The Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) had completed the sixth and last review of Tanzania's economic performance in February, under a three-year Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) arrangement (see Press Release No. 03/128). The completion of the review enables a further release of SDR 2.8 million (about US$4.2 million) and will bring the total disbursements under the arrangement to SDR 19.6 million (about US$29.4 million). The Executive Board also approved a three-year Policy Support Instrument (PSI) for Tanzania to support the country's economic efforts. The PSI seeks high and sustainable growth and more rapid poverty reduction based on enhancing public resource mobilization and efficiency of spending, increasing the financial sector's contribution to growth and the effectiveness of the monetary policy, and improving the business climate. Approval of a PSI for Tanzania signifies IMF endorsement of the policies outlined in the program (ni programme gani hizo ambazo watanzania wakaida tusiozielewa wala eleweshwa na uongozi wetu). The IMF's framework for PSIs is designed for low-income countries that may not need, or want, IMF financial assistance, but still seek IMF advice, monitoring and endorsement of their policies. PSIs are voluntary and demand driven. PSI-supported programs are based on country-owned poverty reduction strategies adopted in a participatory process involving civil society and development partners and articulated in a Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). This is intended to ensure that PSI-supported programs are consistent with a comprehensive framework for macroeconomic, structural and social policies to foster growth and reduce poverty. Members' performance under a PSI is normally reviewed semi-annually, irrespective of the status of the program. The 'devil expert' opinion and outlook of our economy: Following the Board's discussion on Tanzania, Mr. Murilo Portugal, Deputy Managing Director and Acting Chairman, stated: "Tanzania has achieved sustained strong economic performance through market-oriented policies within an appropriate macroeconomic framework. To consolidate recent successes, Tanzania will need to maintain sound policies and steadily pursue key structural reforms, including in the critical energy sector, and capacity building to remove key impediments to growth and achieve lasting inroads against poverty (in other words they trust in JK to deliver, the man who publicly poclaimed he hasnt got the answers). "The Tanzanian authorities are undertaking actions and commitments to address the allegations of an impropriety in the management of the government external payment arrears account managed by the Bank of Tanzania. The authorities remain committed to transparency and to consult with the Fund in adopting and implementing appropriate remedial measures. "The Policy Support Instrument is viewed as the appropriate next step in the Fund's relations with Tanzania. Tanzania's macroeconomic framework and structural reform agenda are consistent with the government's objectives of high and sustained broad-based economic growth and poverty reduction within a stable macroeconomic environment. "Tanzania is undertaking structural reforms in three key areas. First, tax, customs, and capacity-building reforms are expected to further mobilize public resources, improve the efficiency of government spending, and support economic and social objectives. Second, financial sector reforms, including improvements in credit information, pension investment guidelines, and liquidity management, will help enhance this sector's contribution to growth and the effectiveness of monetary policy. Third, improvements in the business environment, including anti-corruption efforts, are expected to facilitate productive private sector activity and investment. "Fiscal policy should remain focused on economic and social objectives while limiting net domestic financing to avoid crowding out private sector credit. The monetary framework remains appropriate, with the envisaged deceleration of broad money growth consistent with inflation objectives while still facilitating adequate credit to the private sector. "Recent energy production shortfalls have been damaging. Resolving energy supply issues on a timely basis, including through appropriate increases in generation capacity and tariffs as envisioned under the PSI, will be critical to maintaining strong economic performance and putting the finances of the energy parastatal, TANESCO (they know about Tanesco but not the Richmond scandal), on a sound and sustainable basis," Mr. Portugal said.