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Maumivu makali ya mgongo(back pain) na tiba yake

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by Besty, Dec 11, 2006.

  1. Besty

    Besty Member

    #1
    Dec 11, 2006
    Joined: Sep 2, 2006
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    Back pain is a common problem. Back pain is one of the most common ailments in the World.

    How is the back made up?
    The major feature is the spine. This is a highly complex and delicate structure which is made up of 33 small bones called vertebrae.
    In between each vertebra is a disc which acts as a shock absorber, and stops the bones rubbing together.

    The discs are made up of a jelly like substance, which is protected by a tough, fibrous outer casing.
    The spine is supported by specialised back muscles, and an array of ligaments, nerves and tendons.

    What causes back pain?
    As the spine is such a complex structure, it can often be difficult to pin down the exact cause of back pain.
    Probably the most common cause is when the back muscles begin to spasm.
    This can often occur after strenuous activity, or can be a reaction to repetitive strain.
    The muscle is damaged, or irritated, and goes into spasm to protect the area from further injury.

    This can be extremely painful, and can lead to muscle tears if undue stress is exerted.
    Other causes of back pain include arthritis, fractures and infections.
    In many cases experts believe back pain is a manifestation of emotional upset, rather than a physical problem.

    More serious causes can include a prolapsed disc, or degenerative diseases of the spine - but these are relatively rare.

    Are certain parts of the back more vulnerable?
    Yes. The lower - or lumbar - region of the back is particularly prone to injury.
    This because it bears the entire weight of the upper body, and is twisted and bent more than other parts.
    As a result it inevitably suffers more wear and tear.

    Why is back pain on the increase?
    Experts believe that a major factor is the modern tendency to lead a sedentary lifestyle, both at work and home.

    Spending long stretches of time sitting in one position - often with the back not properly supported - is not good for the spine.
    The reliance on comfy soft furnishing may seem appealing - but often it encourages us to adopt a poor posture.

    Back pain is much less common in places such as India, where many more people are used to sitting on the floor, which is thought to allow the back muscles to find their own natural position.

    What is the treatment?
    For most cases of back pain the only treatment is pain relief, often through the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin.
    Physiotherapy, heat therapy, massage and hydrotherapy can help.

    How can you minimise the risk?
    The spine is naturally curved into an S shape. The best way to keep it healthy is to try to maintain this shape as much as possible.

    This is particularly important when performing tasks, such as lifting, that carry an increased risk of injury.
    Strengthening the back muscles, keeping fit by taking regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight can all help to minimise the risk of back pain.

    It is also important to have a mattress that properly supports the body while you are asleep.
    If you do have a bad back probably the worst thing you can do is take to your bed.
    Experts believe that it is best to stay as active as you possibly can.

    Could there be another explanation for back pain?
    Some lumbar and lower spinal pain is caused by patients having one leg longer than the other.

    This puts the pelvis out of alignment causing pain, which without correction leads to long term compensatory problems such as back pain.

    In this case it might be wise to consult a podiatrist who will measure the patient's limbs and if required provide either an orthoses - an orthopedic appliance used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities - or arrange to modify the patients shoe to correct the difference.
     
  2. The Invincible

    The Invincible JF-Expert Member

    #2
    Dec 11, 2006
    Joined: May 6, 2006
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    Ndugu Besty
    Asante sana kwa maarifa haya ya kitabibu. Sijui kama wewe ni dr au....Lakini kama ndivyo, naomba maarifa kidogo juu ya tatizo la addiction. Wengi wanajua zaidi smoking addiction, alcohol, gambling na drugs. Zipo aina nyingine kama chocoholic au shopaholic. Unaweza kutoa maelezo kidogo nini hasa kinasababisha hali hiyo? Na inakuwaje wengine wanaweza kujinasua wenyewe, wengine hoi? Halafu kuna matibabu yake hospitalini(psychic department may be)?
     
  3. Besty

    Besty Member

    #3
    Dec 12, 2006
    Joined: Sep 2, 2006
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    Thanx Invincible, for ur support. Mungu Akipenda nitakuja na hizo issues unazozitaka nizizungumzie. Japokuwa zilikuwa zipo ktk list za program zangu za kutaka kuelimishana zaidi. Insha'Allah tuombeane uhai na uzima.
    Nipo safarini kwa sasa, na sijajua itanichukuwa muda gani kurudi... Sisi waswahili tunasema Safari hatua...
     
  4. MpigaKura

    MpigaKura JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Feb 5, 2007
    Joined: Jan 25, 2007
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    Exercising is good for your body as a whole, but regular non-weight-bearing exercise is even better for your back. Exercises such as bicycling and swimming provide great cardiovascular benefits without causing strain on your joints and are beneficial to the spine because of their strengthening benefits.

    “As the muscles that support the spine become weaker, they become inefficient in supporting the spine in its normal position. As a result your whole back can become sore and tired,” said Jason Marchetti, M.D., physiatrist with Texas Back Institute.

    Bicycling is a great way to enjoy good weather, and stationary bicycle riding proves just as effective as outdoor biking in maintaining cardiovascular health. “Bicycling” your legs while lying on your back is also beneficial. Since the muscles around your spine help support the weight in your legs, it serves as a mode of conditioning a sore back.

    Riding position on a bicycle can cause undue strain to the back, while cycling through rough terrain increases jarring and pressure on the spine. To avoid these common pitfalls, incorporate these tips into your biking routine:

    Consider using a mountain bike with higher handlebars and bigger tires. This will put your spine in an upright position, while the larger tires help absorb more vibrations.
    Make sure that some of your body weight is distributed to your arms and keep your neck loose to avoid stiffness.
    Ride with shock absorbing accessories such as seat covers and gloves.

    Make sure there is not too much “reach” between the seat and handlebars. This can cause neck strain and lead to pain and stiffness
     
  5. MpigaKura

    MpigaKura JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Mar 10, 2007
    Joined: Jan 25, 2007
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    Acute Lower Back Pain : Prevention

    Do crunches and other abdominal-muscle strengthening exercises to provide more spine stability. Swimming, stationary bicycling and brisk walking are good aerobic exercises that don't put extra stress on your back.
    Use correct lifting and moving techniques, such as squatting to lift a heavy object. Don't bend and lift. Get help if an object is too heavy or an awkward size.
    Maintain correct posture when you're sitting and standing. Don't slouch.
    Don't smoke. Smoking is a risk factor for arthrosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), which can cause lower back pain and degenerative disc disorders. Also, smokers tend to be sedentary, which leads to back problems.
    Reduce emotional stress, which may cause muscle tension.
    Lose weight. Extra weight, especially around the middle, can put strain on your lower back.
    Using elastic belts that "pull in" the lumbar, or lower back, and abdominal muscles may not work. A major study of these kinds of belts worn by people who lift or move heavy objects said that the belts did not reduce back injury or back pain. The study from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health did not find a difference in back injuries among workers who wore back belts every day compared to workers who never used these belts or used them once or twice a month.
    Exercises for your back

    Here are some exercises to help strengthen your back. They should be done every day for five minutes:

    The Cat-Camel: Do this as a warm-up. This helps lubricate the joints of the spine and restores flexibility to the spinal muscles and ligaments. The Cat-Camel starts on all fours. Slowly alternate arching and rounding your back. Hold each pose for eight to 12 seconds.
    Curl-up: Lie flat on your back with one knee flexed. Raise your head and shoulders off the floor; alternate the bent leg midway through each set of repetitions. Pause and then return to the starting position.
    Side Bridge: This exercise works your abdominals. This is important because strong abdominals help give the spine good support. Lie on your right side, bending your knees. Raise your upper body using your right arm to hold you up. Use the torso to lift the hips, being careful not to let the top hip rotate forward. Make sure to bend your elbow directly beneath your shoulder. Place your left hand on your hip. Hold this position for 10 to 15 minutes and then repeat on the opposite side.
    Birddog: Start on all fours. Extend one leg and the opposite arm so that they are parallel to the floor. Hold this position for seven to eight seconds, and then repeat with the opposite arm and leg.
    How to sit

    Make sure your chair has a straight back. Your knees should be slightly higher than your hips. A stool might help if you cannot adjust the chair. While at your desk, turn with your entire body. Don't slouch.

    When driving, sit straight. Avoid leaning forward to reach the controls. A small pillow or towel under your lower back can help.

    How to stand

    Don't slouch. If you are standing for a long time, rest a foot on a low stool. Every so often, switch feet.

    How to sleep

    Sleeping on your side with a pillow supporting your head and another between your knees is the most ideal position. For back sleepers, placing a pillow under the knees and under your lower back can help. Don't sleep on your stomach. Also sleep on a firm mattress.
     
  6. ELNIN0

    ELNIN0 JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Dec 1, 2009
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    Wana JF, nani anajua dawa nzuri ya kutibu mgongo? Ni kama disks zinasumbua baada ya muda hasa ukiamuka asubuhi ni maumivu
     
  7. K

    Kituko JF-Expert Member

    #7
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    dawa ya maana kabisa ni kulala kwenye kitu ambacho akibonyei kabisa, hivyo ni vema ukaanza kulala chini kwenye sakafu unaweka blanket au shuka au unatafuta kipande cha mbao plywood/ceilingboard hivyo ndio kinakuwa kitanda chako, jitahidi sana ukiwa umekaa uwe unakaa wima na epuka kukalia mgongo hasa kwenye sofa
     
  8. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #8
    Dec 2, 2009
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    Mimi ninakushauri kama ni Disk zilizopo kwenye mwili wako ndio zinakusumbuwa nakushauri uende kwa Wataalam wa hayo maradhi ya hizo Diski ninafikiri nenda kwa Moi hapo muhimbili wapo hao wataalam wa matatizo yako watakutatulia na yatakwisha tu inshallah usijaribu kutumia Dawa yoyote pasipo na ushauri wa doctor na huyo doctor lazima akaupige Xray ili apate kujuwa una matatizo gani kwenye hizo diski zako za mwilini.

    Mimi pia yalinikuta hayo matatizo ya Diski nikaenda kwa doctor akanipiga Xray na akipa dawa nikapona lakini nipo Ughaibuni mimi niliwahi kuumwa mwaka 2004 hayo matatizo ya kiuno nikawa nashindwa hata kutembea jaribu kumuona Doctor akupe ushauri na Dawa nzuri.
     
  9. C

    Caroline Danzi JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Dec 2, 2009
    Joined: Dec 19, 2008
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    Ni vizuri ukamuone Dactari akupe ushauri. Inawezekena unasema ni disk kumbe siyo. Ebu nenda hospitali utapate tiba kamili kwa ugonjwa sahihi.
     
  10. ELNIN0

    ELNIN0 JF-Expert Member

    #10
    Dec 2, 2009
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    asanteni, nafikri ushauri niende moi tu. nitawahabarisha maendeleo.
     
  11. C

    Caroline Danzi JF-Expert Member

    #11
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    Pole sana, mwenyezi Mungu akutangulie huko. Uwe na imani unawezapona hata kabla ya kufika huko moi. Jiombee na sisi tunakuombea.
     
  12. P

    Patrick Nyemela JF-Expert Member

    #12
    Dec 2, 2009
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    Nenda Moi na ikiwezekana omba kumuona Dr. Kinasha, amewasaidia watu wengi sana. yeye ni Dr. Bingwa
     
  13. Dr. Chapa Kiuno

    Dr. Chapa Kiuno JF-Expert Member

    #13
    Feb 23, 2010
    Joined: Sep 11, 2009
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    [​IMG]

    [​IMG] Dr. Mao's Secrets of Longevity
    by Dr. Maoshing Ni a Yahoo! Health Expert for Cholesterol



    <H4></H4>







    Eight out of 10 adults in America have—or will soon experience—back pain brought on by the wear and tear of living. It seems simple to pop a pill for the pain, but why not avoid the side effects by trying natural possibilities first? You can turn to natural healing practices and herbs to alleviate back pain. The Chinese medical perspective
    According to Chinese medicine, the skeletal structure, bones, and lower back are part of the kidney network. Kidney energy tends to diminish as we age, more rapidly with unhealthy diet, excessive strain, and youthful indiscretions such as drug and alcohol use. Weakness in the kidney network results in symptoms of lower back pain, as well as general weakness, fatigue, and other signs of premature aging. Replenishing kidney energy is a slow and difficult process; that is why it is essential to preserve kidney energy. Fortunately, through qigong exercises, herbs, proper diet and lifestyle, you can slow down its depletion and even regenerate certain aspects of kidney energy, and in the process, ease some of your back pain. Try these tips!
    1. Eucommia for your aching back
    Eucommia is a traditional ingredient in herbal formulas for back and joint pain and helps to strengthen your bones, tendons, and ligaments. Western studies with rats have discovered that both the leaves and the bark of eucommia contain a compound that encourages the development of collagen, an important part of connective tissues like skin, tendons, and ligaments. A typical dosage is 350 mg twice a day. You can also try the traditional Chinese Arthritis/Joint formula, which includes eucommia and other herbs that support a strong back.
    2. Press here for relief
    Lower back pain is one of the most common problems that we treat at the Tao of Wellness. We use acupuncture and bodywork to reduce pain, which has proven quite effective. Like acupuncture, acupressure is the art of acupuncture without needles, where you use your own fingers to stimulate a specific acupoint. The combination of the following two acupoints is good for strengthening the kidneys and alleviating back pain:
    • Find the acupoint: Forceful Torrent (Ki-3), which is in the depression between the inner anklebone and the Achilles tendon of the right foot. Apply steady pressure with your right thumb until you feel soreness. Hold for 3 minutes. Repeat on the left foot.
    [​IMG]
    • Find the acupoint: Supporting the Core. It's in the middle of the popliteal crease behind the knee of the right leg. Apply pressure with your right middle finger until you feel soreness. Hold for 3 minutes. Repeat on your left leg.
    [​IMG]
    You can also massage the parts or your back that are in pain. Tonic oil, which consists of oils of camphor, peppermint, eucalyptus, fennel, and wintergreen, can be massaged into your back for relief from minor aches and pains. For a traditional blend of tonic oil in a pure sesame oil base, click here.
    3. Tasty treats for back pain
    Make a delicious anti-inflammatory cocktail by mixing equal parts of unsweetened black cherry juice with dark grape juice and drink 3 to 6 glasses a day until the pain has eased. Also, feature more pineapple in your diet. Pineapple contains an enzyme called bromelain, which is a natural anti-inflammatory that helps with back pain, as well as muscle and joint pain.
    4. Exercise can ease your back
    Most back pain is caused by the wear and tear of living, which over time weakens our skeletal structure, in the form of bone loss or a displaced disk. Research conclusively shows that exercise early in life builds bone mass and strengthens the skeletal structure, helping to prevent injury down the road. The good news is that if you are advancing in age, regular exercise can slow the progress of degenerative bone disorders. Generally for a healthy back, I recommend a combination of exercises: a 30-minute daily walk, moderate weight training to strengthen muscles and bones, and tai chi or qigong to build endurance and flexibility. A good form to choose is Dao-In qigong, which is gentle on the body and great for loosening up the back. You can look for a local tai chi practitioner to teach you or learn from an instructional DVD. During acute back pain, exercise may be difficult or too painful. Until you are mobile, bed rest is the best.
    I hope you have found some natural ways to alleviate your back pain! I invite you to visit often and share your own personal health and longevity tips with me.
    May you live long, live strong, and live happy!
    -Dr. Mao

    http://health.yahoo.com/experts/drmao/23499/natural-pain-relief-for-back-pain/
     
  14. FirstLady1

    FirstLady1 JF-Expert Member

    #14
    Feb 23, 2010
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    Thanks DR Dr. Chapa Kiuno
     
  15. Dr. Chapa Kiuno

    Dr. Chapa Kiuno JF-Expert Member

    #15
    Feb 23, 2010
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    Plesha is mine Lady.
     
  16. Tripo9

    Tripo9 JF-Expert Member

    #16
    Feb 23, 2010
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    Aargh... Unataja ma-herbs ambayo inawezekana hayapo hata bongo. Vitu vingine vya copy n paste bwana...!
    Samahani lakini...
     
  17. X-PASTER

    X-PASTER Moderator

    #17
    Apr 20, 2010
    Joined: Feb 12, 2007
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    Back Pain
    Back pain is a common problem
    Back pain is one of the most common ailments in the World.


    How is the back made up?

    The major feature is the spine. This is a highly complex and delicate structure which is made up of 33 small bones called vertebrae.

    In between each vertebra is a disc which acts as a shock absorber, and stops the bones rubbing together.

    The discs are made up of a jelly like substance, which is protected by a tough, fibrous outer casing.

    The spine is supported by specialised back muscles, and an array of ligaments, nerves and tendons.

    What causes back pain?

    As the spine is such a complex structure, it can often be difficult to pin down the exact cause of back pain.

    Probably the most common cause is when the back muscles begin to spasm.

    This can often occur after strenuous activity, or can be a reaction to repetitive strain.

    The muscle is damaged, or irritated, and goes into spasm to protect the area from further injury.

    This can be extremely painful, and can lead to muscle tears if undue stress is exerted.

    Other causes of back pain include arthritis, fractures and infections.

    In many cases experts believe back pain is a manifestation of emotional upset, rather than a physical problem.

    More serious causes can include a prolapsed disc, or degenerative diseases of the spine - but these are relatively rare.

    Are certain parts of the back more vulnerable?

    Yes. The lower - or lumbar - region of the back is particularly prone to injury.

    This because it bears the entire weight of the upper body, and is twisted and bent more than other parts.

    As a result it inevitably suffers more wear and tear.

    Why is back pain on the increase?

    Experts believe that a major factor is the modern tendency to lead a sedentary lifestyle, both at work and home.

    Spending long stretches of time sitting in one position - often with the back not properly supported - is not good for the spine.

    The reliance on comfy soft furnishing may seem appealing - but often it encourages us to adopt a poor posture.

    Back pain is much less common in places such as India, where many more people are used to sitting on the floor, which is thought to allow the back muscles to find their own natural position.

    What is the treatment?

    For most cases of back pain the only treatment is pain relief, often through the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin.

    Physiotherapy, heat therapy, massage and hydrotherapy can help.

    How can you minimise the risk?
    The spine is naturally curved into an S shape. The best way to keep it healthy is to try to maintain this shape as much as possible.

    This is particularly important when performing tasks, such as lifting, that carry an increased risk of injury.

    Strengthening the back muscles, keeping fit by taking regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight can all help to minimise the risk of back pain.

    It is also important to have a mattress that properly supports the body while you are asleep.

    If you do have a bad back probably the worst thing you can do is take to your bed.

    Experts believe that it is best to stay as active as you possibly can.

    Could there be another explanation for back pain?

    Some lumbar and lower spinal pain is caused by patients having one leg longer than the other.

    This puts the pelvis out of alignment causing pain, which without correction leads to long term compensatory problems such as back pain.

    In this case it might be wise to consult a podiatrist who will measure the patient's limbs and if required provide either an orthoses - an orthopaedic appliance used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities - or arrange to modify the patients shoe to correct the difference.
     
  18. Noname

    Noname JF-Expert Member

    #18
    Apr 21, 2010
    Joined: Feb 8, 2010
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    Thanks X-paster...I too had suffered back pain for long time but exercise helped alot.
     
  19. Ndahani

    Ndahani JF-Expert Member

    #19
    Apr 21, 2010
    Joined: Jun 3, 2008
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    Exercise ni kweli zinasaidia sana. Lakini ni aina gani ya mazoezi yanayofaa ili kuondoa back pain?
     
  20. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #20
    Aug 14, 2010
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    How to Treat Back Pain



    [​IMG]




    Chronic lower back pain is increasingly common partly due to increased incidence of obesity and also due to improper sleeping postures, especially with the increasing use of soft mattresses.


    Difficulty: Moderately Easy
    Instructions

    Things You'll Need:


    • Firm mattress
    • Weight reduction
    • Heating pads
    • Medications (****, ****, ****, soma, naproxen etc)


    1. How to Treat Back Pain
    2. Step 1
      Improper positioning of spine while you are asleep contributes to chronic lower back pain. Soft mattresses fail to maintain a normal curvature of the spine while you are asleep. This results in pinching of nerves between the spinal bones (vertebrae). Firm mattress provides a good support to your back bone while you are asleep.
    3. Step 2
      Obesity is an important cause of chronic lower back pain. It is easy to understand its relationship with the pain: the more you weigh, the more strain this will put on your backbone. In fact obesity not only puts extra load on your spine but also the other weight bearing joints such as knees, hips and ankles. This is the reason why these joints get involved frequently in overweight people. Mechanical stress erodes the cartilage that covers and protects the two bone surfaces that are in contact with each other in a joint. Losing weight is therefore key to management of back pain
    4. Step 3
      Heat therapy can alleviate pain. I recommend doing it every day at least for 30 minutes. Heat causes local vasodilation that increases the blood flow to the inflamed tissues. This helps to flush out the inflammatory substances that are collected in the inflamed bones and muscles. Many of these substances are pain mediators.
    5. Step 4
      Muscle rubs also work by the same mechanisms as heat therapy does. Rubs however cause vasodilation by reflex mechanisms.
    6. Step 5
      A significant portion of the back pain is due to the spasm of back muscles. Muscle stretching techniques may be used to gently relax the tight muscles. A manual massage may also do the same trick.
    7. Step 6
      Medications usually prescribed for chronic lower back pain are **** or ****, ****, soma, ibuprofen, naproxen, meloxicam, other narcotic medications and more. All of these should be taken in consultation with your health care provider.


    Read more: How to Treat Back Pain | eHow.com How to Treat Back Pain | eHow.com
     
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