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Blood groups

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by strong lady, May 22, 2012.

  1. s

    strong lady Member

    #1
    May 22, 2012
    Joined: May 19, 2012
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    Natumaini wote ni wazima wa afya napenda mnijuze kwa mapana juu ya blood groups tofauti ya group moja na nyingine ni nini? na je kila kila group ina tabia gani faida na hasara zake, naomba muanzie na group o+ ndilo blood group yangu
     
  2. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #2
    May 24, 2012
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    Blood Groups, Blood Typing and Blood Transfusions


    Have you played the new version of the popular Blood Typing Game?


    The discovery of blood groups[​IMG]

    Experiments with blood transfusions, the transfer of blood or blood components into a person's blood stream, have been carried out for hundreds of years. Many patients have died and it was not until 1901, when the Austrian Karl Landsteiner discovered human blood groups, that blood transfusions became safer.
    Mixing blood from two individuals can lead to blood clumping or agglutination. The clumped red cells can crack and cause toxic reactions. This can have fatal consequences. Karl Landsteiner discovered that blood clumping was an immunological reaction which occurs when the receiver of a blood transfusion has antibodies against the donor blood cells.

    Karl Landsteiner's work made it possible to determine blood groups and thus paved the way for blood transfusions to be carried out safely. For this discovery he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1930.


    What is blood made up of?

    An adult human has about 4–6 liters of blood circulating in the body. Among other things, blood transports oxygen to various parts of the body.
    Blood consists of several types of cells floating around in a fluid called plasma.

    The red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a protein that binds oxygen. Red blood cells transport oxygen to, and remove carbon dioxide from, the body tissues.

    [​IMG]The white blood cells fight infection.

    The platelets help the blood to clot, if you get a wound for example.

    The plasma contains salts and various kinds of proteins.



    What are the different blood groups?

    [​IMG]The differences in human blood are due to the presence or absence of certain protein molecules called antigens and antibodies. The antigens are located on the surface of the red blood cells and the antibodies are in the blood plasma. Individuals have different types and combinations of these molecules. The blood group you belong to depends on what you have inherited from your parents.
    There are more than 20 genetically determined blood group systems known today, but the AB0 and Rh systems are the most important ones used for blood transfusions. Not all blood groups are compatible with each other. Mixing incompatible blood groups leads to blood clumping or agglutination, which is dangerous for individuals.
    Nobel Laureate Karl Landsteiner was involved in the discovery of both the AB0 blood group (in 1901) and Rh blood group (in 1937).

    AB0 blood grouping system

    According to the AB0 blood group system there are four different kinds of blood groups: A, B, AB or 0 (null).
    [TABLE="width: 98%"]
    [TR]
    [TD][​IMG][/TD]
    [TD]Blood group A
    If you belong to the blood group A, you have A antigens on the surface of your red blood cells and B antibodies in your blood plasma.[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD][​IMG][/TD]
    [TD]Blood group B
    If you belong to the blood group B, you have B antigens on the surface of your red blood cells and A antibodies in your blood plasma.[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD][​IMG][/TD]
    [TD]Blood group AB
    If you belong to the blood group AB, you have both A and B antigens on the surface of your red blood cells and no A or B antibodies at all in your blood plasma.[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD][​IMG][/TD]
    [TD]Blood group 0
    If you belong to the blood group 0 (null), you have neither A or B antigens on the surface of your red blood cells but you have both A and B antibodies in your blood plasma.[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]

    Rh factor blood grouping system


    [TABLE="width: 300"]
    [TR]
    [TD][​IMG][/TD]
    [TD][​IMG][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]

    [​IMG]Many people also have a so called Rh factor on the red blood cell's surface. This is also an antigen and those who have it are called Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]. Those who haven't are called Rh[SUP]-[/SUP]. A person with Rh[SUP]-[/SUP] blood does not have Rh antibodies naturally in the blood plasma (as one can have A or B antibodies, for instance). But a person with Rh[SUP]-[/SUP]blood can develop Rh antibodies in the blood plasma if he or she receives blood from a person with Rh[SUP]+[/SUP] blood, whose Rh antigens can trigger the production of Rh antibodies. A person with Rh[SUP]+[/SUP] blood can receive blood from a person with Rh[SUP]-[/SUP] blood without any problems.


    Blood group notation

    According to above blood grouping systems, you can belong to either of following 8 blood groups:
    [TABLE="class: smalltext, width: 98%"]
    [TR]
    [TD]A Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD]B Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD]AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD]0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD]A Rh[SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD]B Rh[SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD]AB Rh[SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD]0 Rh[SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]
    Do you know which blood group you belong to?

    Blood typing – how do you find out to which blood group someone belongs?


    1.
    You mix the blood with three different reagents including either of the three different antibodies, A, B or Rh antibodies.

    2.
    Then you take a look at what has happened. In which mixtures has agglutination occurred? The agglutination indicates that the blood has reacted with a certain antibody and therefore is not compatible with blood containing that kind of antibody. If the blood does not agglutinate, it indicates that the blood does not have the antigens binding the special antibody in the reagent.

    3.
    If you know which antigens are in the person's blood, it's easy to figure out which blood group he or she belongs to!

    [TABLE="width: 450"]
    [TR]
    [TD][/TD]
    [TD]A person with A[SUP]+[/SUP] blood receives B[SUP]+[/SUP] blood. The B antibodies (yellow) in the A[SUP]+[/SUP] blood attack the foreign red blood cells by binding to them. The B antibodies in the A[SUP]+[/SUP] blood bind the antigens in the B[SUP]+[/SUP] blood and agglutination occurs. This is dangerous because the agglutinated red blood cells break after a while and their contents leak out and become toxic.[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]

    What happens when blood clumps or agglutinates?

    For a blood transfusion to be successful, AB0 and Rh blood groups must be compatible between the donor blood and the patient blood. If they are not, the red blood cells from the donated blood will clump or agglutinate. The agglutinated red cells can clog blood vessels and stop the circulation of the blood to various parts of the body. The agglutinated red blood cells also crack and its contents leak out in the body. The red blood cells contain hemoglobin which becomes toxic when outside the cell. This can have fatal consequences for the patient.

    The A antigen and the A antibodies can bind to each other in the same way that the B antigens can bind to the B antibodies. This is what would happen if, for instance, a B blood person receives blood from an A blood person. The red blood cells will be linked together, like bunches of grapes, by the antibodies. As mentioned earlier, this clumping could lead to death.

    Blood transfusions – who can receive blood from whom?

    Of course you can always give A blood to persons with blood group A, B blood to a person with blood group B and so on. But in some cases you can receive blood with another type of blood group, or donate blood to a person with another kind of blood group.

    The transfusion will work if a person who is going to receive blood has a blood group that doesn't have any antibodies against the donor blood's antigens. But if a person who is going to receive blood has antibodies matching the donor blood's antigens, the red blood cells in thedonated blood will clump.

    [TABLE="width: 98%"]
    [TR]
    [TD][​IMG][/TD]
    [TD]People with blood group 0 Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]are called "universal donors" and people with blood group AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP] are called "universal receivers."
    Rh[SUP]+[/SUP] blood can never be given to someone with Rh [SUP]-[/SUP] blood, but the other way around works. For example, 0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP] blood can not be given to someone with the blood type AB Rh [SUP]-[/SUP].[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]

    [TABLE="class: normaltext, width: 98%"]
    [TR="bgcolor: #8BA647"]
    [TD="width: 72"]
    Blood Group
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 72"]
    Antigens
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 72"]
    Antibodies
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 72"]
    Can give blood to
    [/TD]
    [TD="width: 72, bgcolor: #8BA647"]
    Can receive blood from
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: center"]A, B and Rh[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]None[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext"]AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    AB Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    A Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    A Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    B Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    B Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    0 Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]AB Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]A and B[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]None
    (Can develop Rh antibodies)[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]AB Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]AB Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    A Rh [SUP]-
    [/SUP]
    B Rh [SUP]-
    [/SUP]
    0 Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]A Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]A and Rh[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]B[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]A Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]A Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    A Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    0 Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]A Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]A[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]B
    (Can develop Rh antibodies)[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]A Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    A Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    AB Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]A Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    0 Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]B Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]B and Rh[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]A[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]B Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]B Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    B Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    0 Rh-[/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]B Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]B[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72"]A
    (Can develop Rh antibodies)[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]B Rh[SUP]-[/SUP]
    B Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    AB Rh[SUP]-[/SUP]
    AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]B Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    0 Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]Rh[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]A and B[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    A Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    B Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]


    [/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, align: left"]0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    0 Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]0 Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]None[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]A and B (Can develop Rh antibodies)[/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]AB Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    AB Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]
    A Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    A Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]B Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    B Rh [SUP]- [/SUP]0 Rh[SUP]+[/SUP]
    0 Rh [SUP]-[/SUP][/TD]
    [TD="class: smalltext, width: 72, align: left"]0 Rh [SUP]- [/SUP][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]

    @gfsonwin Msaidie kwa kiswahili huyu kuhusu Group yake ya damu group o+
     
  3. gfsonwin

    gfsonwin JF-Expert Member

    #3
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    MziziMkavu nashukuru kwa kuniteua kufundisha tu, sasa strong lady wewe ni blood group o+ sasa labda nikueleweshe kwanza antigen na antibodies ni nini. Antigens antibodies hizi ni kemkali ambazo ni maalum kwa ajili ya immune ndani ya mwili. Antibodies hzi ni protein ambazo zinatengenezwa na mwili kwa ajili ya kushambulia foreign particles ndani ya mwili, na vitu hivi huwa ni antigen. mara nyingi huwa antibodies wanafanya kama key and lock kwenye hawa antigen. kila antibody ana specific antigen anayemshambulia. kwamaneno mengine antigen ni kitu ambacho kinastimulate immune system ya mwili .

    nije kwenye group yako O+ , wewe una stimulators (antigen) Rh, na vishambulizi (antibody) A&B. Pia wewe unaweza kumpa damu mtu yeyote yule ila unapokea kutoka kwa mwenye kundi O tu.

    Rh, hii ni rheusus factor ambayo ni antigen na kwa kila mwanadam kuna mwenye nayo na kuna ambao hawana mwenye rheusus factor ndio ambao wanajulikana Rh+ na wasiokuwa nayo ni Rh -. Mara nyingi sana mwenye Rh- anaweza kuwekewa Rh+ blood akaish kwani mwili utajifunza kuanza kutengeneza Rh+.

    pia kuna tabia nyingine ya Rh ambayo ni mama mwenye rh- akitokea kupata ujauzito wa mtoto mwenye rh+ basi mtoto huyu atazaliwa kwani mwili wa mama utajitengenezea uwezekano wa kuztengeneza rh+. Lakin sas mama huyu hataweza tena kupata mtoto mwenye rh- hivyo kila akipata ujauzito mimba huaribika baada ya muda. Tabia nyingine za damu nitaendelea kuwajuza kadiri daktar wenu atakavyo shauri.

    Ila kuna website moja niliwah kuipitia wanadai (wazungu hao) kuwa watu wenye blood O+ wanaresistance kubwa sana ya magonjwa. Hasa ya virus.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  4. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #4
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    @gfsonwin Bravo Mwalimu wangu hiyo Damu ya bibie @strong lady Group o+ na ndio Group yangu mimi pia angelikuwa karibu bibie strong lady ninafikiri ningelimchumbia awe mchumba wangu lakini wapi niko mbali nae waswahili wamesema fimbo ya mbali? Haiuwi nyoka.
     
  5. gfsonwin

    gfsonwin JF-Expert Member

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    Sasa wenye bahati ni mimi manake ninayo 0+ hivyo anza kuchumbia. manake sisi hatutapata ukimwi na tutazaa mpaka tuchoke wenyewe.
     
  6. chitambikwa

    chitambikwa JF-Expert Member

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    Umeyaomba na uyasome kweli kweli
     
  7. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

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    @gfsonwin :teeth: Umenifurahisha yaani siku yangu ya leo nitakuwa na furaha sana asante sana lakini ukae ukijuwa tukiwa pamoja tukizaa tutazaa mapacha ? mimi nimezaliwa mapacha ingawa Mwenzangu mwanamke amefariki mwaka 1991. Kwa hiyo kila tukizaa ni mapacha kazi itakuwepo kulea, waswahili husema kuzaa sio kazi bali kulea ndio kazi . Na kitu kingine tukiwa pamoja Mwalim na Doctor hiyo nyumba itakuwa nzuri sana kasheshe kweli Bravo. Haya wewe ni nyota Gani? mimni Sagittarius wewe ni nyota gani?
     
  8. gfsonwin

    gfsonwin JF-Expert Member

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    Sasa wew MziziMkavu ndo unazidi kunifurahisha kwanza pole kwa kufiwa na twin sister. Swala la kuzaa mapacha natamanije? mimi natamani hata wawe triplets au quadrupalsmanake unabeba mimba mara moja tu kisha unaanza kuzaa. Kuhusu malezi usijali takwim zinaonyesha watoto wa waalim ndio huwa wanakuwaga na nidham na wanasoma zaid kuliko wa wazazi wengine wenye field tofauti so nimezoea kumanage darasa lenye watoto 150 sembuse 4 wakwangu?

    kuhusu kipato usjali sote tu waajiriwa manake shida siyo kupata hela shida ni je unalife style gani?
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  9. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

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    @gfsonwin Bravo umenikumbusha sana mwanangu wa kiume yupo hapo Dar University of Dar es salaam anachukuwa kozi ya IT Information Technology (IT) ninampigia kelele sana asome ili siku za mbele elimu imsaidie katika maisha yake ya baadae , yeye anapenda sana kucheza mpira tu. Kweli elimu ni muhimu sana na ni Ufunguo wa Maisha.
     
  10. gfsonwin

    gfsonwin JF-Expert Member

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    Mimi nimefundisha kwa muda mrefu sana na huwa nawaambiaga wanafunz wangu wasome elim haimtupi mtu hata siku moja. Huwez kuamni sasa hivi kila ofisi niingiapo kutaka huduma nakutana na mwanafunzi wangu engine hadi nimewasahau lakin wananikumbuka. najiskia fahari sana juu ya hili.

    And believe me katika watu wanaoupenda ualim nafikiri mm pia. manake sijawah kujuti japo kuwa unachangamoto nyingi sana. tena wanafunzi wangu wengi wanamaisha mazuri sana kuliko ya kwangu na huwaga najiskia fahari sana kuona kumbe ninaeffect kwa hili taifa.... Am proud to be a teacher hasa wa biology na chemistry. ni miongoni mwa waalim wachache sana wenye elim ya uzamili lakin bado wakabaki kufundisha shule za serikali.
     
  11. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

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    @gfsonwin Haya nakuaga nakwenda kulala sijalala mie tutaongea nitakapo ingia tena bye Mwalim wangu i miss you ........:A S-rose:
     
  12. rom

    rom Senior Member

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    asnate sana, ni elimu nzuri.
     
  13. Rubi

    Rubi JF-Expert Member

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    urakoze cyane chane
     
  14. T

    Tikerra JF-Expert Member

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    Hata mimi shuleni nilifundishwa hivi hivi.Lakini ukweli ni kwamba binadamu wote tuliumbwa na blood group moja.Uharibifu wa enviroment na food sources ndio umefanya kuwe na groups mbalimbali.Elimu tuliyopewa au tunayopewa inajaribu kuficha uovu ambao watawala wa dunia wanatufanyia.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  15. s

    strong lady Member

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    asante sana kwa ufafanuzi wa kidhungu na kiswahili Mzizi mkavu mbona mimi sipo mbali na wewe ila nina wivu sasa wewe kila mwenye group 0+ unamtamani
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
  16. Mamndenyi

    Mamndenyi JF-Expert Member

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    na hii niliipata mahali

    According to a Japanese institute that does research on blood types, there are certain personality traits that seem to match up with certain blood types. How do you rate?

    [TABLE="width: 696"]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 80"]
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 848"]
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa2, width: 80"]
    TYPE O
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 848"]
    You want to be a leader, and when you see something you want, you keep striving until you achieve your goal. You are a trend-setter, loyal, passionate, and self-confident. Your weaknesses include vanity and jealously and a tendency to be too competitive.
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa4, width: 80"]
    TYPE A
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa5, width: 848"]
    You like harmony, peace and organization. You work well with others, and are sensitive, patient and affectionate. Among your weaknesses are stubbornness and an inability to relax.
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa4, width: 80"]
    TYPE B
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa5, width: 848"]
    You're a rugged individualist, who's straightforward and likes to do things your own way. Creative and flexible, you adapt easily to any situation. But your insistence on being independent can sometimes go too far and become a weakness.
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa4, width: 80"]
    TYPE AB
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa5, width: 848"]
    Cool and controlled, you're generally well liked and always put people at ease. You're a natural entertainer who's tactful and fair. But you're standoffish, blunt, and have difficulty making decisions.
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]
    [TABLE="width: 678"]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 904, colspan: 9"]
    MOST IMPORTANT INFORMATION NOW: You Can Receive
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    If Your Type Is
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    O-
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 101"]
    O+
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    B-
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 83"]
    B+
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    A-
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 100"]
    A+
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    AB-
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 88"]
    AB+
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    AB+
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 101"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 83"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 100"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 88"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    AB-
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 101"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 83"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 100"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"]
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 88"][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    A+
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 101"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 83"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 100"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 88"][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    A-
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 101"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 83"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 100"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 88"][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    B+
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 101"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 83"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 100"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 88"][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    B-
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 101"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 105"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 83"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 100"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 88"][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    O+
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 101"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 83"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 100"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 88"][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [TR]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 137"]
    O-
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa1, width: 79"]
    YES
    [/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 101"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 83"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 100"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 105"][/TD]
    [TD="class: oa3, width: 88"][/TD]
    [/TR]
    [/TABLE]


     
  17. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #17
    May 25, 2012
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 38,548
    Likes Received: 2,821
    Trophy Points: 280
    @strong lady usijali mpenzi sasa wote ni wake zangu wenye Group 0+ wewe na @gfsonwin wote ni wake zangu mimi pia nina wivu sana na nitawapendeni wote nitaweza kugawa mapenzi unasemaje bibie?

     
  18. Roulette

    Roulette JF-Expert Member

    #18
    May 25, 2012
    Joined: Dec 15, 2010
    Messages: 5,618
    Likes Received: 6
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    Mmmmhh? Mkuu, mbona unataka kutumia hii opportuniy vibaya? lol. Kuna mahali nilisooma kua 40% of the world population is O+ (and growing). One day we will mostly be O+ in this planet. Mimi pia niko O+ (but nimeolewa, sorry :) )
     
  19. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #19
    May 25, 2012
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
    Messages: 38,548
    Likes Received: 2,821
    Trophy Points: 280
    @RussianRoulette Acha Wivu Mkuu ukipendwa lazima ujipendekeze au nimekosea Mkuu? Wewe ungelikuwa hujaolewa ungekuwa pia mke wangu mkubwa lakini wapi nimechelewa. Mwenyeezi Mungu anasema hivi Aya hiyo ''Huenda Ukachukia kitu kumbe ndio kina kheri na wewe'' ''Na Pia huenda ukapenda kitu kumbe ndio kina Shari na wewe'' Na ipo Aya ingine Mungu anasema hivi katika Biblia ''Pendaneni Enye Viumbe wangu'' kwa hiyo Mkuu Tuwache tupendane wewe utakuwa rafiki yangu mpenzi sio Mke wangu upo pamoja na mimi?
     
  20. BAK

    BAK JF-Expert Member

    #20
    May 25, 2012
    Joined: Feb 11, 2007
    Messages: 50,099
    Likes Received: 9,805
    Trophy Points: 280
    Hehehe MziziMkavu na gfsonwin au Mr & Mrs MziziMkavu....mie naomba mwaliko tu wa harusi hii, popote pale duniani nitazuka kuhudhuria harusi hii :):)...Kila la heri.
     
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 4, 2016
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