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Lula da Silva, Rais wa Brazil aliyesoma hadi darasa la 4 tu.

Discussion in 'Uchaguzi Tanzania' started by NguchiroTheElde, Oct 3, 2010.

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    NguchiroTheElde Member

    Oct 3, 2010
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    Lula da Silva, Rais wa Brazil aliyesoma hadi darasa la 4 tu.

    Lula da Silva President of Brazil.JPG

    Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva was born 6 October 1945. Known popularly as Lula he is the thirty-fifth and current President of Brazil.

    A founding member of the Workers' Party (PT – Partido dos Trabalhadores), he ran for President three times unsuccessfully, first in the 1989 election. Lula achieved victory in 2002, and was inaugurated as President on 1 January 2003. In the 2006 election he was re-elected for a second term as President ending on 1 January 2011.

    Early life
    Lula da Silva was born in Caetés (then a district of Garanhuns), located 155 miles (250 km) from Recife , capital of Pernambuco, a Brazilian state. He was the seventh of eight children.

    Education and work
    Lula had little formal education. He did not learn to read until he was ten years old, and quit school after the fourth grade in order to work to help his family. His working life began at age 12 as a shoeshiner and street vendor (i.e. Machinga). By age 14 he got his first formal job in a copper processing factory as a lathe operator.

    Union career
    Lula joined the labour movement when he worked at Indústrias Villares. He rose steadily in the ranks, and was elected in 1975, and reelected in 1978, president of the Steel Workers' Union of São Bernardo do Campo and Diadema. Both cities are located in the ABCD Region, home to most of Brazil's automobile manufacturing facilities (such as Ford, Volkswagen, Toyota, Mercedes-Benz and others) and are among the most industrialized in the country. In the late 1970s, when Brazil was under military rule, Lula helped organize union activities, including major strikes. Labour courts found the strikes to be illegal, and Lula was jailed for a month.

    Political career
    On 10 February 1980, a group of academics, intellectuals, and union leaders, including Lula, founded the Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) or Workers' Party, a left-wing party with “pro-poor” ideas created in the midst of Brazil's military government.
    In 1984 PT and Lula joined the popular Diretas Já! (Direct [Elections] Now!) campaign, demanding a direct popular vote for the next Brazilian presidential election. According to the 1967 constitution, Presidents were at that time elected by both Houses of Congress in joint session, with representatives of all State Legislatures; this was widely recognised as a mere sham as, since the March 1964 coup d'état, each "elected" President had been a retired general chosen in a closed military caucus. As a direct result of the campaign and after years of popular struggle, the 1989 elections were the first to elect a President by direct popular vote in 29 years.

    Lula first ran for office in 1982, for the state government of São Paulo and lost. In the 1986 elections Lula won a seat in Congress with the most votes nationwide. The Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT) helped write the country's post-military government Constitution, ensuring strong constitutional guarantees for workers' rights, but failed to achieve a proposed push for agrarian reform in the Constitutional text. Under Lula's leadership, the PT took a stance against the Constitution in the 1988 Constituent Assembly, grudgingly agreeing to sign the convened draft at a later stage.
    In 1989, still as a Congressman, Lula ran as the PT candidate in the first democratic elections for President since 1960..
    Lula refused to run for re-election as a Congressman in 1990, busying himself with expanding the Workers' Party organizations around the country. He ran again for President in 1994 and 1998, losing in both occasions to Fernando Henrique Cardoso of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) (and one of the key theoreticians of the Dependency School of thought which has dominated Tanzanian development thinking for the past 40 years).
    In the 2002 campaign, Lula moderated his left wing views and won the October elections in the second round by defeating the PSDB candidate.

    Political orientation
    Since the beginning of his political career to the present, Lula has changed some of his original ideas and moderated his positions. Instead of the drastic social changes he proposed in the past, his government chose a reformist line, passing new retirement, tax, labor and judicial legislation, and discussing university reform.

    Social & Economic Policies/Programs
    Lula also introduced or expanded social programs along lines similar to the social welfare programs of the West European and North American countries but his flagship program is the Growth Acceleration Program (PAC in Portuguese). The PAC has a total budget of US $353 billion by 2010, and is the Lula administration's main investment program. It is intended to strengthen Brazil's infrastructure, and consequently to stimulate the private sector and create more jobs. The social and urban infrastructure sector was scheduled to receive US $46 billion.

    The PAC is an investment program aimed at solving many of the problems that prevented the Brazilian economy from expanding more rapidly. The measures include investment in the creation and repair of roads and railways, simplification and reduction of taxation, and modernization on the country's energy production to avoid further shortages.

    After decades as the largest foreign debtor among emerging economies, Brazil became a net creditor for the first time in January 2008. Brazil is now the 8th largest economy in the world and among the fastest growing economies of the world. A substantial part of this achievement was due the leadership of a lower primary school (i.e. Standard IV) leaver!

    Wouldn’t you say that we need to look at our thinking on education and leadership a bit more critically?

    Condensed from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia