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New form of child trafficking in Tanzania

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by nngu007, Oct 24, 2011.

  1. nngu007

    nngu007 JF-Expert Member

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    Oct 24, 2011
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    Secondary school students in Tanzania are in danger of being exploited by child traffickers. Picture: File

    By ROSEMARY MIRONDO, Special Correspondent

    Posted Sunday, October 23 2011 at 12:24

    Orphans in secondary schools are now in danger of being exploited by child traffickers who lure them out of school with promises of training them in Europe, but instead exploit them for money, it has been revealed.

    The government of Tanzania is conducting a rigorous screening of visa applications, especially those for children, to check the practice.

    According to the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare Assistant Commissioner Jeanne Ndyetabura, they have so far halted some visa applications in order to investigate whether the submissions were genuine.

    "The problem was brought to our attention by teachers who were concerned about the number of students, especially orphans, who were being taken out of school with promises of being trained outside the country," said Ms Ndyetabura.

    Ms Ndyetabura said after following up on the lead, they discovered that instead, the children were being exploited through working for "charity" organisations outside the country that required them to sing on the streets for money.

    Ms Ndyetabura revealed this when launching a book on children's rights and a council for children during a national children's conference organised by Save the Children in Tanzania.

    "We are working round the clock to deal with this serious issue, including taking to task the perpetrators as the problem is a national concern," said Ms Ndyetabula.

    According to the 2011 Trafficking in Persons Report (Tanzania) by the United States Department of State, Tanzania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children who are subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking.

    Internal

    The incidence of internal trafficking is higher than that of transnational trafficking, and is usually facilitated by family members', friends', and intermediaries' offers of assistance with education or finding lucrative employment in urban areas.

    It further states that the use of young girls for forced domestic service continues to be Tanzania's largest human trafficking problem.
    "Girls from rural areas are taken to urban centres and Zanzibar for domestic service," the report says.


    In the Arusha region, unscrupulous agricultural subcontractors reportedly trafficked women and men to work on coffee plantations.

    Smaller numbers of Tanzanian children and adults are subjected to conditions of forced domestic service and sex trafficking in surrounding countries, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, France, and possibly other European countries.


    "The government of Tanzania does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so," the report says.

    Despite these significant efforts, particularly the conviction of three trafficking offenders during the reporting period, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts to address human trafficking over the previous reporting period; therefore, Tanzania is placed on Tier 2 Watch List for a second consecutive year.

    The government made limited progress towards implementation of its Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act, in part due to poor inter-ministerial co-ordination and lack of understanding of what constitutes human trafficking; most government officials remain unfamiliar with the Act's provisions or their responsibility to address trafficking under it.

    Moreover, the ministries involved in anti-trafficking efforts had no budgetary resources allocated to combating the crime.

    The Tanzanian government made modest anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts during the reporting period, achieving its first three prosecutions and convictions under the country's anti-trafficking statute.

    The Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2008, which came into effect in February 2009, outlaws all forms of trafficking and prescribes punishments of one to 10 years' imprisonment, punishments that are sufficiently stringent, but not commensurate with those prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape.

    The Tanzanian government's efforts to protect victims of trafficking during the reporting period were modest and suffered from a lack of resources.

    The government continued to rely on NGOs to provide care for victims of trafficking; however, NGO facilities for shelter and specialised services were limited to urban areas.

    Additional reporting by Joseph Mwamunyange



     
  2. Mwita25

    Mwita25 JF-Expert Member

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    Internal human traffick is far difficult to be controlled since its quite tricky to draw line between trafficking and genuine work deals. Most school going girls are voluntarily handed over by their parents to work as housemaids so that they send money home to help with their parents and siblings. So does this also regarded as trafficking according to the laws?
     
  3. nngu007

    nngu007 JF-Expert Member

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    I'm an Ophan... It is difficult in this world to be one and survive... What difference does it make to the dead, the orphans and the homeless, whether the mad destruction is wrought under the name of totalitarianism or the holy name of liberty or democracy?

    When a needy person stands at your door, God himself stands at his side!!!
     
  4. M

    Massenberg JF-Expert Member

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    My genuine impression is that on close observation human life has almost no value in Tanzania. The responsible government structures that oversee the welfare of citizens are phenomenally reckless and they always furnish the same alibi that funds are limited or they don't have resources.
    The truth is that human trafficking is well known and can be put under control by the government, it's not being prioritised because folks there don't think it's a concern to them. My guess is that even beyond human trafficking, sex tourism involving foreign paedophile rings could possibly be rampant but as usual unchecked.
     
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