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Kindle, eBooks and the future of Tanzania - Freddy Macha

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Kasheshe, Dec 24, 2011.

  1. Kasheshe

    Kasheshe JF-Expert Member

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    Hiviii!!! Great thinkers wanatakiwa kujadili siasa tu? hivi hamuoni hii trend anayojadili Fredy Macha hapo chini inamaanisha by the time munapata hayo madaraka au viongozi unawapigia kampeni kutakuwa hakuna taifa? Taifa lisilosoma ni taifa mfu.Kindle, eBooks and the future of Tanzania [TABLE="class: contentpaneopen"]
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    [TD="class: createdate"]Thursday, 22 December 2011 19:22
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    [TD]Freddy MachaA CHAT FROM LONDONkilimanjaro1967@hotmail.com This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it I was chatting to a shop assistant at one bookshop in Zanzibar two months ago. Like Casey Bookshop in Arusha, this is the best in town yet on the shelf were mostly school text materials and very, very few Swahili authors.Yes, I saw one or two copies of Prof Said Ahmed Mohamed, the late Mohammed Said Abdullah and Adam Shafi. Had I been a foreign tourist searching for Tanzanian literature I would have been disappointed. No Ismael Mbise’s Blood on Our Land (1974), autobiography of former cabinet minister Edwin Mtei (From Goatherd to Governor, Mkuki 2009) or historian Mohammed Said’s The Life and Times of Abdulwahid Sykes (Minerva, 1998). It is like visiting a country that has just experienced war; no writers, no stories to tell. The shop assistant quipped: “Our people do not read anymore. Now imagine this. If I am one of those citizens who do not read, what will happen if I become a political leader? Will I suddenly promote reading and buying books?”Beginning of December, various book promoters and Vice President Dr Mohammed Gharib Bilal were quoted lamenting on the vanishing reading culture in Tanzania. Whereas in the 1970’s we had the highest literacy rate at 96 per cent, today figures have fallen to 72 per cent, so said James Ndege, vice chairman of Tanzania Libraries Association.This poverty of mind is creating so much ignorance that it has affected employment opportunities and fuelled ignorance and superstition, for example the albino genocide. Ignorance is one thing, opportunity another.As we bemoan the lack of readership, there is a much more sinister change occurring across the world. Due to the rise of E books and the Amazon Kindle phenomenon we are witnessing the end of book publishing since it began around 1,500 years ago.According to the International Data Corporation (IDC) study released March this year sales of eBbooks reached 12.8 million and 48 per cent of these (almost half) were Kindle models. What is IDC and what is Kindle? IDC is a US based research organisation that does market intelligence, advisory services, information technology and employs around 1,000 analysts. Their work is high value. Kindle was developed in 2007 by Amazon the online shop and is capable of storing multiple numbers of books.Like mobile phones, each year Kindle is developing better models. In its first phase the gadget had 250 megabytes and a capacity to store 200 non illustrated titles; by February 2009 Kindle had 250 megabytes (1,500 titles) and to help its promotion released celebrated author Stephen King’s short novel (novella) called UR, a story about someone who receives an email from the dead.Recently ever expanding Kindle gave us Kindle touch with a two month battery duration, 4 Gigabytes and costing much cheaper than when it started in 2007. Last year the US announced eBook sales have surpassed paper-book sales. To match with the times, an Internet Archive was founded in 1996 by Brewster Kahle to transform all books, websites, music, motion pictures into E Books. San Fransisco based Khale told the BBC recently that the free of charge project which is recognised as part of American Library Association service receives 10 million books monthly, from all over the world. In other words book- publishing technology is turning digital. Lately, I have personally bought and read three major eBooks on health, relationships and philosophy online. In the past I would have ordered the same titles directly from the publisher which would have been expensive and painstakingly long.We shall soon see the demise of books just like we experienced the death of vinyl and the switch from LP’s and cassettes to CD’s and the conversion of cinema into VCR tapes and DVD’s; or traditional telephones to hand held mobile and cell phones. But it is the book revolution that is slightly shocking and filled with complex implications.First in line is our forests and environment. Although the paper industry is likely to suffer most, our earth which relies on trees for oxygen shall benefit. According to a 2006 UN report forests store 312 billion tonnes of carbon-dioxide. The destruction of forests (to produce paper) adds 2.2 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. The second implication is poor countries. The Secretary General of Tanzania Book Writers Association (Uwavita), Mr Cuthbert Zuberi, has called on the government to invest in publishing and promotion of reading habits.The reading habit has been replaced by excessive TV watching, FM radio stations and an ill-regulated internet, Mkuki Na Nyota Publisher, Mr Walter Bgoya, was quoted saying by The Citizen earlier this month.If our people are not reading how will they match and catch up with this fast moving transformation of knowledge and information?Mr Macha is a writer and musician based in London. Blog: freddy macha- THEN AND NOW
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  2. Ulukolokwitanga

    Ulukolokwitanga JF-Expert Member

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    Kwani great thinkers ni akina nani hasa, si wana jukwaa wote, yaani pamoja na wewe!! Na wewe si umeleta huu uzi kwa kama great thinker. Hivi kuna ratiba ya thread za kuleta kuwa leo jukwaa la siasa, kesho chit chat nk, si kila mtu analeta kitu alichokuwa interested nacho kama hivi wewe ulivyokuwa interested na huyu jamaa Macha.

    All in all jamaa ameelezea kitu kizuri sana kwa ustawi wa taifa letu na ahsante wewe great thinker kwa kuileta humu.
     
  3. Mzee Mwanakijiji

    Mzee Mwanakijiji Platinum Member

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    wewe siyo great thinker? au wengine ndio wanatakiwa kujadili? Ila hii mada wenzio walishajadili hapa tafuta tu.
     
  4. Kasheshe

    Kasheshe JF-Expert Member

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    Kwa definition ya great thinkers ninayoijua mimi, mimi bado sio miongoni mwao... Lakini simply naumizwa sana na level ya chini ya usomaji vitabu no wonder, bookshop za Tanzania zina very limited titles za book na zenyewe ni chache na biashara pia hawafanyi... although population yetu ni 40+Milioni... naandika nibubugikwa na machozi.
     
  5. Kasheshe

    Kasheshe JF-Expert Member

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    Asante Mwanakijiji? Salaam,

    Jibu la swali lako; "mimi sio great thinker", I wish to be and "I'm on my way"
     
  6. shizukan

    shizukan JF-Expert Member

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    Katika hili la kuangalia TV na Kusikiliza Redio badala ya kusoma vitabu impact yake ni kubwa sana na ni negative. Umewahi kujiuliza hutu tuhitimu twa univasiti tuna upeo wa kutufikisha mahali zaidi ya kutuonesha mitindo ya nguo na uhuni. Tazama the so called intellectuals, ni utumbo + usharobaro na ndio hasa sababu ya kufeli kwa mambo mengi. Hapa mtaani kwetu nina vijitu vitatu vimemaliza IFM na kimoja mzumbe lkn hatuwezi kuandika barua ya kuomba kazi mpk tuigilizie. Wanachojua ni kuongea american english na kwa hilo bado wanategemea tuwape credits.

    Nyie wekeni ****** kwenye lecture halls mkitegemea mtapata knowledge humo. Knowledge inakuja kwa kuriid buks
     
  7. Kasheshe

    Kasheshe JF-Expert Member

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    Asante Mzalendo wangu! Nilitembea taifa moja la Africa, jina kapuni; amini usiamini niliona hawkers (machingas) barabarani... wanauza vitabu vya managements and ukiulizia titles tofauti they know.... Du! kwa kweli nililitamani hilo taifa sana, nika-reflect nyumbani kwamba ningeona machingas wetu especially pale barabara ya Mandela opposite na Tazara kwamba wanauza picha CD za ngono na hawaaichi kwa sababu they get businees... barabara zingine zinaoza apples from Republic of South Africa.
     
  8. Idimulwa

    Idimulwa JF-Expert Member

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    Are you not among the gt?
     
  9. Myakubanga

    Myakubanga JF-Expert Member

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    Thank you 4 the challenge!
     
  10. Kasheshe

    Kasheshe JF-Expert Member

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    I'm not; but I can at least assure you I will BE! Inshaalah!
     
  11. m

    mfundishi Member

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    Utamaduni wa kupenda kujisomea vitabu unatakiwa ujengwe, na kamwe hauwezi kurithishwa. Shule nyingi za msingi na sekondari hazina vitabu ukiachilia mbali maktaba, wanafunzi hutegemea "notes" kutoka kwa waalimu wao. Matatizo ya wanafunzi kitaaluma yanatatuliwa kwa "tuition'' ambapo hupokea kutoka kwa wanaofundisha. Kutokana na uhaba wa vitendea kazi walimu nao wanamiliki mchakato wa kujifunza na mwanafunzi anabaki mpokeaji. Pia vitabu vya kusoma hasa vile vya madarasa ya chini havina hadithi na visa vyenye mvuto kama vya zamani. Nyumbani napo mazingira ni magumu, toka tulipo achana na mipango ya elimu ya watu wazima na kisomo chenye manufaa katikati ya miaka ya 80, uwezo na upenzi wa kusoma umeporomoka kabisa. Tv na Radio ni nyenzo muhimu katika kujifunza, tatizo linakuja tunapenda zaidi vipindi vya burudani na udaku. Kuamsha ari ya kupenda kujisomea ni jukumu letu sote katika jamii yetu, na pengine kwa gharama ya "kupunguza idadi ya BAR na kuongeza MAKTABA kwenye miji na mitaa yetu".
     
  12. c

    comte JF-Expert Member

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    sikubaliani na wewe kuwa tatizo ni vitabu, viitabu vipo ila wasomaji na taibia ya kujisomea ndo hakuna. tumebakia kusoma vitu rahisi tu -uwazi, kiu nk
     
  13. M

    Mkandara Verified User

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    Kasheshe,
    Mkuu wangu uloandika hapa ndio tunazungumzia kila siku humu ndani. na sio tu tunazungumzia matokeo ya mitihani inajionyesha wazi kwamba ELIMU imeshuka. Unapoona watihaniwa wa darasa la saba walioshinda mtihani wanarudishwa kupewa mtihani wa kusoma na kuandika jua hapo kuna tatizo kubwa sana.. Huyo aloshinda kama hajui kusoma na kuandika aliweza vipi kushinda mtihani..

    Kwa hiyo vitu kama hivi alivyoandika Freddy Macha ni ushahidi wa hali halisi..Ni ushahidi kama kuna mtu alitembelea Muhimbili, anataka kuzungumzia maji, Umeme, usafiri, chakula,na kadhalika ushahidi ni ule ule na yote ni matokeo ya utawala uliolala na wananchi kizani..Think Tank sidhani kama tunatakiwa kuzungumzia matokeo ya events bali Idea - Yeye angetupa mtihani wa jinsi gani tunaweza kurudisha utamaduni ule tulouacha bila kuwaondolea watu starehe zao za TV, FM radio na internet... Ajabu swala hili kalileta ktk Internet aki chat na jamaa sasa sijui tungelisoma vipi kama isingekuwa Internet angeandika Kitabu sio?
     
  14. prakatatumba

    prakatatumba JF-Expert Member

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    upo sawa kabisa,graduates wengi wa vyuo vyetu zero,mwenyewe tupo na chalii tumemaliza naye UDSM-PSPA but hata flow ya barua kuomba kazi inamshinda na hata akidesa kwenye kubadilisha lugha atapiga bonge la broken,akikaa na wanaosoma yeye anahadithia jinsi alivyokuwa akidesa na kwenye mtihani na kujisifia alikuwa haingii maktaba hadi aibu unaona wewe.
     
  15. Kimbunga

    Kimbunga Platinum Member

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    Vijana wa vyuo ni mahiri sana katika kusoma magazeti ya Udaku!
     
  16. S

    Stany JF-Expert Member

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    Ukihitaji kuwaibia watz weka vitu kwenye maandishi!
     
  17. I

    IPECACUANHA JF-Expert Member

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    I have done an observation among people in my community and came out with the following reasons why people are not reading books:
    1. Reading is a skill which is trained to people in their early classes. Unfortunately our education system has failed to impart this very basic skill.
    2. You need a certain level of fluence in a language to enjoy reading...majority of those who would be readers lack fluence in English language
    3. There are very few books written in Swahili language. There were times when we use to see "amazao AMA zangu" by Hammie Rajab. " kikosi cha kisasi" by Elvis Musiba e.t.c in bookstands and in bookshops the question is what and by whom will I look for today?
     
  18. TUJITEGEMEE

    TUJITEGEMEE JF-Expert Member

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    Baadhi yao wanasema hayachoshi !

    Na pia nadhani hili linachangiwa na walimu wao, maana wanawapa tutorial questions 10 wanarudisha tutorial 4 kwenye mitihani. Mitihani mingine wanabadilisha tarehe tu. mfano kama ulikuwa wa 12/3/2004 wataandika 2/4/2011 maswali ni yaleyale. Hawawapi maswali ya kumfanya asome sana na kuelewa. Tunakuwa tunapata products za wanafunzi waliofaulu kwa kukariri tu.
     
  19. D

    DAR si LAMU JF-Expert Member

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    ...Ukitaka watu wawe na tamaduni ya kusoma, jenga au na karabati maktaba katika mashule na maeneo mengine, na uzijaze vitabu vya kila aina. By the way, how is Tanganyika Library doing?

    ...Utamaduni wa kusoma huanzia utotoni na kukuzwa mashuleni, bila kusahau majumbani.

    ...Ni kweli, na inasikitisha, kwamba, tuna "viongozi" wengi ambao hawaonekani kama wanasoma vitabu mbalimbali, mara kwa mara. Hii hujitokeza pale wanapoongelea masuala mbalimbali yanayohusu mustakabali wa Taifa. Huonekana wamepwaya katika mada wanazoziongelea au na huwa na makosa mengi ya kiufundi. Wakati mwingine, hawajui hali fulani zimesababishwa na nini.
     
  20. D

    DAR si LAMU JF-Expert Member

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    ...On number 1. Reading is habit which is built by the environment one resides, schools, socialize and ultimately work. Kama kuna vitabu around home, school, etc and the people around you reads, no one will train you, you'll find yourself reading.
     
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