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Ni nani Sarah Baartman? Ijue historia yake

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Historia' started by ANKOJEI, Sep 16, 2012.

  1. ANKOJEI

    ANKOJEI JF-Expert Member

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    Alitekwa miaka ya 1780 ivi huko South Africa akapelekwa ulaya kwenye madanguro, akafa, hakuzikwa ila alifanyiwa upasuaji wa ubongo, makalio yake makubwa na sehemu za siri zikawekwa maabara uko ufaransa na uingereza. Then Mandela alienda kurudisha mabaki ya mwili wake (chini ya mabishano makali sana bungeni uko ufaransa) baada ya kwisha kwa utawala dhalili wa rangi. akazikwa uko kwa madiba kwa heshima kubwa.



    Source:

    APA - Sarah Baartman, at rest at last - SouthAfrica.info
     
  2. Mwanahisa

    Mwanahisa JF-Expert Member

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    Wanawake wenye jina Sarah, hupitia mapito yasio na kifani ila mwishoni hua washindi wasio na mshindani.
    I' have come to take you home.... machozi yamenilenga.
     
  3. rosemarie

    rosemarie JF-Expert Member

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    sarah.jpg
    In the late 18th century, Sarah Baartman was working as a slave inCape Town, South Africa, when she was discovered by a British doctor. Intrigued by her unusually large buttocks and genitals, he convinced her to accompany him to London. Once there, she was "displayed" as a scientific curiosity. Once the scientific community in London were tired of her, she turned to Parisian exhibitions, and once they were also tired of her, she turned to prostitution.

    However, as a Khoikhoi woman she was considered an anthropological freak in England, and she found herself put on exhibition, displayed as a s*xual curiosity. Dubbed The Hottentot Venus, her image swept through British popular culture. Abolitionists unsuccessfully fought a court battle to free her from her exhibitors.

    Sarah Baartman was taken to Paris in 1814 and continued to be exhibited as a freak. She became the object of scientific and medical research that formed the bedrock of European ideas about black female s*xuality. When she died in 1816, the Musee de l'Homme in Paris took a deathcast of her body, removed her skeleton and pickled her brain and genitals in jars. These were displayed in the museum until as late as 1985

    After five years of negotiating with the French authorities for the return of Sarah Baartman remains, the South African government, together with the Griqua National Council which represents the country's 200 000 Griqua people, part of the Koi-San group, brought Sarah Baartman back to South Africa. On Friday 3 May 2002, in a moving ceremony attended by many representatives of the Khoikhoi people, Sarah Baartman was welcomed back to Cape Town. Her final resting place is in the Eastern Cape, where she was born.

    By naming our centre after Sarah Baartman, we are remembering and honouring a woman who has become an icon, not only to her own Khoikhoi people, but to all women who know oppression and discrimination in their lives.

    People sometimes ask us for pictures of Sarah Baartman. We have decided not to provide these, out of respect for her and in order not to perpetuate her exploitation by putting her once again on display.

    With regard to Sarah Baartman name, we are aware that according to her baptism certificate (Saartjie was baptized in England), her name is written Sara Bartmann. In most writings, she is referred to as Sarah or Saartjie Baartman, where Saartjie is the Afrikaans diminutive of Sarah. There is a current debate on whether Saartjie should be discarded in favour of Sarah, as many women feel that the diminutive form of names is infantilizing. We use Saartjie and Sarah interchangeably, while acknowledging the Centre's formally registered name as the Saartjie Baartman Centre.

    By the age of 25, Sarah Baartman was dead.

    We can only guess that Sarah Baartman got on that ship from South Africa thinking she was headed for a better life. We can guarantee that the reality fell far short of her dreams. The story of Sarah Baartman is a must read, for we cannot completely understand where we are unless we first understand where we've been.

    Source: thingsyoumissed
     
  4. miss chagga

    miss chagga JF-Expert Member

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    weka link tuendelee
     
  5. Sir Good

    Sir Good JF-Expert Member

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    hawa wazungu wadharirishaji sana!
     
  6. FRANCIS DA DON

    FRANCIS DA DON JF-Expert Member

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    ! ?
     
  7. Obe

    Obe JF-Expert Member

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    Duh, mwingine nakumbuka aliitwa Ota Benga, the Man in the Zoo 1906.

    Huyu aliwekwa sehemu moja na nyani na walomtumia kama sehemu ya maonyesho katika mji wa New York city, Bronx Zoo
     
  8. Chachu Ombara

    Chachu Ombara JF-Expert Member

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    08eef00fd4-Sarah-Baartman-Fred-Mpuuga-459x640.jpg esteatopigia.jpg sarah1.jpg teshir_sarah.jpg 400px-Saartjie_Baartman-001.JPG South_Africa-Hankey-Sarah_Baartmans_grave.jpg
    Kaburi la Sarah Baartman
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  9. Obe

    Obe JF-Expert Member

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    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  10. SHIEKA

    SHIEKA JF-Expert Member

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    Hakushika mimba na kuzaa watoto?
     
  11. Mbavu mbili

    Mbavu mbili JF-Expert Member

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    Wakuu ni muda sijapost huku.

    Naomba tuujadili ukweli kuhusu Sarah Baartman, mwanamke mweusi aliyezaliwa Afrika Kusini 1789. Inasadikika alifanya kazi kama mtumwa kwa wakati na kugunduliwa kuwa alikuwa na "umbo la ajabu (physical shape). Hivyo akalazimishwa kuchukuliwa kwa nguvu hadi nchini Ufaransa na kuanza kuonyeshwa akiwa "Utupu" kama sehemu ya maonyesho.

    Inasadikika pia alitumika vibaya sana kimwili, hali iliyopelekea kifo chake na mwili kukaushwa kisha kuhifadhiwa kwenye majumba yao ya kumbukumbu.

    Nimeleta huu mjadala kuchochea udadisi wa kile kichotokea Wakati wa ukoloni. Sina nia mbaya.

    Ahsanteni...na karibuni mezani-
     
  12. M

    MIGNON JF-Expert Member

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    Ilishaandikwa ndani ya gazeti LA RAIA Mwema na pia uki Google kuna maelezo mengi tu.Jambo hili lilitojea na mabaki yake yalirudishwa.Cha kujadili ni kuwa jambo hili linaweza kutokea sasa? Bila shaka kwa kuangalia ponografia utaona hali halisi.

    Pia kukimbilia Ulaya kutaka maisha bora yote yanatoa fursa ya kuendelea mambo.Juzi niliona habari toka mexico ambapo mwanamke alibakwa Mara 430000. Hili somo kwa vijana wetu.
     
  13. Mbavu mbili

    Mbavu mbili JF-Expert Member

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    hii hatari mkuu
     
  14. MeinKempf

    MeinKempf JF-Expert Member

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    Huyu mwanamke alikuwa na mzigo (kishungi)
    kama kasusiwa...yaani mtu anakaa kabisa .
     
  15. Elli

    Elli JF-Expert Member

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    Wakati nasoma falsafa ya kiafrika pale UDSM nilimsoma kidogo, ulichokiandika ndio hicho hicho na kwamba baada ya kelele nyingi alirudishwa South Africa hata hivyo inaoneka ukweli kuhusu jambo hili haujwahi kuwekwa wazi sana sana na SA na France
     
  16. K

    KVM JF-Expert Member

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    Siyo Sarah Bartman tu bali kuna mtu aliitwa El Negro ambaye alikuwa ni Mwafrika kutoka Botswana. Mwili wake uliibwa na Mfaransa mara tu baada ya kufa na kupelekwa Spain halafu ukakaushwa na kuwekwa mahali pa wazi kwenye museum inayoitwa Darder Museum of Natural History kwenye mji wa Banyoles. Baada ya watu weusi wengi kupiga kelele mwili ule ulirudishwa na kuzikwa Botswana miaka ya hivi karibuni.
     
  17. Ushimen

    Ushimen JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu, siwote wenye access ya kuwezaku Google.
    Badala ya kukosoa, nivema ungetuletea kile unachokifaham/ ulicho kisoma Google kwa faida ya wengi na kuelimisha zaidi.

    Thanks
     
  18. Ushimen

    Ushimen JF-Expert Member

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    Inawezekana ukweli unafichwa ili kukwepa mkono wa madai ya familia / ukoo / vizazi vya mhanga huyo
     
  19. VUTA-NKUVUTE

    VUTA-NKUVUTE JF-Expert Member

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    Nov 17, 2015
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    Synopsis:
    A Khoikhoi woman

    Sara 'Saartjie' Baartman was born in 1789* at the Gamtoos river in what is now known as the Eastern Cape. She belonged to the cattle-herding Gonaquasub group of the Khoikhoi. Sara grew up on a colonial farm where her family most probably worked as servants. Her mother died when she was aged two and her father, who was a cattle driver, died when she reached adolescence. Sara married a Khoikhoi man who was a drummer and they had one child together who died shortly after birth.
    Due to colonial expansion, the Dutch came into conflict with the Khoikhoi.

    As a result people were gradually absorbed into the labour system. When she was sixteen years old Sara's fianc' was murdered by Dutch colonists. Soon after, she was sold into slavery to a trader named Pieter Willem Cezar, who took her to Cape Town where she became a domestic servant to his brother. It was during this time that she was given the name 'Saartjie', a Dutch diminutive for Sara.

    On 29 October 1810, Sara allegedly 'signed' a contract with an English ship surgeon named William Dunlop who was also a friend of Cezar and his brother Hendrik.

    Apparently, the terms of her 'contract' were that she would travel with Hendrik Cezar and Dunlop to England and Ireland to work as domestic servant, and be exhibited for entertainment purposes. She was to receive a 'portion of earnings' from her exhibitions and be allowed to return to South Africa after five years. Two reasons make her 'signing' appear dubious. The first is that she was illiterate and came from a cultural tradition that did not write or keep records. Secondly, the Cezar families experienced financial woes and it is suspected that they used Sara to earn money.

    Sara Baartman's large buttocks and unusual colouring made her the object of fascination by the colonial Europeans who presumed that they were racially superior.

    Dunlop wanted Sara to come to London and become an oddity for display. She was taken to London where she was displayed in a building in Piccadilly, a street that was full of various oddities like 'the ne plus ultra of hideousness' and 'the greatest deformity in the world'. Englishmen and women paid to see Sara's half naked body displayed in a cage that was about a metre and half high. She became an attraction for people from various parts of Europe.

    During her time with Dunlop and Hendrik Cezar, the campaign against slavery in Britain was in full swing and as a result, the treatment of Baartman was called into question. Her 'employers' were brought to trial but faced no real consequences. They produced a document that had allegedly been signed by Sara Baartman and her own testimony which claimed that she was not being mistreated. Her 'contract' was, however, amended and she became entitled to 'better conditions', greater profit share and warm clothes.

    After four years in London, in September 1814, she was transported from England to France, and upon arrival Hendrik Cezar sold her Reaux, a man who showcased animals. He exhibited her around Paris and reaped financial benefits from the public's fascination with Sara's body. He began exhibiting her in a cage alongside a baby rhinoceros.

    Her 'trainer' would order her to sit or stand in a similar way that circus animals are ordered. At times Baartman was displayed almost completely naked, wearing little more than a tan loincloth, and she was only allowed that due to her insistence that she cover what was culturally sacred. She was nicknamed 'Hottentot Venus'.

    Her constant display attracted the attention of George Cuvier, a naturalist. He asked Reaux if he would allow Sara to be studied as a science specimen to which Reaux agreed. As from March 1815 Sara was studied by French anatomists, zoologists and physiologists. Cuvier concluded that she was a link between animals and humans. Thus, Sara was used to help emphasise the stereotype that Africans were oversexed and a lesser race.

    Sara Baartman died in 1816 at the age of 26. It is unknown whether she died from alcoholism, smallpox or pneumonia. Cuvier obtained her remains from local police and dissected her body. He made a plaster cast of her body, pickled her brain and genitals and placed them into jars which were placed on display at the Mus'e del'Homme(Museum of Man) until 1974. The story of Sara Baartman resurfaced in 1981 when Stephen Jay Gould, a palaeontologist wrote about her story in his book The Mismeasure of Man where criticised racial science.

    Following the African National Congress (ANC)'s victory in the South African elections, President Nelson Mandela requested that the French government return the remains of Sara Baartman so that she could be laid to rest. The process took eight years, as the French had to draft a carefully worded bill that would not allow other countries to claim treasures taken by the French. Finally on the sixth of March 2002, Sara Baartman was brought back home to South Africa where she was buried. On 9 August 2002, Women's Day, a public holiday in South Africa, Sara was buried at Hankey in the Eastern Cape Province.

    - See more at: Sara "Saartjie" Baartman | South African History Online
     
  20. itnojec

    itnojec JF-Expert Member

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    Saartjie Baartman, alikufa akiwa na miaka 25 tu.

    Alikuwa ana makalio makubwa sana na pia mashavu marefu ya uke (Labia majora). Wazungu walimshangaa sana na akauzwa huko uingereza kufanywa kama maonesho, akabatizwa akawa mkristo hapo Uingereza na baadae akauzwa ufaransa kama mtumwa.
    Inasemekana alikufa kwa Syphillis, ugonjwa ambao kwa kipindi hicho ulikuwa unatikisa sana na inasemekana aliupata ugonjwa huo baada ya kuwa anajihusisha na biashara ya ngono ili kupata pesa ya kujikiku kwani watu wa maonesho waliacha kumsapoti tena.

    Alipokuwa Ufaransa, kutokana na kufanywa maonesho ya aibu, alianza kunywa pombe kali na akawa Heavy drinker, hata katika maonesho bado alikuwa amelewa (Tilalila) hii ilimsaidia kuondoa aibu.

    Alikuwa anaweza kuongea lugha nne. Ki-khoisan, kifaransa, kiingereza na ki dachi.
     
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