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Mum's stress is passed to baby in the womb

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by BAK, Jul 20, 2011.

  1. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

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    19 July 2011 Last updated at 10:12 ET
    [h=1]Mum's stress is passed to baby in the womb[/h]By Michelle Roberts Health reporter, BBC News [​IMG]
    There may be a sensitive window for developing stress responses


    A mother's stress can spread to her baby in the womb and may cause a lasting effect, German researchers propose.
    They have seen that a receptor for stress hormones appears to undergo a biological change in the unborn child if the mother is highly stressed, for example, because of a violent partner.
    And this change may leave the child less able to handle stress themselves.
    It has already been linked to mental illness and behavioural problems.
    The findings, published in the journal Translational Psychiatry, are based on a small study of 25 women and their children, now aged between 10 and 19.

    And the researchers point out that the women involved in the study had exceptional home circumstances and that most pregnant women would not be exposed to such levels of stress day in and day out.
    Furthermore, the researchers say the findings are not conclusive - many other factors, including the child's social environment while growing up, might be involved.
    Continue reading the main story [h=2]“Start Quote[/h]
    This paper confirms that the early foundation years start at minus nine months”
    End Quote Dr Carmine Pariante Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London
    But they suspect it is the child's earliest environment, the womb, that is key.
    For their study, they looked at the genes of the mums and the adolescents to find any unusual patterns.
    Some of the teens had changes to one particular gene - the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) - that helps regulate the body's hormonal response to stress.

    Such genetic alterations typically happen while the baby is still developing in the womb.
    And the scientists believe they are triggered by the mum-to-be's poor state of emotional wellbeing at the time of the pregnancy.

    Sensitive window In the study, these mums had been living with the constant threat of violence from their husband or partner. And it would appear this continued stress took its toll on the pregnancy.
    When the babies were followed up one to two decades later as adolescents, they had changes in the genetics of their GR that other teenagers did not.
    This "methylation" of GR appears to make the individual more tuned in or sensitised to stress, meaning that they will react to it quicker both mentally and hormonally.
    [​IMG]
    Stress hormones are regulated by the brain's hypothalamus

    As people, they tend to be more impulsive and may struggle with their emotions, explain the researchers, who carried out detailed interviews with the adolescents.

    Professor Thomas Elbert, one of the lead researchers at the University of Konstanz, said: "It would appear that babies who get signals from their mum that they are being born into a dangerous world are faster responders. They have a lower threshold for stress and seem to be more sensitive to it."
    The investigators now plan to carry out more detailed investigations following larger numbers of mothers and children to see if they can confirm their suspicions.

    Dr Carmine Pariante, an expert in the psychology of stress at the Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, said: "This paper confirms that the early foundation years start at minus nine months."
    He added: "Pregnancy is uniquely sensitive to a challenging maternal psychosocial environment - much more than, for example, after the baby is born. As we and others have been advocating, addressing maternal stress and depression in pregnancy is a clinically and socially, important strategy."
     
  2. Kiranja Mkuu

    Kiranja Mkuu JF-Expert Member

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    Ndio maana kuna watu wenye matatizo yao ya kuzaliwa na hawajielewielewi kama Malaria Sugu.
     
  3. mama D

    mama D JF-Expert Member

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    hivieeee!!??basi kazi ipo hapo.
     
  4. Mamndenyi

    Mamndenyi JF-Expert Member

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    Nakubaliana na wewe100%, kwani mama anayenyosha akiwa anaugulia uchungu fulani lazima na mtoto mchanga anayenyonya atakosa raha na utasikia akiguna mara kwa mara, mama mwenye mimba akiudhiwa akachukia sana, mimba inatoka tena inatoka, hii nina experience nayo, hivyo jitahidini makwazo yasiwepo home.
     
  5. beatrixmgittu

    beatrixmgittu Senior Member

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    BAK thank you for this useful post. Ni ukweli kabisa.
     
  6. AshaDii

    AshaDii Platinum Member

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    Hii inawezekana kabisa.... na nimeipenda saana.... imenikumbusha Music study moja
    nishawahi fanya.... Kuna sub-topic ya topic fulani inaitwa "prenuptial Music studies"
    Utafiti umeonesha mtoto huweza anza sikia mapigo/midundo ya music toka yupo
    tumboni mwa mamake baada tu ya ile first trimester (miezi mitatu ya kwanza)...
    kwamba akianza kucheza tumboni it is the most effective... mama unashauriwa
    kumuwekea mwanao music pale tumboni... inamfanya awe calm... unaendeleza
    hivo hata akizaliwa pia... wanasema it is really good for the baby's psychological health...
     
  7. King'asti

    King'asti JF-Expert Member

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    what i really cant understand is anyone who can be violent to a pregnant woman! there is a single pregnant gal in the block, everybody is treating her like The Queen! Thanks BAK, maybe some of us will pick a lesson or two on this one!
     
  8. AshaDii

    AshaDii Platinum Member

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    Mpenzi wanaume wengine balaaa naona hawakuimbiwa music wakati wako tumboni...
    Kuna dada fulani (roho inaniumaaaaaaaaaaa) alikua na mimba... mumewe kaja siku hio
    usiku kalewa.... kamgongea maskini dada wa watu 9 months preg... kajivuta kwenda fungua
    mlango... mumewe kapiga kama ngoma... kisa kachelewa kufungua mlango... alishikwa
    uchungu usiku huo huo... akajifungua... na kufariki papo hapo,,,,
     
  9. King'asti

    King'asti JF-Expert Member

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    sijui hata cha kusema! hakuna kitu kinaniumiza kama violence against human beings! violence on pregnant women, kids and the disabled (vulnerable members of the population) freaks me out! ningekuwa hakimu, hawa ningetandika miaka 1000!
     
  10. AshaDii

    AshaDii Platinum Member

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    Naunga mkono.... Inauma.... Mno!!
     
  11. A

    Aine JF-Expert Member

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    Mungu wangu, am pregnant hadi nimeshtuka!
     
  12. AshaDii

    AshaDii Platinum Member

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    Aine hongera saaana dear, Nakupongeza... mimi ni mama Pregnancy na

    watoto will change you kama hujawahi kua mama... for the BEST...

    Hivyo calm down dear... these things happen, but mara chache... Ondoa

    kabisa wasi wasi and Relax.... Take good care of your self ok??
     
  13. King'asti

    King'asti JF-Expert Member

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    pole aine. know this, parenthood is next to godliness, manake unashikiana na Mungu kukamilisha uumbaji. Jipende, jisikie fahario na usikubali kukanyagwa na yeyote! Kila la kheri, Mungu aliyeinzisha kazi hii ataimaliza kwako kwa usalama. Usinywe pombe ( google prenatal alcohol syndrome uone), nayo inakuwa na madhara kwa mtoto. stay put

     
  14. King'asti

    King'asti JF-Expert Member

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    One more thing aine, dont forget to talk to ur baby. muambie mwanao '' mama amestuka kidogo, lakini tutakuwa sawa. mama anakupenda sana, Mungu anakupenda kabla hata hajakunipa. utakuwa sawa kwa sababu baba na mama wapo kukulinda na Mungu atatulinda sote. etc''. jenga daraja zuri kati yenu wote. kamwe usikubali kuwa abused,u will be alright gal. hugs... hugs:grouphug:
     
  15. AshaDii

    AshaDii Platinum Member

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    I am Proud of you Wiffi.... :A S-rose:
     
  16. King'asti

    King'asti JF-Expert Member

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    niseme nini wifi yangu, namshukuru Mungu. Asante,lol ( nisipopuliza ile kitu nafaa faa kidogo hehehe)

     
  17. AshaDii

    AshaDii Platinum Member

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    No... unafaa in any mood... for mpaka upulize si you know mda wa

    kujiachia...lol.. (wifi mbea huyu... anasupport ujinga?? lol)

    But in most of your serious commentaries... napenda mtazamo wako hasa

    nje ya MMU na Chat of coz...(these l love for relaxation...)
     
  18. A

    Aine JF-Expert Member

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    Ahsante sana dear, Mungu ni mwema siku zote, am always talking to my baby na namuombea pia. Barikiwa dear
     
  19. A

    Aine JF-Expert Member

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    Ahsante sana my dear, am ok
     
  20. AshaDii

    AshaDii Platinum Member

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    Thank you for the feed back dear... appreciated...
     
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