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Hizi ndiyo faida za kuwekeza Nchini Tanzania ndugu JK ?

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Lunyungu, May 12, 2008.

  1. Lunyungu

    Lunyungu JF-Expert Member

    #1
    May 12, 2008
    Joined: Aug 7, 2006
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    THREAT TO THE INTEGRITY OF LAKE NATRON, AND TOURISM AND COMMUNITY
    LIVELIHOODS IN EASTERN AFRICA, BY THE PROPOSED SODA ASH MINING BY TATA
    CHEMICALS LTD.
    CONCERNS BY THE LAKE NATRON CONSULTATIVE GROUP

    There is a proposal by Tata Chemicals Ltd. to construct a soda ash
    extraction plant at Lake Natron in Tanzania. We the Lake Natron
    Consultative Group are concerned about this proposal because:
    Thousands of people work for the tourist industry around lakes Nakuru,
    Bogoria and Manyara, where pink flamingos are a major attraction. The
    masses of pink flamingos have been called “the world’s greatest
    ornithological spectacle”. Lake Natron is the ONLY significant and regular
    breeding site for the East African population of these Lesser Flamingos.
    In addition:
    The area is part of a bigger shared ecosystem which links to key protected
    areas in both Kenya and Tanzania. These include Ngorongoro Conservation
    Area, Serengeti National Park, Maasai Mara National Reserve, Amboseli
    National Park and the Loita Forest.
    Lake Natron and its surroundings support the pastoral livelihoods of
    Maasai people both in Kenya and Tanzania
    Lake Natron is a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar
    Convention, as well as an Important Bird Area under the BirdLife
    International classification.

    The Soda Ash Mining Proposal
    Tata Chemicals Ltd, through Lake Natron Resources (TZ) Ltd, a company it
    has formed in conjunction with National Development Corporation is
    proposing to construct a soda ash extraction plant at Lake Natron in
    Tanzania. Tata Chemicals Ltd also owns majority shares in Magadi Soda
    Company in Kenya. The proposal to the Government of Tanzania is aimed at
    constructing a processing plant capable of producing 500,000 metric tonnes
    of soda ash annually. The plant will have associated infrastructure,
    including a new tarmac road, living accommodations for an estimated 1,225
    construction workers and 152 permanent staff and their families. In
    addition, the plant will consume 11.5 megawatts of power and utilise
    106,000 litres of fresh water per hour.

    We are deeply concerned that a large scale project like the one proposed
    by Tata Chemicals is not appropriate for a fragile ecosystem like Lake
    Natron and the surrounding areas. It is our considered view that the
    impacts of such a project on tourism, biodiversity, community livelihoods
    and natural resources in the Eastern African region are going to be
    adverse, long term and irreversible.

    Our concerns

    We wish to voice our concerns as follows:

    Impacts on Lesser Flamingos – Over two million Lesser Flamingos in eastern
    Africa use only one nesting site: Lake Natron. These birds are sensitive
    to disturbance during breeding. They nest in locations that have minimal
    human interference and It takes very little disturbance to cause an entire
    breeding colony to abandon its breeding effort entirely. The mining of
    soda ash from this lake is likely to gravely affect the breeding and hence
    survival of this species that is listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened
    species.


    Impacts on tourism and national economies - The impacts of the local
    extinction of Lesser Flamingos will be enormous and far reaching; it will
    lead to unprecedented damage to the tourism industry in the Eastern
    African region. In 2006 Kenya earned US$ 886 million from tourism revenue.
    In Kenya’s central rift, the tourism industry is largely supported by the
    Rift Valley Lakes and the flamboyant flamingos, whose only breeding site
    is now under threat. Thousands of jobs may be at stake. Furthermore, the
    proposed project goes counter to the proposal by South Rift Association of
    Landowners (SORALO), a coalition of 15 Maasai group ranches, to open up
    the Southern Tourism Circuit with a view to connecting Amboseli and Maasai
    Mara with support from the Kenya Government and European Union through the
    Tourism Trust Fund (TTF). Shompole Community which is a member of SORALO
    recently won the UNDP Equator Prize for its contribution to biodiversity
    conservation and poverty alleviation.


    Damage to local economies & livelihoods – The proposed project will
    consume 106,000 litres of fresh water per hour. At this rate, the plant
    will consume 1,600,000 litres of water within 10 hours – which is
    sufficient to meet a day’s needs for the 40,000 livestock in Magadi
    division. Fresh water is extremely scarce in this area; coming from the
    Ewaso Nyiro river system in Kenya and Pinyiny, Moinik and Ngare Sero
    rivers in Tanzania. Abstraction of such huge amounts of fresh water will
    therefore create a water crisis in the border area. As things stand, the
    water supply is not sufficient to meet domestic, wildlife and livestock
    and the proposed plant will completely destabilise any existing balance.


    Contravention of Ramsar Convention and other International Agreements –
    The Republic of Tanzania is a signatory to various international
    conventions that do not seem to be taken into account in the proposed
    project. These include the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD),
    Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) and the
    Convention on the Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS). These
    agreements require signatories to seek consensus from neighbouring states
    in the management and development of shared ecosystems. We are gravely
    concerned that other Eastern African states have not been consulted and
    involved in the proposal development process. The Ramsar convention
    advocates for parties to develop management plans for sites listed under
    its criteria, and any development projects implemented only within the
    framework of such plans. As far as we know, the Republic of Tanzania has
    not developed a management plan for Lake Natron Ramsar Site.


    Doubts about the EIA Process – The Environmental Impact Assessment process
    which is being undertaken by Norconsult (TZ) Ltd has not been
    participatory. The proponent has not carried out a comprehensive
    consultation with all interested and affected institutions, communities
    and individuals outside Tanzania. This ignores the protocols developed by
    East African Community states pertaining to natural resource management,
    including Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Environmental
    Impact Assessment (EIA) and guidelines for management of transboundary
    resources.


    Past experiences with Tata Chemicals Ltd – It is impossible not to think
    about Tata Chemicals Ltd projects elsewhere, especially the long term
    mining operations in Magadi, Kenya. A few years ago, the operations in
    Magadi were expanded by constructing a second plant. This construction was
    shrouded in secrecy, with the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
    process ignoring most of the key stakeholders working in the area.
    Important issues such as water requirements for the plant seem not to have
    been thought through, and currently, part of the new factory has been shut
    down ostensibly due to an acute shortage of water. We therefore have a
    strong basis for urging extreme caution based on these previous
    experiences.

    We therefore call upon:

    The government of the republic of Tanzania to reconsider the project in
    view of the negative effects it is going to have on national economies,
    biodiversity conservation and local community livelihoods in the region.
    It should bear in mind that in 2000 Kenyan authorities abandoned a
    proposed hydro-electric project at Ewaso Nyiro River following protests
    from Tanzania citizens.

    The governments of other countries in the Eastern African region to
    intervene with the Tanzanian authorities in order to impress on them the
    dangers their respective countries are likely to suffer if the project is
    implemented

    The East African Community to intervene and facilitate dialogue on this
    matter. It is in the interest of the Community to ensure that sufficient
    debate and dialogue is allowed by all member countries before any action
    is taken

    Tata Chemicals Ltd to look not only at the profits after project
    implementation but ask itself: “at what cost?”


    SOURCE: Environment Liaison Center International (ELCI)
     
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