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Kilimo cha zao la Alizeti(Sunflower): Masoko, Mbinu na Ushauri toka kwa wadau

Discussion in 'Kilimo, Ufugaji na Uvuvi' started by Masikini_Jeuri, Feb 21, 2010.

  1. Masikini_Jeuri

    Masikini_Jeuri JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Feb 21, 2010
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    Nimekuwa navutiwa sana na ukulima wa alizeti kama zao la biashara.

    Naomba mawazo ya mdau yeyote mwenye uzoefu na kilimo hiki na namna gani unaweza kupata faida; Masoko yanapatikanaje na pia je ni faida zaidi kulima alizeti na kuuza ama kulima na kukamua mafuta?

    Naleta hoja.

    =======
    Majibu ya wadau:

    (Soma makala hii pia > Kifahamu Kilimo cha Alizeti na Faida yake Kiuchumi kwa Mkulima na Taifa | Fikra Pevu )

     
  2. M

    Mapinduzi JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 21, 2010
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    1. Tafuta shamba
    2. Lima
    3. Mavuno hifadhi ghalani i.e usieze kwa walanguzi
    4. Nunua mashine ya kukamua alizeti
    5. Kamua alizeti zako
    5. Uza mafuta nje ya nchi.
    6. Pata faida
     
  3. m

    matambo JF-Expert Member

    #3
    Feb 21, 2010
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    Alizeti ni zao zuri sana la biashara linalimwa sehemu nyingi nchini kwetu ila mimi najua Iringa inaongoza,pia Dodoma na Singida nako wanalima sana tu.

    Ukipata shamba zuri ekari moja ya alizeti huweza kukupatia kati ya magunia5-10 kutegemeana na aina ya mbegu uliyotumia na pia namna shamba lako ulivyolihudumia.

    Gunia moja la alizeti yaani madebe sita huweza kutoa lita 20 za mafuta baada ya kusafishwa,mafuta haya unaweza kuuza kati ya shilingi 28,000-36000 kwa ndoo ya lita 20,pia utaweza kuuza mashudu yako ya alizeti kwa wafugaji.

    Ukiwa wewe ni mfanyabiashara mzuri na una mtaji mkubwa fuata ushauri wa ama kwa kununua mashine ya kukamua alizeti kwani ukiwa na mashine hii itakulipa zaidi kwani utauza product yako mwenyewe yenye label ya kiwanda chako,this is very common in Singida,Iringa and in Mpwapwa-Dodoma.

    Kama mnataka mali mtayapata shambani,braza umesahau shairi hili la darasa la nne enzi zile?
     
  4. Amoeba

    Amoeba JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Feb 22, 2010
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    matambo

    Alizeti kama alizeti hailipi sana kwa mtu anayelima, eka kumi utashangaa hupati hata milioni tano!! Mimi nalima alizeti kwa ajili ya mifugo. Ni bora ununue kwa wakulima ukamue mafuta.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  5. M

    Malila JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 22, 2010
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    Amoeba

    Mwaka jana nilikwenda Singida mjini,kuna mtaa wa sido,kuna viwanda vidogo vidogo vingi sana vya kukamua alizeti.

    Nilichojifunza ni kwamba si bei kubwa kumiliki mtambo wa kukamulia alizeti na pili ni kweli kulima alizeti ni mchezo hatari kama unalima kwa ajili ya kuuza. Ila ili upate faida,nunua wakati wa mavuno kisha hifadhi na baadae uza. Ndicho wanachofanya wengi. Jitahidi uwe na lebel ya kazi zako.

    Sikuishia mjini,nilikwenda mpaka Mtinko vijijini huko,nikagundua wakulima wanaibiwa kinoma. Ila kama unakamua na kuuza inalipa sana. Mwaka jana soko la alizeti mitaa ya Chalinze kwenda mto wami lilikuwa baya sana kwa wakulima ila kwa wafanyabiashara lilikuwa poa ile mbaya.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  6. Masaki

    Masaki JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Feb 23, 2010
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    Asante Malila,

    Je mashine za kukamulia mafuta ya alizeti zinapatikana wapi hapa nchini? Au ni mpaka kuagiza nje ya nchi? Na zinahitajika shilingi ngapi ili kununu mashine moja?

    Mimi nina shamba pia ambalo nina mpango wa kuanza kulima alizeti hizi karibuni. Najua soko la mafuta ya alizeti lipo kote kwenye ukanda huu wa Afrika ya Mashariki na kati!
     
  7. Ngongo

    Ngongo JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 23, 2010
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    Nakushauri usilime alizeti kwasababu bei yake iko chini sana,labda ukamue mwenyewe itakulipa.nilishawahi kulima alizeti mwaka juzi ilibidi ninunue mashine SIDO ili kukwepa kulaliwa na wafanya biashara waliokuwa wananunua kwa bei ya chini sana.
     
  8. Masaki

    Masaki JF-Expert Member

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    Kwa maneno mengine ni bora hizo pesa za kulimia alizeti zitumike kununulia mashine ya kukamua mafuta hayo, kisha kukusanay mazao toka kwa wakulima wa alizeti na kuyakamua?
     
  9. m

    muhanga JF-Expert Member

    #9
    Feb 23, 2010
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    Ni kweli kabisa masaki, kulima kwa kutegemea kudra za Mungu mvua inyeshe, wadudu wasishambulie, wezi wasiingie kuanza kuvuna kabla wewe huvuna n.k n.k.

    Kwa kweli ukulima kwa ujuma ni adha, na si adha tu lakini ni risk kubwa sana kwa mtaji wako. kwa uzoefu mdogo nilionao kupitia watu wa karibu wanaofanya biahsara hizi wanasema ni bora wakusanye pesa za kutosha, kununua alizeti msimu wa mavuno kwa wingi na bei huwa rahisi, then ukamue mwenyewe mafuta na pia unaweza ukauza akiba uliyokusanya msimu ambao zinahitajika kwa bei nzuri inalipa kuliko kulima mwenyewe.

    The same applies to mpunga/mchele hasa maeneo ya ifakara ambako wachuuzi hupata faida kubwa kuliko wakulima.
     
  10. Masaki

    Masaki JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 23, 2010
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    Asante muhanga kwa ushauri wako mzuri. Akili yangu mwaka huu ipo kwenye kilimo, tena chenye tija! Ngoja nifanye utafiti binafsi katika hili ili nijue nini cha kufanya kwenye shamba langu. Nina kipande kikubwa cha ardhi na ninataka kukiendesha kibepari zaidi.

    Juzi nimeona mjasiriamali mmoja kaanzisha ''yard'' ya kuuza matrekta yaliyotumika pale karibu ba Morocco. Amenivutia sana, maana mwaka huu 2010 KILIMO KWANZA!! :)
     
  11. Masikini_Jeuri

    Masikini_Jeuri JF-Expert Member

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    Nimewasikia na nimewakubali; sasa tuleteeni bei ya mashine ya kukamulia alizeti; na ukitaka ifanye kazi vizuri iwe na capacity gani na iweze kukamua magunia mangapi kwa siku?
     
  12. M

    Malila JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 25, 2010
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    Hapo pekundu naomba unifafanulie, kuendesha kilimo kibebari ni kupi huko?
     
  13. M

    Mkulima mdogo New Member

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    Sep 24, 2010
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    Asalaam aleikum, nimevutiwa na mjadala mzuri unaoonyesha ni jinsi gani wapo wajasiriamali wa kibongo wanavyojitahidi kuukimbia umasikini japokuwa kwa upande wa sehemu kubwa ya sera ya kilimo kwa bongo yetu imebaki siasa tu, wakati dunia zilizotangulia uchumi unaisukuma siasa, kwetu sie siasa ndo inasukuma uchumi, ee mola tujalie tufike salama.

    Narudi kenye hoja yetu ya msingi mie mkulima mdogo, ni wapi zilipo mashine za kukamulia alizeti, japo tukafanye window shopping tukisubiri kuvuna?
     
  14. Mziba

    Mziba JF-Expert Member

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    Sep 24, 2010
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    Aleykumusalaam, Mkulima Mdogo. Nafikiri unaweza kutengeneza mafuta ya alizeti kwa mkono nyumbani. Gonga hapa ili wakuonyeshe Oil Press . au tembelea hapa Oilseed Processing for Small-Scale Producers http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fTVe2LU4J0o . Ukikwama, tafadhali rudi hapa jamvini. Kilimo ndio uti wa mgongo. Halafu kwa wajasirimali, Gentlemen, kilimo ni biashara imara. Lamuhimu katika biashara yoyete ni kuplani, plani, plani. Wanasema usipoplani, plani yako ni kuporomoka.
     
  15. I

    Igembe Nsabo Member

    #15
    Sep 24, 2010
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    Nashukuru sana kwa hiyo topic naomba hata mie nichangie, Kilimo cha Alizeti sina uzoefu nacho ila ninachoweza kukusaidia tu ni uzoefu nilionao wa mwaka mmoja nikiendesha kiwanda cha kukamua mafuta ya alizeti hapa Dar es salaam.

    Uzalishaji wa mbegu za alizeti kwa maeneo ya Iringa, Singida, Dodoma, n.k bado upo chini ukilinganisha ni demand ya mafuta yatokanayo na mimea ambayo yanakiwango kidogo cha LEHEMU (low level of cholestrol), ukiangalia mfano importation ya edible oil from indonesia, and other Asian country is almost 80% ya demand ya edible oil kwa nchi nzima, wakati mafuta haya yanakiwango kikubwa cha LEHEMU, na ukisoma machapisho (articles za PWC,World Bank na RLDC - ambazo zinaelezea Alizeti, utaona hiyo shortfall na kuwa inchi yetu inatumia fedha nyingi sana za kigeni kwenye ununuzi wa mafuta ghafi kutoka Asian country).

    Ukitoa mafuta ya disel, petrol na mafuta ya taa, mafuta ghafi ya kula yanachukua nafasi ya pili kwa kutumia fedha za kigeni kwenye uagizaji wake nje ya nchi.

    Hivyo basi demand ya mbegu kwa viwanda vidogo vidogo na vikubwa vya kukamua mafuta hayo ni kubwa na inasababisha kuwepo na shortage ya hizo mbengu. Mfano mwaka huu ngunia moja la kg 65-70 kwa sasa linauzwa kati ya Tsh36,000/= hadi 45,000/=(the current price is 45,000 - 60,000 per kg January 2011)) kutegemea na eneo wakati huo huo kwa mwaka jana ngunia hilo hilo liliweza kuuzwa kwa Tsh 22,000/= hadi 35,000/= kwa kipindi hicho hicho.

    Point nayotaka ku-raise hapa ni kuwa ongezeko kubwa la viwanda vidogo vidogo limeongeza demand ya mbegu, na awareness ya watu kuhusu mafuta yenye kiwango kidogo cha LEHEMU imesababisha kuwepo na demand ya mafuta hayo.
    Kwa mantiki hiyo basi kama unataka kulima kilimo cha KIBEPARI na cha KISASA kwa kuangalia ile opened window kwa ajili ya KILIMO KWANZA, that is a great opportunity, go for it!!!

    My take: Ila kama tu unataka kwa ajili ya ku access ile mikopo ya TIB then upeleke pesa kwingine then i don't have any comment.

    Mimi ni mdau naomba tushirikiane.
     
  16. Ambassador

    Ambassador JF-Expert Member

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    Sep 27, 2010
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    Thanks. Lakini hiyo mashine inayoonekana youtube ni kitchen type, very small scale kwa matumizi ya nyumbani.
     
  17. Ambassador

    Ambassador JF-Expert Member

    #17
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    Anyway, nimeziona nyingine, thanks.
     
  18. Emma Lukosi

    Emma Lukosi Verified User

    #18
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    Mashine zinapatikana SIDO, Kwa order maalumu. kuna oil expeller 3ml hadi 4ml. kuna chekeche 1,500,000. kuna filter 3ml. Unaweza kununua pamoja na refinery 3ml.
     
  19. r

    rakeyescarl JF-Expert Member

    #19
    Sep 27, 2010
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    Je hizi ni bora kuliko wnazouza wahindi made in china-naona wanaziita kwa number tu e.g number 95, complete na motor ya 20HP,chekeche na filter kwa 4.5M complete set? hii ni refinery ni nini?
     
  20. kanyagio

    kanyagio JF-Expert Member

    #20
    Feb 12, 2011
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    IMMA, kwa hiyo ili upate complete set ni kuwa inabidi ununue pieces zote ulizotaja hapo juu? maintenance ya hizi machine ikoje
     
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