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'No, we can't ' - is that what our 'Modern' Economists are advising?

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Companero, Sep 20, 2009.

  1. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

    #1
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    "It's time we had Chinese and Indians in our Ministries to serve as economic advisors...relying on our traditional advisors from the West (IMF and World Bank), whose policies have brought us where we have reached, will not help us" - A Professor from the Economic Research Bureau (ERB) at the University of Dar-es-Salaam (UDSM) as interviewed and quoted in The Sunday Citizen (20 September 2009) advising Tanzania to 'take a leaf from the books of the Asian counterparts on how to manage modern economies."
     
  2. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

    #2
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  3. Nyani Ngabu

    Nyani Ngabu Platinum Member

    #3
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    Wangekuwa wanaweza wangekuwa washatoa ushauri tokea zama za kale na matunda ya ushauri wao yangekuwa yanaonekana. Kwa hiyo kwa kifupi ni kwamba hawawezi na kama wakijaribu kutoa ushauri basi ushauri huo ni pumba na hauna manufaa yoyote yale.
     
  4. p

    p53 JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Sep 20, 2009
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    siyo kwamba hata wakitoa ushauri hauwezi kuzingatiwa na wanasiasa wa kibongo?
     
  5. Nyani Ngabu

    Nyani Ngabu Platinum Member

    #5
    Sep 21, 2009
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    Wanasiasa wa bongo na wachumi wa bongo hawana tofauti! Ni watu wa longolongo nyingi na kuiga iga hovyo hovyo! Wachumi wa bongo hawana originality ya mawazo.
     
  6. p

    p53 JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Sep 21, 2009
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    Hahaha...wacha Lipumba akusikie kwanza!!
    Pinda mwenzako keshaanza kulilia mawazo ya wataalam,kalagabahoo
     
  7. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

    #7
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    Hata huyu?

    Benno Ndulu
    [​IMG]




    Professor Benno Ndulu [was then] currently serves as a Lead Sector Specialist with the Macroeconomic Division of the World Bank for Eastern Africa from the Tanzania Country Office [now he is the Governor of BOT]. He is best known for his involvement in setting up and developing one of the most effective research and training networks in Africa, the African Economic Research Consortium.

    He served first as its Research director and later as its Executive Director. He received a honorary doctorate from the ISS in the Hague in recognition of his contributions to Capacity Building and Research on Africa in 1997. Following his Ph.D. degree in economics from Northwestern University in Evanston, he taught economics and published widely on growth, adjustment, governance and trade.



    Bibliography
    Books
    The political economy of economic growth in Africa : 1960-2000 : vol. 2 : country case studies / ed. by Benno J. Ndulu ... [et al.] / B.J. NDULU. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2008

    The political economy of economic growth in Africa : 1960-2000 : vol. 1 / ed. by Benno J. Ndulu ... [et al.] / B.J. NDULU. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2008

    Economic development in subsaharan Africa : proceedings of the Eleventh World Congress of the International Economic Association, Tunis, Benno J Ndulu; Ibrahim A Elbadawi; International Economic Association. Palgrave, 2001

    Regional integration and trade liberalization in subsaharan Africa. Volume 4, Synthesis and review, T Ademola Oyejide; Benno Ndulu; David Greenaway, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Macmillan, 1999

    Regional integration and trade liberalization in subsaharan Africa. Volume 2, Country case-studies, T Ademola Oyejide; Benno Ndulu; Jan Willem Gunning, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Macmillan, 1999

    New directions in development economics : growth, environmental concerns, and government in the 1990s / ed. by Mats Lundahl and Benno J. Ndulu / M. LUNDAHL B.J. NDULU;. - London : Routledge, 1996

    Agenda for Africa's economic renewal, Ndulu, Benno / Transaction Publishers / 1996

    New Directions in development economics : growth, environmental concerns, and government in the 1990s, Mats Lundahl; B J Ndulu, London and New York : Routledge, 1996

    Crisis and response in Tanzania, Brian Van Arkadie; B J Ndulu, [Mona, Jamaica] : Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of the West Indies ; [Geneva] : United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1989

    Market-related incentives and food production in Tanzania : theory and experience, Mats Lundahl; Benno J Ndulu, Stockholm, 1987
    Tanzania / Benno Ndulu / B. NDULU. - Helsinki : World Institute for Development Economics Research of the UN University (UNU/WIDER), 1987

    Investment, output growth and capacity utilization in an African economy : the case of manufacturing sector in Tanzania, Ndulu, B.J. / In: Eastern Africa Econ. Rev. / 1986

    Investment patterns and impacts in the post-Arusha Tanzania : 1970-1980, Ndulu, B.J. / In: Readings of economic policy of Tanzania / ed. by L.A. Msambichaka and S. Chandrasekhar / 1984

    Unequal regional distribution of economic opportunities in Tanzania and affirmative policy efforts towards equalization, Ndulu, B.J. / Economic Research Bureau, University of Dar es Salaam / 1982

    The role of transportation in agricultural production decisions : theory and empirical evidence in the case of Tanzania, Ndulu, B.J. / University of Dar es Salaam etc. / 1980

    The impact of inter-regional transport subsidy policy on commercial supply of food grains in Tanzania : the case of paddy and maize, Ndulu, B. / University of Dar es Salaam, Economic Reasearch Bureau / 1980

    An evaluation of Ujaama villages in the Rufiji area 1968-1972, Angwazi, J.; Ndulu, B. / In: Council for the social sciences in East Africa; annual social science conference, vol. 1 / 1973

    Agenda for Africa's economic renewal / [ed. by] Benno Ndulu, Nicolas Van de Walle and contrs.: Simon Appleton ... [et al.] / B. NDULU N. VAN DE WALLE;. - New Brunswick, NJ

    - Back to top

    Articles
    RAMPING UP AFRICAN GROWTH : LESSONS FROM FIVE DECADES OF GROWTH EXPERIENCE, Ndulu, Bennoj / In: Economic affairs; vol. 26 (2006), issue 4, page 5-11 (7) / 2006

    Infrastructure, Regional Integration and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Dealing with the Disadvantages of Geography and Sovereign Fragmentation,B.Ndulu, JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES, 15, SUPP/2 (2006): 212-244

    RAMPING UP AFRICAN GROWTH: LESSONS FROM FIVE DECADES OF GROWTH EXPERIENCE:B J Ndulu, ECONOMIC AFFAIRS -HARLOW THEN LONDON- 26, no. 4, (2006): 5-11

    Infrastructure, Regional Integration and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: Dealing with the disadvantages of Geography and Sovereign Fragmentation, JOURNAL OF AFRICAN ECONOMIES, 15, no. 2, SUPP (2006): 212-244

    REVIEW ESSAYS THE COSTS AND BENEFITS OF ECONOMIC INTEGRATION Regional Integration and Trade Liberalization in Sub Saharan Africa Vol 4 Synthesis and Review, Oyejide, Ademola; Ndulu, Benno; Greenaway, David; Weaver, J.E. / In: African studies review; vol. 44 (2001), issue 2, page 211-214 (4) / 2001

    BOOK REVIEWS Regional Integration and Trade Liberalization in SubSaharan Africa Volume 4 Synthesis and Review, Oyejide, Ademola; Ndulu, Benno; Greenaway, David; Alence, Rod / In: The economic journal; vol. 111 (2001), issue 472, page 546-547 (2) / 2001

    Features - "Correction: Governance and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa", Ndulu, Benno J.; O'Connell, Stephen A. / In: The journal of economic perspectives; vol. 14 (2000), issue 3, page 241-242 (2) / 2000

    "Correction: Governance and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa",B J Ndulu; S A O Connell, JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES, 14, Part 3 (2000): 241-242

    Symposium - "Governance and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa", Ndulu, Benno J.; O'Connell, Stephen A. / In: The journal of economic perspectives; vol. 13 (1999), issue 3, page 41-66 (26) / 1999

    Book Reviews - New Directions in Development Economics. Growth, Environmental Concerns, and Government in the 1990s, Lundahl, Mats; Ndulu, Benno J.; Bhalla, A.S. / In: Development and change; vol. 30 (1999), issue 2, page 389-390 (2) / 1999

    Governance and Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, B J Ndulu; S A O'Connell, JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES, 13, no. 3, (1999): 41-66

    Benno Ndulu, Nicolas van de Walle, and contributors, Agenda for Africa's Economic Renewal,D K Leonard; E Posner, POLITICAL SCIENCE QUARTERLY -NEW YORK- 112, no. 4, (Winter 1998): 710-711

    From Stabilization to Sustained Growth in Africa, B J Ndulu, INTERNATIONALE POLITIK UND GESELLSCHAFT, no. 1, (1998): 39-51
    Agenda for Africa's Economic Renewal, Ndulu, Benno; Walle, Nicolas van de; Lundahl, Mats / In: The journal of development studies; vol. 34 (1997), issue 2, page 174-175 (2) / 1997

    Editorial: Capacity for Economic Research and the Changing Policy Environment in Africa, Ndulu, B.J. / In: World development; vol. 25 (1997), issue 5, page 627-630 (4) / 1997

    Agenda for Africa's Economic Renewal., Chege, Michael; Ndulu, Benno; Walle, Nicolas van de / In: The Times literary supplement; (1997), issue 4892, page 14 / 1997

    Liberalisation and Seigniorage Revenue in Kenya, Ghana and Tanzania, Adam, Christopher; Ndulu, Benno; Sowa, Nii Kwaku / In: The journal of development studies; vol. 32 (1996), issue 4, page 531-553 (23) / 1996

    Liberalisation and seigniorage revenue in Kenya, Ghana and Tanzania,Christopher S Adam; Benno Ndulu; Nii Kwaku Sowa, Journal of development studies. 32(4) Apr. 1996 : 531-553

    Comment - Directed Credit Programs for Agriculture and Industry: Arguments from Theory and Fact, Ndulu, Benno J. / In: The World Bank economic review; (1993), page 143-146 (4) / 1993
    - Back to top

    This page has been composed by ISS Library staff using multiple sources, with many thanks to its authors. Should a visitor to our site believe that the information provided is inaccurate or incomplete or we wrongly make use of a work whose copyright does not belong to ISS we urgently request the visitor to contact us.
     
  8. Ndjabu Da Dude

    Ndjabu Da Dude JF-Expert Member

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    Sep 21, 2009
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    Sababu iko wazi: Wazungu lazima wadai kuweka Wataalam wao wa Uchumi sababu wao ndiyo wanaipiga jeki bajeti ya serikali kwa asilimia zaidi ya 40 kila mwaka tokea serikali ilipokubali misaada na ushauri wa IMF, World Bank, EU, nk.

    Hawa wasomi wote wanategemea pesa hizohizo za misaada kuendeleza shughuli zao.

    Wachina na Wahindi hawako Tanzania kutoa misaada, bali kufanya biashara na kuchota pesa na maliasili ya Tanzania kadiri ya uwezo wao.
     
  9. Kichuguu

    Kichuguu Platinum Member

    #9
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    Umaskini wa akili ni mbaya kuliko ufukara wa mali; Tanzania tuna vyote- ufukara wa mali na umaskini wa akili.
     
  10. Zakumi

    Zakumi JF-Expert Member

    #10
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    Researches zote alizoandika huyo jamaa yako zinahusu Africa au Tanzania. Na zote ziko kwenye applications na hakuna hata moja theoretical.
     
  11. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

    #11
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    Ushaanza tena kuuongopea umma wa 'economics dummy', hivo hizo zinazoongelia 'new agenda' na 'new direction' unataka kusema hazina proposed theoretical models for economic development?
     
  12. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

    #12
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    Wapo waliotoa ushauri jadidi ila hamkuwasikiliza, mfano mchumi mahiri huyu:

    [​IMG]

    Justinian Rweyemamu

    Justinian F. Rweyemamu (1942 – March 30, 1982) was a Tanzanian economist, mathematician, philosopher and writer.

    Rweyemamu was born in Katoma, Bukoba, in what was then called Tanganyika. He studied at Fordham University and obtained his PhD at Harvard University. A scholar and practitioner of development, he was Professor of economics at the University of Dar es Salaam (being the youngest African tenured professor), and then Dean of its Faculty of Social Sciences, Permanent Secretary of the Planning Ministry and Personal Assistant to President Julius Nyerere.

    Internationally recognized, Rweyemamu was a member of the UN Committee for Development Planning, worked for the Brandt Commission and for the UN Director General for Development and International Cooperation. He was Chairman of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research In Africa (CODESRIA), member of the Committee of the Third World Forum and a founding member of The International Foundation for Development Alternatives (IFDA).

    His writings include Underdevelopment and Industrialization in Tanzania: A Study of Perverse Capitalist Development (Nairobi: Oxford University Press, 1973); chapters in several books such as Towards Socialist Planning, The Teaching of Economics in Africa, Industrialization and Income Distribution in Africa, - Pugwash on Self-reliance, North-South: A Programme for Survival (The Brandt report), Dialogue for a New Order, as well as many papers in periodicals like Africa Development, The Journal of Modern African Studies and Development Dialogue. A collection of his several works and essays are included in the book published in his memory, Third World Options: Power, security and hope for another development ( Tanzania Publishing House, 1992).
     
  13. Nyani Ngabu

    Nyani Ngabu Platinum Member

    #13
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    Ndiyo! Hata huyu naye amejaa pumba na longolongo tu! Hata hayo maandiko yake yamejaa pumba za yeye kutaka kupewa promotions hapo UDSM (wakati ule akiwa pale).

    Hawana lolote hawa wachumi wa Afrika. Wangekuwa wanajua walifanyalo basi kwa hakika Afrika ingekuwa iko katika hali nyingine kabisa tofauti na ilivyo sasa.
     
  14. Nyani Ngabu

    Nyani Ngabu Platinum Member

    #14
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    Yeah, huyu intellectually namkubali lakini ili kuendelea kama majuu mnahitaji at least watu 500 wenye caliber kama yake. Tatizo Mungu hakuwa fair katika ku distribute vipaji vya namna hii. Aliwapendelea sana Wazungu

    Wewe angalia hata huko alikosomea...kasomea kwenye shule za Wazungu...Lol
     
  15. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

    #15
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    Kumbuka Nabii hakubaliwi kwao. Au umesahau yaliyomsibu Galileo Galilei baada ya uvumbuzi wake kule kwenye Mnara wa Pisa. Wewe mwenyewe si umewakimbia Wanyantuzu wenzako uliotaka kuwaendeleza. Ila mbona vichwa kama hivi vya Afrika vinatumiwa huko majuu kufanya mambo makubwa:

    Visiting Fellowship in African Development[​IMG]


    Thanks to the support of the Annual Fund, the School has been able to recruit Professor Thandika Mkandawire as the first post-holder of the LSE Chair in African Development. Professor Mkandawire joins LSE in September 2009 and will be based in the interdisciplinary and globally-focused Development Studies Institute (DESTIN).

    Since 1998, Professor Mkandawire has been Director of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD). His previous roles include Executive Secretary of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) based in Dakar, Senegal 1986-1996.

    ‘There is a vibrant but underfunded community of African scholars whose work needs both supporting, and wider dissemination.…I hope to help facilitate this through this new Chair… to increase the visibility of Africa within teaching and research across the social sciences and within the global political and policy arenas.’

    Professor Thandika Mkandawire, LSE Chair in African Development

    Thandika Mkandawire
    Former Director

    Thandika Mkandawire was appointed Director of UNRISD in 1998. A Swedish national of Malawian origin, he is an economist with many years’ experience in the promotion of comparative research on development issues. He studied economics at Ohio State University and the University of Stockholm and has taught at the Universities of Stockholm and Zimbabwe. He holds a Doctorate in Letters from Rhodes University.


    From 1986 through 1996, he was Executive Secretary of the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) based in Dakar, Senegal. Prior to taking up his appointment with UNRISD, he was Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Development Research in Copenhagen.

    He has published broadly on the social sciences in Africa and on problems of policy making, adjustment and democratization.

    Thandika is a member of the editorial boards of Africa Development; Africa Review of Books; Development and Change; Global Governance; Journal of Development Studies; Journal of Human Development and Oxford Development Studies; Africa Review of Books, and Feminist Economics; and has recently served on the executive committees of the International Institute for Labour Studies, the Swedish NGO Fund for Human Rights, the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty (CROP) of the International Social Science Council, Care International, the Steering Committee of the UN Project on Intellectual History, and the African Gender Institute.


    Selected recent publications: African Intellectuals: Rethinking Politics, Language, Gender and Development ed. Zed Books, London, 2005; "Maladjusted African Economies and Globalisation" in Africa Development, Vol. XXX, Nos. 1 and 2, 2005; Social Policy in a Development Context ed. Palgrave Macmillan, London2004; "Disempowering New Democracies and the Persistence of Poverty" in Globalisation, Poverty and Conflict, Max Spoor ed., Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004; "Good governance: The itinerary of an idea" in Development and Cooperation, 2004; "African Voices on Structural Adjustment" CODESRIA/IDRC/AWP, Trenton, NJ, 2003; "Intellectuals: Post-Independence", Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History, Paul Zeleza ed. Routledge, London, 2003 ; "Economy: Post-Independence" in Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century African History, Paul Zeleza ed. Routledge, London, 2003. “Incentives, Governance and Capacity Development: What Role for Technical Assistance in Africa?” in Capacity for Developing New Solutions to Old Problems, Eds. Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, Carlos Lopes and Khalid Malik, Earthscan, 2002; "African Intellectuals, Political Culture and Development", Journal für Entwicklungspolitik (Austrian Journal of Development Studies), XV 111:1 (Special Issue edited by Henning Melber), 2002; "Globalization and Social Equity" African Sociological Review, 2002; "The Terrible Toll of Post-Colonial 'Rebel Movements' in Africa: Toward an Explanation of the Violence Against the Peasantry", Journal of Modern African Studies, 2002; Social Policy in a Development Context, UNRISD, Geneva, 2001; "Thinking About Developmental States in Africa", Cambridge Journal of Economics, 2001; "Non-Organic Intellectuals and 'Learning' in Policy-Making Africa", in Learning in Development Co-operation, eds. Jerker Carlsson and Lennart Wohlgemuth, EGDI, Sweden, 2000; "Crisis Management and the Making of 'Choiceless Democracies' in Africa", in The State, Conflict and Democracy in Africa, ed. Richard Joseph, Lynne Rienner, Boulder, Colorado, 1999; "Shifting Commitments and National Cohesion in African Countries," in Common Security and Civil Society in Africa, eds. Lennart Wohlegemuth, Samantha Gibson, Stephan Klasen and Emma Rothchild, Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, Uppsala, 1999.
     
  16. K

    Kamundu JF-Expert Member

    #16
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    Tanzania tatizo si mawazo watu wengi wanajua China na nchi nyingine zimefanya vipi lakini Tatizo ni ufanisi. China hawana gold wala mafuta lakini mbona wanaendelea kwa kasi kubwa. Kitu kikubwa na elimu!, Elimu siyo lazima iwe ya vyuo vikuu lakini wananchi wanahitaji elimu ili waweze kufanya kazi na kufundishikika. Hapa marekani watu wenye degree si wengi less than 30% lakini kuna community college nyingi sana na hizi ni za kufundisha watu kufanya kazi mbali mbali. Hatuna haja ya kuiga nchi yeyote ni kufanya kazi kwa bidii, punguza rushwa na elimu na biashara itatatua matatizo mengine
     
  17. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

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    Hao 1 ya 10 ya wenye talanta tunayo. Tatizo ni kuwa hatujawatambua. Na hatuwamii ipasavyo. Kwa mfano kuna huyu hapa tumemtuliza tuli pale Mzumbe:

    Dr. Faustin Kamuzora

    Title: Associate Professor & Deputy Vice Chancellor of Administration and Finance
    Company/Organization: Mzumbe University
    Program: Partners for International Education and Training (PIET)
    Degree: Master's in Agricultural Economics
    Year Completed: 1996

    Professor Faustin Kamuzora has worked in higher education for the past 15 years. Prior to employment in higher education sector, he served as a district agricultural officer for four and half years in Morogoro, Tanzania. He earned a bachelor's of science in agriculture, focusing on agricultural economics at Sokoine University in Tanzania in 1987. Under AAI's Partners for International Education and Training (PIET) program, Professor Kamuzora attended North Carolina State University, where he earned a master's degree in agricultural economics in 1996.

    Following the completion of his master's degree, Professor Kamuzora returned to Tanzania and has researched and taught in the areas of economics, information technology, research methodology, and knowledge management, teaching primarily at Mzumbe University for over a decade. Professor Kamuzora is an accomplished author and editor in his field and presented his research on numerous occasions.

    In 2003, he was sponsored by Mzumbe University to undertake Ph.D. studies at the School of Informatics of University of Bradford in the United Kingdom. His Ph.D. thesis was based on training he conducted for members of Friends of Usambara in Lushoto district on the use of the Internet to enhance rural tourism. In July 2006, he was awarded a P.h.D in Development Informatics by the University of Bradford.

    In 2004, he designed a website to showcase Mzumbe University's journals, Uongozi Journal of Development Dynamics and Economic and Development Papers. The website serves as a forum to share the research produced by the university community with a wider audience.
    Professor Kamuzora served as the Executive Secretary of the Agricultural Economists Association of Tanzania (AGREST) from 2000 to 2004. He is currently the President of the Morogoro Chapter of the Sharing With Other People Network (SWOPnet). The Morogoro Chapter works with local authorities to effectively utilize information and communication technologies (ICTs) to facilitate development activities in key sectors such as education and agriculture in the Morogoro region.

    In December 2006, Professor Kamuzora was promoted from Senior Lecturer to Associate Professor at Mzumbe University. In March 2007, Professor Kamuzora was appointed to the position of Deputy Vice Chancellor, responsible for administration and finance matters of Mzumbe University. He continues conducting academic duties while handling this new role.

    He lives with his wife and four children in Tanzania.
    ------------------------------------------------
    Authored Books

    i. Kamuzora, F. (2000) Microeconomics: Model Questions and Answers. Research, Information and Publication (RIP), IDM Mzumbe. Mzumbe.


    ii. Kamuzora, F. (2005) Macroeconomics: Problems and Solutions Manual. DRPS, Mzumbe University.

    iii. Kamuzora, F. (2006). E-commerce for Development: eTourism as a Showcase. Mzumbe Book Project. Mzumbe.

    iv. Jamal, A. and Kamuzora, F. (2008). Research Methods for Business and Social Studies. Mzumbe Book Project. Mzumbe.

    v. Kamuzora, F. (2009). Assessment of Quality of HIV/AIDS Information SystemsIn Developing Countries : A Case Of Tanzania. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing AG & Co. KG, Koln.

    Edited Book

    Kamuzora, F. (Ed.) (2004) Understanding Livelihoods Systems Complexities for Sustainable Poverty Reduction. Bradford: BCID. Bradford
     
  18. Nyani Ngabu

    Nyani Ngabu Platinum Member

    #18
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    Heheheheee...hata ukikesha wikipedia hutanishawishi! Huku majuu siyo kwamba bila huyu Mkandawire wako basi mambo yataenda mrama. Hell no. Majuu wana wataalam wao wenyewe wa kutosha. Sana sana wanachofanya ni kuwapa fadhila tu hawa so called wataalam wa Afrika kwa kuwapa ajira za maana. Nina uhakika kabisa hawa so called wataalam wakifungasha virago na kurudi kwao Afrika majuu hakutaathirika hata kidogo.
     
  19. Companero

    Companero Platinum Member

    #19
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    Mbona unaongea kana kwamba hujui kuwa walicho nacho huko majuu ni mkusanyiko wa siku nyingi (cumulative effect) wa wataalam na utaalam ambao sisi 'miafrika ndivyo tulivyo' tumechangia kwa kiasi kikubwa toka enzi za utumwa, ukoloni na ufisadi wa maarifa yetu kwenye vyuo vyetu vya kale kama Timbuktu na Alexandria. Majuu imetegemea sana watu wenye asili ya Afrika kwa miaka mingi sana. Huyu, je, unamjua - aliwasaidia sana kutengeneza Modeli za Uchumi mpaka wakampa U-Sir:

    Arthur Lewis (economist)
    Sir William Arthur Lewis (January 23, 1915 – June 15, 1991) was a Saint Lucian economist well known for his contributions in the field of economic development. In 1979 he won the Nobel Prize in Economics, becoming the first black person to win a Nobel Prize in a category other than peace.

    -----------------------

    The Concise Encylopaedia of Econmics
    W. Arthur Lewis (1915 -1991)

    In 1979, British citizen W. Arthur Lewis was awarded the Nobel Prize, along with theodore schultz, for “pioneering research into economic development ... with particular consideration of the problems of developing countries.” One of Lewis’s major contributions to economics is a 1954 article that discusses his concept of a “dual economy” in a poor country.

    According to Lewis a poor country’s economy can be thought of as containing two sectors, a small “capitalist” sector and a very large “traditional” (agricultural) sector. Employers in the capitalist sector hire people to make money. Employers in the traditional sector, on the other hand, are not profit maximizing and, therefore, hire too many people so that their productivity is very low. (The immediate question, of course, is why employers in the traditional sector would do this, and economists still debate Lewis’s reasons for thinking this.) Lewis argued on this basis that the way to spur development in poor countries is to shift labor into manufacturing, where it is more productive. The capitalists save out of their profits and use this saving to expand, which then adds to growth. Lewis assumed that workers in agriculture save nothing, so that the only source of saving is the capitalists in manufacturing.

    Lewis used his model to explain the pattern of growth in countries in general. This is how he explained the inverted-U-shaped growth according to a country’s per capita income. For very poor countries like Bangladesh, growth is slow because the manufacturing sector is small or nonexistent, and there is no large source of savings. For middle-income countries like Korea and Taiwan, growth is high because the manufacturing sector is growing and pulling labor out of agriculture, where it is underemployed. For high-income countries with a large manufacturing sector, like the United States, growth is slower because the gains from diverting labor out of agriculture are almost all exploited.

    In the same 1954 article Lewis made a separate argument for poor countries engaged in trade, maintaining that poor countries would capture little or no benefit from increasing their exports. Instead, he claimed, they would confer benefits on consumers in the countries that import their exports. Take his example in which the richer countries produce steel (shorthand for manufactured goods) and food, and the poorer countries produce coffee (shorthand for exports of poor countries) and food. Assume that before exports are increased, ten pounds of coffee trade for one ton of steel. Now, because producers in the poor countries have a low opportunity cost of increasing exports of coffee (because the food that they could have produced is worth little), they will increase exports. But doing so will drive down the price of coffee. Say the exchange rate falls to twenty pounds of coffee per ton of steel. This is a good deal for coffee buyers, but not for coffee producers. In essence, Lewis was arguing that poorer countries had latent monopoly power in their exports that they were failing to exploit. These countries would do better, he argued, to divert their production into food and away from exports.

    Lewis himself came from a poor British colony, Saint Lucia in the West Indies. He entered the London School of Economics on a scholarship at age eighteen. “I wanted to be an engineer,” Lewis later said, “but neither the colonial government nor the sugar plantations would hire a black engineer.” So he decided to study economics. He earned his Ph.D. from the London School of Economics in 1940. He began working on problems of the world economy at the suggestion of friedrich hayek, then chairman of the LSE’s economics department. After World War II, when many former colonies became independent, Lewis began his study of economic development. Lewis had no sympathy for the view that poor countries should be run by dictators so that they could develop.

    Lewis was a lecturer at the University of London from 1938 to 1948, then Stanley Jevons Professor of Political Economy at the University of Manchester from 1948 to 1958. He was vice chancellor of the University of West Indies from 1959 to 1963 and a professor of political economy at Princeton University from 1963 until his death.
    Selected Works

    1949. Economic Survey 1919–1939. London: Allen and Unwin.
    1954. “Economic Development with Unlimited Supplies of Labour.” Manchester School 22 (May): 139–191.
    1955. The Theory of Economic Growth. London: Allen and Unwin.
    1965. Politics in West Africa. London: Allen and Unwin.
    1980. “The Slowing Down of the Engine of Growth.” Nobel Lecture. Printed in American Economic Review 70, no. 4: 555–564.
     
  20. Rev. Kishoka

    Rev. Kishoka JF-Expert Member

    #20
    Sep 21, 2009
    Joined: Mar 7, 2006
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    Companero,

    Hivi kumfundisha Machinga jinsi ya kufanya biashara yake kwa ufanisi kunahitaji lecture kutoka ka Dr. Achimwene, phd, phd, PPHHDD ili kujua kuwa si lazima anunue kutoka kwa wholesaler gunia zima badala ya robo gunia ili kufidia alichopungukiwa?

    Sisi tungeweza kujenga uchumi wetu kwa kutumia very simple principles za kumfanya mtu aelewe maana ya uzalishaji, kuwa na matumizi endelevu na mazuri na kisha namna ya kujijengea akiba.

    Iwe ni mkulima, mvuvi, mfua chuma, machinga, kinyozi, msusi, mwendesha mkokoteni, muuza nyanya, taarishi na karani.

    Tatizo letu ni kujaribu kufanya kila kitu kwa kutumia complex methods ambazo ni way to advance kwa uchumi primitive na uzalishaji primitive ulio mikononi mwa watu ambao bado hawajafumbuka kielimu na kuelimika, hawaelewi mfumo na mtiririko wa kibiashara na kila siku wanaficha pesa kwenye chungu na godoro.

    Then the "No, we can't" take over na ma-economist wote wanaanza kuwa na self doubts huku vyuoni wakifundisha Keynesian na Adama Smith, lakini ni vitu ambavyo havi-make sense kwa wanafunzi wao ambao wanakuwa mabingwa wa hisabati na maandishi na si vitendea kazi.

    Mfano, ningekuwa lecturer pale Chuo, moja ya assignment ya wanafunzi wangu wa Uchumi ingekuwa ni kutafuta kijiji au jumuia ndogo na kuiundia mfumo mzuri wa uzalishaji mali, ytangu siku ya kwanza wanapoingia Darasani mwangu na hiyo challenge ingekuwa ni 40% ya mtihani wao wa mwisho, ikiwa watanionyesha si kwa maandishi tuu na nadharia, bali kwa vitendo kwa mimi na jopo la Waalimu na Wataalamu kutembelea hizo project kuona ni jinsi gani zimefanikiwa!

    Ningelundika chapters za kusoma na kudemand practical si maofisini bali kule vijijini, mashambani, masokoni, hata kwenye shule za msingi na magereza.

    Then you will have a cream of Economist who are not just bright through craming passages of Ndulu or Rweyemamu, but through succesful simple productivity economical models that they have enginereed from scratch!
     
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