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Kagame accuses UN of betrayal

Discussion in 'International Forum' started by Invisible, Nov 15, 2008.

  1. Invisible

    Invisible Admin Staff Member

    Nov 15, 2008
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    Rwanda's President, Paul Kagame, has accused the United Nations of betraying a pledge to combat Hutu extremists in eastern Congo and then blaming his country for the failure of a costly peacekeeping mission to end years of conflict.

    In an interview with the Guardian, Kagame dismissed accusations that Rwanda is backing the Tutsi rebel leader, Laurent Nkunda, who has seized swaths of territory in the east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in recent weeks, committing war crimes and prompting another refugee crisis.

    "The international community spends $1,2-billion every year on that mission in the Congo. Why would the international community spend so much and say they want to come and deal with the problem and they don't deal with it?

    "This kind of simplistic approach has to stop by people who run the world, and they [must] really take the bull by the horns and deal with the issue," he said.

    "That is the reason why people have decided to shift the blame and load it on the shoulders of Rwanda and the Rwandan government just because, in my view, they cannot justify all this. They are in the Congo to support the government to stand on its own feet and solve its own problems. They haven't been very successful. When the problem that was not resolved keeps coming back, they simply say, let's blame it on Rwanda."

    Rwanda has been accused of providing weapons, soldiers and other backing for Nkunda and his rebel National Congress for the Defence of the People (CNDP) as a means of keeping at bay Hutu extremists who carried out the 1994 genocide of Rwanda's Tutsis, and then fled into Democratic Republic of Congo. Nkunda says he is fighting to defend Congolese Tutsis from the Hutu forces.

    At his official residence in Rwanda's capital, Kigali, Kagame said that his government's ties to Nkunda were superficial. "We're only linked with Nkunda and the CNDP just by accident of history and the fact that these are Congolese who speak Kinyarwanda, and we share borders with Congo," he said.

    But evidence suggests the links go deeper. Nkunda was an intelligence officer in Kagame's Rwandan Patriotic Front army that in 1994 overthrew the Hutu government that organised the genocide.

    The Congolese Tutsi rebel leader also played his part when Rwanda invaded DRC -- then called Zaire -- in 1996 to clear out the refugee camps that had become a base for the defeated Hutu forces to attack Rwanda, and again two years later for a lengthy war that widened to bring in countries such as Angola and Zimbabwe.

    Rwanda's critics say Nkunda is still acting on Kigali's behalf. They accuse Rwanda of backing him as a proxy in its continuing conflict with Hutu exiles who set up a rebel group, the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), which controls about 40% of the two Congolese provinces on Rwanda's western border.

    UN officials also suggest that some Rwandan officials are making tidy sums out of the plunder of minerals in Nkunda-held areas and shipped out via Kigali.

    Kagame acknowledged that Nkunda was serving Rwanda's interests by providing a buffer between its border and the FDLR. But he said that was not a long-term solution. "Does anybody find sense here that if Rwanda is doing the best it can to overcome its own difficulties -- only to create problems outside?" asked Kagame.

    He said that with Rwanda reorienting itself towards East Africa and the English-speaking world, and trying to build a reputation as a business-friendly, technologically advanced destination for foreign investment, it was not in Kigali's interests to perpetuate the instability in DRC.

    "As to whether therefore Nkunda would really be looked at as a solution by Rwanda and therefore supported by Rwanda in this respect, that's not the case. It wouldn't be our choice to look at Nkunda as a solution to our problem."

    Kagame said the solution was for the UN to send a fighting force to replace the world's largest, and largely ineffective, peacekeeping operation. He wanted that force to fulfil UN commitments to pacify and disarm Hutu rebels and other groups.

    "I would be happy if that was the case. Really. In fact I'm intending to speak to President Kabila [of DRC]. As a way of getting this unjustified blame off Rwanda, maybe we should make an approach to the UN and really ask what the UN can do in an effective way to deal with this problem.

    "Can they put together a force to actually deal with all these problems that need military force to deal with it -- whether it is FDLR, whether it is other groups fighting the government or even actually, dare I say this, even if this government force is killing its own people? This force should act against them and create a sense of peace and stability."

    But neither Kagame nor anyone else has much confidence that will happen. Far from resolving the problem, the UN's failures are helping to escalate it.

    The Congolese government is bringing in Angolan troops as it did during the 1998 to 2002 war with Rwanda, potentially widening the conflict again.

    Kagame said he would be concerned if the Angolans were there to push back the CNDP and expose Rwanda's border to the FDLR. But he said he did not foresee circumstances in which Rwanda would again invade DRC.

    "While in the old days we crossed into Congo and dealt with the problem, which I think was very significant, the remnants of the group we were fighting and the magnitude of the problem is smaller and wouldn't warrant us to cross the border. We will deal with it on our side of the border."

    Born into a Tutsi family in the western Rwanda region of Gitarama in 1957, Paul Kagame fled to Uganda with his relatives when he was three years old amid growing anti-Tutsi violence. Later he joined the National Resistance Army and spent years fighting the so-called "bush wars" as a guerrilla against the Ugandan government of Milton Obote. In 1986 he was one of the key players behind the establishment of the Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF), made up mainly of expatriate Rwandan Tutsis. The RPF seized power from the Hutu government in July 1994, helping to bring an end to the genocide in which an estimated

    The Guardian (UK)
  2. K

    Koba JF-Expert Member

    Nov 15, 2008
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    bila Kabila kukubali kudeal na Hutu extremist na kuacha kuwafanya banyamurenge kama sio part of Congolese ajue next battle itakuwa kinshasa sio eastern Congo tena,kabila analeta mzaha naona na amejisahau kabisa au hana idea na yeye,kina Nkunda knows better propaganda za Congo sasa wanaonekana kama foreigners na Hutu extremist wako wanasubiri kuwamaliza wakiwa weak,kuna factions nyingi tuu ambazo sio banyamurenge hazimtaki kabila na sioni ajabu wakila deal na Nkunda kuelekea kinshasa,hii kitu ni very simple kwa kabila lakini naona atapata akili akishatimuliwa....UN imejaa wale Bangladesh & Indians corrupt ile mbaya na hawana idea nini wanafanya pale Congo,seems wanataka hii crisis iendelee wapate kula yao maana unaudited 1.2bn$ kwa mwaka ni pesa nyingi sana,
  3. Icadon

    Icadon JF-Expert Member

    Nov 15, 2008
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    Uganda na Rwanda inabidi zitoe majeshi yao Congo kabla ya kuanza kunyoosheana videlo.
  4. J

    JokaKuu Platinum Member

    Nov 15, 2008
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    ..Rwanda wali-occupy Eastern Congo kwa miaka takriban mitano. sasa kwanini walishindwa kuwa-disarm hao "Interahamwe"?

    ..kuna propaganda hapa inayoendelea kwamba kila mpiganaji wa Kihutu basi ni Interahamwe.

    ..kwamba kila Mhutu aliyekimbia Rwanda wakati wa genocide ni mhuhumiwa wa ukatili ule.

    ..kuna hoja kwamba kati ya wapiganaji wa Kihutu wako ambao walikuwa wadogo mno kushiriki mauaji yale ya 1994. sasa kwanini hao hawapewi haki ya kukaa kwenye meza na Kagame na kuangalia watarejea vipi Rwanda?


    ..mgombea Uraisi wa Congo mwenye asili ya Banyamulenge, na aliyekuwa akifadhiliwa na Rwanda, alishindwa vibaya sana ktk uchaguzi mkuu wa Congo. baada ya hapo Rwanda wameamua kumfadhili huyu Nkunda kuhujumu serikali halali iliyochaguliwa na wa-Congo.

    ..Nkunda akienda mpaka huko Kinshasa kwa msaada wa Rwanda atatawala Congo? hivi huo hautakuwa mwanzo wa Somalization of Congo? athari zake kwa majirani zake haswa Tanzania zitakuwaje?
  5. J

    Jasusi JF-Expert Member

    Nov 15, 2008
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    Tatizo la Kabila ni kwamba hana jeshi so to speak. Wanajeshi wake walioko Eastern Congo hawana msuli na hawajalipwa mshahara.
  6. Icadon

    Icadon JF-Expert Member

    Nov 15, 2008
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    Barua ya Banyarwanda party kwenda kwa UN Sec-Gen, ni ndefu kidogo

    The Right Approach Towards Finding A Durable Solution To
    The African Great Lakes Region Crisis

    Your Excellency the UN Secretary General,

    It is now almost two decades since the terrible situations of war engulfing the African Great lakes Region has erupted caused by the attack from Uganda by Rwandese refugees. This ethnic based war went too far to creating the genocide against Rwandese Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups in 1994 (and after) in Rwanda, in the presence of the UN peace keeping force, UNAMIR which failed to protect vulnerable people during and after the genocide. The aftermath of this genocide also indicated the UN's ICTR (the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda) failure to bring about social justice and reconciliation among Rwandese people, as it was and is still so biased by only prosecuting suspected Hutu criminals while the Tutsi ones of RPF are still terrorising the entire region.

    Your Excellency the UN Secretary general, as the President of a Rwandese major opposition political party embracing members from all ethnic groups, on behalf of vulnerable Rwandese people from all tribes, and on behalf of all Rwandese refugees around the world, I would like to inform the UN and particularly the International Community that the currently unfolding Human crisis in the Eastern DRC will never get a durable solution unless its root cause is properly examined and tough decision are taken.

    I believe President Kagame was right when he joked at the International community's approach to the crisis at the press conference in Kigali in early November this year, as he questioned how can someone deals with the urgent humanitarian problem without addressing the root cause. To show how confident and determined he was, He went on to say: "I can assure you if this approach continues, six months down the road we will have another humanitarian catastrophe like this one". His strong feeling of being an invulnerable commander in chief and an ethnic liberator, his lack of human rights understanding, all this influenced his thinking that any decision taken to address the Congolese issue will play in his favour, considering the strong financial, military and moral support he enjoyed and is still enjoying from powerful nations around the world.

    I believe this is the right place and the right time that the right people need to carefully take the right decision without taking sides if we are to tackle this ethnic issue and bring about permanent peace in this region. I also believe the FDLR armed militia is a major barrier to lasting peace in the region, but I don't believe in Kagame's military interference into DRC matters as the later is willing to handle the issue diplomatically. I also recommend that in order to enforce total justice, democracy and human rights in Rwanda in order to convince Rwandese people in exile including different armed groups, Kagame's government has no other option than accepting negotiations with all the Rwandese opposition political parties operating in exile.

    The UN together with the International Community have the responsibility to put the pressure on the Rwandese government, particularly on President Kagame to immediately stop spreading his aggressive behaviour in the region.

    The UN and the International community behaviour of keeping a blind eye and deaf ear towards the unsolved myth surrounding Rwandese genocide, and Kagame's personal and his armed criminals implication in that genocide made him feel that he is an untouchable powerful warrior in the region, and make him defy any call to respect the human rights and his neighbouring countries sovereignty. The DRC has suffered enough during the two Rwanda's incursions and massacres of more than five million Congolese innocent civilian, and did not deserve any other aggression by Rwanda, if not just the scratch in its scars intended to test the level of its perseverance, which of course has the limit.

    Your Excellency the UN Secretary General, I believe that the UN and the International Community have very realistic examples and experience form different wars around Africa, such as the most recent one between Liberia and Sierra-Leone. Should Charles Taylor's "Blood Diamonds" issue had been approached with a blind eye and deaf year, how do you think Sierra Leonean and Liberian people would be at the moment? Why then should innocent people from the African Great lakes Region suffer from the "Blood Coltan" by the blood thirsty Kagame, his criminal gangs and allies? The Region is not being destroyed by these Rwandese trained and sponsored terrorists but by all of us who just watch and fail to react. I assure you, your Excellency, that millions of Rwandese and Congolese innocent lives that perished and still perishing in front of our open eyes will never go unpunished.

    As a Rwandese freedom, justice and democracy advocate, my message to the International community is that the concerned people from the African Great lakes Region particularly all the survivors of the Rwandese genocide will never give up the fight for fair justice, for this is the place and time that the tide is soon going to turn. The International community's tolerance of Rwandese government's evil behaviour towards its neighbours does and will never solve the region's suffering, but will instead encourage regional dictatorship and suppression of democratic institutions, therefore putting millions of innocent lives at risk such as what is currently unfolding in the eastern part of the DRC.

    Banyarwanda political party, on behalf of Rwandese people and in collaboration with Rwandese neighbours and other regional partners, is genuinely happy to request you, your Excellency, to stand firmly on finding the real, suitable and durable solution for the entire region, rather than focusing on individual (ethnic group or country) and/or personal gains in the region.

    Hoping my plight to be put under your consideration, your Excellency, I believe that your self styled sense of humour, your mediation effort shown recently during your visit to the region, plus your mandate to global human rights, social justice and democracy will inevitably bring about right results to desperate people in need of lasting peace and stability around the African Great lakes Region.

    Yours Sincerely,

    Done in Brussels, 10th November 2008

    Rutayisire Boniface,

    President of Banyarwanda Political Party.

    Tel(32) 0488 25 0305
    Email: infotubeho@yahoo.fr (yahoo.fr)
  7. K

    Kidatu JF-Expert Member

    Nov 15, 2008
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    (George Bush + Yoweli Museveni + Paul Kagame) x war in Congo = Diamond from Congo