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akili

Discussion in 'JF Doctor' started by mayenga, Jul 12, 2012.

  1. mayenga

    mayenga JF-Expert Member

    #1
    Jul 12, 2012
    Joined: Sep 6, 2009
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    Nataka tu kujua,hivi akili iko katika hali gani?(in which state),tumezoea kuona vitu viko kwenye hali mbalimbali kama kimiminika,uyabisi au hewa etc.Sasa akili iko katika hali gani.?Ni mara nyingi nasikia kwamba inabidi fulani akapimwe akili.In which state it belongs and which measurement is employed in reaching the exact figure?volume?!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    Kindly help Iam dead of clarification!
     
  2. majany

    majany JF-Expert Member

    #2
    Jul 15, 2012
    Joined: Sep 30, 2008
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    kwani unapotaka kujua software iko kwenye state ipi(state of matter) utafanyaje.......sina maana kwamba huna logic,bt its testing is based on its performance.....lakini sidhani kama akili ni maada.....!!!!
     
  3. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #3
    Jul 15, 2012
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    [​IMG]

    A phrenological mapping[SUP][1][/SUP] of thebrain. Phrenology was among the first attempts to correlate mental functions with specific parts of the brain.​

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
    René Descartes' illustration ofmind/body dualism. Descartes believed inputs are passed on by the sensory organs to the epiphysis in the brain and from there to the immaterial spirit.[SUP][2][/SUP]​

    A mind ([​IMG] /ˈmaɪnd/) is the complex of cognitive faculties that enables consciousness, thinking, reasoning, perception, and judgement — a characteristic of human beings, but which also may apply to other life forms.[SUP][3][/SUP][SUP][4][/SUP]

    A long tradition of inquiries in philosophy, religion, psychology and cognitive science has sought to develop an understanding of what mind is and what are its distinguishing properties. The main questions regarding the nature of mind is its relation to the physical brain and

    nervous system – a question which is often framed as the Mind-body problem, which considers whether mind is somehow separate from

    physical existence (dualism and idealism[SUP][5][/SUP]), deriving from and reducible to physical phenomena such as neurological processes (physicalism), or whether the mind is identical with the brain or some activity of the brain.[SUP][6][/SUP] Another question concerns which types of being

    are capable of having minds, for example whether mind is exclusive to humans, possessed also by some or all animals, by all living things, or whether mind can also be a property of some types of man-made machines.


    Whatever its relation to the physical body it is generally agreed that mind is that which enables a being to have subjective awareness andintentionality towards their environment, to perceive and respond to stimuli with some kind of agency, and to have a consciousness, including thinking and feeling.[SUP][3][/SUP][SUP][7][/SUP]


    Important philosophers of mind include Plato, Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, Martin Heidegger, John Searle, Daniel Dennett and many others. The description and definition is also a part of psychology where psychologists such as Siegmund Freud, William James have developed

    influential theories about the nature of the human mind. In the late 20th and early 21st century the field of cognitive science emerged and developed many varied approaches to the description of mind and its related phenomena. The possibility of non-human minds is also

    explored in the field of artificial intelligence, which works closely in relation with cybernetics and information theory to understand the ways in which human mental phenomena can be replicated by machines.


    The concept of mind is understood in many different ways by many different cultural and religious traditions. Some see mind as a property exclusive to humans whereas others ascribe properties of mind to non-living entities (e.g. panpsychism and animism), to animals and

    todeities. Some of the earliest recorded speculations linked mind (sometimes described as identical with soul or spirit) to theories concerning both life after death, and cosmological and natural order, for example in the doctrines of Zoroaster, the Buddha, Plato, Aristotle, and other ancient Greek, Indian and, later, Islamic and medieval European philosophers
     
  4. B

    Babu Original Member

    #4
    Jul 15, 2012
    Joined: Jun 29, 2012
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    MziziMkavu, sidhani kama mayenga amekuelewa.
     
  5. MziziMkavu

    MziziMkavu JF-Expert Member

    #5
    Jul 16, 2012
    Joined: Feb 3, 2009
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    Kwanini hakunielewa? Babu Original?
     
  6. mayenga

    mayenga JF-Expert Member

    #6
    Jul 25, 2012
    Joined: Sep 6, 2009
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    Nadhani ungefunguka zaidi mkuu,una pointi nzuri.


     
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