Death Penalty was brought about in Tanzania by the colonialists 63 years ago; Tanzania incepted it under the provisions of the Penal Code, Cap. 16 and started to enforce it as from 28th September 1945 to date; as of 2008, 133 countries around the world has abolished the death penalty in law or practice, while only 64 countries (Tanzania and Zanzibar inclusive) still retain and use it. Since 1961 to March 2008 total number of 2,562 people were sentence to death, so far total of 238 Convicted Persons (9.3% of the Convicted persons) have been hung to death since the year 1961, out of whom 232 are men and the rest (6 of them) are women. While those who brought it, have abolished it and we still retaining it. Reasons for Abolishment of the Death Penalty * It is the ultimate, irreversible denial of human rights. * There is a possibility of innocence people on the Death Row. * It is NOT a Deterrent to Crime as numbers of crimes are on increase. * It is Cruel and Unusual Punishment. * It costs more than Life in Prison without Parole. * It is a barbaric remnant of uncivilized society. * It is immoral in principle, and unfair and discriminatory in practice because the burden of capital punishment falls upon the poor, the ignorant and the underprivileged members of society. * Death penalty laws falsely convince the world public that governments have taken effective measures to combat crime and homicide. In reality, such laws do nothing to protect human society or our communities from the acts of dangerous criminals. * It does not restore a person killed. Action to be taken by the Government of Tanzania * Ratification and domestication of the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political rights (1989) which calls for abolition of the death penalty. * The amendment of the provisions of Penal Code, Cap. 16, which provide for the Death Penalty. Alternative Punishments In stead of it, life imprisonment without the possibility of parole plus restitution shall serve the purpose. This alternative not only costs much less than capital punishment, but also keeps the criminal in jail for the rest of his/her life - so he/she cannot return back to society. Restitution means that while the prisoner is in jail, he/she will be put to work - with all the money made going to the family of the victim.