Dismiss Notice
You are browsing this site as a guest. It takes 2 minutes to CREATE AN ACCOUNT and less than 1 minute to LOGIN

Know something about Asthma

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by njiwa, Jul 7, 2011.

  1. njiwa

    njiwa JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Jul 7, 2011
    Joined: Apr 16, 2009
    Messages: 10,085
    Likes Received: 1,109
    Trophy Points: 280
    Naandika hii artcle nipo furaha sana ni birthday ya azizah huyo dogo kwenye avatar yangu aliyejuu ya mwenzie mwenye mapengo ni mtoto wa dada yangu, nimecover night shift hospitali ili asubuhi ,mchana & jioni niwepo kwaajili ya b.day yake "iam tryin to be a good uncle" .. azizah ana asthma but mashaAllah shes always a happy kid.

    Asthma ni nini..?!


    kwa ufupi Asthma inflammatory disorder of the airways, which causes attacks of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing.

    Dalili za Asthma

    - Cough with or without sputum (phlegm) production

    - Pulling in of the skin between the ribs when breathing (intercostal retractions)

    - Shortness of breath that gets worse with exercise or activity

    - Wheezing which have the following characteristics

    1) Comes in episodes

    2) May be worse at night or in early morning

    3) May go away on its own

    4) Gets better when using drugs that open the airways (bronchodilators)

    5) Gets worse when breathing in cold air

    6) Gets worse with exercise

    7) Gets worse with heartburn (reflux)

    8) Usually begins suddenly

    hizo hapo juu ni geral symptoms lakini clinicaly kuna emergency symptoms ambazo unatakiwa uende hospital ASAP baadhi ni kama -

    - Bluish color to the lips and face

    - Decreased level of alertness such as severe drowsiness or confusion, during an asthma attack

    - Extreme difficulty breathing

    - Rapid pulse

    - Severe anxiety due to shortness of breath

    Asthma yasababishwa na nini ..?


    kama nilivyoelezea hapo juu huwa yasababishwa na inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the muscles surrounding the airways become tight and the lining of the air passages swell. This reduces the amount of air that can pass by, and can lead to wheezing sounds.

    Baadhi ya watu wanakuwa na long-term shortness of breath with episodes of increased shortness of breath. In others, a cough may be the main symptom. Asthma attacks can last minutes to days and can become dangerous if the airflow becomes severely restricted.

    In sensitive individuals, asthma symptoms can be triggered by breathing in allergy-causing substances (called allergens or triggers).

    Common asthma triggers include -

    - Animals (pet hair or dander)

    - Dust

    - Changes in weather (most often cold weather)

    - Chemicals in the air or in food

    - Exercise

    - Mold

    - Pollen

    - Respiratory infections, such as the common cold

    - Strong emotions (stress)

    - kuvuta sigara

    Sometimes yatokea aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) provoke asthma in some patients. Many people with asthma have an individual or family history of allergies, such as hay fever (allergic rhinitis) or eczema. Others have no history of allergies.


    Treatments

    Dawa kubwa ni kuachana na vitu vyenye ku triger asthma yako but there are two basic kinds of medication for the treatment of asthma

    1) Long-acting medications to prevent attacks

    2) Quick-relief medications for use during attacks

    Maranyingi long-term control medications are used on a regular basis to prevent attacks, not to treat them. Such medicines include

    1) Inhaled corticosteroids (such as Azmacort, Vanceril, AeroBid, Flovent) prevent inflammation

    2) Leukotriene inhibitors (such as Singulair and Accolate)

    3) Long-acting bronchodilators (such as Serevent) help open airways

    4) Omilizumab (Xolair), which blocks a pathway that the immune system uses to trigger asthma symptoms

    5) Cromolyn sodium (Intal) or nedocromil sodium (Tilade)

    6) Aminophylline or theophylline (not used as frequently as in the past)

    7) Sometimes a single medication that combines steroids and bronchodilators are used (Advair, Symbicort)

    Quick relief, or rescue, medications are used to relieve symptoms during an attack. These include -

    1) Short-acting bronchodilators (inhalers), such as Proventil, Ventolin, Xopenex, and others

    2) Corticosteroids, such as methylprednisolone, may be given directly into a vein (intravenously), during a severe attack, along with other inhaled medications

    watu wenye mild asthma (infrequent attacks) may use quick relief medication as needed. Those with persistent asthma should take control medications on a regular basis to prevent symptoms. A severe asthma attack requires a check up by a doctor and, possibly, a hospital stay, oxygen, and medications through a vein (IV) "drip".

    Drugs zipo za aina nyingi just check on your doc.. ila altenative treatmeant kubwa ni ku avoid stress

    Asthma usipoichukulia serious inakuwa na Complications nyingi sana baadhi

    1) inaweza ikasababisha kifo

    2) Decreased ability to exercise and take part in other activities

    3) kukosa usingizi due to night symptoms

    4) Permanent changes in the function of the lungs

    5) kifua ( permanent cough)


    Prevention

    ofcoz you can prevent Asthma >>> just fuatilia instructions zifuatazo

    1) avoid known triggers and substances that irritate the airways.

    2) reduce exposure to dust mites. Removing carpets from bedrooms and vacuuming regularly is also helpful. Detergents and cleaning materials in the home should be unscented.

    3) Keep the house clean and keep food in containers and out of bedrooms -- this helps reduce the possibility of cockroaches, which can trigger asthma attacks in some people.

    4 ) If a person is allergic to an animal that cannot be removed from the home, the animal should be kept out of the patient's bedroom. Filtering material can be placed over the heating outlets to trap animal dander.

    5) Eliminating tobacco smoke from the home is the single most important thing a family can do to help a child with asthma. Smoking outside the house is not enough. Family members and visitors who smoke outside carry smoke residue inside on their clothes and hair -- this can trigger asthma symptoms.

    6) Persons with asthma should also avoid air pollution, industrial dusts, and other irritating fumes, as much as possible.


    Afya ni jukumu lako




     
  2. K

    Kamundu JF-Expert Member

    #2
    Jul 7, 2011
    Joined: Nov 22, 2006
    Messages: 1,915
    Likes Received: 28
    Trophy Points: 145
    Mimi nilikuwa na Athma nilivyokuwa mdogo lakini sasa ni sipati attack kabisa. Mimi nilifanya vitu vifuatavyo kwanza nilipata dawa za kienyeji za kutapisha hizi dawa zinasaidia kuondoa makoozi yanabaki kwenye mapafu, lakini la pili ni kutumia asali asali ina mimea mingi sana ndani yake na ukitumia inasaidia mwili wako kuzoea hizo Alergy polepole na baada ya muda kama miaka 17-20 athma itapungua kwa kiasi kikubwa sana. Siri ni kuzoesha mwili wako uzoee, vilevile mazoezi na inabidi uanze polepole kwani usikokuwa na makini mazoezi yanaweza kukuua hasa kwa watoto ambao hawajui kupumzika wakati wa mazoezi!. Mimi ni mzima na sijapata attack kwa miaka 10 na niko 35 years. Mimi siyo Dr lakini haya ni mawazo yangu
     
  3. njiwa

    njiwa JF-Expert Member

    #3
    Jul 7, 2011
    Joined: Apr 16, 2009
    Messages: 10,085
    Likes Received: 1,109
    Trophy Points: 280

    ni vizuri kuna alternative treatments nyingi sana na zakubalika in our modern medical industry ... i hope wapo ambao wameshindwa na dawa za hsopitali wanaweza kafuata ushauri wako
     
  4. b

    bartazary bon Member

    #4
    Jul 7, 2011
    Joined: May 19, 2011
    Messages: 11
    Likes Received: 0
    Trophy Points: 0
    Nimependa sana hii topiki yako,na sasa kwa kiasi kikubwa naweza sema nimeijua asthma kupitia kwako.

    Ombi langu kwako na kwa wadau wote naomba mnipatie utaalaam wa kungundua mtu aliye bakwa

    siku kama 8 zilizo pita,ki uchunguzi na uthibitisho kuwa mtajwa ndiye yeye.

    Nawasilisha
     
  5. Kalumbesa

    Kalumbesa JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Jul 7, 2011
    Joined: Nov 24, 2010
    Messages: 1,007
    Likes Received: 6
    Trophy Points: 135
    Huu ugonjwa umekua tatizo kwangu for years...am 30 years now,kama tiba unayoizungumza hapa inaweza kunisaidia ni inbox jinsi ya kuifikia tiba hiyo..maana dawa za hospitali nyingi ni kutuliza inapoibuka..ingawa nwdays hainipati mara kwa mara
     
  6. Mayasa

    Mayasa JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Jul 7, 2011
    Joined: Aug 19, 2010
    Messages: 587
    Likes Received: 2
    Trophy Points: 35
    Dah mie nilitibiwaga kwa dawa za kienyeji nikiwa na umri mdogo sana, sikupata attack for more than 20 years. Sasa hivi napata attack nikiwa na stress tu. Ila sijui kama huyo aliyenipatia hizo dawa kama bado yupo hai, maana kipindi hicho nilikuwa mtoto na yeye alikuwa mtu mzima sana.
     
  7. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #7
    Jul 8, 2011
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 38,540
    Likes Received: 2,808
    Trophy Points: 280
    Mkuu njiwa unatuelekeza kuhusu ugonjwa wa Pumu Asthma? au unataka Dawa ya kutibu huo ugonjwa wa Pumu? nakuuliza swali hilo ni mimi Dr MziziMkavu.
     
  8. njiwa

    njiwa JF-Expert Member

    #8
    Jul 8, 2011
    Joined: Apr 16, 2009
    Messages: 10,085
    Likes Received: 1,109
    Trophy Points: 280
    oh ... lengo langu doc.. ni kuwaweka wazi Asthma ni nini..? and mechanism behind ....
     
  9. Graca

    Graca JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Jul 8, 2011
    Joined: Apr 24, 2011
    Messages: 490
    Likes Received: 1
    Trophy Points: 0
    mkuu,naomba unitajie dawa inayoeza kusaidia kwa kids wa 3.5years na 2yrs plz. Thx a lot
     
  10. Amateur

    Amateur Member

    #10
    Jul 8, 2011
    Joined: Apr 18, 2011
    Messages: 34
    Likes Received: 0
    Trophy Points: 0
    Thanks for the info. I would like to know... we have asthma in my family and my children have mild asthma attack. I have never had any case of asthma but last month I was very sick mimi nikadhani ni severe case of malaria pamoja na kikohozi cha kawaida. Nafika hospitali wakaniweka kwenye mapumziko baada yakuchomwa sindano-intravenous nakutumia nebulizer ndio mwili unarudi normal. They said it was a very severe asthma attack na wala sio malaria. Hii ni asthma kweli au kitu kingine? Maana nilishaanza kupoteza mwelekeo na kichwa kiliniuma sana sana!
     
  11. njiwa

    njiwa JF-Expert Member

    #11
    Jul 8, 2011
    Joined: Apr 16, 2009
    Messages: 10,085
    Likes Received: 1,109
    Trophy Points: 280
    If they treated u for severe asthma attack & drugs responded accordingly .... then nikweli ulikuwa nayo ....
     
Loading...