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Maswali na majibu kuhusiana maambukizi ya HIV kupitia mdomo

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by DAWA YA SIKIO, Dec 18, 2011.

  1. DAWA YA SIKIO

    DAWA YA SIKIO JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Dec 18, 2011
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    1. Je Oral sex inaweza kusambaza HIV?

    JIBU:
    Kuna uwezekano mdogo wa maambukizi ya HIV kupitia ngono ya mdomo.Uwezekano huo huongezeka endapo ngono zembe itafanyika katika kinywa chenye vidonda,meno machafu ama matatizo ya fizi kutoka damu [ bleeding- gums].

    2. Je kula denda kunaweza kupelekea kupata maambukizi ya HIV?

    JIBU:

    Uwezekano wa kupata maambukizi ya HIV kupitia denda ni mdogo sana na unaweza kutokea endapo tendo hilo litapelekea kugusana na damu ya mtu mwenye VVU.

    3. Je HIV inaweza kusambazwa kupitia mate?

    JIBU:

    Ingawa uchunguzi umehakiki uwepo wa HIV kwenye mate,hakuna ushahidi wa kisayansi unaothibitisha kuwa mate yanaweza kueneza HIV. Ukweli ni kwamba,mate yana viasilia vinavyozuia kueneza HIV.

    4. Kwa nini mafuta hayaruhusiwi kutumika kama vilainishi vya condoms?

    JIBU:

    condoms nyingi zinatengenezwa kutokana na rubber ziitwazo latex,ambazo zinapogusana na oils ama petroleum-based substances,hutokea chemical reaction. Reaction hiyo hupelekea condoms kuharibika na kutofaa.
    Usitumie aina za mafuta zisizoruhusiwa kama kilainishi cha Condoms wakati wa oral,anal or vaginal sex!

    5.Kwanini sasa kuna baadhi ya watu wanaogusana na majimaji ya mtu mwenye HIV Damu,maziwa,manii na majimaji ya ukeni] hawapati maambukizi?

    JIBU:

    Uambukizo wa HIV unategemea Risk Factors zifuatazo:

    >> Uwepo na uwingi wa majimaji hatarishi.

    >> Uwepo na ukubwa wa michubuko ama majeraha.

    >> Ni kwa muda gani umekuwa na mgusano [contact] na majimaji hayo.

    >> Uwingi wa HIV {Viral load ]{alionao Source { mwenye HIV}.



    TAKE CARE
     
  2. Kipis

    Kipis JF-Expert Member

    #2
    Dec 19, 2011
    Joined: Jul 23, 2011
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    one of my friend amenusurika na H.I.V positive. Ilikuwaje?

    kwa hakika itakuwa kitu ambacho hatokisahau katika maisha yake yote hapa duniani. Anasema wife wake aligundulika yuko positive alipokuwa mjamzito.

    baada ya kugundulika wife wake ana maambukizi,yeye kwa upande wake hakutaka kwenda kucheki afya yake kuhusu maambukizi,kwani aliamini tayari keshauvaa.

    aliendelea nae kushirikiana nae tendo la ndoa tena kavukavu anasema! Hadi pale wife wake alipojifungua salama na mtoto akawa salama bila ya kupata maambukizi kwani tayari alikwisha kuanza kutumia dawa kabla ya kuzuia maambukizi kutoka kwa mama kwenda kwa mtoto.

    ni miaka sita sasa imeshapita,ndipo aliponiambia wameamuwa kuachana kwa 7bu yeye alikuwa anahisi kutoonesha dalili yoyote ya kuwa ana maambukizi kinyume na wife wake. Na alifikia uamuzi huo si kuwa alienda ku-H.I.V test hapana ila ni mtazamo wake tu.

    baada ya muda kupita, alijihisi kuwa mpweke sana na huku akiwa na msongo wa mawazo juu ya afya yake kutokuwa na uhakika kuwa yupo salama au la!

    ndipo alipokata shauri kwa ujasiri akanifuata kama rafiki yake ili nimpeleke kwa ajili ya kufanyiwa test. Nilimkubalia,ndipo tulipo ongozana hospital moja ya privet kwa ajili kufanyiwa hicho kipimo.

    baada ya kupimwa,akapewa majibu yake. Na hayo majibu yalisomeka hivi: HIV TEST-SD-BIOLINE-NON-REACTIVE.

    yule jamaa yaani alimshukuru sana MUNGU.kwani hakutegemea kama majibu yangekuwa kama yalivyosomeka hapo na hata alivyopima mara ya pili kwenye maadhimisho ya siku ya UKIMWI duniani,mwaka jana pale mnazi mmoja majibu hayakuwa tofauti na ya mwanzo.

    hivi hadi kufikia leo jamaa ana jiko kesha liweka ndani tangu december 5 mwaka wa jana na tayari wana baby boy.
    ,
     
  3. DAWA YA SIKIO

    DAWA YA SIKIO JF-Expert Member

    #3
    Dec 19, 2011
    Joined: Dec 8, 2011
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    .... Nafanyakazi katika kituo ambacho kinajihusisha pia na upimaji wa VVU.
    Ninachoweza kukushuhudia ni kuwa ni mara chache sana kupata weza wawili waliopima kwa pamoja wakawa ni HIV positive wote,ingawa huwa inatokea [ rejea uzi wangu point namba 5... Kuhusu Risk Factors ].

    Hiyo ikupe angalizo pia,endapo mke/mume/mwenza akipimwa akakutwa ni HIV NEGATIVE sio kigezo kwamba mpenzi wake nae
    ni NEGATIVE . Anaweza akawa katika status yoyote ile.

    ... YAITE HAYO NI MAAJABU YA HIV UKIPENDA ! TAKE CARE!!!
     
  4. Bill of Quantity

    Bill of Quantity JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Feb 18, 2015
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    Habari za asubuhi wana JF wenzangu?

    Naomba kupata ufafanuzi kutoka kwenu Great Thinkers. Kwa wale vijana wanaopenda kuingia chumvini na kufanya sex kwa njia mdomo (ulimi), je inawezekana kwa njia hiyo kuambukizana ugonjwa wa UKIMWI na virusi vyake?

    Vipi kuhusu magonjwa mengine ya ngono ambayo huambukizwa kupitia sex? Je mdomo unaweza kuhusika kama agent wa STD's?

    Naomba majibu yakinifu niweze kujifunza.
     
  5. Elungata

    Elungata JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Feb 18, 2015
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    jibu ni yes,kuna mpango wa kutengeza condom za ulimi kwa wapenda denda
     
  6. A

    Albosignathus JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Feb 18, 2015
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    kama ndio mchezo wako ujue unao mkuu.
     
  7. King Kong III

    King Kong III JF-Expert Member

    #7
    Feb 18, 2015
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    Maswali ya ki BRN hayo.
     
  8. mwalimumzalendo1

    mwalimumzalendo1 JF-Expert Member

    #8
    Feb 18, 2015
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    Ndiio unaweza pata
     
  9. Zamaulid

    Zamaulid JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Feb 18, 2015
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    discuss with vivid examples (2 marks)
     
  10. GENTAMYCINE

    GENTAMYCINE JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 18, 2015
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    Ngoja Viwembe Wenzio Waje Humu Watakujibu.
     
  11. mikatabafeki

    mikatabafeki JF-Expert Member

    #11
    Feb 18, 2015
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    ​[h=2]Which STDs are transmitted via oral sex?[/h]If a person is infected with any of the following STDs, there is a risk they could transmit the infection via oral sex.

    • The most common STD transmitted via oral sex is herpes. There are two main types of herpes simplex virus (HSV): HSV type 1, which usually causes cold sores around the mouth, and HSV type 2, which generally causes sores around the genitals. If a person has HSV type 1 and they give oral sex to another person, the herpes could be transmitted to the genital area of the other person, causing genital sores. This process can also work in reverse, with HSV-2 transmitting from the genitals to the mouth of the other person during oral sex, though this is rare.
    • Gonorrhea can easily be transmitted via oral sex. The infection is usually passed from infected genitals to a person's throat, but can also be passed from an infected throat to a person's genitals. The body will almost always naturally clear the throat of the bacteria that cause gonorrhea within three months, although infections in the genital tract will usually require antibiotics to cure.
    • Syphilis is easily transmitted during oral sex if a person's mouth comes into contact with an open sore or a skin rash caused by the infection.
    • It is possible (but thought to be not very common) for the human papillomavirus, which causes genital warts, to be transmitted through oral sex.
    • Chlamydia can infect the throat via oral sex, although this is thought to be uncommon. People with chlamydia may not have any symptoms and may not be aware they are infected.
    • The hepatitis A virus is found in human faeces, and may be passed on during anal-oral sex.
    • Hepatitis B is contained in sexual fluids and blood and may be transmitted during oral sex in a similar way to HIV (see below).
    • Hepatitis C is generally only contained in blood, and will only be transmitted if there is blood present during oral sex.
    • Gastrointestinal infections and parasites may be passed on during oral contact with the anus.
    [h=2]Can HIV be transmitted during oral sex?[/h]HIV can pose a small risk for both the active (person giving the oral stimulation) and receptive (person receiving oral stimulation) partner.
    Transmission from an HIV positive receptive partner to an HIV negative active partner may occur when the active partner gets sexual fluid (semen or vaginal fluid) or blood (from menstruation or a wound somewhere in the genital or anal region) into a cut, sore, ulcer or area of inflammation somewhere in their mouth or throat. The linings of the mouth and throat are very resistant to viral infections such as HIV, so infection is unlikely if they are healthy.
    Transmission from an HIV positive active partner to an HIV negative receptive partner is generally believed to be less common. This is because HIV is normally only present in saliva in very low levels that are not sufficient to cause infection. The only risk in this scenario would be from bleeding wounds or gums in the HIV positive person's mouth or on their lips, which may transfer blood onto the mucous membranes of the other person's genitals or anus, or into any cuts or sores they may have.
    [h=2]What is the risk of HIV transmission via oral sex?[/h]
    "The risk of HIV transmission from an infected partner through oral sex is much smaller than the risk of HIV transmission from anal or vaginal sex."
    The risk of HIV transmission from an infected partner through oral sex is much smaller than the risk of HIV transmission from anal or vaginal sex. Because of this, measuring the exact risk of HIV transmission as a result of oral sex is very difficult. In addition, since most sexually active individuals practice oral sex in addition to other forms of sex (such as vaginal and/or anal sex) when transmission occurs, it is difficult to determine whether or not it occurred as a result of oral sex or other more risky sexual activities. Finally, several co-factors can increase the risk of HIV transmission through oral sex, including oral ulcers and wounds, bleeding gums, genital sores, genital or oral piercings, and the presence of other STDs.
    When scientists describe the risk of transmitting an infectious disease, like HIV, the term "theoretical risk" is often used. Very simply, "theoretical risk" means that passing an infection from one person to another is possible, even though there may not yet be any actual documented cases. "Theoretical risk" is not the same as likelihood. In other words, stating that HIV infection is "theoretically possible" does not necessarily mean it is likely to happen - only that it might. Documented risk, on the other hand, is used to describe transmission that has actually occurred, been investigated, and documented in the scientific literature.
    Various scientific studies have been performed around the world to try and document and study instances of HIV transmission through oral sex. A programme in San Francisco studied 198 people, nearly all gay or bisexual men. The subjects stated that they had only had oral sex for a year, from six months preceding the six-month study to its end. 20 per cent of the study participants (39 people) reported performing oral sex on partners they knew to be HIV positive. 35 of those did not use a condom and 16 reported swallowing semen. No one became infected with HIV during the study, although the small number of participants performing oral sex on a person living with HIV meant the researchers could only say that there was a less than 2.8 per cent chance of infection through oral sex over a year. 1 In 2000, a different San Francisco study of gay men who had recently acquired HIV infection found that 7.8 per cent of these infections were attributed to oral sex. 2 However, the results of the study have since been called into question due to the reliability of the participants' data.
    Measuring the exact risk of HIV transmission as a result of oral sex is very difficult.
    In June 2002, a study conducted amongst 135 HIV negative Spanish heterosexuals, who were in a sexual relationship with a person who was HIV positive, reported that over 19,000 instances of unprotected oral sex had not led to any cases of HIV transmission. 3 The study also looked at contributing factors that could affect the potential transmission of HIV through oral sex. They monitored viral load and asked questions such as whether ejaculation in the mouth occurred and how good oral health was. Amongst HIV positive men, 34 per cent had ejaculated into the mouths of their partners. Viral load levels were available for 60 people in the study, 10 per cent of whom had levels over 10,000 copies. Nearly 16 per cent of the HIV positive people had CD4 counts below 200. The study, conducted over a ten year period between 1990 and 2000, adds to the growing number of studies which suggest varying levels of risk of HIV transmission from oral sex when compared to anal or vaginal intercourse.
    At the 4th International Oral AIDS Conference held in South Africa, the risk of transmission through oral sex was estimated to be approximately 0.04 per cent per contact. 4 This percentage figure is a lot lower than the two American figures, because this figure is a risk per contact percentage, whereas the other figures are percentage risks over much longer time periods. Oral sex is still regarded as a low-risk sexual activity in terms of HIV transmission, but only when more work is done will we be clearer as to the risks of oral sex.
    [h=2]Are there any individual documented cases of HIV transmission during oral sex?[/h]While it is very difficult to ever know how HIV transmission occurred, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there have been a few documented cases of HIV transmission during oral sex. 5
    [h=2]How do I protect myself and my partner during oral sex?[/h]The already low risk of becoming infected with HIV from oral sex can be reduced further by using condoms. Flavoured condoms are available for those who don't like the taste of latex or spermicide. For cunnilingus or anilingus, a condom cut open or a dental dam (a thin square of latex) can serve as a physical barrier to prevent transmission of HIV and many other STDs.
    - See more at: Oral Sex | AVERT
     
  12. b

    baribenda New Member

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    Feb 18, 2015
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    Duuuh,,naacha kabisab
     
  13. Bill of Quantity

    Bill of Quantity JF-Expert Member

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    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  14. Me too

    Me too JF-Expert Member

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    akiwa na mchubuko wowote mdomoni nawe pia hapo HIV lazma. Upo?
     
  15. Zamaulid

    Zamaulid JF-Expert Member

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    umekosa...ili na wewe upate lazima nawe Uwe una mchubuko mdomoni pia...one sided mchubuko hauambukizi HIV!!labda nawe Uwe ulikuwa na ya kwako kabla
     
  16. a

    abbaczo JF-Expert Member

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    Wanasema HIV inaambukiswa wakati wa kujaamiana mpaka itokee michubuko, je ina maana wale wanaume ambao hupiga show za kizembe, yaani sekunde chache ashamaliza na harudii tena, hawawezi kupata HIV kirahisi? Kwani hawapati michubuko kutokana na premature ejaculation..
     
  17. Me too

    Me too JF-Expert Member

    #17
    Feb 19, 2015
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    vaa miwan mkuu ndo urudie kusoma. Mbona nmeandka pande mbil zote zeny michubko.
     
  18. Zamaulid

    Zamaulid JF-Expert Member

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    nimeona mkuu ni mpangilio tu wa lugha ulinisumbua...vipi ni delete ile post?!
     
  19. 7ve

    7ve JF-Expert Member

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    Dah aya maambukizi muda mwingine naona ni kama mipango ya mungu,mi mwenyewe Nilikuwa na uhusiano na mwanamke mmoja hivi nili muamini kwa macho nikapiga kama mara tatu kwa muda tofauti baada ya kama wiki mbili Nikapata scandal zake kwamba tayari amesha athirika Si nika mwambia tukapime na kweli kwenda kupima akakutwa na maambukizi cha ajabu hata akushangaa Kumbe Alikuwa anajijua mimi nikawa negative Sina maambukizi niliachana nae hapohapo na kila mtu akapita Njia yake. Nilikuja kupima kama mara4 kwa muda wa mwaka nipo vizuri.so sometimes ni mipango ya mungu tu Huwez kupindisha akiandika na ndiyo inakuwa hivyo so nikumuomba mungu tu akuepushie mbali
     
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