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Norway’s petroleum boss gives tips to TZ

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Zitto, Sep 21, 2012.

  1. Zitto

    Zitto MP Kigoma Urban

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    Sep 21, 2012
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    [TD="class: contentheading, width: 100%"]Norway’s petroleum boss gives tips to TZ [/TD]
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    [TD="class: createdate"] Friday, 21 September 2012 07:49 [/TD]
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    By Alawi Masare
    The Citizen Reporter
    Dar es Salaam. Tanzania should start planning now on how it would benefit from its petroleum resources by putting in place strategies that would be applicable for the next 50 years, a Norwegian expert has advised.

    The founder and first chief executive of the Norwegian oil and gas company – Statoil – Mr Arve Johnsen, urged the country to take necessary steps right away instead of waiting until production of oil and gas is in full swing.
    Sharing the experience of Norway – one of the most successful countries in petroleum industry – Mr Johnsen said Tanzania should immediately embark on building its people’s capacity.

    There is also a need for mechanisms to enable the State to participate in the petroleum industry either directly or indirectly by way of concession.

    In Norway for instance, state participation in petroleum operations was reorganised in 1985 where Statoil’s interest in many licences was split into two components, one linked to the company’s commercial participation and the other becoming part of the state’s direct financial interest (SDFI) in petroleum operations.

    That arrangement means that the state itself funds the exploration expenses, investment and operating costs falling to the SDFI, and receives a share of revenues that corresponds to its interest in each production licence.
    Underscoring the essence of early preparations, Mr Johnsen said:

    “In Norway for example, it took us 20 years from discovery to the start of gas production. You need to start preparing human resources and plan gas transportation pipelines for the 50 years to come,” he said.
    Mr Johnsen also advised the country to form a state-owned petroleum company under the ministry of Energy and Minerals that would supervise gas and oil drilling and transportation. The company, according to him, would comprise petroleum experts and related fields that would not necessarily be part of the ministry.
    The envoy was invited by the ministry of Energy and Minerals to share experience of Norway in the area of oil and gas exploration ahead of the release of Tanzania’s policy draft for public hearing.

    “We want to share experience with him as a person with enough experience from a gas economy country so that we can learn from them,” said the deputy minister for Energy and Minerals, Mr Stephen Masele, yesterday.
    Tanzania has so far discovered 33 trillion cubic feet (tcf) of gas both onshore and offshore, 9 tcf of which were discovered by Statoil, an international energy company operating in 37 countries including Tanzania. The firm, formed in 1972, boasts 40 years of experience in oil and gas production on the Norwegian continental shelf.

    After the discovery of big oil and gas fields in 1970s, Norwegian authorities moved to ensure the country would have control over its rich offshore resources and established the state company, Statoil, with Mr Johnsen as its CEO.
    Also established in 1972, the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate was placed along with Statoil in Stavanger – making that city Norway’s “oil capital.”

    The country’s parliament adopted the “10 Oil Commandments,” -- a set of principles for oil policy which specified that oil operations in the Norwegian Continental Shelf (NCS) should be conducted under government control.
    Thereafter, the Norwegian oil companies proved good at learning from abroad and quickly became among the best in the world for pursuing offshore operations.

    Mr Johnsen who professionally is an economist and a lawyer happened to be the state secretary to the minister for industry and he was the only employee when Statoil was established in 1972.
    “One of the biggest challenges Statoil faced was getting the relevant persons to be employed and the risk of loans from banks,” said Mr Johnsen.

    The government of Norway controls key areas such as the vital petroleum sector, through extensive regulation and large-scale state-majority-owned enterprises.

    The country’s economy is among others, dependent on the petroleum sector, which accounts for the largest portion of export revenue and about 20 per cent of government revenue.

    Norway is the world’s second-largest gas exporter; and seventh largest oil exporter, making one of its largest offshore oil finds in 2011. The country opted to stay out of the European Union during a referendum in November 1994; nonetheless, as a member of the European Economic Area, it contributes sizeably to the EU budget.

    In anticipation of eventual declines in oil and gas production, Norway saved state revenue from the petroleum sector in the world’s second largest sovereign wealth fund, valued at over $500 billion in 2011 and uses the fund’s return to help finance public expenses.

    Katika mjadala wetu hapa tumesema hivi

    'Secondis the reforms of the Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (TPDC). As itstands TPDC is now a regulator of upstream (although some argue it is theCommissioner for Energy) and a participant to the ventures with the freecarried interest. It is highly suggested that a National Oil and Gas Company(Petroleum Corporation of Tanzania – PETROTAN) be established and activelyparticipate in the sector as an investor with huge stakes. It must behighlighted here that PetroBras, Petronas and StatOil are state companies intheir own countries'

    Nukuu hii inatoka makala ya mwaka jana.

    Lakini mzungu kasema. Mzungu kutoka Norway watamsikiliza. Japo kasema jambo ambalo limesemwa kitambo na Watanzania.



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  2. Radhia Sweety

    Radhia Sweety JF-Expert Member

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    Wazungu ndiyo mpango mzima.
     
  3. Ngoromiko

    Ngoromiko JF-Expert Member

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    This is a good approach by our govt towards oil and gas economy.

    Pamoja na nia njema ya serikali, wamiliki wa Viwanda vya Uongo watakuja na mtazamo hasi.
     
  4. Radhia Sweety

    Radhia Sweety JF-Expert Member

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    ''Good approach by the gvt'' iko wapi hapo na wewe? Huo juu ni ushauri tu umetolewa na huyo Mnorway kwa serikali ya Tz ili ipate faida kwenye mradi wake wa gesi. Kama hamuelewi kilichoandikwa muwe mnaomba msaada wa tafsiri.
     
  5. omujubi

    omujubi JF-Expert Member

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    hapo kwenye nia njema daima pananitatiza, matatizo yote tunayopitia sasa yanaonyesha wazi kuwa walioyasababisha sio kwamba ilikuwa bahati mbaya bali walijua consequence zake lakini tamaa na unafiki vilikaa mbele ...na hao ndio wanaoiunda serikali unayosema ina nia njema, ni kweli uko serious!?
    Nimeisoma hiyo habari na huyo expert anashauri kuwepo na mipango ya muda mrefu angalau miaka 50 lakini siogopi kukuhakikishia kuwa 'experts' wengi tulio nao wengi forecast zao hazipiti hata miaka 10. Mfano angali Ujenzi wa Morogoro Road, inayobomolewa haijakaa hata miaka 15!!! Angalia ujenzi wa maghorofa Kariakoo na drainage system, Angalia barabara ya Singida -Sherui, na mengine unayoyajua.
    Kuna thread moja hapa na Mh. Zitto kaweka hili badiko ambalo kusema kweli limenikatisha tamaa. Maana anaongelea mtu ambaye ana elimu ya juu kabisa na expert ambaye baada ya matatizo yooooooote, yeye kaja "kuokoa jahazi"!
     
  6. F

    FJM JF-Expert Member

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    Zitto, natambua jukumu la ku-shape hii sector muhimu sana ya nishati ni la watanzania wote. Hata hivyo, kwa nyie mlioko mstari wa mbele, mstari ambao unagusa vitabu vya mabadiliko kwa maana ya sheria, ningesharau (kwa haraka) mfanye hivi:

    CCM had thier moment, sasa hebu tuone upande wa pili. CHADEMA (kama chama) tayarisheni muswada wa kukarabati hii sector ya madini na muupeleke bungeni. Tunajua ma-lobbysts wanafanya kazi ya kuungamiza hii nchi lakini wabunge wote lazima sasa wawekwe under the spotlight. Andaeni utaratibu wa kuweka kumbukumbu sawa za kila mbunge atakeyeunga mkono au kukataa kubarabati hii sekta.Ni lazima tujue sasa ni nani anajali maslahi ya umma, kwa vitendo.
     
  7. BONGOLALA

    BONGOLALA JF-Expert Member

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    tanzania kwa mipango hodari utekelezaji tatizo!tunaomba kujua mradi wa CRDB mabus ya wanafunzi umefia wapi?
     
  8. A

    Ame JF-Expert Member

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    Na mpongeza Mh. Masele kwa diplomacy katika statements zake....Nirudie tena wazungu wana mtreat mtu jinsi atakavyo appear kwao..Si wabaguzi ama wabaya kiasi tunachodhani....Napia wako very honest na wamekuzwa katika hiyo culture and so is part and parcel ya watu wote wastaarabu katika nchi zao ambao pia kwa sababu ya mifumo yao thabiti ndiyo wanaopata uongozi wa juu...Sisemi kwamba kwao hakuna pia watu wabaya wako kibao nao pia wanahangaika nao kwa jinsi yao kama sisi tunavyo hangaika na mafisadi wetu...

    Let us be wastaarabu na kufanya kazi under win win situation...

    Norway trained me kama waliweza kunipa elimu yao bure bila reservation kwa faida ya Taifa langu kwanini niwachukie? And so to other countries in the world where I enjoyed tapping knowledge and experience of most profound scholars!
     
  9. m

    mokti Member

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    Nakubali ushauri wa Mtaalamu huyu Kutoka Norway ni mzuri sana. Hii inanikumbusha pia Professor mmoja (Collier) kutoka Uingereza ambaye alitoa Mhadhara mwaka huu pale Kempinski kuhusu Resource plunder. Mapendekezo yake yalikuwa mazuri sana lakini sina hakika yametiliwa maanani kiasi gani. Changamoto kwetu ni kuthubutu na kuchukua hatua ya kwanza kutekelez\a yale ya msingi kama vile kuanzisha mfuko maalum wa mafuta (Petroleum Fund) na kuuendeleza kwa njia ambayo ni bayana na ufanisi kwa ajili yetu na vizazi vijavyo. Nafasi nzuri sana tuliyonayo hivi sasa ni kuliingiza suala hili katika katiba Mpya.
     
  10. The Boss

    The Boss JF-Expert Member

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  11. Maundumula

    Maundumula JF-Expert Member

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    Good approach akimaanisha hiyo ya kutafuta maoni kabla kuingia kichwa kichwa kwenye gas.
     
  12. A

    Ame JF-Expert Member

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    Nauliza tu...Mgonjwa akiumwa anapewa uji na mapocho pocho ili anenepe ama huwa anapewa dawa na wakati mwingine hayo mapocho pocho kama yatazuia absorption ya dawa yanaondolewa katika diet yake?

    Pampja na juhudi za Mh. Zitto..agenda kuu ni kuing'oa hii serikali ya CCM iliyo tu felisha kwa muda wa miaka 50 kwasababu ya mfumo na sera zake mbaya (tiba). tukisha tibu ndiyo tutaandaa mapochopocho ya mgonjwa ili arejee afya yake na kunawiri....(ku badili sera na kuziweka sawa)
     
  13. Kiranga

    Kiranga JF-Expert Member

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    Burlesque imepata fuel...

    Sasa mnajua kwa nini Zitto kaja na thread zake jana.

    Burlesque lina "crystal ball" kupita waungwana wa Bagamoyo!
     
  14. The Boss

    The Boss JF-Expert Member

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    Naubiri kusikia 'the next Norwegian issue' now
    Now Zitto anazungumzia Lindi iwe Sri lanka
    What about Kigoma kuwa Norway?
    au is Norway too high even in comparison?
    Since they seems to be 'Our new Uncles'?
     
  15. Mwita Maranya

    Mwita Maranya JF-Expert Member

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    Huyu mtaalamu wa kinorway nadhani anapoteza muda wake bure kuishauri serikali ya ccm isiyoshaurika katika mambo muhimu yenye tija kwa nchi hasa katika sekta ya madini. Ushauri wangu kwa kamanda Zitto ni kama alivyoshauri mwanaJF mwenzangu FJM kwamba sasa tunataka kuona watunga sheria (wabunge) mnachukua hatua za makusudi kuandaa muswada makini unaozingatia maslahi mapana ya nchi katika rasilimali hii ya mafuta na gesi na kuuwasilisha bungeni tupate sheria itakayolinda maslahi ya nchi katika mikataba yote ya uchimabji mafuta ba gesi.

    Vinginevyo itakuwa ni suala la kupoyteza muda kuipigia kelele serikali isiyosikia na haina nia ya kusikia.
     
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  16. Narubongo

    Narubongo JF-Expert Member

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    hapana, kuna gazeti la kiingereza lilikuja wiki kama 2 zilizopita na majibizano ya kusitisha ugawaji wa vitalu kati ya zitto na muhongo, sasa leo ndio nimeconnect dots zote.. leo najitoa rasmi kwenye mijadala ya gas & oil
     
  17. Manyi

    Manyi JF-Expert Member

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    "The government of Norway controls key areas such as the vital petroleum sector, through extensive regulation and large-scale state-majority-owned enterprises"

    Kwa hili hapa pia, lazima tufanye kitu! Si kusubiri ka-jimgawo!
     
  18. zumbemkuu

    zumbemkuu JF Bronze Member

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    hhahahahahaahahaha! sijapata kuona mwanasiasa mwenye vitendawili kama zitto, watanzania tuna mengi ya kusikia na kuona toka kwa wanasiasa wetu, 2015 si mbali sana.
     
  19. A

    Ame JF-Expert Member

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    Mwitamaranya nimekusoma vizuri ama? Hivi kweli katika mfumo huu sera inasaidia nini? Sera yoyote nzuri lazima inakuwa operationalized kwenye good legal framework. Vitu basic kama human survival vinashindwa kuwa enforced ndiyo utegemee miracle kwenye mfumo wa serikali ya CCM..You people whats wrong with you?

    Jibu kubwa la problem zetu kwa sasa ni M4C through peoples power ili i-up-root and destroy the whole system ili tupate kujenga upya....

    Hizi nyinge zote ni geresha tu za watu kutafuta mlango wa kuingia na kutokea ama kuendeleza statusquo zao! Uliona wapi mtu anakata tawi alilokalia?
     
  20. Ndahani

    Ndahani JF-Expert Member

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    Kuna mtu anataka kuweka mambo yanayozuia ulaji ndani ya wizara au serikali zaidi ya watu binafsi kuwa sehemu ya mapato ya hizo deal za gas na oil?
     
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