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How does Kiswahili Sound like?

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Elimu (Education Forum)' started by MziziMkavu, Apr 25, 2012.

  1. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Apr 25, 2012
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 38,550
    Likes Received: 2,823
    Trophy Points: 280
    Because Kiswahili is spoken both as a first and second language, you may hear different pronunciation. However, there is a set of vowels and consonants that are crucial for your pronunciation.

    Vowels

    There are five distinct vowel sounds in Kiswahili.
    [TABLE="width: 264"]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 60"]
    a
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 117"]alama ‘sign’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 60"]
    e
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 117"]eleza ‘explain’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 60"]
    i
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 117"]ili ‘so that’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 60"]
    o
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 117"]okota ‘pick up’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 60"]
    u
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 117"]ukuta ‘wall’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]
    Consonants
    [TABLE="width: 263"]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    b
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]baba ‘father’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    c
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]chai ‘tea’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    d
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]dada ‘sister’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    f
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]fika ‘arrive’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    g
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]gari ‘motorcar’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    h
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]habari ‘news’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    j
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]jana ‘yesterday’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    k
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]kaka ‘brother’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    l
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]lala ‘sleep’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    m
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]mama ‘mother’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    n
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]nazi ‘coconut’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    p
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]paka ‘cat’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    r
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]ramani ‘map’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    s
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]soko ‘market’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    t
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]tia ‘put’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    v
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]vizuri ‘good’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    w
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]watu ‘people’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    y
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]yai ‘egg’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 63"]
    z
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 119"]zawadi ‘present’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]
    [TABLE="width: 261"]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 89"]
    th
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 44"]theluji[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘snow’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 89"]
    dh
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 44"]dhahabu[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘gold’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 89"]
    gh
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 44"]ghasia[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘chaos’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 89"]
    sh
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 44"]shimo[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘pit’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]

    The following chart represents the nasal consonants and nasal consonant clusters found in this language. [TABLE="width: 261"]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    ny
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 66"]nyanya[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘grandmother’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    ng'
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 66"]ng'ombe[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘cow’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    ng
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 66"]ngoma[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘drum/dance’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    nd
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 66"]ndege[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘bird’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    mb
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 66"]mbuzi[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘goat’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    mw
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 66"]mwalimu[/TD]
    [TD="width: 114"]‘teacher’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]

    [TABLE="width: 207"]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘day time ’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘bug’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘king’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘medicinal healer ’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘a wise person’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    mji
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘town or city’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    mkia
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘tail’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘guard’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    mmea
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘plant’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘fat’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘ball’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘tall’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘forest’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘child’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘fisherman’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘parent’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    mbwa
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘dog’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘termit’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘animal’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"]
    ncha
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘tip’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="width: 67"][/TD]
    [TD="width: 130"]‘hair’[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]
     
  2. K

    Kituko JF-Expert Member

    #2
    Apr 25, 2012
    Joined: Jan 12, 2009
    Messages: 5,975
    Likes Received: 1,114
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    safi sana Mkuu, lakini mimi huwa najiuliza sana,
    kama Kiswahili ni lugha pana namna hii tunayoijua, kwa nini tulishindwa kuwa na Alphabeti za ziada zaidi ya hizo 4 tulizokopi moja kwa moja kutoka kiingereza

    namaaninsha kwa nini tuwe na 'NGO' NGOMA, NGOJA, HAPA SWALA LANGU KWA NINI KUSIWE NA CONSOTABT MOJA BADALA YA NGO?
    yapo maneno mengi yanayoungana na yangeweza kuwa na herufi moja tu
    NY
    CH
    NG'
    SH
    SHW
    nk
     
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