Kwa wafugaji wa kuku wa kisasa

Discussion in 'Ujasiriamali' started by Mlachake, Oct 23, 2009.

  1. Mlachake

    Mlachake JF-Expert Member

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    Hey JF Members.
    Ee bwana kuna mtu anaweza kunipa msaada wa mchanganuo wa kufuga kuku. naona soko la kuku ni kubwa sana. hii ni biashara ambayo soko lake liko tayari. hotels, functions, vibanda vya chipss.... Yeyote mwenye idea naomba msaada please!!!!!

     
  2. Kisusi Mohammed

    Kisusi Mohammed JF-Expert Member

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    Ni nzuri sana kama una eneo kubwa na halina magonjwa ya kuwadhuru kuku hao, kikubwa hapo ni unataka kufuga kuku wa aina gani, kiasi gani, na lengo la kuwafuga ni lipi?
     
  3. M

    Mwambashi Senior Member

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    Vipi business idea ya Coaster umeachana nayo???
     
  4. Mlachake

    Mlachake JF-Expert Member

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    kaka nataka nianze na kuku 1,000. Actually I want that to be my reliable businees yaaani niachane na hizi ajira tunazo danganyana nazo
    thanks
     
  5. Mlachake

    Mlachake JF-Expert Member

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    Coaster mzee mfuko mdogo! hapo parefu kidogo mzee!!! 40m kwa mwajiriwa ni parefu kidogo
     
  6. Bigirita

    Bigirita JF-Expert Member

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    Fuga nguruwe wewee au fungua maduka manzese na Ubungo external kama upo ndarisalama.

    kuku kichefuchefu!! wakipata ugonjwa usiku, mpaka ukiamka huna hata wa ushahidi.
     
  7. Mlachake

    Mlachake JF-Expert Member

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    mzee nimekusoma!!
     
  8. GP

    GP JF-Expert Member

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    mkuu ulishawai kufuga kuku, japo 50??.
    maana kama ni wale broilers wakipata ugonjwa unaweza kupata presha, tena kama pesa ndo za FINCA, itakula kwako.
    bora kuku wa mayai, ila ndio hivyo uwe na mtaji mnene coz wanakula kwa miezi 5-6 ndo waanze kutaga mayai!
     
  9. safariwafungo

    safariwafungo JF-Expert Member

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    hapo sawa ila idea ya kusubili mpaka upate 40m hapana ilikuwa haivutii (there waz no growth orientation), swahiba karibu katika kada hii ya ujasiliamali hata hivyo si lazima uache kazi ndoo uingie kwani jambo zuri na la busara katika ujasiliamali ni kuhakikisha unamiliki mtandao ambao utakuwa unakuingizia fedha hata kama upo kwenye machela, mathalani wewe umeliona hilo na kutaka kujikita ktk kuku. Good idea, and for further info just ni PM.
     
  10. The Boss

    The Boss JF-Expert Member

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    kuku ni biashara nzuri sana lakini inabidi uwe mjanja,,,
    kwanza jifunze kutengeneza chakula cha kuku mwenyewe
    usiwe unanunua
    pili usiwe mbahili...hakikisha wanakula vizuri na madawa ya
    kupulizia kwenye mabanda unatumia
    anza na kuku 2000,
    good luck.
     
  11. K

    Kichakoro JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu Karibu GMBD Consult ltd tunao uzoefu wa kutosha kuandaa michanganuo kutoa ushauri wa mradi wa kuku(broilers, layers, cross breeds n.k) pia tunao uzoefu wa kutosha kwenye kunenepesha ngombe(cattle fattening), ufugaji wa nguruwe n.k Tuna mifano mingi Korogwe 9 kilomtre kutoka Segera on the way to Moshi kuna shamba la nguruwe (400) na Kuku (6,000), Cattle fatterning in Mtibwa, e.t.c Pia tunao uzoefu wa kutosha kwenye animal feed processing(Dodoma - Mapusa Rajab), Mbezi Luis (M & M Food Procesor) e.t.c karibu sana. wasiliana nasi +255715 737302 au +255784 737302 ama kwa email [email protected] pia tembelea website yetu www.gmconsultz.com
     
  12. M

    Mama Joe JF-Expert Member

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    well said, ni sawa kabisa, kujifunzia unaweza anza na cha kununua, ila faida hamna, tengeneza chakula mwenyewe, hakikisha usafi wa vyombo na banda, zuia ubichi bandani, hakikisha wakiumwa tu, watenge ukianza kusitasita ndo anavyosema huyo banda zima linakwisha.
    unaweza fuga kiasi chochote ila as a precaution nakushauri weka 200 banda moja kwa kuanzia ila pata ushauri wa vipimo per sq mita.
     
  13. FirstLady1

    FirstLady1 JF-Expert Member

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    asanteni sana na mie nimepata idea hapo kwenye hiyo Biashara
     
  14. k

    kisikichampingo JF-Expert Member

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    Biashara ya kuku poa. Ila kwa wafanyakazi, nawapa ushauri wa bureeeeeeeee, msifuge kuku. Endeleeni tu na kazi zenu, jioni na weekend mkapumzika? Ila muwe na bajeti. Siyo mtu unapata laki 3, unataka kukimbizana na watu kama sisi-kwenye pombe upo, gari unataka, wanawake wewe.Headache za nini!?
     
  15. Mlachake

    Mlachake JF-Expert Member

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    Yaani umenichekesha kweli. Unajua umenigusa na hapo kwenye Red!!
    huo ndo ukweli!!!! lakini sisi wafanyakazi ndo tunajazaga Bar mida ya jioni.
     
  16. M

    Malila JF-Expert Member

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    Naam kama ni idea ziko lundo,shida iko kutekeleza idea husika.
     
  17. N

    NasDaz JF-Expert Member

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    Mlachake, una experience kwenye ufugaji kuku? kama huna basi,
    kuanza na kuku 1000 utakuja kulia!!! Na kama ni lazima uanze na kuku wengi,basi usiwe na mkono wa birika, kwamba usiwe bahiri!!

    Lazima utafute part time animal scientist ambae atakuwa mara kwa mara anakushauri suala zima la poutry management!!! aidha,usiwe bahiri, hususani kwenye feeding!!! poultry keeper wengi wana-collapse kv wanataka kubana matumizi kwenye chakula---manake wale jamaa wanafukia ile mbaya!!!

    in order to have productive layers or broilers, lazima kwenye masuala ya misosi wajiachie!!! and even more important, especially kama ni kuku wa mayai, tenga bajeti ya chakula pembeni na usiichezee kwa kitu kingine chochote kile, iwe pale ready for feeding!! Kama utapata mtaalamu, akakupa techinques za kutengeneza chakula itakuwa more wise kwako, kwavile feed cost ipo juu sana!!!

    BUT be careful, usi-opt tu kutengeneza chakula chao wakati feed chemistry haunayo!!! kama ni wa mayai, badala ya kuanza kutaga after 5 ro 6 months, wataanza after 8 months!!!Kama unazani hutaweza kufanya mixing vizuri, u better ukajilipue kwenye vyakula vya madukani ambavyo ni very expensive- but don' worry, bei hiyo haitakufanya upate hasara, but itapunguza faida!! na kitu kingine muhimu, don buy day old chicks mitaani, utakuja kulia!!!hizo ni few hints, but the project, inalipa wangu!!!

    Mengine yote, unaweza kushauriwa na animal scientist, but the first good strategy--- tafuta kijana ambae tayari ameajiriwa kwenye suala zima la utunzaji kuku--- mchomoe anakofanya kazi na mpe mshahara mkubwa zaidi, na mpangie room very close na yalipo mabanda yako!!! uki-opt kujenga annex ya kukaa poultry keeper, itakuwa ni more productive idea! wish u all the best
     
  18. Nono

    Nono JF-Expert Member

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    Mradi wa kuku ni mzuri haswa pale ambapo unakuwa na uzoefu wa jinsi ya kuwatunza na kufuatilia soko lake. Kwa mtizamo wangu naona kama unapendelea zaidi kuku wa nyama ambao kiasi fulani ni wagumu kuliko kuku wa mayai.

    Ni muhimu ukiangalia yafuatayo kwa ustawi wa kuku wa nyama.

    1. Kuwa na banda zuri lenye hewa ya kutosha pamoja na joto la kutosha (unaweza kupata vitabu kutoka kenye veterinary mbali mbali). Banda ni wastani wa mita 4 kwa 4 kwa kuku 200 wa nyama au 100 wa mayai. Hakikisha banda ni safi na umelipulizia dawa kabla ya kuingiza kuku (unaweza kutumia detto).

    2a. Kwa mtu unaeanza ni vizuri kutumia chakula cha kiwandani kwa ubora kwani mara nyingi vyakula vya kujitengenezea vinaweza kuwa ma upungufu au kutengeezwa katika mazingira yasiyo mazuri na hatimaye kuwa na matokeo duni. Kumbuka wanahitaji vakula veyenye virutubisho tofauti kulingana na umri (mfano starter & finisher kwa broiler)

    2b. Hakikisha wanapata chanjo ya newcastle wiki ya pili kwa kukuwapya utakaowaleta. Ni muhimu sana. Pia viatamini na madini kama utakavyoshauriwa na watalamu wa mifugo

    3a. Kama una uwezo mzuri ni vizuri kufuga kwa awamu. Mathalani wapishane kwa wiki 2, (yaani unaingiza kukuwapya kila baada ya wiki mbili). Hii inakupa nafasi nzuri haswa kupunguza gharama za malisho na nafasi, kwani kadri wanapokuwa ndivyo unavyoongeza nafasi ya banda. Kumbuka broiler.

    3b. Hakikisha kuna vyombo vya chakula na maji vya kutosha. Kuku wa nyama hawahitaji kwenda umbali mrefu kutafuta maji, na viwe na maji pamoja na chakula wakati wote.

    3c. Hudumia kuku wadogo kwanza, ndipo umalizie kwa wakubwa. Usafi ni muhimu sana. Kuwe na masodasti na hakikisha hakuna unyevu unyevu ili wasipate maambukizo ya magonjwa ya baridi.vifo vingi sana huweza kutokea. Ni vizuri ukahakikisha kuwa hakuna kuku wa kienyeji, kwani mara nyingi huwa chanzo cha magonjwa.

    4. Soko ndio kichaa kikubwa katika biashara ya kuku wa nyama, na faida yote hupotea baada ya kukomaa endapo soko linakosekana. Jiandae vyema kama ikiwezekana baada ya kufikisha uzito stahili (baada ya wiki 5-6) unawachinja wote na kuwauza au kuwahifandhi ndani ya jokofu na kuwauuza taratibu.

    Baada ya hapa unaweza kuangalia nafasi yako ya kukuwa na kuwa uzoefu kupanua biashara. Ushauri wa wataalamu ni muhimu sana kufanikisha malengo, ila pia kumbuka ubabaishaji ni mwingi Afrika!
     
  19. Kwetunikwetu

    Kwetunikwetu JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu tazama hizo picha hapo chini;

    [​IMG]

    nilikuwa mmikoa ya kusini just three weeks ago, tutatembelea banda la mkulima mmoja na kuona jinsi alivyojikwamua kwa ufugaji kuku wa kienyeji. Alianza kufugia kwenye banda la kupikia, then sasa amejenga banda jipya, anafuga kwa kutumia njia bora zaidi kuku wale wale wa kienyeji. Kwa hivyo haihitaji kuanza na maelfu ya kuku, bali kidogo kadri unavyoweza, kikubwa ni kuhakikisha unawapatia huduma bora zikiwamo chakula na madawa....

    cheers..!
     

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  20. Next Level

    Next Level JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu naona shule hapo imetulia........!

    Lakini mbona mnazungumzia haya makuku ya kisasa tu? Je, ufuguja wa kitaalam wa kuku wa KIENYEJI unakuwaje? Kumbuka hawa nao wana soko zuri sana..........!
     
  21. Next Level

    Next Level JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu....ebu ungemwaga kidogo utaalam au masharti ya kuzingatia unapoamua kufuga kuku wa kienyeji mzee........!
     
  22. LazyDog

    LazyDog JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu tunashukuru kwa hizo picha.
    Sipendelei sana faida za chap-chap. Kuku wa kienyeji naona ni bara-bara kabisa. Mambo ya taratibu lakini yenye uhakika. Demand and supply iko poa.


     
  23. M

    Mama Joe JF-Expert Member

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    UFUGAJI BORA WA KUKU WA NYAMA NA MAYAI:
    WIKI YA KWANZA:SIKU YA 1 - 6 WAPE:GLUCOSEBROILER BOOST AU AMINOVIT AU SUPERVITVIGOSTART KWENYE CHAKULA (KILO 1 KWA MFUKO 1 WA KG 50) KUANZIA WIKI YA KWANZA HADI YA 4
    SIKU YA 7CHANJO YA NEWCASTLE - MASAA 2 TU, WEKA MAJI NA VITAMIN MARA BAADA YA KUTOA MAJI YA CHANJO
    WIKI YA PILICHANJO YA GUMBORO - MASAA 2 TU, HALAFU ENDELEA NA MAJI YA VITAMIN
    WIKI YA TATUDOXICOL AU CTC20% NA AMPROLIUM, VITAMIN NA MOLASSES KWA SIKU 5 - 7
    WIKI YA NNEHAKIKISHA KUKU WA NYAMA WANAKUWA KATIKA DOSE KUBWA YA VITAMIN
    WIKI YA SITAWAPE KUKU WA NYAMA MAJI YA VITAMIN ASUBUHI NA MATUPU JIONI
    WIKI YA NANEWAPE KUKU WA MAYAI CHANJO YA NDUIDAWA ZA MINYOO (PIPERAZINE AU LEKIWORM)VITAMIN AU SUPERVIT LAYERSWALISHE GROWERS MASH AU FARMERS CONCENTRATE HADI MIEZI 3 NA 1/2 TUMIA LAYERS MASH WAKIFIKA MIEZI 4 KAMILI AU WAPE MAJANI
    WIKI YA KUMI NA MBILIWAPE CHANJO YA NEWCASTLE ( RUDIA KILA BAADA YA MIEZI 3) MASAA 2 KISHA WAPE MAJI YA VITAMIN
    WIKI YA KUMI NA SITAKATA MIDOMO KISHA WAPE NEOXYVITAL KWA SIKU 3-5 ANDAA VIOTA
    WIKI YA 54WAPE VIRUTUBISHO VYENYE KUONGEZA WINGI WA MAYAI MFANO GLP ( KILO 1 KWA KILA KILO 50 ZA CHAKULA, WIKI YA KWANZA NA NUSU KWA WIKI ZINAZOFUATA NA VITAMIN
    WIKI YA 72TUMIA V RID KUSAFISHA MABANDA ILI KUUA VIJIDUDU PIA WEKA MAJI YA DAWA HII KWENYE DISH YA KUSAFISHIA MIGUU (FOOTBATH) ILI KUHAKIKISHA UDHIBITI WA VIJIDUDU (BIOSECURITY) NA KWAMBA VIFARANGA WANAOWEKWA HAWAATHIRIWI NA VIJIDUDU HIVYO.
    WIKI YA 96ONDOA KUKU WOTE WALIOZEEKA

    All the Best
     
  24. Nono

    Nono JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu, ni kweli kuwa kuku wa kienyeji ni bomba kweli kuanzia ladha, virutubisho ndani ya mwili hadi kipato, ila tofauti ni muda tu wa kuwafikisha hapo penye tija. Kidogo hao wa kienyeji nilijishughulisha wakati ule nikiwa kijijini mwanakwerere, lakini lipohamia Malindi nikagundua kuwa unaweza kupata nyama ya kuku ndani ya wiki 5 na mayai 5 kwa wiki kwa muda wa miaka 2 kutoka kwa kuku mmoja! Baasi nikaamua kuwaachia wale wa handeni na mwanakwerere waendelee na hao wanaojiokotea wanyewe!

    Kuku wa kienyeji ni bora sana kwa lishe, ila ndio hivyo ukiaccumulate faida yake ni ndogo kuliko hawa tunaowaita wa kisasa. Si unajua wengi hatuna mirija ya EPA? Ukisubiri hadi wa kienyeji akomae, utalalabaho!
     
  25. LazyDog

    LazyDog JF-Expert Member

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    Nono,
    Kuku wa kienyeji soko lake likoje sasa hivi ukilenga wateja wenye fedha (forget wauza chips)

    Uyoga kwa mfano, una soko zuri japo ni wachache wanafahamu. Nataka kuamini kwamba soko la kuku wa kienyeji lipo. Tena ikibidi unazungumza na mteja na kuingia makubaliano hata kabla ya uzalishaji.
     
  26. Next Level

    Next Level JF-Expert Member

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    LD,

    Nakuhakikishia ukiwa reliable supplier, soko la kuku hawa liko kubwa sana mkuu........! Mahotel makubwa wanataka kuku hawa, but can't get a reliable supplier......!
     
  27. LazyDog

    LazyDog JF-Expert Member

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    Mkuu Next Level,
    Nilipomsoma Nono karibu ningeingia kingi. Ila utaona kwamba ufugaji wa kuku wa kienyeji inachukua muda kuvuna ila, ni katika hatua ya mwanzo tu unapoanza.
    Maana ukiweka kuku 100, halafu baada ya miezi miwili ukaweka vifaranga wengine 100, ukaendelea kufanya hivyo kila baada ya miezi miwili - kuchelewa kukomaa sio issue tena. Utachelewa kuvuna wale wa kwanza tu.

    Halafu dhana ya mtu kuwa mjasiriamali, ni kutambua soko limepungukiwa nini. Unahitaji kutumia nguvu kidogo kupata mafanikio makubwa. Sio kulala roho juu; presha inapanda presha inashuka.
     
  28. Nono

    Nono JF-Expert Member

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    Soko ni kubwa mno. Tatizo ni wachache mno kutokana na muda anaohitaji kufikia kuwa kitoweo. Bei yake ni zaidi ya mara 2-3 ya broiler, ila muda wa kumwaandaa awe kitoweo ni karibia mara 8 ya broiler. Sasa maswala ya faida yanahitaji muda mkuu!
     
  29. LazyDog

    LazyDog JF-Expert Member

    #29
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    Ni kweli, inabidi kuangalia kipengele kimoja baada ya kingine.

    Je, walaji wanasemaje?
    Nilikwenda Sinza fast food nikaona kuku wa kuokwa, nikasema kuku si ndio hawa (Tofauti na wale wa kuchemshwa kwenye mafuta)! Hata hivyo sikuwapenda maana ni laini utadhani kinda la njiwa. Sikuona tofauti na wale wa kukaangwa kwenye mafuta.
     
  30. M

    Mama Joe JF-Expert Member

    #30
    Nov 19, 2009
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    KUKU WA KIENYEJI - UFUGAJI BORA


    [​IMG]


    Kuku hutoka kwenye kizazi kinachojulikana kitaalam kama gallus gallus, Ufugaji huu nitaoelezea ni wa kienyeji kabisa ila huu umeboreshwa kidogo ili kuleta faida zaidi, kwanza itabidi uwe na eneo lakutosha kama ekari mbili (70m *140m) banda la kuku liwe linalohamishika na liwe limejengwa juu juu, hii husaidia kupunguza maambukizi ya magonjwa kwa sababu kinyesi cha kuku kikilundikana huweza kubeba vimelea vya magonjwa

    BANDA BORA LINALOHAMISHIKA
    [​IMG]

    Banda liwekewe viota vya kutagia na unaweza kuwafundisha kuku kuvitumia mapema kabla ya kuanza kutaga kwa kuchelewa kuwafungulia asubuhi. Kwa kawaida kuku hupenda kulala bandani wakiwa juu juu kwa hiyo uweke baadhi ya fito au mbao nyembamba zikining’inia pia kuwe na vyombo vya chakula nje ya banda

    Hakikisha banda halivuji na wanyama wakali hawaingii lakini liwe na hewa ya kutosha na lisiwe na joto wala baridi kali, ni vizuri ukiliweka chini ya miti
    Ili kuboresha ufugaji huu inashauriwa kutumia majogoo ya kisasa ambayo yana patika kwa mazalishaji wa kuku kote nchini, pia unaweza kutumia majogoo ya kuku aina ya KUCHI wanaopatikana zaidi miko ya Singida na Shinyanga. Majogoo ya kisasa huweza kuhudumia wastani wa majike 20-25 na kuchi huweza kuhudumia majike 10 -15 kwa sababu ni wavivu kidogo

    MAJOGOO YA KISASA INA YA CORNISH
    [​IMG]

    Andaa na banda la kukuziA watoto ambalo litawakinga na wanyama wakali na mwewe, banda linakuwa wazi juu hukulikizuiwa na waya kwa 75% na 25% iwe imezibwa kwa mbao ili kuwapatia kivuli wanapohitaji, banda hili lina hitaji kuhamishwa hamisha angalau mara 5 kwa siku kutika mahali pamoja hadi pengine, hakikisha banda la watoto lina maji na chakula muda wote, pia kumbuka kuwawekea mabaki ya mboga za majani kama mchicha, kunde, kisamvu n.k

    [​IMG]


    FAIDA
    (A) Mfumo hauhitaji chakula maalum kama kuku wa ndani
    (B) Wadudu kama utitiri na virobot hushambulia kuku mara chache
    (C) Kuku hupata muda wa mazoezi kwa kutembea tembea
    (D) Gharama za uendeshaji ni kidogo
    (E) Hautumii muda mwingi
    (F) Kiasi cha uchafu ni kidogo

    HASARA
    (A)Vifaranga huweza kuliwa na mwewe au wanyama
    (B) Mayai huweza kupotea yakitagwa nje ya banda
    (C)Kuku huweza kula mbegu zilizopandwa mashambani
    (D)Vifo vya kuku ni vingi

    CHANJO
    Kuku wapewe chanjo ya kideri/mdondo kila baada ya miezi mitatu chanjo hii hupatikana nchini kote ukifika dukani ulizia chanjo ya newcastle, utapata maelekezo ya jinsi ya kuwawekea kuku kwenye maji ya kunywa, chanjo hii wapewe kuku wazima tu na wagonjwa watengwe mbali

    MINYOO
    Kuku hunyweshwa dawa ya minyoo kila baada ya miezi mitatu, kuna dawa kama piperazine na nyinginezo ambazo huwekwa kwenye maji

    CHAWA NA UTITIRI
    Unaweza kutumia dawa za kuogeshea mifugo kama ecotix au dawa ya unga unga ya kunyunyuzia kama akheri powder, dawa ya akheri unaweza kuimwaga bandani na kisha kumnyunyuzia kuku mwilini ukiwa umemning’iniza kichwa chini miguu juu ili mayoya yaacha nafasi ya dawa kuingia

    MAGONJWA YA MAPAFU
    Kuna magonjwa mengi yanayoshambulia mfumo wa hewa, dawa ya tylosin inauwezo mkubwa wa kupambana na magonjwa karibu yote, wape dawa hii mara tu unapoanza kuona dalili za mafua

    Source: Mitiki.blogspot.com
     

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