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Land evictions in Tanzania are coming

Discussion in 'Jamii Intelligence' started by Mzee2000, Sep 29, 2009.

  1. M

    Mzee2000 JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Sep 29, 2009
    Joined: Aug 7, 2009
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    Kama mliona ya Loliondo ni makubwa basi makubwa zaidi yanakuja,
    Watanzania tuwe tiyari kupokonywa ardhi.

    =============

    Tanzania farmers in key arable areas face eviction by multinational corporations out to cultivate agrofuel products.

    More than 5,000 rice farmers from various parts of the country could be affected.

    This will trigger an environmental and humanitarian crisis as displaced villagers are left without land to grow food crops.

    A new report made available to The EastAfrican last week by an international environmental group warns that Tanzania's water sources, so critical to food production, will also be diverted to fuel production, increasing conflicts over access to water.

    The report was compiled by a local environmental group, the Environmental, Human Rights Care and Gender Organisation (Envirocare) Tanzania, and an international organisation, the Impact of Jatropha Trade in Tanzania.

    It says the government has few qualms about evicting farmers from their only means of livelihood, even if this sparks civil conflict.

    According to the report, the government wants to fast-track agrofuel initiatives and switch vast areas of land to sugarcane, palm oil and jatropha production, pushing out locals to poorer lands.

    "The most fertile lands, with best access to water, are being targetted, even though they are already used for food production by small-scale farmers," said the report.

    Abdallah Mkindi, environmental officer of Envirocare Tanzania, said that the country plans to place extensive areas under biofuel cultivation, including sugar plantations in the Wami River Basin, displacing small-scale rice farmers.

    Mr Mkindi said that with the country routinely depending on imported food aid, owing to frequent drought, producing fuel for export instead of food for locals will deepen poverty and food insecurity in the years to come.

    He said more than 1,000 rice farmers in Wami Basin, Coast region, a vast area in the alluvial flood and delta plain of the Wami River and its distributaries, and another 1,000 rice farmers in Ruipa, Mtwara region, will be displaced to pave the way for cane growing.

    "The Usangu plains, another area identified for potential sugarcane production, have already seen the government's willingness to accommodate large investors at the expense of small-scale farmers," he said.

    In Usangu district in Mbeya region, more than 1,000 rice farmers were recently displaced from their land to make way for a large plantation. The plantation has cut off the surrounding communities' access to the river, leading to disputes over water.

    According to Mr Mkindi, several international investors are looking at fertile areas with good rainfall and access to rivers, particularly for sugarcane and palm oil cultivation.

    The targetted areas include Ruipa, Ikongo, Mahurungu-Mtwara, Usangu plains, Malagarasi, Kilosa, Babati and Hanang in Tanzania.

    But analysts have pointed out the discrepancy between the government's stated aim of using biofuels to bring energy to the rural poor, and the policy of evicting them from their land.

    Currently, there is no biofuel policy, nor any legislation to govern its direction and production in Tanzania.

    Under the guidance of the Ministry of Energy and Minerals, a Biofuels Task Force was established in April 2006 to develop the sector and push for legislation to stimulate the use of biofuels. This followed a study on "Liquid Biofuels for Transportation in Tanzania."

    A Swedish firm has been provided with 400,000 hectares of land to turn into sugar plantation at Wami River in Coast region, while more than 8,000 hectares of land in Kigoma region have been provided to a Malaysian and Indonesian firm for a proposed palm oil biodiesel project.

    "Oil palms require major investment, and the trees can live for 30 years or more. Farmers entering into contracts to plant and grow palm trees may be forced to sign away use of their land for many decades," warned Mr Mkindi.

    The firms that are in the final stages of cultivating biofuel include D1 Oils Tanzania Ltd, a local subsidiary of the UK company D1 Oils.

    It plans to use outgrowers and to have biodiesel processing stations in every district in Tanzania.

    A German investor, Prokon, has begun a 10,000 hectare jatropha outgrower programme in Mpanda district in southwest Tanzania.

    Diligent Energy Systems, a Dutch company with branches in Tanzania and Colombia, has began cultivation of jatropha in Babati, Engaruka, Chalinze, Pangani and Singida and large-scale cultivation in Handeni district of Tanga region.

    The report also mentions a UK-based international firm, Sun Biofuels, which has acquired 18,000 hectares of land in Lindi region to cultivate jatropha.

    "Farmers who currently grow cassava, rice and maize will be encouraged to abandon food crops and instead grow jatropha," noted Mr Mkindi in the report.

    Mr Mkindi said that, in addition, a US-UK group, a Malaysian group and a US-based venture fund are currently exploring more than 100,000 hectares for palm oil production.

    To attract more investors, the government of Tanzania has analysed many fertile regions with good access to water, where farmers are already growing food.

    Stephen Wasira, Minister for Agriculture, Food Security and Co-operatives, said various regions of Tanzania were facing food shortages and about 970,000 people were in need of aid.

    Hence the government has to make arrangements to distribute about 50,000 tonnes of food to the affected areas by September this year.

    Mr Wasira said the government is cautioning farmers on food shortages and appealing for more concerted efforts to ensure delivery of at least one million tonnes of grain to avert starvation.

    The food deficiency resulted from last year's insufficient cereal harvests, whereby 5.2 million tonnes were collected as opposed to the projected national demand of 6 million tonnes for the 2009/2010 crop season.

    The National Food Reserve Authority had stockpiled over 107,269 tonnes of cereals required for 2009/2010, but by June this year the stock had declined to 89,842 tonnes.

    The Tanzania Investment Centre has set up a land bank of 2.5 million hectares identified as suitable for agrofuel investment.

    Where use of local resources is perceived as unproductive, land may be classified as idle or underutilised. It could, therefore, be made available to prospective investors, despite its economic, social and cultural functions.

    While investment promotion agencies may help bring underutilised land into production, doing so creates the risk of dispossession.

    A British firm that has taken over a 9,000-hectare area for jatropha cultivation in Kisarawe district, in which more than 11 villages have given out their land, wants farmers to abandon food crops.

    According to the report, the villagers have been compensated for mango and cashewnut trees on the land without regard to the market price of the land.

    "The farmers have not been made fully aware of issues such as the genuine value of their land and the consequences of giving it up," said the report.

    The Holland based agrofuel firm Bioshape, a subsidiary of Bioshape Holdings, Holland, has applied to acquire about 81,000 hectares of land from the four villages of Mavuji, Liwiti, Migeregere and Nainwoke in Kilwa district, Lindi region.

    But land officials say they have processed the purchase of only 34,736 hectares.

    According to Mr Mkindi, the firm is in the process of paying $250,000 to the District Council, with the funds to be shared between the District Council (60 per cent) and the local communities (40 per cent).

    "If they were to acquire the total 81,000 hectares they would pay $1.023 million. Bioshape is planning to use 60 per cent of the total land in plantation batches of 200ha plots and to maintain a 40 per cent buffer zone of natural vegetation, animal free zones, hills and wetlands, as well as thick forest," said Mr Mkindi.

    Source: The East African
     
  2. Invisible

    Invisible Admin Staff Member

    #2
    Sep 29, 2009
    Joined: Feb 11, 2006
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    Ardhi si ni mali ya Serikali?

    Hivi serikali ni nani? Naona nilidanganywa sana na walimu wangu wa somo la siasa!
     
  3. J

    Jasusi JF-Expert Member

    #3
    Sep 29, 2009
    Joined: May 5, 2006
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    Invisible,
    We are the government. It rules on our behalf, at our will and for our interests.
    That is how it should be.
     
  4. MaxShimba

    MaxShimba JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Sep 29, 2009
    Joined: Apr 11, 2008
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    THE LAND ACT,1999 AND VILLAGE LAND ACT,1999

    These Acts tell people how the land is to be used, managed and owned throughout mainland Tanzania.

    General Principles, Roles and Responsibilities
    The purpose of these laws is to make sure that the general ideas and aims of the National Land
    Policy are acted on. The Land Act makes clear that all land in Tanzania is public land which the
    President holds in trust on behalf of all the citizens. In the Central Government the President gives
    power to the Minister of Lands and next to him the Commissioner for Lands to make sure that
    everything is done properly. The Commissioner is given a lot of power to make decisions



    concerning land management and is now the chief land administrator in the country.



    http://epubl.ltu.se/1404-5508/2005/057/LTU-SHU-EX-05057-SE.pdf
     
  5. Ngambo Ngali

    Ngambo Ngali JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Sep 29, 2009
    Joined: Apr 17, 2009
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    Kwetu unapiga lwangi halafu watu wote wanatoka kukusaidia, wenye majembe, mapanga ,mikuki, mishale etc wale wa vijijini nadhani watanielewa.

    In short inatisha

     
  6. Babylon

    Babylon JF-Expert Member

    #6
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    Asante serekali kwa kutuletea maendeleo .(ukila na kipofu usimshike mkono)
     
  7. Invisible

    Invisible Admin Staff Member

    #7
    Sep 29, 2009
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    Ideologically you seem to be right, but NOT in Bongo!

    Someone or some people seem to be the govt, who are they? Why?
     
  8. The Boss

    The Boss JF-Expert Member

    #8
    Sep 29, 2009
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    Yaani ile government of the people for the people and by the people
    ukija tanzania ni kama maigizo.....
    Hii nchi kama imelaaniwa vile....
     
  9. N

    Nwaigwe JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Sep 29, 2009
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    Hivi kuna njia yeyote ya kuwa na mass voice?

    Bunge for sure haliwezi kutusaidia, au kwanini hawa wana mazingira wasianzishe maandamano ya nchi nzima kupinga hili?

    Jamani serikali ya C.C.M inatumaliza, kuna post kama hii ilishawahi kutumwa hapa JF, haya mambo siyo kwamba yameanza leo, serikali yetu ilishagawa maeneo mengi kama Kisarawe na mengineyo kwa ajili ya uzalishaji wa agro-fuel.

    Let me tell you, hawa wenzetu wameshajitosheleza kwa chakula, na wana uwezo wa kulisha dunia hata kama Afrika haitazalisha.What they do ni kwa manufaa yao.

    Jetropher inahitaji maeneo ya rutuba nyingi... Now imagine ni kwa vipi tutazalisha 'mahindi'?
     
  10. Bluray

    Bluray JF-Expert Member

    #10
    Sep 29, 2009
    Joined: Mar 25, 2008
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    Trust me, you will hear more in terms of outrage from Brooklynites protesting a Russian oligarch bringing the Nets to BK than on this crucial issue.

    Januari Makamba alikuwa kama anatabiri aliposema "hatutaki kuwa kama Nigeria..." that is exactly what we are moving towards.

    Whenever you hear an ombudsman telling you "Everything is under control" be very afraid, in Vogonspeak that actually means "Nothing is under control, everything is chaotic"

    So when Mr. Makamba said "hatutaki kuwa kama Nigeria" what he actually meant was "Kaeni sawa tunaelekea kuwa kama Nigeria"
     
    Last edited: Sep 29, 2009
  11. s

    shabanimzungu Senior Member

    #11
    Sep 29, 2009
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    This is serious..Kikwete has become a darling of USA and we r going the wrong way......................Another Zimbabawe when it comes to land issue and another rogue state in the making like Saddams Iraq and when he time comes the West will abandon TZ and Kikwete by that time will be enjoying his green bucks.................Chavez just did not invite Kikwete to venezuela recently while Kikwete was being pampered in the laps of Obama..time will tell.America is treating TZ like it was treating PAKISTAN in the 1940's and look what happened there?
    TZ will become a frontline against Islamic fundamentalist ....AFRICOM is just about this............OUR LEADRS HAVE TO WAKE UP..............................................OLE NAIKO IS A STOOGE OF WEST AND HE IS MAKING MONEY AT TIC ...............
     
  12. Babylon

    Babylon JF-Expert Member

    #12
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    Usiende Mbali Muangalie Museven wa Uganda (uso wa kukirimiwa hauwachi kuona haya)
     
  13. N

    Nanu JF-Expert Member

    #13
    Sep 30, 2009
    Joined: May 29, 2009
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    How many Tanzanians have access to this information?

    Very minute of course. There is a need for NGO to educate the people regarding their land. But again the guys who wants to robe the land are the same guys who normally fund these NGOs hence NGOs will lack resources and capacity to educate the public.

    The biofuels story should not compete with food production. I a country that cannot even sustain itself of food, then it is venturing into another awful business which it will not even have control over it.

    We can earn forex by exporting food products. But we need to produce for our own use and sell surplus to the other nations which are in need of food. There comes a time when the citizens of this country those regarded as villagers will wake up and put up the fire which will say it is enough and enough is enough. When this stage is reached the fireball will be too massive to extinguish and contain. People given the previledge to lead Tanzanians should not look into their tenure only, they should think of Tanzania for 1000 years after their demise in this world. They shouldn't think of themselves and their families only, they should not think of today and 5-10 years period only, they should think a lot far from that.

    We need to make changes, not necessarily to remove CCM but within CCM itself, we need changes, we no longer need the likes of Kingunge, Malecela, Makamba, etc. We need revolutionary leaders and we have a lot of them. We need strong institutions and not experienced leaders, we need leaders who understands that we peaceful because we Tanzania have chosen to be and NOT because of a party.

    We need Changes, be a change agent whenever you are and whatever small impact you will bring it will be an impact, it will be a step.
     
  14. T

    Tikerra JF-Expert Member

    #14
    Sep 30, 2009
    Joined: Sep 3, 2008
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    Nyerere alisema utumwa utakao kuja utakuwa mkubwa na mbaya zaidi kuliko wa kwanza!Mzee yule aliona mbali sana.Slavery is indeed here.Unayedhani kwamba sio mtumwa unajidanganya,your diagnostic ability is extremely poor.

    To me Wazungu hawa yale waliyofanya kwao ndiyo sasa wanayokuja kufanya third world countries,hata bila aibu.Sasa wenzetu ulaya wana viwanda ambavyo walikwenda kuomba kazi,sisi tutakwenda wapi?Tusubiri tu kufa na kuwa watumwa wa wazungu.
     
  15. a

    amnestyint Member

    #15
    Sep 30, 2009
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    so there is an apparent need to stand up against forced evictions. i would like to bring your kind attention towards some events that amnesty international is organizing on the world habitat day. if some of you could participate it would be great.
    here are the details
    WHAT YOU CAN DO
    ADD YOUR NAME TO THE HOUSE OF SIGNATURES
    From the 5th of October 2009, World Habitat Day, people from across Africa will be adding their name to a “house of signatures”, a home for human rights in Africa. Some of these “houses” will be presented to African leaders whose influence could bring an end to forced evictions on the continent. Others will be given to African human rights activists in solidarity with them and their vital work of campaigning against forced evictions, often in the face of repression. These “houses”, including suggested texts for petitions which target the authorities responsible for forced evictions in their countries, can be downloaded from www.amnesty.org.

    LET AFRICAN LEADERS KNOW WHAT YOU THINK!

    SMS your own personal message to [​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG][​IMG]+447786 200 220[​IMG] [local operator charges apply] saying why forced evictions in Africa need to be brought to an immediate end. Your message will be passed on to governments all over the continent and will be displayed on www.demanddignity.org.

    ADD YOUR VOICE, ADD YOUR NAME,
    STAND UP AGAINST FORCED EVICTIONS IN AFRICA.

    http://www.facebook.com/home.php?#/pages/Amnesty-International-African-Online-Community/41515121987

    this event is taking place in Nigeria, Uganda and Kenya.
    for any additional details you can visit http://www.facebook.com/home.php?ref=home#/event.php?eid=135985239222&ref=ts
     
  16. Ngambo Ngali

    Ngambo Ngali JF-Expert Member

    #16
    Sep 30, 2009
    Joined: Apr 17, 2009
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    Katiba iko wazi kabisa kuhusu kulinda ardhi yetu:

    Ibara ya 27 inatamka kuwa:
    27.(1) Kila mtu ana wajibu wa kulinda maliasilia ya Jamhuri ya Muungano, mali ya Mamlaka ya Nchi na mali yote inayomilikiwa kwa pamoja na wananchi, na pia kuiheshimu mali ya mtu mwingine.(2) Watu wote watatakiwa na sheria kutunza vizuri mali ya Mamlaka ya Nchi na ya pamoja, kupiga vita aina zote za uharibifu na ubadhilifu, na kuendesha uchumi wa taifa kwa makini kama watu ambao ndio waamuzi wa hali ya baadaye ya taifa lao.
    Ibara ya 28 kwa upande mwingine inasema:

    (1) Kila raia ana wajibu wa kulinda, kuhifadhi na kudumisha uhuru, mamlaka, ardhi na umoja wa taifa. (3) Mtu yeyote hatakuwa na haki ya kutia sahihi kwenye mkataba wa kukubali kushindwa vita na kulitoa taifa kwa mshindi, wala kuridhia au kutambua kitendo cha uvamizi au mgawanyiko wa Jamhuri ya Muungano au wa sehemu yoyote ya ardhi ya eneo la taifa na, bila ya kuathiri Katiba hii na sheria zilizowekwa, hakuna mtu atakayekuwa na haki ya kuwazuia raia wa Jamhuri ya Muungano kupigana vita dhidi ya adui yeyote anayeshambulia nchi.
    Naona inabidi hivi vifungu vitumike kuokoa ardhi yetu jamani
     
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