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Nani kama mama?

Discussion in 'Mahusiano, mapenzi, urafiki' started by Salanga, Sep 3, 2011.

  1. Salanga

    Salanga JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Sep 3, 2011
    Joined: Nov 18, 2010
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    Kukosekana kwa malezi ya dhati ya mama kumeonekana kuwa na athari kubwa juu ya kukua kwa mfumo wa neva wa mtoto na hupelekea kuathiri

    saikolojia ya mtoto.

    Hii ina maana kwamba msaada wa baba katika makuzi ni overlooked?

    Nipo tayari kutoa ufafanuzi pale kwa atakayepata ugumu kelewa hapa chini.


    Maternal separation and poor maternal care in animals have been shown to have important effects on the developing hippocampus and amygdala. In humans, children exposed to abuse/maltreatment or orphanage rearing do not present changes in hippocampal volumes. However, children reared in orphanages present enlarged amygdala volumes, suggesting that the amygdala may be particularly sensitive to severely disturbed (i.e., discontinous, neglectful) care in infancy. Maternal depressive symptomatology has been associated with reductions in overall sensitivity to the infant, and with an increased rate of withdrawn, disengaged behaviors. To determine if poor maternal care associated with maternal depressive symptomatology has a similar pattern of association to the volumes of the hippocampus and amygdala in children, as is the case for severely disturbed infant care (orphanage rearing), we measured hippocampal and amygdala volumes as well as stress hormone (glucocorticoid) levels in children exposed (n = 17) or not (n = 21) to maternal depressive symptomatology since birth. Results revealed no group difference in hippocampal volumes, but larger left and right amygdala volumes and increased levels of glucocorticoids in the children of mothers presenting depressive symptomatology since birth. Moreover, a significant positive correlation was observed between mothers' mean depressive scores and amygdala volumes in their children. The results of this study suggest that amygdala volume in human children may represent an early marker of biological sensitivity to quality of maternal care. Maternal separation and poor maternal care in animals have been shown to have important effects on the developing hippocampus and amygdala. In humans, children exposed to abuse/maltreatment or orphanage rearing do not present changes in hippocampal volumes. However, children reared in orphanages present enlarged amygdala volumes, suggesting that the amygdala may be particularly sensitive to severely disturbed (i.e., discontinous, neglectful) care in infancy. Maternal depressive symptomatology has been associated with reductions in overall sensitivity to the infant, and with an increased rate of withdrawn, disengaged behaviors. To determine if poor maternal care associated with maternal depressive symptomatology has a similar pattern of association to the volumes of the hippocampus and amygdala in children, as is the case for severely disturbed infant care (orphanage rearing), we measured hippocampal and amygdala volumes as well as stress hormone (glucocorticoid) levels in children exposed (n = 17) or not (n = 21) to maternal depressive symptomatology since birth. Results revealed no group difference in hippocampal volumes, but larger left and right amygdala volumes and increased levels of glucocorticoids in the children of mothers presenting depressive symptomatology since birth. Moreover, a significant positive correlation was observed between mothers' mean depressive scores and amygdala volumes in their children. The results of this study suggest that amygdala volume in human children may represent an early marker of biological sensitivity to quality of maternal care.




    Source :Larger amygdala but no change in hippocampal volume in 10-year-old children exposed to maternal depressive symptomatology since birth
     
  2. Gaga

    Gaga JF-Expert Member

    #2
    Sep 3, 2011
    Joined: Jan 6, 2011
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    1. malipo yao ni nini tuwalipe mama zetu
      mama walo wazaeni hata leo kawa watu
      kama mama jama nani wallahi hazuki katu
    2. kuna walopata wake wakatupa mama zao
      mefanywa walainike kwa raha na kwa pumbao
      mke ana haki yake na mama wanazo zao
    3. waswahili wamesema yakuwa mama ni mama
      hata awe ni rikwama ndo alokupa karima
    msije juta mwishoni - na wao washaondoka
    wa enzini duniani - kama radhi mnataka
     
  3. Salanga

    Salanga JF-Expert Member

    #3
    Sep 3, 2011
    Joined: Nov 18, 2010
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    Well done great thinker, sanate kwa elimu.
     
  4. Mamaya

    Mamaya JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Sep 3, 2011
    Joined: Jul 4, 2011
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    <br />
    <br />
    4sure gaga, much respet to our mama's
     
  5. Yasmin

    Yasmin JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Sep 3, 2011
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    I jus wonna dedicate 2 them AS SONG FOR MAMA BY BOYS 2 MEN.
     
  6. Angel Msoffe

    Angel Msoffe JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Sep 3, 2011
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    Hakuna kama mama
     
  7. Salanga

    Salanga JF-Expert Member

    #7
    Sep 3, 2011
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    Endeleza list:

    Mama I love u----Sean Paul.
     
  8. Fidel80

    Fidel80 JF-Expert Member

    #8
    Sep 3, 2011
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    Acha uongo.
    Kuna bibi pia
     
  9. The Son of Man

    The Son of Man JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Sep 3, 2011
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    The Only TRUE parent you can be sure of 100% is your Mama!
     
  10. Salanga

    Salanga JF-Expert Member

    #10
    Sep 3, 2011
    Joined: Nov 18, 2010
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    You do not feel that maana umekulia kwa bibi?
    Inabidi tukupime ukubwa wa Amigdala yako tukuthibitishie umuhimu wa mama.
     
  11. Salanga

    Salanga JF-Expert Member

    #11
    Sep 3, 2011
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    Wanajf napenda kuwaaga maana kamuda kangu ka kushinda jamvini japo saa 1,kanaisha wkend hii,ligi ngumu kuliko zote ndo hivyo inaanza.

    Nimejifunza mengi kweli kweli.


    With that DO FOR YOUR MUM A RIGHT THING FOR WHOSE IMPORTANCE IS IMPRESCINDiBLE.
     
  12. Shantel

    Shantel JF-Expert Member

    #12
    Sep 3, 2011
    Joined: Feb 7, 2011
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    kwa sisi wanawake tukizaa tunaongeza uelewa kuwa mama ni nini,hata kama tulikuwa hapo nyuma tunazorota kuwaangalia mama zetu tunakuwa more concern, unakuwa mpya kuliko hapo awali sababu na wewe sasa umebeba jina mama na unaelewa sasa kwa undani

    Kwa kweli ni nani kama mama? RIP mama shantel
     
  13. Washawasha

    Washawasha JF-Expert Member

    #13
    Sep 3, 2011
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    mama ndio mambo yote
     
  14. tindikalikali

    tindikalikali JF-Expert Member

    #14
    Sep 3, 2011
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    inadepend
     
  15. Esperance

    Esperance JF-Expert Member

    #15
    Sep 3, 2011
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    <br />
    <br />
    hakika mkuu.
     
  16. r

    ril seeker New Member

    #16
    Sep 3, 2011
    Joined: Sep 3, 2011
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    umenena
     
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