (it was lost to SA-7s fired by Tanzanian troops). The Tanzanian Army captured seven MiG-21MFs and one MiG-21U trainer from the Ugandan Air Force, as well as a considerable amount of spare parts. All of these were flown out to Mwanza AB, to enter service with the TPDF/AW. In 1998, Tanzania purchased four additional MiG-21MFs from the Ukraine, but these were reportedly in a very poor shape, and not used very often. Meanwhile, in 1980, an order for 10 F-7Bs and two TF-7s was issued to China, and in 1997 also two F-7Ns were purchased from Iran, together with four ex-Iraqi Air Force transports of an unknown type. Today, no Russian-supplied MiG-21s remain in service with the TPDF/AW, and only three or four F-7s remain operational. The TPDF/AW MiG-21MFs are now confirmed to have carried serials - in black or green - underneath the cockpit, but no details about these are known.
    Another source puts the figures at; Planes and helicopters: 3 J-5 (MiG-17), 11 J-7 (MiG-21), 3 DHC-5D, Y-5, 2 Y-12, 3 HS-748, 2 F.28, HS-125-700, 5 Cessna 310, 2 Cessna 404, Cessna 206, 2 MiG-15UTI, 5 PA-28, 4 AB-205, 6 Bell 206B.
    The Air Force currently operates[2]:
    Combat Aircraft:
    Transport:
    Combat Helicopter:
    Training Aircraft:
    TPDF operates four air bases at Dar es Salaam, Morogoro, Tabora and Zanzibar.[citation needed]
    Police Helicopter:
    [edit] Current High Command

    [citation needed]
    • Commander in Chief: President Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete
    • Chief of Defence Forces (CDF): General Davis Mwamunyange
    • Chief of General Staff: Lt. General Abdulrahman Amir Shimbo
    • Commander of Land Forces Maj Gen Wilcjones Kisamba
    • Acting Chief of National Service: Maj Gen SN Kitundu
    • Commander of Air Force Command: Maj Gen Ulomi
    • Commander of the Naval Command: Rear Admiral (Maj Gen) SS Omar.
    [edit] Former Generals and high-ranking officers

    [edit] Former CDF's

    [edit] Chiefs of Staff

    [edit] See also

    [edit] References

    [edit] External links

    SOURCE:Tanzania People's Defence Force - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
     
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