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Albert Einstein's Letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt of USA

Discussion in 'Habari na Hoja mchanganyiko' started by Ehud, Jan 27, 2011.

  1. Ehud

    Ehud JF-Expert Member

    Jan 27, 2011
    Joined: Feb 12, 2008
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    Hapa chini ni Barua aliyoiandika mwanasayansi Albert Einstein kwenda kwa US President Franklin D.R. kama utakuwa mwelewa wa history utagundua mwana-science huyu alisaidia sana kuiweka US mbele kwa barua hii kwa ile proposal yake ya kutengeneza atomic bomb. Swali nalotaka tujiulize ni je serikali yetu inawaamini wanasayansi/wataalam wetu na huwa inachukulia-serious ushauri wanaopewa? Soma kwa makini barua hiyo kisha Tafakari!

    Einstein was one of several concerned physicists who collaborated on this letter to President Roosevelt, informing him of the possibility of an unimaginably powerful and dangerous new weapon: the atomic bomb. In the first dark days of World War II, these physicists believed that the Germans were already at work on an atomic bomb, using the results of French and American research. Einstein's letter undoubtedly helped to convince President Roosevelt that the United States had to develop its own atomic weapons program quickly.

    Barua yenyewe ni hii:

    Albert Einstein
    Old Grove Rd.
    Nassau Point
    Peconic, Long Island

    August 2nd, 1939

    F.D. Roosevelt,
    President of the United States,
    White House
    Washington, D.C.

    Some recent work by E.Fermi and L. Szilard, which has been communicated to me in manuscript, leads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of energy in the immediate future. Certain aspects of the situation which has arisen seem to call for watchfulness and, if necessary, quick action on the part of the Administration. I believe therefore that it is my duty to bring to your attention the following facts and recommendations:

    In the course of the last four months it has been made probable-through the work of Joliot in France as well as Fermi and Szilard in America-that it may become possible to set up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium, by which vast amounts of power and large quantities of new radium-like elements would be generated. Now it appears almost certain that this could be achieved in the immediate future.

    This new phenomenon would also lead to the construction of bombs, and it is conceivable-though much less certain-that extremely powerful bombs of a new type may thus be constructed. A single bomb of this type, carried by boat and exploded in a port, might very well destroy the whole port together with some of the surrounding territory. However, such bombs might very well prove to be too heavy for transportation by air.

    The United States has only very poor ores of uranium in moderate quantities. There is some good ore in Canada and the former Czechoslovakia, while the most important source of uranium is Belgian Congo.

    In view of this situation you may think it desirable to have some permanent contact maintained between the Administration and the group of physicists working on chain reactions in America. One possible way of achieving this might be for you to entrust with this task a person who has your confidence and who could perhaps serve in an inofficial capacity. His task might comprise the following:

    a) to approach Government Departments, keep them informed of the further development, and put forward recommendations for Government action, giving particular attention to the problem of securing a supply of uranium ore for the United States;

    b) to speed up the experimental work, which is at present being carried on within the limits of the budgets of University laboratories, by providing funds, if such funds be required, through his contacts with private persons who are willing to make contributions for this cause, and perhaps also by obtaining the co-operation of industrial laboratories which have the necessary equipment.

    I understand that Germany has actually stopped the sale of uranium from the Czechoslovakian mines which she has taken over. That she should have taken such early action might perhaps be understood on the ground that the son of the German Under-Secretary of State, von Weizsäcker, is attached to the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut in Berlin where some of the American work on uranium is now being repeated.

    Yours very truly,

    Albert Einstein
  2. n

    nyantella JF-Expert Member

    Jan 28, 2011
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    Wakati tunatafakari hili, tukumbuke kwamba very few reserchers especially kwenye natural sciences (physics, Mathematics and Chemistry) are still motivated to continue with their researches due to varouos reasons (ofcourse nyingi tunazijua!), kwa TZ siku hizi mwanasiasa ndiye anaheshimiwa zaidi kuliko intellectuals ndiyo maana ma proff ni wengi kwenye politics (mind you they are not political scientists!), and some intellectuals wako nje ya nchi where the rellevant facillities are available.

    Comming back to your question, well first lazima tutambue currently with the state of affairs in the country, very few intellectuals are patriotic enough to do what Albert Einstein did. and ofcourse he did so for a reason, he was a Jew and by then the NAZI where intending to wipe out all Jews from the face of the world allong with Communists and Blacks (read a book tittled Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler)
    Secondly, hao viongozi watasikiliza? maana is you ask me, kila siku tuna lalamika mgao wa umeme achilia mbali mambo ya Richmond and DOWANS, hivi hakuna mtu amewahi kuona kwamba kina cha maji kwenye hizo dams zetu zote sio really kwa maana kwamba kuna mchanga na matakataka kibao yamefanya kina kipungue au kipoteze uhalisia wake?, ni lini yamesafishwa au tangu ya jengwe? tuna vyuo vingi vya elimu ya juu ina maana hakuna research works zimefanyika on this aspect.

    we have a lot of actual problems that need sober heads to think of as of now the politics are in the top of the agenda, lets talk politics tukimaliza wanyarwanda, wakenya, and hata wazanzibar watakua well ahead of us!

    gooday hmethod!