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Nini Maana ya Ugonjwa Wa Autism?

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by MziziMkavu, Nov 1, 2011.

  1. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Nov 1, 2011
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    Autism


    [​IMG]

    Tabia za kawaida, hupanga vitu juu.​







    Autism ni tatizo la kiroho na kihisia linalotokea kwa watu tangu utotoni na kuathiri uwezo wao wa kuwasiliana na watu wengine. Watu wenye matatizo ya autism hawaonekani kama watu wa kawaida. Muda mwingine hawapendi kuwaangalia wengine pale wanapozungumza nao, au hawapendi kushirikiana mambo mengine na watu wengine. Pia, hawapo vizuri katika kimawasiliano. Muda mwingine wanakuwa

    hawawezi kuongea, au kuzungumza na watu wengine. Mwishoni, hujijibu wao wenyewe. Wanaweza wakawa na shauku na kitu ambacho mtu mwingine ambaye hana matatizo ya autism asifikirie kama kina umuhimu. Mtu mwenye tatizo hili anaelekea mara nyingi kurudiarudia matendo kadhaa, na anaweza kuhofia vitu katika mazingira yake yasiyoelewka kama tatizo na wengine.

    Dalili
    za autism

    Kukaa peke yake

    Mtoto wa kawaida asiye na autism huwaangalia watu wakizungumza, hutazama wengine usoni, hutabasamu, na huwa na shauku na watu wengine. Watoto wenye autism, wanaweza kupenda vituvitu zaidi kuliko sura au watu wengine. Wanaweza wakatazama usoni kwa

    sekunde tu, halafu mara moja akageuka. Wanaweza wasitabasamu, au wanaweza wakatabasamu kwa kitu kile alichokipenda.

    Watoto wenye matatizo ya autism huwa na kawaida ya kukaa wenyewe tu, bila kuwepo kwa wengine. Wanaweza wasiwe na shauku ya

    kutaka urafiki na mtu yeyote. Pia, wanaweza wasiwe wanafanya kawaida kama kukumbatiana na alama nyingine za upendo kwa wazazi wao. Hii haimanishi kama hawa wapendi wazazi wao, ni kwamba hawajui namna ya kusema hivyo vitu.


    Wanaweza wasione hisia za watu wengine; kwa mfano, wanaweza wasione tofauti kubwa sana kati ya labda mzazi ana furaha ma ana uzuni. Wanaweza wakacheka na kulia kwa mara zisizoeleweka.


    Kutozungumza


    Mtoto mweye autism anaweza asithubutu kuongea, maana, au kujaribu kuelewa maongezi kati ya mwenzie mwenye umri sawa. Kuna baadhi yao huwa hawaongei kabisa. Wengi wao hawawezi kuongea vizuri na watu wengine.

    Kufanya vitu tena na tena zaidi


    Kuna baadhi ya maautistic hutumia muda mwingi kufanya vitu vimoja kwa mara nyingi na nyingi zaidi, au kuwa na shauku na vitu ambavyo si vya kawaida; kuna baadhi yao wanaweza kutumia muda mwingi kwa kujizungushia mkono wake, kutembea na visanamu vyao, au

    kuvipnga vitu kwa mpangilio mmoja. Watu wenye matatizo ya autism wanaweza wakatumia muda mkubwa kwa kupanga visanamu vyake kwa mstari mmoja au vyumbavyumba na wanaweza kusikia jazba pindi mtu akavivuruga pale katika eneo lake.


    Baadhi yao hawataki badiliko lolote lile, na wanaweza wakafanya mambo yaleyale kila siku bila kubadilisha—kama vile kuto kula, wanapokula, wanavaa, wanapiga mswaki, au pale wanapokwenda shule—huwa na uzuni kama kuna badiliko lolote katika vitu hivyo. Pia, wanaweza wakawa na shauku na vitu vya ajabu na kutumia muda wao mwingi kujifunza vitu hivyo.


    Historia


    Autism lilipewa jina kwa mara ya kwanza mnamo 1943. Leo Kanner alifanya utafiti huu kwa watoto wapatao 11 na akagundua vitu ambavyo si vya kawaida kuhusu wao. Aliita early infantile autism. Muda huohuo, daktari mwingine, Hans Asperger, akafanya utafiti mwingine karibuni kitu sawa. Alichogunda sasa kinaitwa Asperger syndrome, wakati alichogundua Leo Kanner kinaitwa autistic disorder, childhood autism, infantile autism, au tu autism.


     
  2. k

    kichwakipana Senior Member

    #2
    Oct 1, 2014
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    kuna dawa ya kutibu autism
     
  3. gody

    gody JF-Expert Member

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    Je, akishakuwa mtu mzima anakuwaje?
     
  4. gody

    gody JF-Expert Member

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    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  5. U

    Undu JF-Expert Member

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    Hakuna dawa zaidi ni kumpeleka mtoto mwenye autisim kwa occupation therapist afundishe kazi za kufanya ili kumjenga kiakilu
     
  6. Mishughuliko

    Mishughuliko Member

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    tufanyeje wenye watoto wa aina him?
     
  7. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

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    Asipotibika wakati yupo mtoto anakuwa mtu mzima anakuwa mtu mwenye akili ya tahira Mapepe.
     
  8. Pampula jr

    Pampula jr JF-Expert Member

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    nahitaji unielekeze nifanyeje maana nina mtoto ana tatizo hilo na ana umri wa miaka mitano sasa na haongei ni kama bubu
     
  9. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

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    Kama imeshindikana hospitali kumtibu mwanao nitafute kwa wakati wako ukihitaji mimi bonyeza hapa.Mawasiliano
     
  10. bukoba boy

    bukoba boy JF-Expert Member

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    Apr 17, 2015
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    Huu ugonjwa upo ulaya zaidi.
     
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