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Kikwete: I can turn Tanzania into heaven if I get a billion dollars a month

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by EMT, May 24, 2012.

  1. EMT

    EMT JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Tanzania's president is waging a war on hunger - and while he's at it, he wants to modernize his East African nation's agricultural sector to lift millions of his countrymen out of poverty. But Jakaya Kikwete's biggest constraint is a lack of resources. "If somebody says, 'What is your wish?' I'd say, 'If I got a billion dollars a month in terms of government revenue, I can turn Tanzania into heaven,'" Mr. Kikwete told The Washington Times in an exclusive interview.

    He doesn't have that luxury, so he has turned to the international community for help. Mr. Kikwete, 61, was one of four African leaders invited to attend a summit of the Group of Eight industrialized nations at Camp David last week. The other three were from Ghana, Ethiopia and Benin. "The overriding message that we brought here is: Assist Africa. Transform its agriculture," Mr. Kikwete said. "We underscored the fact that indeed there is cause for concern for food security and nutrition security in Africa."

    Africa accounts for about 236 million hungry people, more than one-fourth of the world's total, according to U.N. statistics. In Tanzania, malnutrition is the cause of high rates of infant and maternal mortality, and stunted, anemic children. "There is a problem, and a serious one, that needs a solution," Mr. Kikwete said. "And the solution to problems of hunger and nutrition first and foremost is to ensure food security," he said. "How do you ensure food security and nutrition security? You deal with the agriculture question."

    Between 70 percent and 80 percent of Tanzania's population lives in rural areas. Agriculture is their mainstay. Agricultural practices are untouched by modernity. Farmers still use handheld hoes to till the land, are overly dependent on rain to irrigate crops, sow low-yield seeds, and don't use adequate amounts of fertilizer and pesticides.

    Tough neighbourhood

    "Unfortunately, our agriculture in Africa is characterized by backwardness," Mr. Kikwete said. "We are not producing enough to meet our own food requirements ... and our people are not producing enough to overcome poverty." In Tanzania, the challenge is "little application of modern science and technology in agriculture," he added. Increasing productivity of Africa's farms not only would reduce the levels of hunger and malnutrition, it also would increase incomes.

    Tanzania is 95 percent food self-sufficient, but it is located in a difficult place. "Our biggest problem in the country is the neighborhood," Mr. Kikwete said. To its north, Kenya has endured three to four years of drought that has forced it to look to Tanzania for food. Parts of Somalia are in the grip of a famine, while South Sudan faces significant food shortages. The high demand has strained Tanzania's food supply and pushed domestic prices sky high.

    Mr. Kikwete sees in this challenge an opportunity. He has instructed the Ministry of Agriculture to increase production of food, particularly corn and rice, to have enough to feed Tanzanians, as well as export. His government set up the Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania in a part of the country that gets the most rain and has ideal soil and climate conditions. If all goes according to plan, the corridor will create 420,000 jobs and produce an annual income of $1.2 billion. "If we can succeed, we will lift millions and millions of people out of poverty very quickly," Mr. Kikwete said.

    Agriculture is not high on the list of priorities for most international donors. Two decades ago, they gave $18 billion to Africa for the agriculture sector. That dropped to $3 billion three years ago, and has crept up to about $6 billion today. Tanzania has turned to the private sector to supplement the international community's contributions.

    The G-8 announced over the weekend a "New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition" to accelerate the flow of private capital to African agriculture. President Obama separately announced that 45 private-sector companies had committed to invest more than $3 billion in agricultural projects and programs that will help millions of small-scale farmers in Africa.

    Tanzania has received $698 million from the Millennium Challenge Corp., an independent U.S. foreign-aid agency that helps lead the fight against global poverty. That five-year grant ends next year. Mr. Kikwete is eager to get a U.S. commitment for a second phase.

    International largesse

    Under the first phase, roads were built, villages were electrified and water was supplied to two major cities, Morogoro and the Tanzanian capital, Dar es Salaam. In the second phase, Mr. Kikwete wants to keep the focus on rural electrification and water supply.

    "We have expressed the wish, and they have expressed readiness to talk, so let's see what comes out of the discussions," he said. "We are seeing the American side be responsive," he added. Daniel Yohannes, CEO of the Millennium Challenge Corp. (MCC), has high praise for the way Tanzania handled the first phase of this grant.
    "President Kikwete has been instrumental to the success of Tanzania's MCC compact," Mr. Yohannes said at the Center for Strategic and International Studies last week.

    Despite such praise, Mr. Kikwete knows that the state of the global economy will determine how much money international donors will be willing to offer. "We accept the reality that we will not get much, and already aid has declined, but we think we may not lose everything," he said. "We don't see signs on the part of the U.S. government to abandon the poor."

    Mr. Obama has said the U.S. will keep its commitments to end world hunger. Tanzania has reason to be optimistic about its future: Large reserves of oil and natural gas were discovered recently. Mr. Kikwete is determined not to let this potential resource windfall become a liability, as it has done for many other African nations.

    "We know in ... a number of countries in Africa, these resources ... have turned into a curse instead of being something useful," he said. "We will try as much as we can to learn from what has gone wrong with some of our friends, and let's see if we can do better," he said. "I am hopeful that we will."

    Source: The Wahington Post: Tanzanian plows fertile ground in pitch for aid - Washington Times
  2. The Boss

    The Boss JF-Expert Member

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    Talking of a 'comedian in chief'.......
  3. Sigma

    Sigma JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    anaweza lakini....
  4. Kamakabuzi

    Kamakabuzi JF-Expert Member

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    Our gold is already a curse, our uranium is already a curse, our agricultural land is already a curse, and Kikwete is there looking at all our resources turning into curses; can oil not become a curse! with these type of leaders,Practically no.

    When you say ""We know in ... a number of countries in Africa, these resources ... have turned into a curse instead of being something useful," remember to include Tanzania
  5. dosama

    dosama JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Jamaa zoba kweli
  6. J

    JokaKuu Platinum Member

    May 24, 2012
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    ..U read my mind.

    ..lakini ukiendelea kumsoma u will come to a conclusion kwamba he doesnt get it.

    ..JK anaona uhaba wa chakula Kenya ni tatizo kwetu wa-Tanzania, badala ya kuona kuwa ni opportunity[market] ya sisi kuweza kuwauzia chakula na kupata faida.
  7. BabuK

    BabuK JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Rais wetu kajitahidi kujenga hoja.. ila Revenue ya $1Bn. a month naona iko over-ambitious unless tuongeze na kupanua tax base...
  8. zomba

    zomba JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    You have not seen the curse yet in Tanzania. We were cursed 45 Years ago when we became beggars from being major exporters of farm products. Cursed indeed we were. Its getting better now.
  9. Mamndenyi

    Mamndenyi JF-Expert Member

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    achanganye na hizo za hao ndege anaouza huko juu.
  10. Daniel Anderson

    Daniel Anderson JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Hapo ulipoweka red mkuu, umemaliza kabisa.

    Sijui huyu ndugu alisomea uchumi wapi mwee? Hajui allocation ya scarce money ni precious kuliko extravagance of hizo billions?
  11. J

    JokaKuu Platinum Member

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    ..kuna matamshi hapo hayatakiwi kutolewa na Raisi wa nchi.

    ..eti angekuwa na dola bilioni moja kila mwezi, ingeifanya Tanzania kuwa sawa na ahera!!!

    ..sounds like watoto wa kidato cha kwanza.

    ..kila Raisi anapokwenda kwenye hii mikutano huiabisha nchi na matamshi yake.
  12. U

    Unstoppable JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Babu K, sidhani hata kama kuna hoja hapo mkuu, Kwa upande wangu naona kama anajaribu kuelezea "his wishes" lakini haelezei au hajui atafanya nini afikie hizo wishes. In other words, mtu anaweza akaelewa kwamba alikuwa anaomba some sort of "handouts." Na hii ndio hasa nia yake nafikiri; inakuwa kama homeless akikuomba million moja, ukimpa kama hana sustainable plan, lazima ataishiwa tu na baada ya muda atarudi tena kuomba.

    JK anachotakiwa nikuchukua matatizo ya wenzetu e.g. njaa ya Kenya kama opportunity ya TZ ku-make money. Hata hao wawekezaji wakija na shida zao tuchukulie kama opportunity ya sisi ku-make money kutokana na rasilimali hizo zinazowavutia wawekezaji. Haya makampuni ya wageni yanayofunguliwa kila siku ni opportunity ya sisi ku-squeeze money out of them.

    Am not sure kama JK & co wanajua hasa vyanzo muhimu vyakupatia serikali mapato, how to keep track of them, na jinsi ya ku-maximize mapato hayo. Kuwa na good dreams ni vizuri lakini hizi dreams haziwezi kuzaa matunda kama hakuna plan of action yakusaidia ndoto hizo zitimie.

    On a separate note; 1billion inaweza kuwa sio over-ambitious kwasababu; hatujui serikali inapoteza kiasi gani kwa mwezi kwa kushindwa kukusanya tax kwa usahihi/uzembe wa kukusanya kodi, through overspending + wizi unayofanywa na viongozi wengi wa ngazi za juu, mikataba/makampuni feki, kuoza/kuharibika kwa bidhaa nyingi kutokana na kukosa soko + poor distribution etc etc.
  13. nngu007

    nngu007 JF-Expert Member

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    Anazo hizo pesa anashindwa kuzikusanya, ni kuwaita Mwaziri watatu tu na anazipata za Miezi 5 hao ni Ngeleja, Mkulo na

    Yule Mbunge wa Msalala aliyekuwa waziri wa Maliasili na Utalii; Na hapo Kuna Mzee wa Vijisenti, Mkapa, na wengi tu
  14. STK ONE

    STK ONE JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Wale wale, majina tu yanatofautiana, nani kakwambia kuwa umaskini utaondoka kwa kutegemea kodi??? nchi gani duniani imeachana na umaskini kwa kodi za wananchi????

    Rasilimali tumeuza bila kodi halafu tunategemea VAT!!! AIBU KWELI!!!!!
  15. k

    kalokolaVIII JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Mimi nafikiri tunapaswa kuingia kwenye"kaubongo" ka huyu jamaa ili kujua huwa anafikiria nini wakati anaongea.

    Niliwahi kupata bahati mbaya ya kuongea naye vis-à-vis na kwa upumbavu wangu for the occasion nilienda na wife wangu kama ambavyo walifanya watanzania wengine wenye jiko. Wife aliniuliza swali ambalo ninalikumbuka mpaka leo- "Tanzania mliwezaje kumchagua huyu mtu kuwa Rais"?? Mimi nilimjibu kwakujidai "wife,unajua kuwa mimi sikupiga kura Tanzania na zaidi ya yote sina haki ya kupiga kura Tanzania maana walininyang'anya" one of the most humiliating times of my life.

    Mnashangaa hapo kwenye interview ambapo amejiandaa ngojeni mumuone sehemu ambazo anajisikia kuwa ni "boss" - hamtoamini anavyotia aibu. Ukistaajabu ya Mussa...
  16. STK ONE

    STK ONE JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Alikuwa kwenye akili zake kweli??? Mbona mawazo kama ya mtoto mdogo? Au zilikuwa techniques za kuomba msaada nchi za magharibi!!! Yaani kwa akli zake bado anategemea misaada na hizo ndoto za dola bilioni moja kwa mwezi, anaziota akiwa America so what?

    Badala ya kuhakikisha anatumia vyema rasilimali zilizopo nchini ili apate mapato ya kutosho kuboresha maisha ya wananchi wake, anaota tena akiwa hata hajalala!! Aibu kweli!!
  17. k

    kalokolaVIII JF-Expert Member

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    Kaka JokaKuu!!
    tafadhali waombe msamaha watoto wa kidato cha kwanza - husitake kutuaminisha kuwa elimu imeshuka kiasi hicho.
    salute and respect!!
  18. K

    Keil JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Iwapo hela iliyopo inafisadiwa huku akiwa anaangalia, je, akipata hiyo revenue ya dollar billion moja ataweza kuitumia productively?

    Iwapo natural resources tulizo nazo zimeshindwa kutusaidia kupanua wigo wa kodi, je, hizo dollar billion moja zitatokana na nini?

    Hela ya misaada na mikopo tumeshindwa kuitumia ipasavyo, ndio tutaweza kutumia vyema hizo na kutuondolea matatizo tuliyonayo?

    Ukiona mtu anashindwa ku-manage hela ya mkopo ambayo anajua mwisho wa siku atakuja kudaiwa, basi hiyo ni dalili kwamba hata hela zake mwenyewe anaweza kushindwa kuzi-manage.

    Mwisho, tatizo la Tanzania, ni financial management na corruption. Kama haya mawili yangeweza kushughulikiwa wala tusingekuwa hapa. Serikali ikipata mkopo au msaada, zaidi ya nusu inaishia mifukoni mwa wajanja, matokeo yake kila kitu ni fake. Unaonyeshwa barabara iko substandard, unaonyeshwa choo kimejengwa kwa mamilioni, wala hakifanani thamani hiyo ya fedha, unaonyeshwa darasa limejaa nyufa lakini thamani ya fedha inayotajwa mpaka unachanganyikiwa, ukionyeshwa madawati ndio utali, ukienda kwenye mikataba na procurement ndo usiseme!
  19. john leonard

    john leonard Member

    May 24, 2012
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    out of sense?kaka tuliobaki enzi hizi hatu changanyiwi za mbayuwayu.tonachekecha mbovu tunaondoa,nzuri tunahifadhi!si enzi za ndio mzee!ila ni enzi za HOW AND WHY!kama moja huwezi kuimiliki na kuimudu acha tamaa za mbili!milele nitalia na mafisadi,vingapi vipo tumboni mwa fisadi kwa kushindwa kuvicontrol?leo utake revenue zaidi utaimilikije?ama ndio kuwatengezea mafisadi ulaji.
  20. Ulukolokwitanga

    Ulukolokwitanga JF-Expert Member

    May 24, 2012
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    Huyu rais ana maajabu kweli, hata kuzalisha chakula ndani ya nchi yako unaenda kuomba msaada kwa wazungu wakutatulie tatizo la njaa?? Hajui tu kuwa wazungu wanamcheka sana kwa ardhi yenye rutuba aliyonayo na rasilimali zilizopo ni mtaji tosha wa kumaliza njaa. Uvivu wa kufikiri na ufisadi wao ndani ya ccm ndio chanzo cha njaa.