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France Officially Declare War Against al-Qaida..Je watatuma jeshi Aghanistan?

Discussion in 'International Forum' started by Ab-Titchaz, Jul 28, 2010.

  1. Ab-Titchaz

    Ab-Titchaz Content Manager Staff Member

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    France declares war against al-Qaida

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    A photo released Monday July 26, 2010 by the City of Marcoussis, south of Paris, showing French aid group Enimilal member, Michel Germaneau, in 2007.


    By ELAINE GANLEY, Associated Press Writer – 18 mins ago

    PARIS – France has declared war on al-Qaida, and matched its fighting words with a first attack on a base camp of the terror network's North African branch, after the terror network killed a French aid worker it took hostage in April.

    The declaration and attack marked a shift in strategy for France, usually discrete about its behind-the-scenes battle against terrorism.

    "We are at war with al-Qaida," Prime Minister Francois Fillon said Tuesday, a day after President Nicolas Sarkozy announced the death of 78-year-old hostage Michel Germaneau.

    The humanitarian worker had been abducted April 20 or 22 in Niger by al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb, and was later taken to Mali, officials said.

    The killers will "not go unpunished," Sarkozy said in unusually strong language, given France's habit of employing quiet cooperation with its regional allies Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Algeria - in which the al-Qaida franchise was spawned amid an Islamist insurgency.

    The Salafist Group for Call and Combat formally merged with al-Qaida in 2006 and spread through the Sahel region - parts of Mauritania, Mali and Niger.

    Officials suggest France will activate accords with these countries to stop the terrorists in their tracks.

    "It's a universal threat that concerns the entire world ... not just France or the West," Defense Minister Herve Morin said Tuesday on France-2 television. "We will support local authorities so these assassins and (their) commanders are tracked, judged and taken before justice and punished. And, yes, we will help them."

    Algeria, Mauritania, Mali and Niger in April opened a Military headquaters deep in the desert to respond to threats from traffickers and the al-Qaida offshoot. U.S. Special Forces have helped the four nations train troops in recent years.

    The United States said it would help the French "in any way that we can" to bring those who killed Germaneau to justice, according to U.S. State Dept. spokesman P.J. Crowley.

    "There is no religion that sanctions what can only be described as cold-blooded murder," Crowley said Tuesday.

    Fillon refused to say how France would act. "But we will," he said in an interview with Europe 1 radio.

    And perhaps it already has. On Thursday, the French backed Mauritanian forces in attacking an al-Qaida camp on the border with Mali, killing at least six suspected terrorists. It is the first time France is known to have attacked an al-Qaida base.

    France said it was a last-ditch effort to save its citizen, while Mauritania said it was trying to stop an imminent attack by fighters gathering at the base.

    For the French, the move may have backfired. The al-Qaida group said in an audio message broadcast Sunday that it had killed Germaneau in retaliation for the raid. However, French officials suggested, however, that the hostage, who had a heart problem, may already have been dead. Even now, "We have no proof of life or death," Morin said.

    "We can expect an increase in the French riposte," said Antoine Sfeir, an expert on Islamist terrorists who has traveled in the region.

    An estimated 400-500 such fighters are thought to roam the Sahel region, a desert expanse as large as the European Union.

    Despite meager numbers, the region's al-Qaida fighters pose a clear threat. Among the more recent victims, a British captive was beheaded last year and two Spanish aid workers were taken hostage in Mauritania in November. Spain is working to free them. Mauritanian soldiers also have fallen in numerous attacks.

    The head of the French Institute of Strategic Analysis suggested the French government's rhetoric was normal.

    "It's important to make that kind of announcement," Francois Gere said. "I think it's made of the same stuff" as former U.S. President George W. Bush's tough line on al-Qaida.

    But "a government has to make clear it must respond strongly" while maintaining the discretion needed to ensure cooperation, Gere said. In the past France has been cautious because those governments don't want the appearance of interference from the West, he said.

    Spain has maintained a low profile as videos by the al-Qaida franchise regularly call for the conquest of "al-Andalus" - a reference to the period of Muslim rule of much of Spain in medieval times.

    France declares war against al-Qaida - Yahoo! News
     
  2. Ab-Titchaz

    Ab-Titchaz Content Manager Staff Member

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    Profile: Al-Qaeda in North Africa

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    Reported leader Abdel Moussab Abdelwadoud is rarely seen

    Al-Qaeda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb, to give its full name in English, has its roots in the bitter Algerian civil war of the early 1990s, but has since evolved to take on a more modern Islamist agenda.
    It emerged in early 2007, after a feared militant group, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC), aligned itself with Osama Bin Laden's international network.

    Back in the 1990s, against a background of Islamist political groups testing their strength across North Africa, the military-backed authorities in Algeria at first permitted the Islamists to play a full part in the nation's political life.

    But then, when the Islamic Salvation Front was poised to sweep the board in a 1992 general election, they annulled the whole process and took power back.

    The political ferment immediately moved into violence.

    Armed Islamists mounted attacks across Algeria; the security forces fought back; and sometimes it was hard to tell which group had carried out which atrocity.

    Other states in the region - Tunisia and Morocco, Mauritania to the west and Libya to the east - also battled against Islamists.

    Most feared

    But the conflict in Algeria was particularly brutal, killing perhaps 150,000 people. It peaked in the 1990s, until an amnesty offer to Islamists in 1999 led to gradual improvements. Violence fell and the country's economy recovered during the early years of the 21st Century. ​

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    GSPC deputy leader Amari Saifi is serving a life sentence

    However, the most feared of the militant organisations, the Armed Islamic Group or GIA, rejected the promised amnesty and continued a violent campaign to establish an Islamic state.

    By then it had split, with the most extreme faction calling itself the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) - a name which echoed an Islamist group in Morocco. The Arabic word "Salafist" means fundamentalist, in the sense of going back to the original texts of Islam.

    In September 2006 the GSPC said it had joined forces with al-Qaeda, and in January 2007 it announced that it had changed its name to reflect its new allegiance.

    There has been much debate in intelligence circles about the significance of the move. Some officials have dismissed it as an act of desperation by a group on its last legs, seeking to attract new recruits by aligning itself with Osama bin Laden.

    Others consider it a far more worrying development, showing that al-Qaeda has succeeded in persuading North Africa's Islamic extremists to take a more global view.

    The news delighted al-Qaeda deputy leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, who described it at the time as "a source of chagrin, frustration and sadness" for Algeria's authorities.

    Wave of attacks

    Shortly afterwards, seven bombs exploded in the eastern Kabylia region, killing six people, and in April 2007 at least 30 people were killed in bomb attacks on official buildings in Algiers. Al-Qaeda's North African wing said it had planted the bombs.​

    More attacks followed: on buses carrying foreign oil workers; on American diplomats; on soldiers; and in September 2007, a suicide bomb attack in Batna, aimed at the motorcade of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. The president was not injured, but 20 people were killed.

    Two days later, a car bomb killed more than 30 people at a coastguard barracks in the town of Dellys. In December, twin car bombs claimed by al-Qaeda in North Africa killed at least 37 people in Algiers, including 17 UN staff.

    The death toll continued to mount in 2008.

    Back-to-back attacks on 19 and 20 August killed dozens of people. The first was a suicide car bombing at a police college in Issers, east of Algiers, killing 48 people. A day later, two more car bombings struck in quick succession in Bouira, south-east of Algiers. The second explosion in Bouira killed 12 Algerian employees of the Canadian engineering firm SNC-Lavalin.

    The attacks continued into 2009, when suspected al-Qaeda militants in February killed nine security guards who were working for the state-owned gas and electricity distributor Sonelgaz at a camp near Jijel, east of Algiers.

    Today, Algerian Islamists represent the largest national grouping in al-Qaeda, according to Jim Carroll, author of How Did Al-Qaeda Emerge in North Africa?

    'Years of hardship'

    Algeria's prime minister has warned that the bombers want to take Algeria back to "the years of hardship". But other incidents across the Maghreb point to the group's possible regional ambitions. ​

    In January 2007, 12 people were shot dead by the security forces in Tunisia near the small town of Solimane, south of the capital, Tunis.

    The authorities initially described their adversaries as criminals but later admitted that the men were Islamic militants with connections to the GSPC.

    Meanwhile, in Morocco, security forces have clamped down on several militant cells - arresting, trying and jailing their leaders - after four incidents blamed on al-Qaeda-inspired groups in 2007. The security forces are said to be on the lookout for militants who are believed to be crossing into Morocco from Algeria.

    And of course the Madrid train bombs, which killed almost 200 people in 2004, were the work of a Moroccan gang.

    In December 2008, militants from al-Qaeda in North Africa abducted the United Nations special envoy, Robert Fowler, and his assistant, Louis Guay, near Niger's capital, Niamey. They were released in April 2009.

    The group also seized four European tourists who disappeared in January 2009 along the Mali-Niger border.
    Two were freed in April.

    The group threatened to kill one of the remaining pair - a Briton - unless a radical Islamic cleric convicted of terrorism in Jordan, Abu Qatada, was released from jail in the UK.

    And in June the British government said it believed the group's claims on an Islamist website that the death threat had been carried out against the British captive, Edwin Dyer.

    'One-eyed'

    The group is thought to have between 600 and 800 fighters spread throughout Algeria and Europe.
    Its leader is thought to be Abou Mossab Abdelwadoud, a former university science student and infamous bomb-maker. He took over in 2004, though there are unconfirmed reports that he has since been toppled by internal rivals.​

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    Mokhtar Belmokhtar is known as the "one-eyed"

    Another leading member is Mokhtar Belmokhtar, 36, known as the "one-eyed", a former soldier who followed the familiar route for radical young Muslims and went to fight in Afghanistan.

    He leads the Saharan faction of the group and has organised the importation of arms for the underground network from Niger and Mali. He is wanted in Algeria on terrorism charges.

    Two years ago, deputy GSPC leader Amari Saifi was sentenced to life in prison for kidnapping 32 European tourists in 2003.

    The former paratrooper was captured by Chadian rebels in mysterious circumstances and passed on to Libya before standing trial in Algeria. ​

     
  3. bona

    bona JF-Expert Member

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    hawajazungumzia afghanistan mkuu, walikua wanaamisha sasa wataongeza campaign west na north africa kwani uko france ana interest nyingi na siunajua ni former colony lake nchi izo za north and west africa! kule tayari france anlisupport kwa kiwango kikubwa jeshi la ecowas na hata conflict za nchi hizo, france hua anapeleka hadi majeshi kulinda amani au kupatanisha amani, alichosema ataongeza support kwa jeshi la ecowas na kuzisaidia nchi izo kijeshi kupambana na hayo makundi, hapa anasupportiwa na wengi kwani kwa sasa, cocaine yote inayoenda uerope kutoka uko colombia inapita sahara kwenda europe kwani route ya mexico imekua ngumu kutokana na ulinzi makini wa marekani, kwa sasa ma drug dealer wanawalipa kodi ya route na ulinzi wa mali yao hawa jamaa ili wapite kwenye jangwa ili tena kwa ulinzi imara na ili kundi linapata fedha za kuendesha shuhuli zake!
     
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