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Lies from Ibrahim Index of African Governance

Discussion in 'Habari na Hoja mchanganyiko' started by BAK, Oct 17, 2012.

  1. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

    Oct 17, 2012
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    [TD="class: contentheading, width: 100%"]Tanzania in Africa’s 10 best governed list [/TD]
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    [TD="class: createdate"] Monday, 15 October 2012 22:48 [/TD]

    By Samuel Kamndaya, Business Editor
    Dar es Salaam

    Tanzania has been ranked among Africa’s ten best-governed countries, a new continental report shows. According to the sixth Ibrahim Index of African Governance (IIAG) report, released in London yesterday, Tanzania outshines its four East African Community partner states of Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. The five-year old IIAG provides a comprehensive collection of quantitative data that provides an annual assessment of governance in 52 of Africa’s 54 countries.

    Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan are not covered in the study due to insufficient disaggregated data.
    At the continental level, Tanzania is behind Botswana, Cape Verde, Seychelles, South Africa, Namibia, Ghana, Tunisia, Lesotho and Mauritius, according to the report that depicts governance in Africa in 2011.

    “Basically, Tanzania has made one step forward... it has made it into the Top 10 for the first time; of all the eleven countries in eastern Africa, Tanzania is only second to Mauritius...the latter is on the second position at continental level,” Dr Salim Ahmed Salim, a board member of the Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership committee, told The Citizen in telephone interview yesterday.

    The IIAG uses four indices to measure good governance. They include safety and the rule of law, participation and human rights, sustainable economic opportunities as well as human development.
    The four indices are further grouped into sub-indices with the first index comprising of rule of law, accountability, personal safety and national security.

    The participation and human rights index comprise three sub-indices of: participation, rights and gender while the index of sustainable economic opportunity takes on board sub-indices of public management, business environment, infrastructure and the rural sector. The fourth index comprises of welfare, education and health.
    The overall governance score for 11 eastern African nations is 47 points (out of 100) but Tanzania scored an average of 59 points (out of 100). In the same vein, the country’s score is far better than the continental average of 51 points (about of 100).

    Tanzania’s highest scores in the Safety & Rule of Law and Participation & Human Rights categories, where in each category, she scored 62 points.

    However, the country scored unsatisfactorily in the category of sustainable economic opportunity, with poor show in infrastructure and business environment pulling down the country’s otherwise superb overall performance.
    It scored 33 out of 100 points in infrastructure and 56 points in business environment. Likewise, a 46 and 49 points score in education and welfare plucked some feathers from the country’s otherwise fabulous overall performance.
    Asked on how Tanzania could be so highly ranked under the existing safety situation, Dr Salim said though the report depicts governance in 2011, much of what has been happening recently was considered in coming up with the overall ranking.

    “The study is conducted by experts from within and outside the Continent… the question that remains is that Tanzanians are generally safe and protected and that is what has boosted the country’s image enabling it to clinch a place on the Top10 list,” he said.

    The drawbacks, which if left unchecked could damage the country’s ranking next year, include a 2012 May incident in which hundreds of supporters of a separatist Islamist group set fire to two churches and clashed with police during protests in Zanzibar.

    They also include last Friday’s ugly incident that led to the arrest of 122 residents of Mbagala’s Dar es Salaam who clashed with the police and burned seven churches after a 14-year-old boy allegedly desecrated the Quran.
    Last week’s murder of the Mwanza regional police commander, Liberatus Barlow and the early September, brutal killing of TV reporter Daudi Mwangosi plus the August killing of Ally Zona in Morogoro as police dispersed Chadema supporters, who were gearing up for demonstrations, may also affect the country’s next governance ranking.
    In the overall, the IIAG shows that governance continues to improve in many countries, though some of Africa’s regional powerhouses – Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa – have shown unfavourable performance since 2006.

    Over the past six years, all four countries declined in two of the four main IIAG categories – Safety & Rule of Law and Participation & Human Rights. Each of these four countries deteriorated the most in the Participation sub-category, which assesses the extent to which citizens have the freedom to participate in the political process.
    South Africa and Kenya have also registered decline in Sustainable Economic Opportunity. And Nigeria, West Africa’s powerhouse, has for the first time this year fallen into the bottom ten governance performers on the Continent.