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Crude oil reservoirs

Discussion in 'Biashara, Uchumi na Ujasiriamali' started by Njowepo, Feb 20, 2012.

  1. Njowepo

    Njowepo JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 20, 2012
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    [FONT=&quot]Three conditions must be present for oil reservoirs to form: [/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot] I. [/FONT][FONT=&quot]a source rock rich in hydrocarbon material buried deep enough for subterranean heat to cook it into oil; [/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot] II. [/FONT][FONT=&quot]a porous and permeable reservoir rock for it to accumulate in; and [/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot] III. [/FONT][FONT=&quot]a cap rock (seal) or other mechanism that prevents it from escaping to the surface. [/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot]Within these reservoirs, fluids will typically organize themselves like a three-layer cake with a layer of water below the oil layer and a layer of gas above it, although the different layers vary in size between reservoirs. Because most hydrocarbons are less dense than rock or water, they often migrate upward through adjacent rock layers until either reaching the surface or becoming trapped within porous rocks (known as reservoirs) by impermeable rocks above. However, the process is influenced by underground water flows, causing oil to migrate hundreds of kilometres horizontally or even short distances downward before becoming trapped in a reservoir. When hydrocarbons are concentrated in a trap, an oil field forms, from which the liquid can be extracted by drilling and pumping.[/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot]The reactions that produce oil and natural gas are often modeled as first order breakdown[/FONT][FONT=&quot] reactions, where hydrocarbons are broken down to oil and natural gas by a set of parallel reactions, and oil eventually breaks down to natural gas by another set of reactions. The latter set is regularly used in petrochemical plants and oil refineries.[/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot]Wells are drilled into oil reservoirs to extract the crude oil. "Natural lift" production methods that rely on the natural reservoir pressure to force the oil to the surface are usually sufficient for a while after reservoirs are first tapped. In some reservoirs, such as in the Middle East, the natural pressure is sufficient over a long time. The natural pressure in many reservoirs, however, eventually dissipates. Then the oil must be pumped out using “artificial lift” .[/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot]Source:Wikipedia.com[/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot]Kwa mujibu wa highlighted areas inaonekana kila penye gas likelyhood ya mafuta ni kubwa[/FONT]
    [FONT=&quot]“Within these reservoirs, fluids will typically organize themselves like a three-layer cake with a layer of water below the oil layer and a layer of gas above it”
    [/FONT]

    [FONT=&quot]Mungu Ibariki Tanzania ili izi tafiti zilete mabadiliko ktk nchi yetu na si machafuko![/FONT][FONT=&quot][/FONT]
     
  2. C

    CHUAKACHARA JF-Expert Member

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    Na zitaleta machafuko kama ilivyo Nigeria sababu watakaofaidi keki hiyo ni wachache na Boko Haram ya kwetu itakuja.
     
  3. Njowepo

    Njowepo JF-Expert Member

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    Mbaya zaidi yakigundulika under current regime wanaweza ata wakakaa kimya uku wakikusanya mtaji wa kumuingiza mtu wa kulinda maslai yao 2015
     
  4. B

    Bulesi JF-Expert Member

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    Naomba mungu asikie sala zetu hayo mafuta kama yapo yasionekane mpaka utawala huu wa hawa mafisadi umetoweka!! Otherwise it will be a curse.
     
  5. M

    Malila JF-Expert Member

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    Feb 20, 2012
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    Mungu wa Israel na ayafiche kabisa mpaka kizazi kijacho. Hapa tulipo madini yetu hayajabadirisha maisha yetu,twiga ndio hao wanasombwa mchana kweupe,samaki kama kawa,misitu Mafinga usiombe kujua,KIA na mlima wake hujuma tupu, nk nk nk
     
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