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Azawad - A new African state proclaimed!

Discussion in 'International Forum' started by Askari Kanzu, Apr 6, 2012.

  1. Askari Kanzu

    Askari Kanzu JF-Expert Member

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    Mali's Tuareg rebels declare independence

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    BAMAKO, Mali (AP) — Mali's Tuareg rebels, who have seized control of the country's distant north in the chaotic aftermath of a military coup in the capital, declared independence Friday of the Azawad nation.

    "We, the people of the Azawad," they said in a statement published on the rebel website, "proclaim the irrevocable independence of the state of the Azawad starting from this day, Friday, April 6, 2012."

    The military chiefs of 13 of Mali's neighbors met Thursday in Ivory Coast to start hashing out plans for a military intervention in order to restore constitutional rule in the capital and push back the rebels in the north. France, which earlier said it is willing to offer logistical support for the operation, announced Friday that it does not recognize the new state.

    French Defense Minister Gerard Longuet said "a unilateral declaration of independence that is not recognized by African states means nothing for us."

    The traditionally nomadic Tuareg people have been fighting for independence for the northern half of Mali since at least 1958, when Tuareg elders wrote a letter addressed to the French president asking their colonial rulers to carve out a separate homeland for the Tuareg people. Instead the north, where the lighter-skinned Tuareg people live, was made part of the same country as the south, where the dark-skinned ethnic groups controlled the capital and the nation's finances.

    Full story (USA Today)
     
  2. EMT

    EMT JF-Expert Member

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    Developments.

    1. The African Union has condemned the declaration as "null and void".
    2. France and the European Union have also said they will not recognise Azawad's independence
    3. The UK has closed its embassy in the capital, Bamako, and withdrawn its staff.
    4. What next?
     
  3. Bantugbro

    Bantugbro JF-Expert Member

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    Azawad = Gift:)
     
  4. MAMMAMIA

    MAMMAMIA JF-Expert Member

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    Ukiangalia hilo jimbo/eneo/taifa lililojitangazia uhuru, ni kubwa zaidi kuliko Mali. Kumbe juhudi zao za kudai uhuru hazikuanza leo na hata hao wanajeshi waliopindua, walifanya hivyo kwa sababu raisi waliempindua walimhisi ana "moyo laini" kwa "waasi", na ndio walitaka wao wawanyamazishe. Matokea yake ni hayo.
    Tusubiri tuone.
     
  5. Askari Kanzu

    Askari Kanzu JF-Expert Member

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    Vituko haviishi barani Afrika!
     
  6. EMT

    EMT JF-Expert Member

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    Ni kubwa ila sijui ila resources kiasi kani. Hawa jamaa walianza zamani sana. Ila walikuwa defeated mwaka 2008 wengi wao wakakimbilia Libya. Libya nako kulipochafuka wakawa wanamsaidia Gaddafi. Gadaffi alivyoanguka wakawa hawana jinsi. They had to go back home. Lakini walihakikisha wanaondoka na silaha modern na za kutosha.

    So, they picked up the spoils of Libyan war around them and headed south; straight into the deserts of northern Mali, already unstable following attacks from al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.

    Sasa Niger nao wanaogopa their own Tuareg population may rise up in rebellion. Walijaribu 2007-09 wakshindwa. Lakini kushinda kwa hawa wa Mali itakuwa ni motivation kubwa kwa wale wa Niger kuchukua tena silaha na kuna uwezekanao waungwa mkono na ndugu zao wa Mali (sasa Azawad). Haya yote ni matokeo ya Berlin Conference.

     
  7. Askari Kanzu

    Askari Kanzu JF-Expert Member

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    So here it is... the declaration of the Independence of Azawad, signed this day by Bilal Ag Acherif, secretary general of the MNLA.

    The declaration cites articles 1 and 55 of the A charter, the letter of May 30th 1958 written by some tribal chiefs to General de Gaulle, the ill-judged attachment of Azawad to Mali by the French in 1960, the massacres of 1963, 1990, 2006, 2011 and 2012, the 'inhuman behaviour' of Mali during the droughts of 1967, 1973, 1984 and 2010, and more than 50 years of bad governance, corruption and military-politico-financial collusion of Mali in Azawad, and "IRREVOCABLY PROCLAIMS THE INDEPENDENT STATE OF AZAWAD FROM THIS DAY FORWARD FRIDAY 6th APRIL 2012."

    (Bing translation from French)!
    We, people of the AZAWAD, by the voice of the National Movement for the liberation of Azawad after consultation with: the Executive Committee, the Council revolutionary, the Advisory Board, the staff of the Liberation Army, the regional offices Recalling the principles of international law and the main international legal instruments governing the right of peoples to self-determination, in particular, the Charter of the United Nations in its articles 1 and 55the relevant provisions of the International Declaration of the rights of indigenous peoples;

    Whereas, the will explicitly expressed in the letter dated May 30, 1958 to French President by notables, guides spiritual of all components of the AZAWAD;

    Whereas in 1960, on the granting of independence to West Africans, the France peoples linked without her consent the AZAWAD the Malian State that it has created;

    Recalling the massacres, atrocities and humiliation, theft and genocides in 1963, 1990, 2006, 2010 and 2012, which were covered exclusively the people of the AZAWAD until April 1, 2012;

    Recalling, the inhuman behavior of Mali who used different drought (1967, 1973, 1984, 2010….) to disappear our people by annihilation even it has sought and received generous humanitarian assistance;

    Whereas the accumulation more of 50 years of bad governance, corruption and collusion politico military financial, endangering the existence of the people of the AZAWAD and endangered subregional stability and international peace;

    Whereas, the full release of the AZAWAD territory;

    Irrevocably, proclaim the State independent of the AZAWAD from this day Friday 06 April 2012.

    DECLARE: The recognition of borders in force with the neighbouring States and inviolability;

    The total adherence to the Charter of the United Nations;

    The strong commitment of the MNLA to create the conditions for lasting peace, to initiate the institutional foundations of the State based on a democratic Constitution of the independent Azawad.

    The Executive Committee of the MNLA invites the whole of the international community in a spirit of justice and peace to recognize without delay the AZAWAD independent State.

    The Executive Committee of the MNLA until the establishment of the territorial authority of the AZAWAD will continue to ensure the management of the whole of the territory.

    GAO-06/04/2012 SECRETARY GENERAL-MNLA BILLAL AG ACHERIF
     
  8. Achahasira

    Achahasira JF-Expert Member

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    sema ukweli mimi sii mjuzi na azwad lkn mbona south sudan kapewa support,kwann wao wasipewe?
     
  9. Chimunguru

    Chimunguru JF-Expert Member

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    wapewe tu nchi hiyo
     
  10. mpayukaji

    mpayukaji JF-Expert Member

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    Kama wangejitenga kwa misingi ya kisiasa na si ubaguzi wa huyu ni mweusi sana nasi weusi kidogo tungewaelewa. Kimsingi ni wapuuzi wanaopaswa kuvamiwa na kushikishwa adabu.
     
  11. Achahasira

    Achahasira JF-Expert Member

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    sudan si ulikuwa udini na ukabila.ealisema kaskazini ni wana asili ya kiarabu na waislamu.hao si sawa na sudan tu.
     
  12. TUJITEGEMEE

    TUJITEGEMEE JF-Expert Member

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    Na Azawad ikisimama imara, ujue Libya huru yawezakupatikana.
     
  13. H

    Huihui2 JF-Expert Member

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    Hata ukiangalia ramani hapo juu kwenye kiungo inaonekana kama walilazimisha tu kuifanya nchi moja. Mi nadhani kuliko kuendeleza umwagaji wa damu hawa Azawad waachwe wajitenge
     
  14. Tuyuku

    Tuyuku JF-Expert Member

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    Berlin Conference imeacha madhara makubwa. Tawal zisizojali misingi ya haki na utawala bora nazo ni tatizo. Siku si nyingi, tutasikia Tanzania.
     
  15. Ally Kombo

    Ally Kombo Verified User

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    Jamaa wanapigana kwa zaidi ya miaka 50, eti Sarkozy anawaita Al Qaida ! Wakubwa wana visa sana!
     
  16. Ally Kombo

    Ally Kombo Verified User

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    watu mnapeeenda double standard, Sudan Kusini mliridhia kujitenga na kaskazini kwa udini na rangi, leo watuareg wameoja ! Je wakurdi !?
     
  17. mpayukaji

    mpayukaji JF-Expert Member

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    Kama wana asili ya uarabuni si waende kwao arabuni? Hakunaanayeunga mkono udini wala ubaguzi wa rangi. Kimsingi mnaoshabikia huu upuuzikuna siku mtayashuhudia wenyewe huko Zanzibar ambapo Pemba itafarakana naUnguja kwa misingi hii ya urithi wa kitumwa. Waarabu watakuwa Afrika au ujingamtupu na kutojiamini?
     
  18. c

    churchil Member

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    kilichotokea si kigeni miongoni mwa jamii au nchi za kiafrika coz tumeona southern sudan wamepigania haki zao japo kwa nguvu na kumwaga damu nyingi bt mwisho wake wamepata japo mambo babo hapajawa shwari sana,so in case of azawad km mambo waliokuwa wanafanyiwa southern sudan wanafanyiwa hawa tuareg then ni haki yao kudai uhuru so kwangu mimi its ok and berlin conference haikuwa sahihi ktk mgawanyo wa mipaka so athari zake ndo hizi ,sio hawa tu kuna jamii kubwa km wakurd walio iraq,turkey,iran na kuwait pia kuna jamii ya singasinga walio kwenye jimbo la kashmir india nao wana matatizo km haya so ni wajibu wa jamii ya kimataifa kuliangalia kwa upya swala km hili
     
  19. Ab-Titchaz

    Ab-Titchaz Content Manager Staff Member

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    Wakuu,

    .....Ufaransa ishaingilia hii kitu.

    ...This is the first move by Sarkozy.



    Mali coup leaders to stand down as part of Ecowas deal


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    Mali junta leader, Captain Amadou Sanogo (R) shakes hands with Burkina Faso's foreign Minister Djibrill Bassole (L) next to Ivory Coast Minister of African Integration Adama Bitogo (back-left) as the junta and the West African bloc ECOWAS announced a deal that includes the lifting of sanctions and an amnesty for those involved in last month's coupat the Kati military camp, near Bamalo, on April 6, 2012.


    Posted Saturday, April 7 2012 at 12:42

    Coup leaders in Mali have agreed to stand down and allow a transition to civilian rule, as part of a deal struck with regional bloc Ecowas.

    In return, the bloc will lift trade and economic sanctions and grant amnesty to the ruling junta, mediators said.

    The move came after Tuareg rebels in the north declared independence of territory they call Azawad.

    The rebels seized the area after a coup two weeks ago plunged the West African nation into political crisis.

    Independence call

    Under the terms of transition plan, military rulers will cede power to the parliamentary speaker, Diouncounda Traore, who as interim president will oversee a timetable for elections.

    Once sworn in, Mr Traore would have 40 days to organise elections, the five-page agreement says.

    The deal, signed by coup leader Captain Amadou Sanogo, states that Ecowas prepare for the ending of sanctions, but did not name a date for Capt Sanogo to hand over power.

    "It will be necessary to organise a political transition leading to free, democratic and transparent elections across the whole of the territory," it states.

    Officers led by Captain Sanogo seized power on 22 March, accusing the elected government of not doing enough to halt the rebellion in the north.

    Earlier, international bodies rejected a call from Tuareg rebels for their newly named region of Azawad to be recognised as independent.

    Rebellion

    The secular National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) is one of two main groups fighting a rebellion in the north.

    Ansar Dine, an Islamist group, has also made gains and has started to impose Sharia law in some towns.

    Rights group Amnesty International has warned of a major humanitarian disaster in the wake of the rebellion.

    Ecowas is preparing a force of up to 3,000 soldiers which could be deployed to stop the rebel advance.

    France's Defence Minister, Gerard Longuet, said France could provide assistance to the force, including transport, Reuters news agency reports.


    The Tuareg people inhabit the Sahara Desert in northern Mali, as well as several neighbouring countries and have fought several rebellions over the years.

    They complain that they have been ignored by the authorities in the capital, Bamako.




    Mali coup leaders to stand down as part of Ecowas deal*- Africa*|nation.co.ke
     
  20. engmtolera

    engmtolera Verified User

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    [h=2]African bloc drops sanctions against Mali[/h]
    West African economic bloc ECOWAS has lifted sanctions against Mali in exchange for a peaceful transition of power in the country. Mali’s junior officers who seized power in the country in March agreed on Friday to give up power and approach to democratic elections. According to the accord between the Economic Community of West African States and the Malian junta, until the elections, the country will be ruled by an interim president, parliamentary speaker Dioncounda Traore, and a transitional government. Dioncounda Traore returned to Mali on Saturday. The Malian junta overthrew the country’s President Amadou Toumani Toure on March 22. Mali’s Tuareg nomads used the move to seize the country’s north and declare an independent state. The power grab by the junta caused an international outcry, with ECOWAS imposing a total embargo on Mali and a freeze on Malian bank accounts.
     
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