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Mafuta na gasi kuwa laana? Zitto Kabwe avuruga mipango ya TPDC

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by WOWOWO, Sep 26, 2012.


    WOWOWO JF-Expert Member

    Sep 26, 2012
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    Reserving Judgement on Tanzania's Natural Gas Discoveries
    Tanzania drew international attention this year by almost trebling its appraisal of its natural gas reserves. Now confirmed at 43 Trillion Cubic feet (TCF), they are valued around $430 billion.
    The discovery mirrors a larger energy boom currently taking place in East Africa. According to the U.S. Geological Survey, East Africa's coastal waters are expected to hold up to 441 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. This is almost double the estimate given a few months ago in May 2012, and numbers are likely to grow with further exploration deals in the ‘pipeline'.

    The Economist has hailed the emergence of an "Eastern Eldorado", predicting the region to rival West African resource giants such as Nigeria and Ghana. British Gas have announced plans to invest about $15 billion in Tanzania within the coming decade. This figure alone is more than half the country's current annual GDP.

    The expected revenue gains and investments could mean a decisive shift towards industrialisation for Tanzania's donor-dependent agro-economy. President Kikwete has announced his hope that Tanzania will soon become one of the leading global gas suppliers.

    However, this economic enthusiasm should be tempered by a healthy dose of scepticism - especially with regard to the Tanzanian state's ability to handle the opportunity of new capital inflow. In a press statement, the state-run Tanzanian Petroleum Development Corporation confirmed that it had postponed last week's offshore exploration licensing round, due to take place in Houston, Texas. The round will be delayed until the government reviews a new draft gas bill. The announcement forms part of a larger debate about benefits and potential detriments of the suspected boom of the resource extraction industries.

    Potential for Conflict
    Local politicians' scramble for profit from natural resources has the potential to destabilise the relatively peaceful relations between East African nations.

    The heated debate between Tanzania and Malawi surrounding oil-drilling activities in Lake Nyasa is alarming. Oil finds in Lake Tanganyika have sparked border disputes between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Tanzania - according to watchdogs such as the International Crisis Group.

    However, there is not only potential for disputes with Malawi, Uganda and the DRC - offshore oil discoveries could also precipitate the formation of further separatist movements on the semi-autonomous island of Zanzibar. The potential for oil discovery is at the centre of a political debate between Zanzibar and the mainland because it is still unclear if the capture of oil and gas should be the responsibility of the union or whether Zanzibar should form its own petroleum company.

    Exceptionally, corporate interests might be a positive influence in finding a solution to this problem. A spokesperson of Shell told Reuters that they are trying to broker a compromise between the concerned parties, with Shell directly suffering from the political gridlock – unable to make use of the exploration rights granted to them ten years ago.

    Scepticism in Tanzania
    Although the potential for international skirmishes should not be neglected, the negative consequences of the gas discoveries are more widely felt among ordinary Tanzanians. Extractive wealth has generally been unevenly distributed amongst populations. Despite being the fourth largest gold producer in Africa, Tanzania and its people receive very little benefits from the mining sector, which generated some $2.3 billion during the year ending February 2012.

    The political opposition in Tanzania has warned the government not to repeat past mistakes and to safeguard Tanzania's energy resources for the future. In a recent declaration, Shadow Finance Minister Kabwe Zuberi Zitto urged the government to think its long-term strategy: "We may not be here tomorrow, but Tanzania will be". The lack of coherent policy guidelines, strong supporting institutions, and local expertise were decried as he called for a ten-year moratorium on all explorations to achieve structural adjustments and pass necessary legislation on future resource explorations.

    The potential impact of exploration activities on other sectors such as agriculture and tourism is also worrying. A Dar es Salaam-based lawyer conveyed these sentiments in a conversation with Think Africa Press:
    "I don't believe the country is ready to implement the existing systems and laws that will effectively protect the coastal environment. Tanzania stands already vulnerable and ready to lose its once glorious and bountiful coastline which is a major tourist attraction both above and under water."

    Use your blessings wisely
    Prominent Tanzanians are calling for a change in the attitudes amongst political leaders, the civil service, and public to prevent Tanzania from suffering the famed "resource curse" of other African countries.

    To prevent this, Tanzania needs to first create a culture of transparency. Negotiations between companies and the government usually take place behind closed doors and contracts remain a secret. This encourages corruption in a country which has a historical prevalence for rent-seeking behaviour and short-term gains by politicians and other public officials. The drilling and exploration of oil and gas could exacerbate these problems. And without effective monitoring and open debate in the public sphere, there is little hope for improving the current situation.

    Resource findings, especially in border areas, need not be a potential source of regional conflict if politicians direct them towards further economic integration of the East African region. On a national level the equal distribution of benefits is paramount. The incoming revenues can stimulate local economies and help Tanzania create a sustainable economic upturn.

    Structural constraints, such as a lack of expertise or promising high quality labour, should not prevent the majority of Tanzanians from deriving the benefits of capital inflows into their economy. Socio-economic baseline studies to assess negative impacts should be carried out in all affected communities, and risk mitigation measures should combat the potential negative effects.

    The government can use the revenue and capital inflows to make strategic investments in infrastructure, health and education. This will help ordinary Tanzanians reap their fair share of the benefits that comes along with the natural resource blessing. It is critical for politicians to live up to their duty of care and act in the broader interests of the population - only this realisation will help Tanzania move forward in its development process.

    Source: Reserving Judgement on Tanzania's Natural Gas Discoveries | Think Africa Press

    My Take:
    1: Kwenye Blue
    Sasa ni wazi Waziri wa Nishati na Madini Profesa Muhongo wakati akiutangazia umma kwamba ana mpango wa kuipitia mikataba yote ya madini ili aone kama ina manufaa au laa alikuwa akitaka kujipatia umaarufu tu na kupoteza attention ya watu kwani nyuma ya pazia tayari TPDC walikuwa kwenye maandalizi ya kwenda kuanza zoezi la kuuza utajiri wetu wa Mafuta kwa mabeberu. Mikakati ilikuwa ianze Texas USA mapema wiki hii.

    Kelele alizopiga ZZ Kabwe na wadau wengine wakitaka kuwe na strategic plans, sera na sheria kwanza katika gasi na mafuta kabla ya kuanza kutoa leseni za utafutaji na hata uchimbaji zimeweza kusaidia kuahirishwa kwa mkakati wa awali wa kubaka rsilimali ya mafuta yetu uliokuwa chini ya uratibu wa TPDC.

    2:Kwenye Red
    Ni wazi utajiri huu wa Mafuta una kila harufu ya machafuko katika ukanda huu wa Afrika Mashariki kama viongozi wetu hawajaona haja ya kukaa pamoja na kukubaliana kimsingi katika ugavi wa maeneo yaliyo na rasilimali ya Mafuta. Eneo lote la Afrika Mashariki linaonekana kuwa kwenye mgogoro bubu ambao ni wazi unasubili muda tu ulipuke. Early measures should be taken, icluding avoiding international enterferences and interests.
  2. F

    FJM JF-Expert Member

    Sep 26, 2012
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    Sijaelewa vizuri Shell wanafanya nini? Hasa kwenye underline, 'trying to broker a comprise? Shell? Hawa wakubwa wa Ogoni land wana-broker nini? Watanzania hatuwezi au kuna watu wanaona majibu yote yako kwa wazungu?

    Zitto alitembelea The Netherlands miezi michache iliyopita akimbatana na wabunge wengine. Tunajua Shell ni kampuni ya Roya Duth - The Netherlands. Bado siajelewa nani alimwalika nani kwenye hiyo trip, na ilikuwa ni trip ya chama au bunge au what?
  3. W

    Wamunzengo JF-Expert Member

    Sep 26, 2012
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    Ligi ya chinichini inayoendelea kati ya Zitto na Muhongo karibu sasa itakuwa wazi kwa umma wa watanzania. Ngoja tuone, kwa sababu tayari Muhongo keshaanza kujichanganya ingawa bado watanzania wanashangilia kale ka ushindi ka hila alikojipatia bungeni hivi karibuni kwa kisingizio cha kuokoa billion 6 kwa mwezi za Tanesco. Tayari Muhongo juzi kati alidai ku-renew mikataba, wakubwa walipom-bwatukia, akayeyusha eti walini-quote vibaya. mmhh!! ngoja tuone. time never lies!!
  4. Lu-ma-ga

    Lu-ma-ga JF-Expert Member

    Sep 26, 2012
    Joined: Sep 21, 2010
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    Usitegemee mema ya nchi chini ya CCM muhongo ni mchapa kazi kama alivyo lowasa ila chama chao hakiwezi kuwatoa kidedea leo hata ukimpa lowasa nchi atanywea kama mhongo.hata jk alipenda kuipeleka nchi pazuri tatizo chama.we must destruct CCM to death so we can enjoy the abundant econopmic fruits.turst me
  5. Kibunago

    Kibunago JF-Expert Member

    Sep 26, 2012
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    Kwa ubavu upi avuruge mipango ya TPDC? Kichwa cha habari chaweza kuuza gazeti lakini content zake hazijatuonyesha uwezo wowote wa Zitto- waziri kivuli dhidi ya TPDC wala Wizara.
  6. Bavaria

    Bavaria JF-Expert Member

    Sep 26, 2012
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    Tutasikia meng. Yangu macho.

    WOWOWO JF-Expert Member

    Sep 26, 2012
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    Nadhani iko wazi hiyo. Kelele zilizopigwa na kubanwa kwa Waziri Muhongo akitakiwa kupush strategic plans, sera na sheria za gesi na mafuta kwanza kabla ya kuendelea kuuza vitalu na kuruhusu exploration ndiko kumeifanya TPDC isite kukimbilia kubaka maliasili za mafuta na gesi kwa kuwapelekea wazungu huko Texas Marekani.

    Kwa akili ya kawaida tu jiulize, wewe una maliasiri inayotafutwa na mataifa makubwa unahitaji kweli kukimbia na mabrief case kwenda kuwashawishi 'Mabwana wakubwa' hawa kwenye mahoteli na makongamano ili waje kuwekeza?
  8. M

    Makupa JF-Expert Member

    Sep 26, 2012
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    Zitto is very ambitious but he will never achieve what is aspiring for simply because he is defending unknown interest even to himself