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Firm sues Government on mining contracts

Discussion in 'Jukwaa la Siasa' started by Rugemeleza, Nov 11, 2009.

  1. R

    Rugemeleza JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Firm sues Government on mining contracts

    By Bernard James

    A constitutional petition has been filed in the High Court, seeking to have all the mining contracts entered into by the government without Parliament's approval declared null and avoid, in an effort to curb the plunder of the country's natural resources.

    A Dar es Salaam-based environmental and human rights activist, Mr Rugemeleza Nshala, and a company called Mtetezi Limited, have sued the minister for Energy and Minerals and the Attorney General.

    They want the court to immediately stop the operations of the holders of special mining licences and mining companies that have signed Mining Development Agreements (MDAs) with the government "because their activities are unconstitutional".

    The petitioners claim that the powers conferred on the minister for Energy and Minerals to sign MDAs are unconstitutional, as they interfere with the duties of other ministries, councils, agencies and departments.

    The petitioners are challenging the Mining Act No 5 of 1998 that gives the minister powers to sign MDAs on behalf of the government.

    They now want the court to declare that all the MDAs signed with the holders of the special mining licences, which were not approved by Parliament in line with the mandatory requirements of articles 63 (3) (a-e) of the Constitution, be scrapped.

    The article gives the National Assembly powers to deliberate on and ratify all treaties and agreements to which the United Republic of Tanzania is a party, and lists provisions, which require ratification. It also empowers Parliament to put any questions to any minister concerning public affairs.

    The petitioners are accusing the energy minister of granting mining concessions to foreign mining companies of unlawfully, and allocating large areas that were initially owned by villagers and artisanal miners to foreign firms.

    They assert that the allocations are responsible for the forceful displacement of millions of agriculturalists, peasants, pastoralists and artisan miners from their lands, in total disregard of their land and property rights enshrined and protected in the Constitution.

    The petitioners want the court to order that all the people displaced to pave the way for large-scale mining be resettled on their land and paid compensation.

    "We feel that our country's mineral resources are being squandered, as the current exploitation is only benefiting the foreign mining companies and yet the current mining and its taxation legal regime are not only illegal, but also unconstitutional," they argue.

    The petitioners are also arguing that the granting of mining concessions to foreign companies through local affiliates under the guise of Section 10 (1) and (2) of the Mining Act No 5 1998, not only grants unconscionable incentives to those firms, but also purports to supplant the laws of the land, and curtail the legislative powers of Parliament.

    The section prevents Parliament from passing any law that might in "one way or another interfere with their tax, social and economic obligations that they found at the time they came to invest in the country".

    The petitioners argue that "the curtailment of the parliamentary powers is not only wantonly violates Article 13, which calls for equal treatment under the law, but also the entire democratic framework enshrined in the Constitution."

    Article 63 (3) (a) to (e) grant Parliament powers to oversee, monitor and supervise the workings and operations of the government, including the ratification of all agreements signed in the name of the United Republic of Tanzania.

    "Yet the respondents have never presented any Mining Development Agreement (MDAs) signed with foreign mining companies to Parliament for deliberation, review, ratification or rejection."

    The petitioners are also accusing the government of granting "generous and unwise incentives", including tax-holidays, tax exemptions, "unlimited immigration quotas for their so-called experts", and the fuel levy, all of which, they claim, have led to the plunder the country's mineral resources.

    To back up their petition, the petitioners are citing the tax-free sale of several mining companies.

    These include Lusu gold mine, which was sold by Samax Resources of Canada to Ashanti Goldfield in 1998, at $213 million, the Bulyanhulu gold mine disposed of by Sutton Resources of Canada to Barrick Gold, at $348 million in 1999, and Nyabigena and Nyabirama mines in Tarime district that were sold by East Africa Gold Mine to the Placer Dome at $252 million.

    During the hearing, the petitioners say they will demand that the minister and the AG produce in court all the documents on the sale of those assets by the foreign mining companies.

    They say they will also to rely heavily on the findings of commission on mining management (the Bomani team) appointed by President Kikwete in 2007.

    According to the Bomani report, while the foreign mining companies were raking in millions of dollars from Tanzania's mineral resources, they paid no income tax and still enjoyed a lot of tax waivers.

    The petitioners will show to the court how six foreign mining companies were granted an Excise duty waiver of Sh39.8 billion and Sh59.0 billion in 2006/07 and 2007/08, respectively.

    The petitioners also challenge Section 10 (1) and (2) of the Mining Act No. 5 1998, which allows the minister to limit environmental management responsibilities of the holders of special mining licences, the obligations of which are demanded by sectoral environmental legislation and the Environmental Management Act No 20, 2004.

    Mr Nshala and the company are also challenging the dispute settlement procedure by way international arbitration, as set out in the Mining Act 1998.

    It is their contention that the procedure voids the jurisdiction of domestic courts in determining mining investment disputes, contrary to Article 107 (1) of the Constitution, which vests in the Judiciary the powers to hear and determine all disputes arising in the country.

    The petitioners are accusing the government of abdicating its responsibility of policy design, formulation and implementation and becoming an agent of the World Bank, implementing the latter's dictates, including the Strategy for African Mining, 1992, which paved the way for enactment of the Mining Act, No 5, 1998.
     
  2. Ulimbo

    Ulimbo JF-Expert Member

    #2
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Mhhhhhh!!!
    Je ni panya yupi anaweza kumfunga paka kengele?
     
  3. K

    Kicheruka JF-Expert Member

    #3
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    Uamuzi mzuri, lakini je haki itapatikana kwa mahakama za Tanzania?
     
  4. Masanja

    Masanja JF-Expert Member

    #4
    Nov 11, 2009
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    This is what I have all along said. We should reach a point tuache kelele, tufanye matendo. Kwa hii Move ya Muungwana Nshala, nadhani ni mwanzo mzuri sana na inabidi uungwe mkono na wazalendo wote wenye mapenzi mema na nchi yetu. Kwa sababu at the end of the day..bila kuhakikisha kwamba tunaomba haki mahakamani..tutaishia kupiga kelele tuu.

    Kuna wale pessimist wasioamini kwamba Mahakamani kuna haki. Lakini maadam ndo njia halali tuliyokubaliana kama watanzania wote kwenye katiba yetu, mimi namini kwamba hii ndo njia halali kabisa ya kutafuta muafaka wa huu wizi wa mali zetu. Tusisahau kwamba..ni mahakama hii hii imekuwa ikimpa haki Mtikila katika kesi zake nyingi za kikatiba. Kwamba Serikali itakubaliana na maamuzi ya mahakama ni swali lingine ambalo linahitaji mjadala mwingine. Lakini kwa sasa ngoja tujaribu kupitia hii njia ya mahakama.

    Kwa wale wasio mfahamu Nshala, ni mzalendo mmoja ambaye mda mrefu amejitolea kuwa mpambanaji wa raslimali zetu dhidi ya wageni wanaogawiwa mali zetu kama pipi na makuwadi wao serikalini. He is a very industrious man. Mwenye nia njema na taifa letu, ningeomba amsaidie kwa hali na mali-hata mchango wa mawazo unatosha.

    Kielimu jamaa ana elimu ya kutosha. And it speaks volume. Ana shahada ya kwanza ya sheria LL.B mlimani, LL.M Harvad, Masters ya natural resources, Yale na sasa nadhani anamalizia PhD yake Harvad. Ila kwa vile siyo mtu wa headlines..nadhani wengi hatumjui. But Personally I admire his zeal and vision.

    Thats what we need from our wasomi, watumie elimu zao kuusaidia umma wa watanzania unaoogelea kwenye lindi la umasikini.

    Bwana Nshala, tuko pamoja,

    Masanja,
     
  5. Brooklyn

    Brooklyn JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Right move!

    Kama kuna kuchangia legal fees kwa ajiri ya kesi, plz ni PM nitoe pledge yangu.
     
  6. Maxence Melo

    Maxence Melo JF Founder Staff Member

    #6
    Nov 11, 2009
    Joined: Feb 10, 2006
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    Hata mimi niko tayari kuchangia 100,000/= kwa haraka endapo unahitajika mchango ili kesi hii iende mbele zaidi.

    Nimeipenda move hii. Naamini wana JF tunaweza kuchanga na kuufikisha mchango wetu kwa wahusika endapo watahitaji support yetu.
     
  7. w

    wasp JF-Expert Member

    #7
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    Ulimbo don't be naive. Nadhani Mwanasheria Nshala na wenzake wameamua kujitoa muhanga kuokoa jahazi la Tanganyika linalozamishwa na mafisadi katika serikali ya CCM. Hawa ndio "panya" wanaojaribu kumfunga paka kengele. Mheshimiwa Dr. Slaa na wenzake wa CHADEMA pale mwembe Yanga Temeke pia walijitoa muhanga na kutangaza majina ya mafisadi. Leo hii tumeanza kuona baadhi ya mafisadi wakipelekwa mahakamani na wengine wakisutana kwenye chama chao.
     
  8. K

    Kabogo Member

    #8
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    Good start,wana JF support kubwa inahitajika kwa jamaa, haki itapatikana huko walau mahakama zetu ni za kibabahishaji.

    Nashauri if possible jamaa anaweza kumshirikisha mwanasheria Tundu Lisu ktk iyo kesi kama inawezekana sbb sifaham mambo ya kisheria huyu jamaa naye ni Activist katika haya mambo ya mkitaba ya madini na nimeona kasaidia wengi sn kule Nyamongo kwenye mgodi kandamizi,nyang'anyi wa Barik
     
  9. Invisible

    Invisible Admin Staff Member

    #9
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Bwana Rugemeleza Nshala,

    Kwanza shukrani kwa kujisajili JF na kutufahamisha hatua uliyoichukua. Endapo utahitaji support yetu kama watanzania wenzako katika move hii usisite kuwasiliana nasi (info@jamiiforums.com) nasi tutashirikiana nawe pale itapobidi.

    Karibu jamvini na kila la kheri katika move hii.
     
  10. O

    Ogah JF-Expert Member

    #10
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Bwana Rugemeleza tuko pamoja Mkuu,

    na hongera sana kwa hatua uliyoianza na karibu sana JF
     
  11. R

    Rugemeleza JF-Expert Member

    #11
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Ndugu Wana Jamii Forum,

    Nawashukuru wote na nitakaribisha michango ili kuweza kuendesha kesi hii. Shida kubwa iko katika kutoa vivuli vya nyaraka nyingi ambazo tutatakiwa kuzitoa mahakamani pamoja na gharama za mawakili wenzangu ambao wamekubali kushirikiana nami katika kuendesha kesi hii.

    Nawashukuru sana na tuzidi kusaidiana kuiokoa nchi yetu.

    Asanteni

    Rugemeleza Nshala
     
  12. N

    Nsaji Mpoki JF-Expert Member

    #12
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Mkuu Nshala,
    Nashukuru sana kwa hatua uliyoianza,wanaJF ambao mna ujuzi wa IT naomba mufanye utaratibu wa kushirikisha watanzania wengi kushiriki kuchangia kesi hii.Nashauri utumike mtindo wa kuchangia kwa njia ya sms kama walivyofanya Simba Sports Club(15556)
     
  13. n

    nat867 Member

    #13
    Nov 11, 2009
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    MH. Nshala unaweza kutoa ufafanuzi kidogo kuhusu maneno ya rangi nyekundu? je shida ni nyaraka zipo lakini uwezo wa kifedha/confidentiality wa kuzitoa nakala ndo haupo?.

    ila nimefurahi kwa hatua nzuri uliyochukua!!

    nimehamasika kuku-google ili kupata maelezo ya ziada- nimegundua kuwa early 2000 mlipata kashkash toka serikali ukiwa na Tindu lissu na Augustine Mrema sababu ya kutetea maslahi na kuchunguza watu kufukiwa Bulyankulu.

    http://www.comptonfoundation.org/fellow05_nshala.html

    kama njia ya kuchangia basi tuelezwe!!

    hongera na ahsante
     
  14. Invisible

    Invisible Admin Staff Member

    #14
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Well,

    Nshala, Jamii Media will contact you so that you work as a team!
     
  15. Ngambo Ngali

    Ngambo Ngali JF-Expert Member

    #15
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Mifano ya kizamani hiyo, hakuna paka wala panya sote tu binadamu na tunatakiwa kusimama kidete pale ambapo utajiri wetu na maliasili zetu zinachukuliwa na wajanja wachache. Nguvu ya umma inabidi iingie kati kwa kila hali.
     
  16. Ngambo Ngali

    Ngambo Ngali JF-Expert Member

    #16
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    Hela zote hizo, watoto wanakaa chini primary na sekondari wanakalia ndoo, barabara hakuna, hospitali hazina dawa, maji hakuna vijijini kumbe hela zipo tunagawa tu kama hovyo hovyo. Hii kesi imekuja wakati muafaka.
     
  17. Tumain

    Tumain JF-Expert Member

    #17
    Nov 11, 2009
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    Tupeni utaratibu tuchangie hii kesi good move..
     
  18. R

    Rugemeleza JF-Expert Member

    #18
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    Kuhusu nyaraka hizi zitakuwa nyingi kwani tunataka kuwasilisha machapisho mbalimbali yanayoonyesha jinsi uchimbaji ulivyosababisha raslimali madini kuchimbwa bila manufaa kwa Taifa.

    Hizi ni pamoja na ripoti za serikali yenyewe pamoja na machapisho ya wasomi wa ndani na nje ya nchi. Ni dai letu kuwa Ibara ya 9, 27 na 28 za Katiba ya Nchi yetu zimekiukwa na kuwa mfumo wa sasa umesababisha kuporwa kwa madini yetu wakati ibara hizo zinadai kuwa raslimali za nchi zitumiwe kwa namna inayowanufaisha na kuwafaidi Watanzania.

    Rugemeleza
     
  19. Ngambo Ngali

    Ngambo Ngali JF-Expert Member

    #19
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    BIG UP, wazalendo zaidi wanahitahitajika. Sasa mchango utafikaje kwa walengwa i.e jinsi ya kuchangia?????
     
  20. kalikumtima

    kalikumtima Member

    #20
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    Pongezi kwa walioanzisha mkakati huu. Naamini wana JF tutashirikishana ktk hili suala hili tuwabwage mafisadi na serikari yao. Niko tayri kuchangia ktk gharama kadri ya uwezo wangu.
    A burden shared is a burden halved.
     
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